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Encyclopedia > Linearbandkeramic
Sherds of the late Linearbandkeramik, Rhine-Main area
Sherds of the late Linearbandkeramik, Rhine-Main area

The Linearbandkeramic (abbreviated LBK) is the earliest neolithic culture of Central Europe. Its oldest phase is dated by the radiocarbon method to 5.500 BC. This culture can be associated with the westward spread of agriculture across Europe during the 6th millennium BC and 5th millennium BC. The name derives from pottery found in Neolithic archaeological sites featuring painted or incised linear motifs. Linearbandceramic sherds, Klein Auheim, Hessen, Germany File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Rhine canyon (Ruinaulta) in Graubünden in Switzerland Length 1,320 km Elevation of the source Vorderrhein: approx. ... The Main (pronounced in German like the English word mine) is a river in Germany, 524 km in length, and one of the more voluminous tributaries of the Rhine river. ... The Neolithic, (Greek neos=new, lithos=stone, or New Stone Age) was a period in the development of human technology that is traditionally the last part of the Stone Age. ... Radiocarbon dating is the use of the naturally occurring isotope of carbon-14 in radiometric dating to determine the age of organic materials, up to ca. ...


Early LBK sites are found in river valleys and flood plains of the Danube River area in Hungary and the northern Balkans. This region already had a thriving culture of farms and small settlements in the 6th millennium BC. Most scholars derive the Linearbandkeramic from the Starcevo-Körös culture of Northern Serbia and Hungary, but some would argue for an autochthonous development out of the local Mesolithic cultures. The Radiocarbon-dates show a very rapid spread of this culture, covering the distance between northern Hungary and northern Germany in 200 years at most. The Starčevo-Körös culture is the name given by archaeologists to a widespread early Neolithic archaeological culture from Eastern Europe and the Balkans. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official language Serbian1 Capital Belgrade Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  88,361 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2002)     (without Kosovo)  â€“ Density  7. ... The Mesolithic (Greek mesos=middle and lithos=stone or the Middle Stone Age) is the period between the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods. ...


Important sites include Bylany in the Czech Republic, Langweiler and Zwenkau in Germany and Brunn am Gebirge in Austria. Bylany is a Danubian Neolithic settlement located around 65km (40 miles) east of Prague in the Czech region of Bohemia. ...


It is followed by the stroke-ornamented ware in the eastern part of the settlement area, by the Hinkelstein, Großgartach- and Rössen-cultures in the West. Stroke-ornamented ware is a kind of zig-zag decorated Neolithic pottery found in central and eastern Europe. ...


The people lived in villages of large long houses, and raised grain (emmer and einkorn), peas and lentils in small plots. Though their farming was small-scale, the increasing numbers of LBK settlements began a process of thinning Europe's primeval forests. This would continue for millennia as population increased.


Colin Renfrew controversially associates LBK with the origins of either the Celtic or Germanic language groups. Andrew Colin Renfrew, Baron Renfrew of Kaimsthorn (born 25 July 1937), English archaeologist, notable for his work on the radiocarbon revolution, the prehistory of languages, archaeogenetics, and the prevention of looting of archaeological sites. ... Proto-Indo-European Indo-European studies Celtic languages are a branch of the Indo-European languages. ...


Reference

  • Renfrew, Colin. Archaeology and Language : The Puzzle of Indo-European Origins. Cambridge University Press, 1990. ISBN 0521386756.

External links

  • The collective calibration of the pertinent radiocarbon dates
  • On the excavation in Brunn am Gebirge
Linearbandkeramik pots, Thuringia

  Results from FactBites:
 
Linearbandkeramic - definition of Linearbandkeramic in Encyclopedia (351 words)
The Linearbandkeramic (abbreviated LBK) is the earliest neolithic culture of Central Europe.
Most scholars derive the Linearbandkeramic from the Starcevo-Körös culture of Northern Serbia and Hungary, but some would argue for an autochthonous development out of the local Mesolithic cultures.
Evidence suggests that settlers from the northern Balkans spread slowly westward and northward over the centuries, eventually reaching the Rhine valley and west-central France.
Neolithic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1453 words)
These stuctures (and their later Neolithic equivalents such as causewayed enclosures, burial mounds, and henges) required considerable time and labour to construct, which suggests that some influential individuals were able to organise and direct human labour.
There is also good evidence for fortified settlement at Linearbandkeramic sites along the Rhine, as well as evidence for inter-group conflict from Neolithic sites in Britain.
Control of labour and inter-group conflict is characteristic of corporate-level or 'tribal' groups, headed by a charismatic individual (e.g., a 'big man', or proto-chief) such as a lineage group head.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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