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Encyclopedia > Limerick
Limerick
Luimneach
Coat of arms of Limerick
Urbs Antiqua Fuit Studiisque Asperrima Belli
"An ancient city well versed in the arts of war"
Location
WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates:
52°39′55″N 8°37′26″W / 52.6652, -8.6238
Irish grid reference
R574572
Statistics
Province: Munster
County: County Limerick
Area: 20.79 km²
Population (2006) 90,778
City: 52,560
Suburbs: 38,218
Website: www.limerickcity.ie

Limerick (pronounced /ˈlɪmrɪk/; Luimneach in Irish)[1] is a city and the county seat of County Limerick in the province of Munster, in the midwest of the Republic of Ireland. The city lies on the River Shannon, with three main crossing points near the city centre and has a 2006 population of 91,000 inhabitants within the Limerick urban area. A limerick is a five-line poem with a strict form, originally popularized in English by Edward Lear. ... Limerick (poetry) Towns and cities named Limerick Limerick in the Republic of Ireland is one of the cities in Ireland Limerick Township, Pennsylvania — see also Limerick nuclear power plant Limerick, Maine and New Limerick, Maine, United States of America Limerick Township, Ontario, near Limerick Lake, Canada County Limerick Earl of... own image Shield of City of Limerick Author: User:Djegan File links The following pages link to this file: Limerick Categories: GFDL images ... Bullet for locations in Ireland, displays location and not area. ... Image File history File links Ireland Map with County Limerick Magnified. ... GPS redirects here. ... The Irish national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Ireland. ... When under Gaelic rule, Ireland was divided into provinces to replace the earlier system of the túatha. ... Statistics Area: 24,607. ... For much of its history, the island of Ireland was divided into 32 counties (Irish language contae or condae, pronounced IPA: ). Two historical counties, County Desmond and County Coleraine, no longer exist, while several county names have changed. ... Statistics Province: Munster County Town: Limerick Code: LK Area: 2,686 km² Population (2006) 183,863 (including Limerick City); 131,303 (without Limerick City) Website: www. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Statistics Province: Munster County Town: Limerick Code: LK Area: 2,686 km² Population (2006) 183,863 (including Limerick City); 131,303 (without Limerick City) Website: www. ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... Statistics Area: 24,607. ... Carrick-on-Shannon-Bridge Leitrim Shannon-Bridge Offaly The River Shannon (Irish: altenatively Sionna), Irelands longest river, divides the West of Ireland (mostly the province of Connacht) from the east and south (Leinster and most of Munster). ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Limerick
King John's Castle sits on the southern bank of the River Shannon. Alongside is Thomond Bridge.
King John's Castle sits on the southern bank of the River Shannon. Alongside is Thomond Bridge.

Luimneach originally referred to the general area along the banks of the Shannon Estuary, which was known as Loch Luimnigh. The earliest settlement in the city Inis Sibhtonn was the original name in the annals for King's Island during the pre-Viking and Viking eras. This island was also called Inis an Ghaill Duibh. WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference R574572 Statistics Province: Munster County: Area: 20. ... Photo of King Johns Castle in Limerick City, Ireland. ... Photo of King Johns Castle in Limerick City, Ireland. ... King Johns Castle sits on the southern bank of the River Shannon. ... Carrick-on-Shannon-Bridge Leitrim Shannon-Bridge Offaly The River Shannon (Irish: altenatively Sionna), Irelands longest river, divides the West of Ireland (mostly the province of Connacht) from the east and south (Leinster and most of Munster). ... The Shannon Estuary is a large estuary where the River Shannon flows into the Atlantic Ocean. ...


