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Encyclopedia > Link Wray
Link Wray and His Ray Men's The Swan Singles Collection 1963-1967

Fred Lincoln "Link" Wray Jr (May 2, 1929November 5, 2005) was an American rock and roll guitar player most noted for pioneering a new sound for electric guitars in his hit 1958 instrumental "Rumble", by Link Wray and his Ray Men. Before "Rumble", electric guitars were commonly used to produce clean sounds and jazz chords. Wray pioneered electric guitar distortions, like overdrive and fuzz, and was the first guitarist to use power chords to play a song's melody. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1200, 178 KB) Summary Album cover of Link Wray and His Ray Mens The Swan Singles Collection 1963-1967. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x1200, 178 KB) Summary Album cover of Link Wray and His Ray Mens The Swan Singles Collection 1963-1967. ... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... See also: 1957 in music, other events of 1958, 1959 in music, 1950s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 28 - Little Richard begins attending classes at Oakwood College in Huntsville, Alabama February 14 - The Iranian government bans rock & roll because they claim that the form... An instrumental is, in contrast to a song, a musical composition or recording without lyrics or any other sort of vocal music; all of the music is produced by musical instruments. ... Rumble is an influential[1] rock instrumental by Link Wray & His Ray Men. ... Guitar effects are electronic devices that modify the tone, pitch, or sound of an electric guitar. ... Guitar effects are electronic devices that modify the tone, pitch, or sound of an electric guitar. ... In music, a power chord is a bare fifth, or a similar chord, usually played on electric guitar with distortion. ...


Wray was born in Dunn, North Carolina to Lillie M. Norris and Frederick ("Fred") Lincoln Wray.[1] It was there that Link first heard slide guitar at age eight from a traveling carnival worker, a black man named "Hambone". Link and his family later moved to Norfolk, Virginia as his father got work in the Navy shipyards. Link served a hitch in the US Army and was a Korean War Veteran. In 1956, his family later moved to Washington, D.C., and from there, they moved to a farm in Accokeek, Maryland. Link relocated to Arizona with his brother Vernon in the very early 1970s, and later moved to San Francisco in the mid 1970s. Dunn is a city in Harnett County, North Carolina, United States. ... Example of a bottleneck, with fingerpicks and resonator guitar. ... This article describes the festival season. ... Motto: Crescas (Latin for, Thou shalt grow. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Accokeek is an unincorporated community in Prince Georges County, Maryland, United States. ...


Wray was a veteran of the Korean war, where he contracted tuberculosis that ultimately cost him a lung. His doctors told him that he would never sing again. So Link concentrated on his heavy guitar work. Despite this, on his rare vocal numbers he displays a strong voice and a range equivalent to Clarence "Frogman" Henry. Combatants United Nations:  Republic of Korea,  Australia,  Belgium,  Luxembourg,  Canada,  Colombia,  Ethiopia,  France,  Greece,  Luxembourg,  Netherlands,  New Zealand,  Philippines,  South Africa,  Thailand,  Turkey,  United Kingdom,  United States Medical staff:  Denmark,  Australia,  Italy,  Norway,  Sweden Communist states:  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea,  Peoples Republic of China,  Soviet Union Commanders... Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for tubercle bacillus or Tuberculosis) is a common and deadly infectious disease caused by mycobacteria, mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ... Clarence Henry (born January 19, 1937 in Algiers, LA) Fats Domino and Professor Longhair were young Clarence Henrys main influences while growing up. ...

Contents

Career

After discharge from the Army, Wray and his brothers Doug and Vernon Wray, with friends Shorty Horton and Dixie Neale, formed Lucky Wray and the Lazy Pine Wranglers, later known as Lucky Wray and the Palomino Ranch Hands. They had been playing country music and Western swing for several years when they took a gig as the house band on the daily live TV show Milt Grant's House Party, a Washington D.C. version of American Bandstand. The band made their first recordings in 1956 as Lucky Wray and the Palomino Ranch Hands for Starday Records. country music, see Country music (disambiguation) Country music, the first half of Billboards country and western music category, is a blend of popular musical forms originally found in the Southern United States. ... Western swing is, first and foremost, a fusion of country music, several styles of jazz, pop music and blues aimed at dancers. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... Dick Clark, host of American Bandstand American Bandstand was a long-running dance music television show that aired in various versions from 1952 to 1989. ... Starday Records was a legendary record label producing traditional country music during the 1950s and 1960s. ...


