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Encyclopedia > Lin Wang

Lin Wang (Chinese: 林旺 pinyin: Lín Wàng) (1917February 26, 2003) was a famous Asian elephant that served with the Chinese Expeditionary Force during the second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) and later relocated to Taiwan with the Kuomintang forces. Lin Wang lived out most of his life in the Taipei Zoo and unquestionably was the most popular and famous animal in Taiwan. Many adults and children alike affectionately called the bull elephant "Grandpa Lin Wang." Pinyin (Chinese: 拼音, pÄ«nyÄ«n) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to HànyÇ” PÄ«nyÄ«n (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system of romanization (phonemic notation and transcription to Roman script) for Standard... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Binomial name Elephas maximus Linnaeus, 1758 The Asian Elephant, sometimes known as the Indian Elephant (Elephas maximus) is one of the two or three living species of elephant. ... The Second Sino-Japanese War was a major invasion of eastern China by Japan preceding and during World War II. It ended with the surrender of Japan in 1945. ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Chinese Nationalist Party (Traditional: 中國國民黨; Simplified: 中国国民党; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chung-kuo Kuo-min-tang; Tongyong Pinyin: Jhongguo Guomindang), commonly known as the Kuomintang (KMT), is a conservative political party currently active in the Republic of China (ROC) on Taiwan. ...

Contents


Sino-Japanese War

Lin Wang and General Sun Li-jen, 1947
Lin Wang and General Sun Li-jen, 1947

After Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in 1941, the Sino-Japanese War, which began in 1937, became a part of the greater conflict of World War II. When the Japanese proceeded to attack British colonies in Burma, Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek formed the "Chinese Expeditionary Force" (中國遠征軍) under the leadership of General Sun Li-jen, to fight in the Burma Campaign. After a battle at a Japanese camp in 1943, Lin Wang, along with twelve other elephants, were captured by the Chinese. These elephants were used by the Japanese army to transport supplies and pull artillery pieces. The Allied forces also used these elephants to do similar tasks. At this time, Lin Wang was named "Ah Mei" (阿美), meaning "The Beautiful". Lin Wang and General Sun Li-jen, 1947 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Combatants United States of America Empire of Japan Commanders Husband Kimmel (USN) Walter Short (USA) Chuichi Nagumo (IJN) Strength 8 battleships, 8 cruisers, 29 destroyers, 9 submarines, ~50 other ships, ~390 planes 6 aircraft carriers, 2 battleships, 3 cruisers, 9 destroyers, 8 tankers, 23 fleet submarines, 5 midget submarines, 441... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties 17 million military deaths 7 million military deaths World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a mid-20th century conflict that engulfed much of the globe and is accepted as the largest and deadliest... // Ben Albert is the man Chiang Kai-shek (October 31, 1887 – April 5, 1975) was a Chinese military and political leader who assumed the leadership of the Kuomintang (KMT) after the death of Sun Yat-sen in 1925. ... General Sun Li-jen Sun Li-jen (Traditional Chinese: 孫立人; Hanyu Pinyin: SÅ«n Lìrén) (November 19, 1899–November 19, 1990) was a Kuomintang general, best known for his leadership in the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War. ... The Burma Campaign was a campaign in the South-East Asian Theatre of World War II. It was fought primarily between Commonwealth, Chinese and American forces against the Empire of Japan. ...


In 1945, the Expeditionary Force was recalled back to China. The elephants and their handlers marched through the Burma Road and six elephants died during the difficult trek. By the time they arrived in Guangdong, the war ended. However, the elephants' service with the army was not over. They participated in building some monuments for the martyrs of the war, and in the spring of 1946, they also performed for a circus to raise money for famine relief in Hunan province. Later, four elephants in the group were sent to the zoos of Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing and Changsha. The remaining three elephants, including Lin Wang, were relocated to a park in Guangzhou. The Burma Road is a road linking Burma (now Myanmar) and China. ... Guangdong (Simplified Chinese: 广东; Traditional Chinese: 廣東; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuang-tung; Postal System Pinyin: Kwangtung or Canton Province, Jyutping: gwong2 dung1), is a province on the south coast of the Peoples Republic of China. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... // Origins Charity work to aid the starving has developed from religious alms in previous centuries to organised charities in the modern day. ... Hunan (Chinese: 湖南; pinyin: ) is a province of China, located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and south of Lake Dongting (hence the name Hunan, meaning south of the lake). Hunan is sometimes called 湘 (pinyin: Xiāng) for short, after the Xiang River which runs through the province. ... â–¶ (help· info) (Chinese: 北京; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Pei-ching; Postal System Pinyin: Peking) is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... Shanghai (Chinese: 上海; Pinyin: ; Shanghainese IPA: ; Lumazi: Zanhe) , situated on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta, is Chinas largest city. ... Nanjing (Chinese: 南京; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Nan-ching; Postal System Pinyin: Nanking), is the capital of Chinas Jiangsu Province and a city with a prominent place in Chinese history and culture. ... Changsha (Simplified Chinese: 长沙; Traditional Chinese: 長沙; pinyin: Ch ng shā; Wade-Giles: Chang-sha) is the capital of Hunan, a province of Southcentral China, located on the lower reaches of Xiangjiang river, a branch of Chang Jiang. ... Location within China Canton, China redirects here. ...