The city itself dates from at least the Viking settlement in 812. The Normans redesigned the city in the 12th century and added much of the most notable architecture, such as King John's Castle and St Mary's Cathedral[2]. During the civil wars of the 17th century, the city played a pivotal role, besieged by Oliver Cromwell in 1651 and twice by the Williamites in the 1690s. Limerick grew rich through trade in the late 18th century, but the Act of Union in 1800, and the famine caused a crippling economic decline broken only by the so-called Celtic Tiger in the 1990s. For other uses, see Viking (disambiguation). ... King Johns Castle sits on the southern bank of the River Shannon. ... St. ... Oliver Cromwell (25 April 1599 – 3 September 1658) was an English military and political leader best known for his involvement in making England into a republican Commonwealth and for his later role as Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... William III (14 November 1650 – 8 March 1702) was the Prince of Orange from his birth, Stadtholder of the main provinces of the Dutch Republic from 28 June 1672, King of England and King of Ireland from 13 February 1689, and King of Scots (under the name William II) from... The phrase Act of Union 1800 (or sometimes Act of Union 1801) (Irish: Acht an Aontais 1800) is used to describe two complementary Acts[1] whose official United Kingdom titles are the Union with Ireland Act 1800 (1800 c. ... Great Irish Famine may also refer to Great Irish Famine (1740-1741). ... For the Irish dance show, see Celtic Tiger Live. ...


The Waterford and Limerick Railway linked the city to the Dublin-Cork main line in 1848 and to Waterford in 1853. The opening of a number of secondary railways in the 1850s and 1860s developed Limerick as a regional centre of communications. WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference S604123 Statistics Province: Munster County: Area: 41. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city in the Republic of Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference S604123 Statistics Province: Munster County: Area: 41. ...

See also: History of Ireland, Sieges of Limerick, and Cromwellian conquest of Ireland

The History of Ireland began with the first known human settlement in Ireland around 8000 BC, when hunter-gatherers arrived from Great Britain and continental Europe, probably via a land bridge. ... The city of Limerick in south-western Ireland was besieged several times in the 17th century, first during the Irish Confederate Wars of the 1640s and’50s again in the Williamite war in Ireland. ... Combatants English Royalists and Irish Catholic Confederate troops English Parliamentarian New Model Army troops and allied Protestants in Ireland Commanders James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde (1649 - Dec. ...

Geography

The River Shannon. (In the centre of the picture is King John's Castle).
The River Shannon. (In the centre of the picture is King John's Castle).

Limerick is at the centre of the Midwest region which contributes €8.224 billion (2002) towards Irish GDP. It is situated 195 km west of Dublin and is equidistant at 105 km from the cities of Cork to the south and Galway to the north. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 223 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Shannon at Limerick. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 223 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Shannon at Limerick. ... Carrick-on-Shannon-Bridge Leitrim Shannon-Bridge Offaly The River Shannon (Irish: altenatively Sionna), Irelands longest river, divides the West of Ireland (mostly the province of Connacht) from the east and south (Leinster and most of Munster). ... King Johns Castle sits on the southern bank of the River Shannon. ... This article is about the city in the Republic of Ireland. ... This article is about the city in Ireland. ...


Demographics

The population of Limerick city and the immediate urban area (environs/suburbs) is 90,778 (based on the 2006 census carried out by the CSO), of which 52,560 live within the city limits and 38,218 live in the city's immediate environs in both County Limerick and County Clare[3] (see page 171). As with most other large cities in the country, Limerick has attracted a noticeable immigrant community over the past decade. The Polish community is the second largest outside of Dublin, with an estimated 10,000 living and working in the city. Ireland's first ever Polish bank opened in 2007.[4] In addition the African community have set up a small number of churches, which are now part of the cultural makeup of the city.[3] The Central Statistics Office is the statistical agency responsible for Irelands census and other state data collection activities. ...


Limerick is the fourth most populous city in the Republic of Ireland after Dublin, Cork and Galway (though its urban area population is greater than Galway's) and the city including suburbs is the fifth largest urban area on the island of Ireland (after Dublin, Belfast, Cork and Derry Respectively).