"Rumble"

Main article: Rumble (song)

For the TV show, they also backed many performers, from Fats Domino to Ricky Nelson. At a live gig in Fredericksburg, VA, attempting to work up a backing for The Diamonds' "The Stroll", they came up with the stately, powerful 12-bar blues instrumental "Rumble", which they originally called "Oddball". The song was an instant hit with the live audience, which demanded four repeats that night. Eventually the song came to the attention of record producer Archie Bleyer of Cadence Records, who hated it, particularly after Wray poked holes in his amplifier's speakers to make the recording sound more like the live version (see "Rocket 88" for Ike Turner's similar story). However, Bleyer's step-daughter loved it and it was released despite his protest. She was the one who suggested renaming the song "Rumble", because it reminded her of West Side Story. Rumble is slang for a "gang fight". Rumble is an influential[1] rock instrumental by Link Wray & His Ray Men. ... Antoine Dominique Fats Domino (born February 26, 1928) is a classic R&B and rock and roll singer, songwriter and pianist. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Fredericksburg is an independent city in the U.S. state of Virginia, 50 miles south of Washington, D.C., and 55 miles north of Richmond, Virginia. ... The Diamonds. ... The Stroll was a popular line dance in the 50s. ... (Redirected from 12 bar blues) Twelve bar blues is a typical blues chord progression, taking twelve 4/4 bars to the verse. ... An instrumental is, in contrast to a song, a musical composition or recording without lyrics or any other sort of vocal music; all of the music is produced by musical instruments. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... Archie Bleyer (June 12, 1909-March 20, 1989) was an American song arranger and band leader. ... Cadence Records was an American record company founded by Archie Bleyer (formerly musical director/orchestra leader for Arthur Godfrey) in 1952. ... Rocket 88 is a rhythm and blues song from 1951. ... Izear Luster Turner (born November 5, 1931) is an African American musician (piano, guitar), bandleader, talent scout and record producer, best known for his work with his former wife Tina Turner. ... This article is about the musical. ... Slang is the use of highly informal words and expressions that are not considered standard in the speakers dialect or language. ...


The menacing sound of "Rumble" (and its title) led to a ban on several radio stations, a rare feat for a song with no lyrics, on the grounds that it glorified juvenile delinquency. Nevertheless it became a huge hit, not only in the United States, but also Great Britain, where it has been cited as an influence on The Who, among others. Pete Townshend stated in unpublished liner notes for the 1970 comeback album, "He is the king; if it hadn't been for Link Wray and 'Rumble,' I would have never picked up a guitar." In other liner notes in 1974, Townshend said, of "Rumble": "I remember being made very uneasy the first time I heard it, and yet excited by the savage guitar sounds." Juvenile delinquency refers to criminal acts performed by juveniles. ... The Who are an English rock band that first formed in 1964, and grew to be considered one of the greatest[1] and most influential[2] bands in the world. ... Peter Dennis Blandford Townshend (born May 19, 1945 in Chiswick, London), is an award-winning English rock guitarist, singer, songwriter, and composer. ...


Jeff Beck, Jimi Hendrix, Marc Bolan, Neil Young and Bob Dylan have all cited Wray as an influence. Mark E. Smith of The Fall sang the line "I used to have this thing about Link Wray, I used to play him every Saturday, God bless Saturday" in the song "Neighbourhood of Infinity" on the album Perverted by Language. He was named as one of the hundred greatest guitarists of all time by Rolling Stone magazine, but still has not yet been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. He is, however, a member of the Rockabilly Hall of Fame. Geoffrey Arnold (Jeff) Beck (born June 24, 1944 to Arnold and Ethel Beck in Wallington, Greater London) is an English rock guitarist. ... Jimi Hendrix (November 27, 1942 – September 18, 1970) was an American guitar virtuoso, singer and songwriter. ... Marc Bolan (born Mark Feld; 30 September 1947 - 16 September 1977), was an English singer, songwriter and guitarist whose hit singles, fashion sensibilities and stage presence with T Rex in the early 1970s helped cultivate the glam rock era and made him one of the most recognisable stars in British... This article is about the musician. ... This article is about the recording artist. ... Mark E. Smith (born 5 March 1957) is the lead singer, lyricist, frontman, and sole consistent member of The Fall, a renowned and idiosyncratic offshoot from the UK post-punk/new wave music scenes. ... This article is about the band. ... Perverted by Language is a 1983 album by The Fall. ... This article is about the magazine. ... The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at sunset. ... The Rockabilly Hall of Fame was established on March 21, 1997 to present early rock and roll history and information relative to the artists and personalities involved in this pioneering American music genre. ...


