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Encyclopedia > Lindy Hop
Dancing the Lindy Hop at the Sacramento Jazz Jubilee, Sacramento, California, USA (2006)
Dancing the Lindy Hop at the Sacramento Jazz Jubilee, Sacramento, California, USA (2006)

Lindy Hop is an African American dance that evolved in New York City in 1927. It is a fusion of many dances that preceded it or were popular during its development but is mainly based on jazz, tap, breakaway and charleston. Lindy Hop co-evolved with jazz music and is a member of the swing dance family. It is frequently described as a jazz or street dance. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1146x1527, 456 KB) Summary Swing dancing at the 2006 Sacramento Jazz Jubilee, Sacramento, California (USA). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1146x1527, 456 KB) Summary Swing dancing at the 2006 Sacramento Jazz Jubilee, Sacramento, California (USA). ... Sacramento redirects here. ... African American dances in the vernacular tradition (academically known as African American vernacular dance) are those dances which have developed within African American communities in everyday spaces, rather than in dance studios, schools or companies. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Jazz dancers. ... Man tap dancing. ... From 1919 to 1927, Breakaway was a popular swing dance developed from the Texas Tommy. ... Josephine Baker dancing the Charleston at the Folies Bergère, Paris, in 1926 A USPS stamp from the Celebrate the Century series: Flappers Doing the Charleston by John Held Jr. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Wikibooks has more about this subject: Swing Dancing The term swing dance is commonly used to refer either to a group of dances developing in response to swing music in the 1920s, 30s and 40s, or to lindy hop, a popular partner dance today. ... Jazz dancers. ... A girl hip hop dancing, a very broad and common category of street dance. ...


In its development, Lindy Hop combined elements of both solo and partner dancing by using the movements and improvisation of African dances along with the formal eight-count structure of European partner dances. This is most clearly illustrated in Lindy's basic step, the swingout. In this step's open position each dancer improvises alone; in its closed position men and women dance together — a practice usually forbidden in African dances. Partner dance. ... It has been suggested that Lindy Basic be merged into this article or section. ... Open position - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Improvisation is the act of making something up as you go along. ... In couple dancing, closed position is a category of positions in which partners hold each other while facing at least approximately toward each other. ...


Revived in the 1980s by American, Swedish, and British dancers, Lindy Hop dancers and organizations can now be found in North America, South America, Europe, Asia, and Oceania.

Contents

History

Main article: History of Lindy Hop

Lindy Hoppers at a Jitterbug contest in 1942. ...

Swing era (1920s-1940s)

Born in African American communities in Harlem, New York in the United States from about 1927 into the early 1930s from four possible sources: the breakaway, the charleston, the Texas Tommy, and the hop.[1] Of these, only the breakaway and the charleston continue to be danced[citation needed], and the historical influence of the Texas Tommy and the hop is rarely cited and often disputed. The 'first generation' of Lindy Hop is popularly associated with dancers such as "Shorty" George Snowden, his partner: Big Bea, and Leroy Stretch Jones. "Shorty" George and Big Bea regularly won contests at the Savoy Ballroom. Their dancing accentuated the difference in size with Big Bea towering over Shorty.[2] An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... For other uses, see Harlem (disambiguation). ... This article is about the state. ... From 1919 to 1927, Breakaway was a popular swing dance developed from the Texas Tommy. ... Josephine Baker dancing the Charleston at the Folies Bergère, Paris, in 1926 A USPS stamp from the Celebrate the Century series: Flappers Doing the Charleston by John Held Jr. ... The Texas Tommy is said by many to be the first swing dance. ... Shorty George Snowden was an African-American dancer in Harlem during the 1920s and 1930s. ...