Government

Limerick City Council has responsibility for certain local services such as sanitation, planning and development, libraries, collection of motor taxation, local roads and social housing. The City Council comprises elected ward councillors (formerly termed Aldermen) with an appointed (full time) CEO as City Manager. The councillors annually elect a Mayor to chair the council and represent the City. As of 2007 the current Mayor is Councillor Ger Fahy; previous Mayors include TDs Donagh O'Malley, Stephen Coughlan, Michael Lipper, Jim Kemmy and Jan O'Sullivan.[5] WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 52. ... A ward is an electoral district used in local politics, most notably in England, Scotland, and Wales, as well as Australia, Canada, the Republic of Ireland, New Zealand, South Africa and many cities in the United States and the federal district of Washington, DC. Wards are usually named after neighbourhoods... A councillor is a member of a council (such as a city council), particularly in the U.K. and its former colonies. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Donagh Brendan OMalley (1921– March 10, 1968) was an Irish Fianna Fáil politician. ... Stephen Coughlan (26th December 1910 – 20th December 1994) was an Irish Labour Party politician who served for eighteen years as TD for the Limerick East constituency. ... Michael Lipper (1st June 1932 – 18th October 1987) was an Irish Labour Party politician who served for four years as an independent TD for the Limerick East constituency. ... Jim Kemmy (1936-1997) was a socialist politician born in Limerick, Ireland. ... Jan OSullivan (born 1950) is an Irish Labour Party politician. ...


The boundaries of the city were extended on March 1, 2008, when the Limerick City Boundary Alteration Order 2008 came into effect. This followed demands from city councillors for a redrawing of the boundary, which was deemed antiquated and inaccurate for modern-day Limerick.[6] The order added an area of approximately 1,020 hectares from County Limerick, increasing the city's area by almost 50% and increasing the population by an estimated 7,000 persons.[7] The added area comprises the townlands of Clonmacken, Caherdavin, Knock, Shanabooley, Ballygrennan, Clonconane, Clondrinagh, Coonagh East and Coonagh West.[8] The previous boundary, encompassing 2,086 hectares, was delineated in 1950. is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... A townland is a small geographical unit of land used in Ireland and Scotland, and believed to be of Gaelic or Goidelic origin. ...


A large proportion of what is considered as the population of Limerick City now live in suburbs built after the 1960s which remain in the Limerick County Council administrative area. These include Dooradoyle, Castletroy — including the University, Gouldavoher, and Raheen. Castletroy is a rapidly-growing, and predominantly middle-class suburb of Limerick, Ireland. ... The University of Limerick (UL) was established in 1972 as the National Institute for Higher Education, Limerick and became a university by statute in 1989 in accordance with the University of Limerick Act 1989. ... Raheen is a suburban district in Limerick City, Ireland. ...


For national Dáil elections Limerick city is included in the Limerick East constituency which elects five members on a proportional representation system. For European parliament elections Limerick is included in the South Ireland constituency which elects three representatives. Dáil Éireann[1] is the lower house of the Oireachtas (parliament) of the Republic of Ireland. ... Limerick East is a constituency represented in Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Irish parliament or Oireachtas. ... Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou (EPP) Alejo Vidal-Quadras (EPP) Gérard Onesta (Greens – EFA) Edward McMillan-Scott (ED) Mario Mauro (EPP) Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez (PES) Luigi Cocilovo (ALDE) Mechtild... South Ireland is a constituency of the European Parliament. ...


Between April 15 1919, and April 27, 1919 the city had a period of socialist self-rule, which was called the Limerick Soviet (which was parodied several times by the satirical RTE Radio 1 program Scrap Saturday). Socialism is a social and economic system (or the political philosophy advocating such a system) in which the economic means of production are owned and controlled collectively by the people. ... Money printed by the Limerick Soviet in 1919 In the midst of the Irish War of Independence and the more general wave of revolutions of 1917-23, the Limerick Soviet was founded on April 15, 1919 by the Limerick Trades and Labour Council, as a protest against the declaration a... RTÉ Radio 1 dates back to January 1st 1926, when the Dublin radio station 2RN began broadcasting on a regular basis. ... Scrap Saturday was a satirical radio sketch show created by Dermot Morgan, who was also the main performer on the show, and Gerry Stembridge which ran on RTÉ Radio 1 on Saturday mornings from 1989 until 1991. ...