Later career

The band had several more hard-rocking instrumental hits in the late 1950s and early 1960s, including "Rawhide", "Ace of Spades", and "Jack the Ripper", the latter named after a "dirty boogie" dance popular in Baltimore at the time. The dirty boogie dance was among the several dance crazes featured in the 1988 film Hairspray. the first thing that was invented was the automatic DILDO. Education grew explosively because of a very strong demand for high school and college education. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more Motto: Get In On It (formerly The City That Reads and The Greatest City in America; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location Location of Baltimore in Maryland Coordinates , Government Country State County United... This article is about the 1988 film. ...


After his initial hits, Wray's career had periods of retirement followed by renewed popularity, particularly in Europe. He toured and recorded two albums with retro-rockabilly artist Robert Gordon in the late 1970s. The 1980s to the present day saw a large number of reissues as well as new material. Inspired by the use of his songs in various feature films, the 1997 "Shadowman" album is generally regarded as the Rumble Man's return to his raw rock'n'roll roots. Backed by a Dutch band consisting of Eric Geevers on bass and Rob Louwers on drums, Wray toured Europe and Australia as well, documented on a live album and DVD. Link's last new recording was 2000s "Barbed Wire", again recorded with his Dutch rhythm section. He was generally accompanied on tour by his wife Olive Julie, and since the late nineties his "colorful" Irish born road manager John Tynan. His regular backing band in the USA from 1998 until 2003 were bassist Atom Ellis and drummers Danny Heifetz (Mr. Bungle, Dieselhed) and Dustin Donaldson (I Am Spoonbender, various). He continued to tour up until four months before he died. Rockabilly is one of the earliest styles of rock and roll music, and emerged in the early-1950s. ... For other uses, see Robert Gordon (disambiguation). ... John Tynan (circa 1998) John Tynan was an Irish born American Road Manager who toured with numerous American bands during his extraordinary career throughout the 80s and 90s. ... Atom Ellis (circa 1998) Atom Ellis (born 1966) is an American electric bassist currently residing in San Francisco, California. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... I Am Spoonbender was formed in San Francisco in early 1997 by Pansy Divisions drummer Dustin Donaldson, with keyboardist Brian Jackson. ...


His music has been featured in numerous films, including Desperado, Independence Day, 12 Monkeys, This Boy's Life, Blow, Johnny Suede, The Shadow, Breathless, and Pink Flamingos, which is set in Baltimore. Desperado is a 1995 film directed by Robert Rodriguez. ... Independence Day is an American action movie about an attempted alien takeover of the Earth. ... (Redirected from 12 Monkeys) Twelve Monkeys is a 1995 science fiction conspiracy theory movie directed by former Monty Python member Terry Gilliam and inspired by the short film La Jetée. ... For the 1993 film based on the novel, see This Boys Life (film). ... Blow is a 2001 drama film directed by Ted Demme, about an American cocaine smuggler. ... This article is about the fictional character. ... Pink Flamingos is a 1972 film directed by John Waters. ...


Native American

Part Shawnee Indian, Wray frequently spoke of his ancestry in performances and interviews. Three of the songs he performed bear the names of American Indian tribes: "Shawnee," "Apache," and "Comanche." "Apache" was an instrumental composed by Jerry Lordan, which became a hit in the UK for The Shadows in 1960. Wray recorded one of the better covers of the song 30 years later, somehow finding new life in this mythic, minor-key, guitar/drum dialogue which by then was also associated with everyone from The Ventures to the Incredible Bongo Band to Grandmaster Flash. This article is about the Native American tribe. ... Apache was a popular 1960 instrumental song written by Jerry Lordan and recorded by British group The Shadows. ... Jeremiah Patrick Jerry Lordan (born 30 April 1934, in Paddington, West London died 24 July 1995 in London), was a British composer and singer. ... The Shadows were an English instrumental rock n roll group active from the 1950s to the 2000s. ... Walk Dont Run (1960) The Ventures are a rock instrumental band formed in 1958, by Don Wilson and Bob Bogle, two Seattle masonry workers. ... The Incredible Bongo Band, also known as Michael Viners Incredible Bongo Band, was a project started by Michael Viner, a record artist manager and executive at MGM Records. ... Joseph Biggie Grand Saddler (born January 1, 1958 in Bridgetown, Barbados), better known as Grandmaster Flash, is a American hip hop musician and DJ; one of the pioneers of hip-hop DJing, cutting, and mixing. ...