In 1935, "Shorty" George Snowden was unseated by a twenty year old dancer named Frankie Manning. Manning heralded a new generation of Lindy Hoppers, and is the most celebrated Lindy Hopper in history. Al Minns and Leon James, and Norma Miller also feature prominently in contemporary histories of Lindy Hop. It should also be noted that Frankie Manning, working with his partner Freida Washington, invented the ground-breaking 'Air Step' or 'aerial' in 1935. An Air Step is a dance move in which at least one of the partners' two feet leave the ground in a dramatic, acrobatic style and most importantly it is done in time with the music. This type of move is now widely associated with the characterization of lindy hop, however, air steps have historically been reserved primarily for competition or performance dancing, and are generally not executed on any social dance floor. Frankie Manning in Herräng, 2005 Frankie Manning or Frankie Musclehead Manning, born Frank Manning in Jacksonville, Florida, on May 26, 1914, is an American dancer, instructor and choreographer. ... Al Minns was a prominent American Lindy Hop and jazz dancer. ... Norma Miller (born 1920) is an American swing dancer known to many people as The Queen of Swing. ... Frankie Manning in Herräng, 2005 Frankie Manning or Frankie Musclehead Manning, born Frank Manning in Jacksonville, Florida, on May 26, 1914, is an American dancer, instructor and choreographer. ... An aerial (or air step) is a dance move where someones feet leave the floor. ...


The Lindy Hop is popularly thought to get its name from famed aviator Charles Lindbergh, nicknamed "Lucky Lindy" in 1926.[3] After Lindberg's solo non-stop flight from New York to Paris in which he "hopped" the Atlantic, Shorty George Snowden was dancing in a marathon contest at the Manhattan Casino in Harlem when a reporter asked him what dance he was doing. The headlines in the newspapers had stated "Lindy hops the Atlantic", so he told the reporter, "I'm doing the Lindy Hop."[4] Charles Augustus Lindbergh (4 February 1902 – 26 August 1974), known as Lucky Lindy and The Lone Eagle, was an American pilot famous for the first solo, non-stop flight across the Atlantic, from Roosevelt Field, Long Island to Paris in 1927 in the Spirit of St. ... Shorty George Snowden was an African-American dancer in Harlem during the 1920s and 1930s. ... For other uses, see Harlem (disambiguation). ...


Lindy Hop entered mainstream American culture in the 1930s, popularised by touring dance troupes (including the Whitey's Lindy Hoppers, which were also known as the Harlem Congaroos, Hot Chocolates and Big Apple Dancers), dance sequences in films (such as Hellzapoppin' and A Day at the Races) and dance studios (such as those of Arthur Murray and Irene and Vernon Castle). Lindy Hop's movement to the west coast of the United States is popularly associated with Dean Collins, who brought Lindy Hop to Los Angeles after (according to popular opinion) learning it at the Savoy Ballroom in New York. Whiteys Lindy Hoppers was a professional performing group of Savoy Ballroom swing dancers, started in 1935 by Herbert Whitey White. ... Hellzapoppin was a musical revue which was a Broadway hit, running from 22 September 1938 to 17 December 1941, and was at the time the longest-running Broadway musical with 1,404 performances—one of only three plays to run more than 500 performances in the 1930s. ... Code book scene A Day at the Races A Day at the Races (1937) is the seventh movie starring the three Marx Brothers, with Margaret Dumont, Allan Jones and Maureen OSullivan. ... Arthur Murray (April 4, 1895 – March 3, 1991) was a dance instructor and businessman, whose name is most often associated with the dance studio chain that bears his name. ... Vernon and Irene Castle in 1914 Vernon and Irene Castle were a husband-and-wife team of ballroom dancers of the early 20th century. ... Dean Collins, born Saul Cohen on May 29, 1917, in Columbus, Ohio, was an American dancer, instructor, choreographer, and innovator of swingdance. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... The Savoy Ballroom located in Harlem, New York City, was a medium sized ballroom for music and public dancing that was in operation from 1926 to 1958. ...


Lindy Hop moved off-shore in the 1930s and 40s, again in films and news reels, but also with American troops stationed overseas, particularly in the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, and other allied nations. Despite their banned status in countries such as Germany, Lindy Hop and jazz were also popular in other European countries during this period. In general, allies are people or groups that have joined an alliance and are working together to achieve some common purpose. ...