In Taiwan

Lin Wang and his army comrades in Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Lin Wang and his army comrades in Kaohsiung, Taiwan

In 1947, Sun Li-jen was sent to Taiwan to train new troops. He took the three elephants with him, though one sick elephant died during the trip across the strait. The two remaining elephants were used to transport logs and accomplish other simple tasks near the army base in Fongshan, Kaohsiung. In 1951 the other elephant died and Lin Wang became the only one left of the original thirteen elephants from the Burmese days. Lin Wang and his army comrades (frame cropped) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Taiwan Strait Area The Taiwan Strait or Formosa Strait is a 180km-wide Strait between mainland China and the island of Taiwan. ... Fongshan City (鳳山市) is located in southern Kaohsiung County, Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. ... Abbreviation: Kaohsiung (高雄) City nickname: The Harbor City Capital District Linya Dist. ...


In 1952, the army decided to give Lin Wang to Taipei Zoo at Yuanshan (圓山), where he met his life-long mate Malan (馬蘭). At this time, Lin Wang was still named "Ah Mei" and the keeper of the zoo felt that the name was too feminine. Thus, his name was changed to "King of the Forest" (森林之王), abbreviated "Lín Wáng" (林王). However, a reporter misheard the name and published his name as Lín Wàng (林旺, different character and different intonation), and this name stuck forever. 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article or section uses Ruby annotation. ...


Lin Wang became the most famous and popular animal in Taiwan, and in 1983 the zoo threw the first birthday party for his sixty-sixth birthday. Since then, his birthday was celebrated every year on the last Sunday of October at the zoo, attracting thousands of visitors, including visitations from Taipei mayors. In 1986, the zoo relocated from Yuanshan to Mucha (木柵), and many Taipei citizens crowded along the streets to see the animals, particularly Lin Wang's, "house moving." (搬家) 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 2000, Malan died and Lin Wang grew despondent and lost his appetite. His colon cancer also worsened and in February 2003, Lin Wang passed away. His "memorial service," which lasted a few weeks, was visited by tens of thousands of people, many of whom left cards and flowers for the elephant. Lin Wang was posthumously awarded "Honorary Taipei Citizen" by Taipei mayor Ma Ying-jeou. President Chen Shui-bian sent a wreath, with a card addressing "to our forever friend, Lin Wang." This article is about the year 2000. ... Diagram of the stomach, colon, and rectum Colorectal cancer includes cancerous growths in the colon, rectum and appendix. ... 2003 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December A timeline of events in the news for February, 2003. ... Ma Ying-jeou (馬英九; Hanyu Pinyin: MÇŽ YÄ«ngjiÇ”; Wade-Giles: Ma Ying-chiu; Tongyong Pinyin: Ma Yingjiou) (born July 13, 1950) was elected mayor of Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China in 1998 and reelected in 2002. ... Chen Shui-bian, President of the Republic of China Chen Shui-bian (ch. ...


Lin Wang had a sister at the zoo named Yu Wang. She was an Asian Warthog and was also a popular attraction.


Legacy

Compared to the average life expectancy of 70 for a typical Asian elephant, Lin Wang lived his life to the fullest and died at the age of 86. He is the longest-living elephant in captivity, surpassing Lakshmikutty from India who reached the ripe old age of 84 before she died in 1997.


In addition to his service to the army, Lin Wang also became a cultural icon and an inseparable part in the memories of many. His life mirrored important events in history, such as the wars in China and later the economic miracle of Taiwan, and three generations of people remember him fondly as a part of national identity. In 2004 Lin Wang was immortalized in a life-size specimen in Taipei Zoo. The Savior (1410s, by Andrei Rublev) An icon (from Greek , eikon, image) is an image, picture, or representation; it is a sign or likeness that stands for an object by signifying or representing it, or by analogy, as in semiotics; in computers an icon is a symbol on the monitor... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


See also

Indian war elephant, relief at Mathura, 2nd century BC War elephants were important, although not widespread, weapons in ancient military history. ... Timothy (estimated 1844 – April 3/April 4, 2004) was a Mediterranean spur thighed tortoise who was thought to be approximately 160 years old at the time of his death. ...

Further reading

  • Beloved elephant Lin Wang passes away, by Chang Meng-jui, translated by Jonathan Barnard, from Sino.
  • Taipei's Elephant to be included in Guinness Book of Records, from the Central News Agency.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Lin Wang at AllExperts (883 words)
Lin Wang (Chinese: 林旺 pinyin: Lín Wàng) (1917 – February 26, 2003) was a famous Asian elephant that served with the Chinese Expeditionary Force during the second Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) and later relocated to Taiwan with the Kuomintang forces.
Lin Wang lived out most of his life in the Taipei Zoo and unquestionably was the most popular and famous animal in Taiwan.
In 2004 Lin Wang was immortalized in a life-size specimen in Taipei Zoo.
Lin Wang - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (899 words)
Lin Wang (Chinese: 林旺 pinyin: Lín Wàng) (1917 – February 26, 2003) was a famous Asian elephant that served with the Chinese Expeditionary Force during the second Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) and later relocated to Taiwan with the Kuomintang forces.
Lin Wang had a sister at the zoo named Yu Wang.
Like most of Wang's recent productions, it is a combination of traditional animation and computer generated imagery, however computers will have the dominant role instead of drawings.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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