He moved to Denmark in the 1980s after meeting and marrying a Danish student, Olive, who had been studying Native American culture. He lived his last years with Olive on a Danish island, touring frequently. Link Wray died November 5, 2005 at his home in Copenhagen. He was 76. He was buried at the Christian Church Cemetery in the eastern Copenhagen suburb of Christianshavn on November 18, 2005. For other uses, see Copenhagen (disambiguation). ... The Church of Our Saviour (Vor Frelser Kirke) in the Christianshavn city district, Copenhagen, Denmark. ...


According to a note added by Deborah Wray on his Rockabilly Hall of Fame page, Link Wray was married four times and is survived by nine children: Fred Lincoln Wray III, Link Elvis Wray, Shayne Wray, Elizabeth (Beth) Wray Webb, Mona Kay Wray Tidwell, Bellinda Wray Muth, Rhonda Wray Sayen, and Charlotte Wray Glass. Print and online obituaries have only mentioned the wife and son he was living with at the time of his death, Olive and Oliver Christian Wray. The Rockabilly Hall of Fame was established on March 21, 1997 to present early rock and roll history and information relative to the artists and personalities involved in this pioneering American music genre. ...


The most comprehensive resource on Link Wray, www.WraysShack3Tracks.com, has documented and displayed photos and videos of two other bands that were his continual touring bands on his very last two tours. He was backed by members of the Seattle band Jet City Fix for the duration of his next to last tour. His very last tour was booked and managed by Marc Mencher of Action Packed Events. Link's drummer on that tour was Gary Weiss of the rockabilly band Vibro Champs and he was backed on bass by Kris Day current bassist. The Vibro Champs website also features photos and video of Link's last touring band.


Robert Ehrlich, the governor of Maryland, declared January 15 to be Link Wray Day. For the entrepreneur and businessman, see Robert Ehrlich. ...


On March 25, 2006 Link was honored by "The First Americans in the Arts" with the Life Time Achievement Award.


On June 8, 2006, Link was inducted into the Native American Music Hall of Fame.


Discography

Singles

Release date A-side B-side Label Number
1958/Mar. 31 Rumble The Swag Cadence 1347
1959/Jan. 12 Raw-Hide Dixie-Doodle Epic 5-9300
1959/June 15 Comanche Lillian Epic 5-9321
1959/Oct. Slinky Rendezvous Epic 5-9343
1959 Vendetta (as Ray Vernon) Roughshod Scottie NRS-3020
1960/Mar. 7 Trail Of The Lonesome Pine Golden Strings (Based On A Chopin Etude) Epic 5-9361
1960/Oct. 24 Ain't That Lovin' You Babe Mary Ann Epic 5-9419
1961/July 31 Jack The Ripper The Stranger Rumble 1000
1961/Aug. 21 El Toro Tijuana Epic 5-9454
1962/Mar. Big City Stomp Poppin' Popeye Trans Atlas M 687
1963/Mar. 16 Rumble Mambo Hambone Okeh 4-7166
1963/Apr. 6 The Black Widow Jack The Ripper Swan S-4137
1963/Sept. 21 Week End Turnpike U.S.A. Swan S-4154
1963/Dec. Run Chicken Run The Sweeper Swan S-4163
1964/Mar. The Shadow Knows My Alberta Swan S-4171
1964/Jul. Deuces Wild Summer Dream Swan S-4187
1965/Feb. 13 Good Rockin' Tonight I'll Do Anything For You Swan S-4201
1965 I'm Branded Hang On Swan S-4211
1965 Girl From The North Country You Hurt Me So Swan S-4232
1965 Ace Of Spades The Fuzz Swan S-4239
1966 The Batman Theme (with Bobby Howard) Alone Swan S-4244
1966 Ace Of Spades Hidden Charms Swan S-4261
1967 Let The Good Times Roll (with Kathy Lynn) Soul Train Swan S-4273
1967 Jack The Ripper I'll Do Anything For You Swan S-4284

