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Encyclopedia > Limousin (region)

Coordinates: 45.68795° N 1.620483° E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Région Limousin
(Région flag) (Region logo)
Location
Administration
Capital Limoges
Regional President Jean-Paul Denanot
(PS) (since 2004)
Departments Corrèze
Creuse
Haute-Vienne
Arrondissements 8
Cantons 106
Communes 747
Statistics
Land area1 16,942 km²
Population (Ranked 22nd)
 - January 1, 2006 est. 725,000
 - March 8, 1999 census 710,939
 - Density (2006) 43/km²
1 French Land Register data, which exclude lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km² (0.386 sq. mi. or 247 acres) as well as the estuaries of rivers

Limousin (Occitan: Lemosin) is one of the 26 regions of France. Coat of arms of Limousin Limousin (Occitan: Lemosin) is a former province of France around the city of Limoges in central France. ... Image File history File links LimFlag. ... Image File history File links LimLogo2. ... Image File history File links Limousin_map. ... This article is about the French commune. ... In France, the president of the regional council (French: Président du conseil régional) is the elected official who heads the conseil régional of a région, a state-level territory. ... The Socialist Party (Parti Socialiste, PS) is one of the largest political parties in France. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Departments (French: IPA: ) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Corrèze is a département in the center of France, named after the Corrèze River. ... Creuse is a département in central France named after the Creuse River. ... Haute-Vienne is a French département named after the Vienne River. ... The 100 French departments are divided into 342 arrondissements, which may be translated into English as districts. ... The cantons of France are administrative divisions subdividing arrondissements and départements. ... Map of the 36,568 communes of metropolitan France. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... // The following are ranked lists of French régions. ... For other meanings, see Estuary (disambiguation) Rio de la Plata estuary An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Occitan, or langue doc is a Romance language characterized by its richness, variability, and by the intelligibility of its dialects. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Contents

Formation

The modern region of Limousin is essentially composed of two historical French provinces: The Kingdom of France was organised into provinces until March 4, 1790, when the establishment of the département system superseded provinces. ...

  • Limousin: the Corrèze department in its entirety and the central and southeastern part of Haute-Vienne. The old province of Limousin is entirely contained inside the modern Limousin region.
  • Marche: most of the Creuse department and the north and northeastern part of the Haute-Vienne. The old province of Marche is almost entirely contained inside the current Limousin region, with only a small part of Marche being now in the Centre region.

Beside these two main provinces, Limousin is also composed of small parts of other former provinces: Coat of arms of Limousin Limousin (Occitan: Lemosin) is a former province of France around the city of Limoges in central France. ... Corrèze is a département in the center of France, named after the Corrèze River. ... Departments (French: IPA: ) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Haute-Vienne is a French département named after the Vienne River. ... Mark or march (or various plural forms of these words) are derived from the Frankish word marka (boundary) and refer to a border region, e. ... Creuse is a département in central France named after the Creuse River. ... Haute-Vienne is a French département named after the Vienne River. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Orléans Regional President Michel Sapin (PS) (1998 to 2000, and since 2004) Departments Cher Eure-et-Loir Indre Indre-et-Loire Loir-et-Cher Loiret Arrondissements 20 Cantons 198 Communes 1,842 Statistics Land area1 39,151 km² Population (Ranked 9th)  - January...

  • Angoumois: extreme south-west of Haute-Vienne
  • Poitou: extreme west of Haute-Vienne
  • Auvergne: extreme east of Creuse
  • Berry: extreme north of Creuse

Today the province of Limousin is the most populated part of the Limousin region. Limoges, the historical capital and largest city of the province of Limousin is the capital of the Limousin administrative region. Angoumois was an old province of France, nearly corresponding today to the Charente départment. ... Coat of arms of Richard, Earl of Cornwall, Plantagenet claimant to the county of Poitou, now favored as the coat of arms of Poitou by people in Poitou Poitou was a province of France whose capital city was Poitiers. ... Auvergne coat of arms Auvergne (Occitan: Auvèrnha) was the name of an historically independent county in the center of France, as well as later a province of France. ... Berry was a province of France until the provinces were replaced by départements on March 4, 1790. ... This article is about the French commune. ...


Population

With a slowly rising population of just under 750,000, Limousin is the least populated French region in Metropolitan France. There are fewer inhabitants in Limousin than in the city of Marseille. Limousin is often used as an example of why French regions are too small and should be merged. Metropolitan France Metropolitan France (French: or la Métropole) is the part of France located in Europe, including Corsica (French: Corse). ... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban Community of Marseille Provence M...


The population of Limousin is aging and until recently declining. The Creuse department holds the undesirable record of the department of France with the oldest population. However, between 1999 and 2004 the population of Limousin has slightly increased, reversing its decline for the first time in decades. The region is improving its transportation and communication network and is attracting some North European migrants looking for a peaceful and friendly rural setting, fine gastronomy and low real estate prices.