Lindy Hop disappeared from popular culture in the 1950s as rock and roll music and dancing replaced jazz, and jazz itself moved towards hard bop and cool. Though it was still danced in isolated pockets throughout the world, in the 2000s there are very few dancers still alive who were dancing lindy in the 1930s or 40s. Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Hard bop is an extension of bebop (bop) music which incorporates influences from rhythm and blues, gospel music, and blues, especially in the saxophone and piano playing. ... CD reissue of Daviss 1957 LP Birth of the Cool, collecting much of his 1949 to 1950 work. ...


Revival (1980s and 1990s)

In the 1980s American and European dancers from California, New York, London, and Sweden (such as Sylvia Sykes, Erin Stevens, Steven Mitchell, Terry Monaghan and Warren Heyes who formed London's Jiving Lindy Hoppers performance troupe, and Stockholm's Rhythm Hot Shots / Harlem Hot Shots) went about 'reviving' Lindy Hop using archival films such as Hellzapoppin' and A Day at the Races and by contacting dancers such as Frankie Manning, Al Minns, Norma Miller, Jewel McGowan and Dean Collins. In the mid-to-late 1990s the popularity of neo swing music of the swing revival stimulated mainstream interest in the dance. The dance was propelled to wide visibility after it was featured in the popular 1993 movie Swing Kids, 1996 movie Swingers and 1998 television commercials for GAP. The popularity led to the founding of local Lindy Hop dance communities in many cities. This does not cite any references or sources. ... The Rhythm Hot Shots is a Swedish performance dance company founded in 1985 that specializes in African American dance. ... Hellzapoppin was a musical revue which was a Broadway hit, running from 22 September 1938 to 17 December 1941, and was at the time the longest-running Broadway musical with 1,404 performances—one of only three plays to run more than 500 performances in the 1930s. ... Code book scene A Day at the Races A Day at the Races (1937) is the seventh movie starring the three Marx Brothers, with Margaret Dumont, Allan Jones and Maureen OSullivan. ... Frankie Manning in Herräng, 2005 Frankie Manning or Frankie Musclehead Manning, born Frank Manning in Jacksonville, Florida, on May 26, 1914, is an American dancer, instructor and choreographer. ... Al Minns was a prominent American Lindy Hop and jazz dancer. ... Norma Miller (born 1920) is an American swing dancer known to many people as The Queen of Swing. ... Jewel McGowan was a dancer of Lindy Hop, a form of swing dance, in the 1940s and 1950s. ... Dean Collins, born Saul Cohen on May 29, 1917, in Columbus, Ohio, was an American dancer, instructor, choreographer, and innovator of swingdance. ... The Swing Revival was cultural phenomenon of the 1990s and early 2000s which featured renewed popular interest in music in the style of the swing period of the 1930s and 1940s. ... For the San Diego hardcore punk band, see Swing Kids (band). ... For the sexual lifestyle, see swinging. ... Gap, Incorporated (NYSE: GPS) is an American clothing and accessories retailer based in San Francisco, California and founded in 1969 by Donald Fisher and Doris Fisher. ...


Today (2000 to present)

Main article: Lindy Hop today

While the United States is home to the largest number of Lindy Hoppers in the world,[citation needed] there are thriving communities throughout Europe (including Slovenia, Russia, the Ukraine, Hungary, Estonia and other Eastern European countries, Belgium, England, Scotland, Ireland, Spain, France, the Netherlands, Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Switzerland, Germany and Lithuania), in Australia, Canada, Iceland, New Zealand, China, Japan, Korea, Singapore and Buenos Aires, Argentina. The small village of Herräng in Sweden (north of Stockholm) has unofficially become the international mecca of Lindy Hop thanks to the annual Herräng Dance Camp run by the Harlem Hot Shots, which celebrated its 25th year in 2007, and where Frankie Manning has taught every year since 1989. Dancing the Lindy hop in Atascadero, California, USA (2005). ... Statistical regions of Europe as delineated by the United Nations (UN definition of Eastern Europe marked red):  Northern Europe  Western Europe  Eastern Europe  Southern Europe Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current borders: Russia (dark orange), other countries formerly part of the USSR... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... This article is about the Korean civilization. ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Herräng is a small town in the municipality of Norrtälje in Sweden, with 474 inhabitants (2000). ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ... The Herräng Dance Camp (HDC, officially Herräng Dance Camp Aktiebolag) is an annual dance camp that focuses on African American jazz dances such as Lindy Hop, boogie woogie, tap, authentic jazz, and balboa. ... The Rhythm Hot Shots were a Swedish performance dance company founded in 1985 and specialising in African American dance. ... Frankie Manning in Herräng, 2005 Frankie Manning or Frankie Musclehead Manning, born Frank Manning in Jacksonville, Florida, on May 26, 1914, is an American dancer, instructor and choreographer. ...


