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Encyclopedia > Lincoln Tunnel
Lincoln Tunnel
Carries 6 lanes of NJ 495/NY 495
Crosses Hudson River
Locale Weehawken, New Jersey and Manhattan in New York City
Maintained by Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
Total length 2,280 meters (7,482 feet) (North Tube)
2,504 meters (8,216 feet) (Center Tube)
2,440 meters (8,006 feet) (South Tube)
Width 6.55 meters (21.5 feet)
Vertical clearance 3.96 meters (13 feet)
AADT 120,000
Opening date December 22, 1937 (Center Tube)
February 1, 1945 (North Tube)
May 25, 1957 (South Tube)
Toll $6.00 (eastbound) (E-ZPass)
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The Lincoln Tunnel is a 1.5 mile (2.4 km) long tunnel under the Hudson River, connecting Weehawken, New Jersey and the borough of Manhattan in New York City. Route 495 connects the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) at exits 16E and 17 to the Lincoln Tunnel, providing access to midtown Manhattan. ... NY 495 is the designation for the portion of the Lincoln Tunnel in New York City, including its approaches. ... The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican, is a river running mainly through New York State but partly forming the boundary between the states of New York and New Jersey. ... Weehawken Township is a township located in Hudson County, New Jersey. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... The Borough of Manhattan, highlighted in yellow, lies between the East River and the Hudson River. ... Nickname: Big Apple; City that never Sleeps; Gotham Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey is a bi-state agency (operated pursuant to an interstate compact) that runs most of the regional transportation infrastructure including the bridges, tunnels, airports and seaports within the New York-New Jersey Port District. ... AADT - Annual Average Daily Traffic flow - is a term used mainly in transportation planning, but increasingly for websites. ... December 22 is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1945 (MCMVL) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... E-ZPass is the electronic toll collection system used on most toll bridges and toll roads in the eastern United States from Virginia to Maine, and recently extended into Illinois. ... A disused railway tunnel now converted to pedestrian and bicycle use, near Houyet, Belgium A tunnel is an underground passage. ... The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican, is a river running mainly through New York State but partly forming the boundary between the states of New York and New Jersey. ... Weehawken Township is a township located in Hudson County, New Jersey. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... The Five Boroughs of New York City: 1: Manhattan 2: Brooklyn 3: Queens 4: Bronx 5: Staten Island In New York City, a borough is a unique form of government used to administer the five constituent counties that make up the city; it differs significantly from other borough forms of... The Borough of Manhattan, highlighted in yellow, lies between the East River and the Hudson River. ... Nickname: Big Apple; City that never Sleeps; Gotham Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ...

Contents

History

The tunnel was designed by Ole Singstad and construction began on the first tube in 1934. It opened to traffic in 1937, charging $0.50 per passenger car. The costs of construction were about $80 million. Omero C. Catan, a salesman from Manhattan, drove the first car through the tunnel, after waiting in line for 30 hours. Ole Singstad (born June 29, 1882 - died December 8, 1969) was a Norwegian-American civil engineer. ...


The original design called for two tubes. Work on the second was halted in 1938 but resumed in 1941. Due to war material shortages of metal, completion was delayed for two years. It opened on February 1, 1945 at a cost of $80 million, with Michael Catan, brother of Omero, selected to be the first to lead the public through the tube.[1] February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1945 (MCMVL) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ...


A third tube was proposed by the Port Authority, but initially opposed by the City of New York, which was trying to get the Port Authority to help pay for the road improvements that the City would need to handle the additional traffic. A compromise was worked out, and the third tunnel was finally completed in May 1957.


Traffic

The three tubes carry six traffic lanes in total. During the morning rush hour one traffic lane called the XBL is used exclusively by buses. The New Jersey approach roadway, locally known as the Helix or "the Corkscrew", spirals in a full circle before arriving at the toll booths in front of the tunnel portals. The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ...


The tunnel carries about 120,000 vehicles per day, making it one of the busiest vehicular tunnels in the world. The XBL is by far the busiest and most productive bus lane in the United States. The lane operates weekday mornings between 6:15 and 10:00 a.m., accommodating approximately 1,700 buses and 62,000 commuters. Bus Only Road Sign in Taiwan (This sign was also for bus lanes, now with a separate sign) Bus Lane Sign in Taiwan A bus (only) lane is a lane on a road restricted to buses, and possibly high occupancy vehicles, bicycles, emergency vehicles or taxicabs. ... This article is about the form of transport. ... Commuting is the process of travelling from a place of residence to a place of work. ...


Events in the Tunnel

Shortly after noon on September 8, 1953, two armed men, Peter Simon and John Metcalf, attempted to rob a home in South Orange, New Jersey. The men were driven off by the residents, one of whom reported the license plate on their car to the police, who put out an alert. A patrolman, Nicholas Falabella, noticed the car just as it passed the toll booth and ordered the driver to stop the vehicle. The driver sped off into the tunnel, firing at the police. A Port Authority policeman, Donald Lackmun, was hit in the leg. The police commandeered a delivery truck and gave chase, exchanging gun fire with the renegade car while weaving in and out of traffic. In all 28 shots were fired, ten by the gunmen and 18 by the police. The vehicle came to a stop about three fourths of the way through the tunnel. One of the men, Peter Simon, was hit in the head.[2] September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Map of South Orange Village in Essex County South Orange is a Village in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. ...