Rumble is an influential[1] rock instrumental by Link Wray & His Ray Men. ... Epic Records is an American record label, owned and operated by Sony BMG. // Epic was launched originally as a jazz and classical music label in 1953 by CBS. Its bright-yellow, black and blue logo became a familiar trademark for many jazz and classical releases. ... Frédéric François Chopin as portrayed by Eugène Delacroix in 1838. ... Okeh Records began as an independent record label based in the United States of America in 1918; from the late 1920s on was a subsidiary of Columbia Records. ... Label of Swan record by Phil Napoleons jazz band Swan Records was a mid-20th century United States based record label based in Philadelphia. ...

Albums

Release date Title Label Number
1960 US Link Wray & The Raymen Epic LN 3661
1962 US Great Guitar Hits by Link Wray Vermillion V-1924
1963 US Jack The Ripper Swan S-LP 510
1964 US Link Wray Sings And Plays Guitar Vermillion V-1925
1963/2006 Link Wray Early Recordings Rollercoaster/Ace
1971 US Link Wray Polydor PD-24-4064
1971 US Mordicai Jones (w/ Bobby Howard) Polydor PD-5010
1972 US Be What You Want To Polydor PD-5047
1973 US Beans and Fatback (rec. 1971) Virgin V-2006
1979 US Bull Shot

Link Wray is the self-titled 1971 album by pioneer Rock & Roll guitarist, and Shawnee Indian Link Wray. ... 1920s vintage Polydor export label with its double-horn gramophone logo In 1954 Polydor Records introduced their distinctive orange label. ... Mordicai Jones is the 1971 album by pioneer Rock & Roll guitarist, and Shawnee Indian Link Wray, with Bobby Howard a. ... 1920s vintage Polydor export label with its double-horn gramophone logo In 1954 Polydor Records introduced their distinctive orange label. ... Be What You Want To is the 1972 album by pioneer Rock & Roll guitarist, and Shawnee Indian Link Wray. ... 1920s vintage Polydor export label with its double-horn gramophone logo In 1954 Polydor Records introduced their distinctive orange label. ... Beans and Fatback is the 1973 release by pioneer Rock & Roll guitarist, and Shawnee Indian Link Wray. ... Virgin Records was a British recording label founded by English entrepreneur Richard Branson, and Nik Powell in 1972. ... Main article: Cocktail A cocktail is a style of mixed drink made predominantly with a distilled beverage, such as vodka, gin, whiskey, rum, or tequila, mixed with another drink other than water. ...

Compilations

Release date Title Label Number
1969 US Yesterday and Today Record Factory LP 1929
1993/May, 18 Rumble! The Best of Link Wray Rhino Records

Rhino Entertainment Company is an American specialty record label. ...

Footnotes

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Link Wray - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1174 words)
Fred Lincoln 'Link' Wray Jr (May 2, 1929 – November 5, 2005) was a rock and roll guitar player most noted for introducing a new sound for electric guitars in his major hit, the 1958 instrumental "Rumble", by Link Wray and his Ray Men.
Link and his family later moved to Norfolk, Virginia as his father got work in the Navy shipyards.
Wray was a veteran of the Korean war, where he contracted tuberculosis that ultimately cost him a lung.
Link Wray - Biography - AOL Music (1482 words)
Link's follow-up to "Rumble" was the pounding, uptempo "Rawhide." The Les Paul had been swapped for a Danelectro Longhorn model (with the longest neck ever manufactured on a production line guitar), its "lipstick tube" pickups making every note of Link's power chords sound like he was strumming with a tin can lid for a pick.
Link's amp was recorded at the end of a hotel staircase for maximum echo effect, while he pumped riffs through it that would become the seeds of a million metal songs.
Wray married and moved to Denmark in 1980, recording the stray album for the foreign market, and throughout the 1990s he was still capable of strapping on a guitar and making it sound nastier than anyone in his sixties had a right to.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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