Lindy Hop tends to be concentrated in small local scenes in different cities in each of these countries, although regional, national, and international dance events bring dancers from many of these scenes together. It is worth noting that the local swing dance communities in each city and country (for whom Lindy Hop is almost always the most important dance) feature different local cultures, though they do share common general traditions and practices.


Many Internet forums have emerged in these dance scenes. These message boards serve to provide information to dancers about Lindy Hop and dance events in the geographic area. Yehoodi has become the largest of these and now caters to an international audience, although many smaller local forums (such as Swingmonkey) also exist. Local swing dance related Internet forums often reflect the local variations in scenes' cultures and dancing. Because swing dancers travel to dance quite regularly, Internet forums are an important medium for communication between local scenes, and for dancers visiting a particular city or country. An Internet forum, also known as a message board or discussion board, is a web application that provides for online discussions, and is the modern descendant of the bulletin board systems and existing Usenet news systems that were widespread in the 1980s and 1990s. ... Yehoodi is the largest swing dance website on the Internet. ...


Lindy Hop today is danced as a social dance, as a competitive dance, as a performance dance, and in classes and workshops. In each, partners may dance alone or together, with improvisation a central part of social dancing and many performance and competition pieces. Solo sequences in Lindy Hop are sometimes executed as part of a partner dance when one or both of the partner initiates a "breakaway" causing the partners to separate their connection and dance solo with each other using (if at all) visual lead and follow cues. These sequences may include charleston moves, traditional jazz dance moves (such as boogie steps, Shorty George, Suzie Q, etcetera) and contemporary jazz and modern dance movements. Social dance is a major category or classification of danceforms or dance styles, where sociability and socializing are the primary focuses of the dancing. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Performance dance is a major category or classification of dance forms or dance styles, where performance is the primary focus of the dancing. ... Improvisation is the practice of acting and reacting, of making and creating, in the moment and in response to the stimulus of ones immediate environment. ... Josephine Baker dancing the Charleston at the Folies Bergère, Paris, in 1926 A USPS stamp from the Celebrate the Century series: Flappers Doing the Charleston by John Held Jr. ... Suzie Q (or Suzy Q) is the name of a dance step in the Big Apple, Lindy Hop, and other dances. ...


Mass media

Lindy Hop has been featured in the mass media since its inception.


In the 1953 episode of I Love Lucy called "Lucy Has Her Eyes Examined", Lucy dances Lindy Hop with a "cool cat" dance partner in a showcase at Ricky's nightclub but can't do the dance properly due to the dilating eyedrops the eye doctor gave her. I Love Lucy is a popular American situation comedy, starring Lucille Ball, Desi Arnaz, Vivian Vance and William Frawley. ...


Lindy Hop is featured in the music video for Marilyn Manson's Mobscene A music video is a short film or video that accompanies a complete piece of music, most commonly a song. ... This article is about the person. ... mOBSCENE is the inaugural single taken from the 2003 album The Golden Age of Grotesque by Marilyn Manson. ...


Lindy Hop can be seen in the 2007 music video to Christina Aguilera's song Candyman. A music video is a short film or video that accompanies a complete piece of music, most commonly a song. ... This article is about the singer. ... Candyman is a pop song written by Christina Aguilera and Linda Perry for Aguileras third studio album Back to Basics (2006). ...


The Lindy Hop was the dance Homer Simpson performed as a panda in The Simpsons episode 'Homer vs Dignity' season 12.