Major communities

Brive-la-Gaillarde (Limousin dialect of Occitan language: Briva la Galharda) is a commune of France. ... Guéret is a commune of France, préfecture (capital) of the Creuse département. ... This article is about the French commune. ... Saint-Junien is a commune of the Haute-Vienne département, in France. ... Tulle is a netting, which is often starched, made of various fibers, including silk, nylon, and rayon, that is often used for veils or gowns. ... Ussel is a commune of the Corrèze département, in France. ...

Economy

Limousin is an essentially rural region. Famed for some of the best beef farming in the world, herds of Limousin cattle - a distinctive chestnut red - are a common sight in the region. In addition to cattle, the region is also a major timber producing area. Limousin cattle are a breed of beef cattle originally bred in the Limousin and Marche regions of France. ... For general information about the genus, including other species of cattle, see Bos. ...


Due to its rural local it is also famed for their French Oak orchards, so prized for its distinct characters and flavors in wine fermentation that only vintner Rémy Martin has exclusive rights to their oak orchards. It is a partnership that is over 100+ years. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Wine barrel. ... An orchard is an intentional planting of trees maintained for food production. ... Wine barrels, especially those made of oak, have long been used as containers in which wine is typically aged. ... Whiskey barrels at the Jack Daniels distillery Barrels for aging wine in Napa Valley An aging barrel is a barrel used to age wine or distilled spirits such as whiskey, brandy, or rum. ... The term vintner is applied to wine merchants as well as (erroneously) winemakers. ... Rémy Martin is a cognac (a brandy from the Cognac region of France) and champagne cognac (a sparkling brandy from the tiny Champagne Cognac region of France) originally produced by Rémy Martin, a French winemaker, who founded the company in 1724. ...


The regional capital, Limoges, was once an industrial power-base, world-renowned for its porcelain and is still a leader and innovator in electric equipment factories (which used porcelain as an insulator originally). However, large factories are now few in number. “Fine China” redirects here. ...


Politics

Politically speaking, Limousin is considered a stronghold of the left, with the industrial city of Limoges, as its political centre. However, in practice, it is the department of Haute-Vienne which most strongly represents the left. Creuse tends towards the left and Corrèze tends towards the right. “Leftism” redirects here. ...


Corrèze is the department of the former President of France, Jacques Chirac, and home to François Hollande (first secretary of the Socialist Party). “Chirac” redirects here. ... François Hollande (born August 12, 1954) is a French politician. ... The Socialist Party (Parti Socialiste, PS) is one of the largest political parties in France. ...


Geography and climate

The Limousin region is almost entirely an upland area. The lowest land is in the north-west of the region (approximately 250 m above sea level) and the highest land is roughly in the south-east (approximately 1000 m above sea level). However, the greater part of the region is above 350 m. There are numerous important rivers in the Limousin such as the Dordogne, Vienne, Creuse and Cher. The region is well-known for the high-quality of its water and for offering first rate fishing. The Dordogne (Occitan: Dordonha) is a river in south-central and southwest France. ... The Vienne River is a river in France. ... Creuse is a 255 km long river in western France. ... Cher is a river in central France, tributary to the river Loire. ...


Although summer temperatures often exceed 32 °C – and have even reached 42 °C – the Limousin region has a damper and milder climate than its neighbours. Winters are often long and cold, especially in the higher areas, and snow is not at all uncommon. The degree Celsius (symbol: °C) is an SI derived unit of temperature. ...


The area around Brive in the Corrèze has more than 2000 hours per year of sunshine, the same as the southern city of Toulouse. New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land...


Culture and literature

Until the 1970s, Occitan was the primary language of rural areas. There remain several different Occitan dialects in use in Limousin, although their use is rapidly declining: Occitan (IPA AmE: ), known also as Lenga dòc or Langue doc (native name: occitan [1], lenga dòc [2]; native nickname: la lenga nòstra [3] i. ...

  • Lemosin/Limousin
  • Languedocien (quercynois)
  • Auvergnat
  • Marchois

The authors Jean_Blanzat and Jean_Giraudoux were both born in Bellac, in the Haute-Vienne. The artist Paul Rebeyrolle was born in the Limousin and British artist Geoff Bunn is now based there. Hippolyte Jean Giraudoux (October 29, 1882 - January 31, 1944) was a French dramatist who wrote internationally acclaimed plays. ... Bellac is a commune of the Haute-Vienne département, in France. ...


See also

Wine barrels, especially those made of oak, have long been used as containers in which wine is typically aged. ... TER Limousin is the regional rail network serving Limousin région, France. ...

External links

  • (French) Limousin regional council website with a video of presentation in English.
  • Art in the Limousin region
  • History and Geography (Academy of Limoges, institutional website)
  • Photos from Limousin

 
 

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