The tunnel was targeted by terrorists to be destroyed in the summer of 1993 in the New York City landmark bomb plot, but the plan was foiled. Terrorism refers to the use of violence for the purpose of achieving a political, religious, or ideological goal. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Route Numbers

With the cancellation of the Mid-Manhattan Expressway, intended to carry Interstate 495 through New York City to the Queens Midtown Tunnel and onto the Long Island Expressway, the NYDOT and NJDOT demoted the Lincoln Tunnel, Queens-Midtown Tunnel, and the freeway link to NJ 3 as state routes. Some signs still list the tunnels as I-495. Althoughthe Federal Highway Administration still considers the midtown tunnel to be an Interstate, the Lincoln Tunnel is no longer on the Interstate system. In New Jersey, the freeway was officially demoted to NJ 495 and very few signs still read "I-495". Some people still insist that 34th Street links the disjointed segements of I-495. In 1937, plans were discussed for an for an expressway link crossing Midtown Manhattan. ... Interstate 495 (abbreviated I-495) runs 71. ... The Queens Midtown Tunnel is a toll road in New York City. ... The Long Island Expressway (LIE) is one of the interstate highways with the designation of Interstate 495. ... The New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) is reponsible for the development and operation of highways, railroads, mass transit systems, ports, waterways and aviation facilities in the U.S. state of New York. ... The New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) maintains the State Highway system in New Jersey. ... Route 3 is a state highway in New Jersey. ... The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) is a division of the United States Department of Transportation that specializes in highway transportation. ... Route 495 connects the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) at exits 16E and 17 to the Lincoln Tunnel, providing access to midtown Manhattan. ... 34th Street is a major crosstown street in the New York City borough of Manhattan, carrying New York State Highway 495 between the Lincoln Tunnel and Queens-Midtown Tunnel. ...


Culture

  • In Abbot & Costello Go to Mars two scenes take place in which a spaceship piloted by them flies into the tunnel.

References

  1. ^ "New Lincoln Tube Will Open Today", New York Times, February 1, 1945.
  2. ^ "Two Seized in 28-Shot Battle With Police in Lincoln Tube", New York Times, September 9, 1953.

External links

Bridges and tunnels in New York City
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Bridges

Bayonne Bridge | Brooklyn Bridge | Bronx Whitestone Bridge | City Island Bridge | Cross Bay Veterans Memorial Bridge | George Washington Bridge | Goethals Bridge | Hell Gate Bridge | Henry Hudson Bridge | Joseph P. Addabbo Memorial Bridge | Kosciuszko Bridge | Madison Avenue Bridge | Manhattan Bridge | Marine Parkway-Gil Hodges Memorial Bridge | Outerbridge Crossing | Pulaski Bridge | Queensboro (59th Street) Bridge | Third Avenue Bridge | Throgs Neck Bridge | Triborough Bridge | Verrazano-Narrows Bridge | Williamsburg Bridge Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 2503 KB) Other versions Originally from en. ... // Bridges by water body East River From north to south: Throgs Neck Bridge Bronx-Whitestone Bridge Rikers Island Bridge (only connects Rikers Island to Queens) Hell Gate Bridge Triborough Bridge Roosevelt Island Bridge (east channel only) Queensboro Bridge Williamsburg Bridge Manhattan Bridge Brooklyn Bridge Hudson River George Washington Bridge (I... Nickname: Big Apple; City that never Sleeps; Gotham Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... The Bayonne Bridge, as seen from Port Richmond, Staten Island The Bayonne Bridge is the third longest steel arch bridge in the world. ... For other uses, see Brooklyn Bridge (disambiguation). ... Bronx Whitestone Bridge © 2004 Metropolitan Transportation Authority Aerial view of the Bronx Whitestone Bridge Ground view of its sister bridge, the Throgs Neck Bridge, from Queens © 2006 Michael Roach The Bronx Whitestone Bridge, colloquially referred to as the Whitestone Bridge, is a suspension bridge that crosses the East River and... The City Island Bridge is a fixed bridge in the Bronx, New York City, connecting City Island and the mainland. ... The Cross Bay Veterans Memorial Bridge (originally Cross Bay Bridge) wholly in New York City, is a toll bridge that crosses Beach Channel in Jamaica Bay to Rockaway Peninsula, and is located in Queens. ... For the bridge in New York that crosses the Harlem River, see Washington Bridge. ... The Goethals Bridge, seen from Staten Island The Goethals Bridge (pronounced GAWTH-uhls) connects Elizabeth, New Jersey to Staten Island, New York over the Arthur Kill. ... The Hell Gate Bridge (originally the New York Connecting Railroad Bridge) is a 1,017-foot (310 m) steel arch railroad bridge between Queens and Randalls and Wards Island (which are now joined into one island and politically belong to the borough of Manhattan) in New York City, over a... The Henry Hudson Bridge is a steel arch toll bridge in New York City across the Harlem River, a tidal estuary. ... The Joseph P. Addabbo Memorial Bridge located in the New York City borough of Queens, is a bridge that runs south from Howard Beach, crosses the Grassy Bay portion of Jamaica Bay to Broad Channel. ... The Kosciuszko Bridge is a truss bridge that spans Newtown Creek between Brooklyn and Queens. ... The Madison Avenue Bridge crosses the Harlem River from Manhattan to the Bronx. ... The Manhattan Bridge is a suspension bridge that crosses the East River in New York City, connecting Lower Manhattan with Brooklyn. ... The Marine Parkway-Gil Hodges Memorial Bridge in New York City (originally Marine Parkway Bridge) is a toll bridge that crosses Rockaway Inlet and connects Rockaway Peninsula, in Queens, with Brooklyn. ... The Outerbridge Crossing, seen from Tottenville, Staten Island. ... The Pulaski Bridge in New York City connects Long Island City in Queens to Greenpoint in Brooklyn over Newtown Creek. ... For the bridge in New Westminster, British Columbia, see Queensborough Bridge. ... The Third Avenue Bridge carries southbound road traffic over the Harlem River from Manhattan to the Bronx. ... Aerial view of the Throgs Neck Bridge The Throgs Neck Bridge is a suspension bridge opened on January 11, 1961 that carries Interstate 295 and connects the Throgs Neck section of the Bronx with the Bayside section of Queens. ... The Triborough Bridge is a complex of three bridges connecting the New York City boroughs of the Bronx, Manhattan, and Queens, using what were two islands, Wards Island and Randalls Island as intermediate rights-of-way between the water crossings. ... The Verrazano-Narrows Bridge is a double-decked suspension bridge that connects the boroughs of Staten Island and Brooklyn in New York City at the Narrows, the reach connecting the relatively protected upper bay with the larger lower bay. ... The Williamsburg Bridge is a suspension bridge in New York City across the East River connecting Manhattan at Delancey St. ...

