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Encyclopedia > Linoleum
A linoleum kitchen floor
A linoleum kitchen floor

Linoleum is a floor covering made from solidified linseed oil (linoxyn) in combination with wood flour or cork dust over a burlap or canvas backing. Pigments may be added to the materials used. In modern lay parlance, linoleum is often incorrectly used to describe vinyl flooring. The finest linoleum floors, known as 'inlaid', are extremely durable; they are made by joining and inlaying solid pieces of linoleum. Cheaper patterned linoleums came in different grades or gauges, and were printed with thinner layers which were more prone to wear and tear. Good quality linoleum is sufficiently flexible to be used in buildings in which more rigid material (such as ceramic tile) would crack. Between the time of its invention in 1860 and its being superseded by other hard floor coverings in the 1950s it was considered to be an excellent, inexpensive material for high use areas. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, it was favored in hallways and passages, and as a surround for carpet squares. However, most people associate linoleum with its common twentieth century use on kitchen floors. Its water resistance enabled easy maintenance of sanitary conditions and its resilience made standing easier and reduced breakage of dropped china. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2288x1712, 578 KB) NOTE: Yes, its real linoleum. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2288x1712, 578 KB) NOTE: Yes, its real linoleum. ... Linseed oil is a yellowish drying oil derived from the dried ripe seeds of the flax plant (Linum usitatissimum, Linaceae). ... Burlap is a densely woven fabric, usually made of jute and allied vegetable fibers. ... Canvas is an extremely heavy-duty fabric used for making sails, tents, marquees, backpacks, and other functions where sturdiness is required. ... Mission, or barrel, roof tiles For the towns named Tile, see Tile, Somalia and Tile, Lebanon. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... The 1950s was the decade spanning the years 1950 to 1959. ...

Linoleum was invented by Englishman Frederick Walton who patented his formula in 1860. In 1864, he formed the Linoleum Manufacturing Company and by 1869 the factory in Staines, England was exporting to Europe and the United States. In 1877, the Scottish town of Kirkcaldy, in Fife, became the largest producer of linoleum in the world, with no fewer than six floorcloth manufacturers in the town. Staines is a Thames-side town in the Spelthorne borough of Surrey and part of the London Commuter Belt of South East England. ... Motto: (Latin for No one provokes me with impunity)1 Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots2 Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen of the UK Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by... Kirkcaldy (pron. ... Fife (Fìobh in Gaelic) is a council area of Scotland, situated between the Firth of Tay and the Firth of Forth, with landward boundaries to Perth and Kinross and Clackmannanshire. ...

The best grades of linoleum were called "battleship linoleum", as a common use of this material was in warships. Actual battle experience showed this was an inappropriate material due to its flammability. HMS Victory in 1884. ... Diagrams of first and third rate warships, England, 1728 Cyclopaedia. ...

Unlike most vinyl flooring, the colour goes all the way through the linoleum
Unlike most vinyl flooring, the colour goes all the way through the linoleum

Linoleum as a floor covering has been largely replaced with polyvinyl chloride, which has similar properties of flexibility and durability, but which has greater brightness and translucency and which is relatively less flammable. Like all vinyl products, the combustion products are highly toxic and the normal outgassing products of vinyl are considered by some to be the cause of various health problems[citation needed] and may also be either causes or irritants in cases of multiple chemical sensitivity.[citation needed] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2288x1712, 664 KB) NOTE: Yes, its real linoleum. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2288x1712, 664 KB) NOTE: Yes, its real linoleum. ... Polyvinyl chloride Polyvinyl chloride, (IUPAC Polychloroethene) commonly abbreviated PVC, is a widely-used plastic. ... Toxic redirects here, but this is also the name of a song by Britney Spears; see Toxic (song) Look up toxic and toxicity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS), also known as 20th Century Syndrome, Environmental illness, Sick Building Syndrome, Idiopathic Environmental Intolerance (IEI), can be defined as a chronic, recurring disease caused by a persons inability to tolerate an environmental chemical or class of foreign chemicals according to the NIH National Institute of...

Because it is made of organic materials and is purportedly non-allergenic in nature, high quality linoleum is still in use in many places (especially in non-allergenic homes). The design and inlaying of various colors to form patterns reflecting the shape and use of a room is a highly respected craft. Organic material or organic matter is informally used to denote a material that originated as a living organism; most such materials contain carbon and are capable of decay. ... An allergy can refer to several kinds of immune reactions including Type I hypersensitivity in which a persons body is hypersensitised and develops IgE type antibodies to typical proteins. ...

See also

Colour Linocut Linocut Linocut is a variant of woodcut, in which a sheet of linoleum (sometimes mounted on a wooden block) is used for the relief surface. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Woodblock printing. ...

External links

  • More linoleum information from world leader in linoleum manufacturing Forbo
  • More linoleum information from Armstrong

  Results from FactBites:
Linoleum Flooring by Armstrong (315 words)
Genuine linoleum, not to be confused with vinyl, is a classic, invented nearly 150 years ago and still completely relevant today.
Linoleum releases a harmless odor (from the linseed oil) when it is first installed, much like that of a freshly painted room.
New linoleum sometimes has a yellow cast on the surface, called a "drying room film" that is a natural effect created by the floor's composition.
Linoleum Flooring (528 words)
Linoleum is highly durable resilient flooring made from natural materials, a mixture of linseed oil, wood flour, and pine resin, which is pressed onto a jute-fiber backing.
Linoleum flooring is made by mixing pine resin, wood flour, and powdered cork with oxidized linseed oil, which is formed into sheets on a jute backing.
Linoleum is more expensive than vinyl, but offers performance that is in many ways superior: linoleum lasts for decades (reducing cost and waste), is inherently anti-static (inhibiting dust accumulation), and is anti-bacterial.
  More results at FactBites »



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