The Harlem Lindy Hop dance club and zoot suit culture forms a colourful backdrop in the early part of Spike Lee's film Malcolm X, starring Denzel Washington. Spike Lee's character is called "Shorty". For other uses, see Harlem (disambiguation). ... For alternate meanings, see Zoot Suit (disambiguation). ... Shelton Jackson Lee (born March 20, 1957, in Atlanta, Georgia), better known as Spike Lee, is an Emmy Award - winning, and Academy Award - nominated American film director, producer, writer, and actor noted for his films dealing with controversial social and political issues. ... Malcolm X, born Malcolm Little, also known as Detroit Red and Al-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (Omaha, Nebraska, May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965 in New York City) was a Muslim Minister and National Spokesman for the Nation of Islam. ... Denzel Hayes Washington, Jr. ... Shelton Jackson Lee (born March 20, 1957, in Atlanta, Georgia), better known as Spike Lee, is an Emmy Award - winning, and Academy Award - nominated American film director, producer, writer, and actor noted for his films dealing with controversial social and political issues. ...


References

  1. ^ Stearns, Marshall and Jean (1968). Jazz Dance: The Story of American Vernacular Dance. New York: Macmillan. 
  2. ^ Lindy Hop Biographies: Shorty George Snowden. Judy Pritchett with Frankie Manning (2006). Retrieved on 2007-08-08.
  3. ^ Fad to Fundamental: Airmail in America: Pilot Stories: Charles Lindbergh. Smithsonian: National Postal Museum (2004). Retrieved on 2007-07-23. “Lindbergh got his nickname, Lucky Lindy, not from his successful transatlantic flight, but from his airmail service. ... While flying the mail on September 16, 1926, Lindbergh was forced to jump from his airplane during a blinding snow and rain storm after he had gotten lost in the darkness and his airplane ran out of fuel.”
  4. ^ Manning, Frankie; Cynthia R. Millman (2007). Frankie Manning: Ambassador of Lindy Hop. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Temple University Press, 79. ISBN 1-59213-563-3. “I [ Frankie Manning ] got this one from Shorty himself. He was a wonderful, humorous person, and I'm telling it just the way he told it to us: Shorty was dancing in a marathon contest at the Manhattan Casino in Harlem, up on 155th Street off Eighth Avenue. ... One night, this reporter came over to him and asked, 'Hey, Shorty, what's that dance you're doing?' Shorty told us that after Charles Lindberg had flown the Atlantic, the headlines in the paper read, 'Lindy hops the Atlantic,' so he said, 'I'm doing the Lindy hop.' As I've mentioned before, at that point, they were still doing the breakaway. You only separated a little from your partner, but it was this release that gave the dancers the opportunity to improvise on the footwork. That's what Shorty was playing around with when the reporter asked what he was doing. Shorty gave the breakaway a new name and—voilá!—the Lindy hop was born. We called Shorty Snowden the father of Lindy hop because he actually named the dance.” 

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Smithsonian castle, as seen through the garden gate. ... The National Postal Museum in Washington, D.C. is located across the street from Union Station and houses many interactive displays about the history of the United States Postal Service and of mail service around the world. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Frankie Manning in Herräng, 2005 Frankie Manning or Frankie Musclehead Manning, born Frank Manning in Jacksonville, Florida, on May 26, 1914, is an American dancer, instructor and choreographer. ... Frankie Manning in Herräng, 2005 Frankie Manning or Frankie Musclehead Manning, born Frank Manning in Jacksonville, Florida, on May 26, 1914, is an American dancer, instructor and choreographer. ... Charles Lindbergh with the Spirit of St. ... Shorty George Snowden was an African American dancer in Harlem during the 1920s and 1930s. ...