See also: Local government in the Republic of Ireland

Local government in the Republic of Ireland is governed by the Local Government Acts, the most recent of which (Local Government Act 2001) established a two-tier structure of local government. ...

Economy

Main article: Economy of Limerick

Limerick is at the heart of the region dubbed "the Midwest". Also known as the "Shannon Region", this is primarily an economic and social concept. The region encompasses County Limerick, County Clare, North County Tipperary and Northwest County Kerry, with its focal point centred on Limerick and its environs within an eight kilometre (5 mile) radius Statistics Province: Munster County Town: Limerick Code: LK Area: 2,686 km² Population (2006) 183,863 (including Limerick City); 131,303 (without Limerick City) Website: www. ... County Clare (Contae an Chláir in Irish) is in the Irish province of Munster. ... Statistics Province: Munster County Town: North: Nenagh South: Clonmel Code: North: TN South: TS Area: 4,303 km² Population (2006) 149,040[[1]] County Tipperary (Contae Thiobraid Árann in Irish) is a county in the Republic of Ireland, and situated in the province of Munster. ... Statistics Province: Munster County Town: Tralee Code: KY Area: 4,746 km² Population (2006) 139,616 Website: www. ...


The area is possibly the main economic region outside of Dublin and Cork. Its economic success has been driven in part by the University of Limerick, Shannon Airport in Co. Clare and Shannon Development (an economic development agency), whose precursor was SFADCO (Shannon Free Airport Development Company), an economic agency that provided tax incentives to companies locating in the area surrounding Shannon Airport. As of 2006 Shannon Development are mostly concerned with disposing of valuable industrial park properties. For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city in the Republic of Ireland. ... The University of Limerick (UL) was established in 1972 as the National Institute for Higher Education, Limerick and became a university by statute in 1989 in accordance with the University of Limerick Act 1989. ... Shannon International Airport (IATA: SNN, ICAO: EINN), or Aerfort na Sionna in Irish is one of Irelands primary three airports (along with Dublin Airport and Cork Airport). ... Company logo Shannon Development is an important regional development body for the Shannon Region of the Republic of Ireland and encompases counties Clare, Limerick, and parts of Kerry, Offaly and Tipperary. ... 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Historically Limerick was an agricultural commodity-driven economy, due to its position as the first major port along the River Shannon. The city was one of the main meat processing areas in Ireland, and industry included confectionery and flour production. In line with the changing economic landscape in Ireland, many multinational companies are now based in Limerick. Dell have their main European Manufacturing Facility in Raheen Business Park, and are one of the largest employers in the midwest region.[9] The facility is the largest Dell manufacturing plant outside the United States and currently produces 30,000-60,000 units per day for export to the EMEA - contributing 5.8% of Irish GDP (2002). Analog Devices have their European manufacturing base also in Raheen, 3 km south-west of the city centre. The site employs more than 1,000 people. Johnson & Johnson subsidiary Vistakon (the world's largest manufacturer of contact lenses) also have a large facility in Castletroy in the National Technology Park. It is Vistakon's only production facility outside the United States and one of the largest contact lens manufacturing plants in the world. Dell, Inc. ... Raheen is a suburban district in Limerick City, Ireland. ... A stylised illustration of a personal computer A personal computer (PC) is a computer whose original sales price, size, and capabilities make it useful for individuals, intended to be operated directly by an end user, with no intervening computer operator. ... Europe, the Middle East and Africa, usually abbreviated to EMEA, is a regional designation used for government, marketing and business purposes. ... Analog Devices (NYSE: ADI) is an American multinational producer of semiconductor devices. ... Raheen is a suburban district in Limerick City, Ireland. ... Johnson & Johnson (NYSE: JNJ) is a global American pharmaceutical, medical devices and consumer packaged goods manufacturer founded in 1886. ... The Acuvue brand of contact lenses, made by Vistakon, a subsidiary of Johnson & Johnson, is among the worlds most popular brands of disposable contact lenses. ... A soft contact lens A contact lens (also known as contact, for short) is a corrective or cosmetic lens placed on the cornea of the eye atop the iris. ... Castletroy is a rapidly-growing, and predominantly middle-class suburb of Limerick, Ireland. ... Plassey is an area of County Limerick on the River Shannon, near Castletroy and Limerick. ...