Tunnels

Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel | Holland Tunnel | Lincoln Tunnel | Queens Midtown Tunnel The Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel is a toll road in New York City which crosses under the East River at its mouth and connects the Boroughs of Brooklyn and Manhattan, nearly passing under, but providing no access to Governors Island. ... Clifford Milburn Holland, 1919 Traveling through the Holland Tunnel, from Manhattan to New Jersey. ... The Queens Midtown Tunnel is a toll road in New York City. ...

Operators

Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority | Metropolitan Transportation Authority | Port Authority of New York and New Jersey | New York City Department of Transportation | New York State Department of Transportation | Amtrak The Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority, described to the public by the popular name MTA Bridges and Tunnels, or MTA B&T, is an affiliate agency of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, a public benefit corporation, that operates all intrastate toll bridges in New York City. ... The Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) is a public benefit corporation responsible for public transportation in the State of New York. ... The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey is a bi-state agency (operated pursuant to an interstate compact) that runs most of the regional transportation infrastructure including the bridges, tunnels, airports and seaports within the New York-New Jersey Port District. ... The New York City Department of Transportation (NYCDOT or DOT) is responsible for the management of much of New York Citys transportation infrastructure. ... The New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) is reponsible for the development and operation of highways, railroads, mass transit systems, ports, waterways and aviation facilities in the U.S. state of New York. ... Acela Express in West Windsor, NJ Amtrak Cascades service with tilting Talgo trainsets in Seattle, Washington Amtrak train in downtown Orlando, Florida For other uses, see Amtrak (disambiguation). ...

Crossings of the Hudson River
Upstream
George Washington Bridge
Lincoln Tunnel
Downstream
North River Tunnels

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey - Tunnels (396 words)
In New Jersey, this highway connects the tunnel with U.S. Routes 1 and 9, 3 and the New Jersey Turnpike.
The Lincoln Tunnel Expressway and Dyer Avenue in Manhattan connect the tunnel and local city streets from West 42nd Street south to West 30th Street.
It runs from the New Jersey Turnpike to the Lincoln Tunnel in one of the normally westbound lanes of New Jersey route 495.
Lincoln Tunnel (NY 495-NJ 495) (1358 words)
Plans for the tunnel were first announced in 1930, when the Port Authority proposed a $62 million, twin-tube tunnel under the Hudson River between West 38th Street and Weehawken, New Jersey.
The three tubes of the Lincoln Tunnel, which connect midtown Manhattan with the NJ 495 Freeway, NJ 3 and the New Jersey Turnpike (I-95), allow for flexibility in handling traffic.
Lincoln Tunnel, NY 495, NJ 495, and I-495 shields by Ralph Herman.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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