Further reading

  • DeFrantz, Thomas. Dancing Many Drums: Excavations in African American Dance. Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press, 2001.
  • Emery, Lynne Fauley. Black Dance in the United States from 1619 to 1970. California: National Press Books, 1972.
  • Friedland, LeeEllen. "Social Commentary in African-American Movement Performance." Human Action Signs in Cultural Context: The Visible and the Invisible in Movement and Dance. Ed. Brenda Farnell. London: Scarecrow Press, 1995. 136 - 57.
  • Gottschild, Brenda Dixon. Digging the Africanist Presence in American Performance. Connecticut and London: Greenwood Press, 1996.
  • Hazzard-Gordon, Katrina. Jookin': The Rise of Social Dance Formations in African-American Culture. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1990.
  • Jackson, Jonathan David. "Improvisation in African-American Vernacular Dancing." Dance Research Journal 33.2 (2001/2002): 40 - 53.
  • Malone, Jacqui. Steppin' on the Blues: The Visible Rhythms of African American Dance. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1996.
  • Manning, Frankie; Cynthia R. Millman (2007). Frankie Manning: Ambassador of Lindy Hop. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Temple University Press. ISBN 1-59213-563-3. 
  • Stearns, Marshall, and Jean Stearns. Jazz Dance: The Story of American Vernacular Dance. 3rd ed. New York: Da Capo Press, 1994.
  • Szwed, John F., and Morton Marks. "The Afro-American Transformation of European Set Dances and Dance Suites." Dance Research Journal 20.1 (1988): 29 - 36.
  • Batchelor, Christian, This Thing Called Swing. Christian Batchelor Books, 1997,(ISBN 0-9530631-0-0)

Frankie Manning in Herräng, 2005 Frankie Manning or Frankie Musclehead Manning, born Frank Manning in Jacksonville, Florida, on May 26, 1914, is an American dancer, instructor and choreographer. ...

See also

Wikibooks
Wikibooks Swing Dancing has a page on the topic of
Lindy Hop

Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo-en. ... Wikibooks logo Wikibooks, previously called Wikimedia Free Textbook Project and Wikimedia-Textbooks, is a wiki for the creation of books. ... Frankie Manning in Herräng, 2005 Frankie Manning or Frankie Musclehead Manning, born Frank Manning in Jacksonville, Florida, on May 26, 1914, is an American dancer, instructor and choreographer. ... Swing is a group of related street dances, that evolved from Lindy Hop. ... The Hollywood Style Lindy is an American dance, a variety of Lindy Hop. ... Savoy-style Lindy Hop is the term used to describe Lindy Hop associated with African American dancers who frequented the Savoy Ballroom in Harlem in the 1930s and 1940s. ... A Lindy Exchange is a gathering of Lindy Hop dancers in a city for several days to experience the dance venues and styles in that city while taking advantage of an opportunity to dance with other swing dancers. ... The Jitterbug is a swing dance, a subset of Lindy Hop, with an emphasis on 6-count moves and fast spins. ... Yehoodi is the largest swing dance website on the Internet. ... See Hop (plant) Hop (telecommunications) Viking name for what was possibly a part of the North American coast (See also Vinland). ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Frankie Manning in Herräng, 2005 Frankie Manning or Frankie Musclehead Manning, born Frank Manning in Jacksonville, Florida, on May 26, 1914, is an American dancer, instructor and choreographer. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Lindy Hop - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5474 words)
Lindy hop combines elements of solo dancing with partner dancing in its foundational step the 'swingout', where the European partner dancing format was adapted to allow men and women to dance together (a practice usually forbidden in African dances), and yet also to improvise 'alone' without disturbing the structure and flow of the dance.
The word "Hop" was documented as early as 1913 as pertaining to swing dancing, and the "Hop" was quoted by early Texas Tommy dancers as the basic move for their dance, a move that later was commented to be the same as the basic for the Lindy.
Lindy Hop styles based on other types of music such as rock and roll, rockabilly or jump blues are generally a minority niche and less of an influence on the development of the dance form.
lindy hop - definition of lindy hop in Encyclopedia (2949 words)
Lindy Hop is a street dance that evolved in Harlem, Manhattan, New York in the late 1920s through the early 1940s, that emerged with swing jazz.
Lindy Hop is a fusion of many dances from all over the U.S. from the early 1900s, but mainly the Charleston.
Lindy hop combines the movements and improvization of African dances with the formal 8-count structure of European dances.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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