Tourism

The Sylvester O'Halloran Bridge
The Sylvester O'Halloran Bridge

Limerick City is one of the country's main tourist destinations, the city is only a 15 minute drive from Shannon Airport. Currently tourism is growing at a spectacular rate with over 1,000 new beds being opened in the city in 2006 thanks to the opening of 5 new hotels. The city is the first to provide visitors to the city with 'Street Ambassadors', people designated to help others around and make the stay in Limerick more enjoyable. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (480x640, 104 KB) Summary Sunset through a pedestrian bridge over the abbey river in Limerick. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (480x640, 104 KB) Summary Sunset through a pedestrian bridge over the abbey river in Limerick. ... Shannon International Airport (IATA: SNN, ICAO: EINN), or Aerfort na Sionna in Irish is one of Irelands primary three airports (along with Dublin Airport and Cork Airport). ...


Tourist attractions in the city centre include King John's Castle (1212), St. Mary's Cathedral, Limerick (1168), Hunt Museum, several (seasonal) tours (Angela's Ashes walking tour of Limerick City, The historical walking tour of Limerick and Boat tours along the River Shannon), the University of Limerick, Georgian house and gardens, Treaty Stone, and more. Adare village and the Foynes Flying Boat Museum (all on the outskirts of the city) are also popular attractions. King Johns Castle sits on the southern bank of the River Shannon. ... St. ... The Hunt Museum is a museum in the city of Limerick, Ireland. ... Cover of Angelas Ashes Angelas Ashes is a memoir by American author Frank McCourt, and tells the story of his childhood. ... Carrick-on-Shannon-Bridge Leitrim Shannon-Bridge Offaly The River Shannon (Irish: altenatively Sionna), Irelands longest river, divides the West of Ireland (mostly the province of Connacht) from the east and south (Leinster and most of Munster). ... The University of Limerick (UL) was established in 1972 as the National Institute for Higher Education, Limerick and became a university by statute in 1989 in accordance with the University of Limerick Act 1989. ...


The Jim Kemmy Municipal Museum, also known as Limerick Museum, is to be found next to King John's Castle. It contains displays on Limerick's history and manufactures.[10]


Retail

See also: Shopping in Limerick

The service industry is an important employer in the city. The city centre is one of the main shopping areas, with the pedestrianised Cruises Street being one of the main shopping streets and the soon to be finished Bedford Row. New on the agenda is the proposed predestranisation of O'Connell Street up to Roches St near the Oriental Foodstore and a new look for William St, the heart of Limerick City. Each side of the city has outlying shopping areas. Crescent Shopping Centre is located in Dooradoyle, not far from the city centre. It features over 90 shopping outlets along with various restaurants and the 12 screen Omniplex Cinema. Regular bus services run from the city centre to the Crescent Shopping Centre. The Jetland Shopping Centre, is located in Caherdavin. It opened in 2005. Its main anchor is Dunnes Stores, with many other shops and services available including Golden Discs and Costa Coffee Limerick is a large shopping region in Ireland. ... The Crescent Shopping Centre is a major shopping centre in Limerick, Ireland. ... Caherdavin (Pop:6,613 (2002)) is a suburban district in the northern environs of Limerick City in the mid-west of Ireland. ... Dunnes Stores is a supermarket and clothing retail chain based in the Republic of Ireland. ... Golden Discs logo Golden Discs is a large media retailer in Ireland. ... Costa Coffee is a coffee house company based in the United Kingdom founded in 1971 by Italian brothers Vilas Costa, as a wholesale operation supplying roasted coffee to caterers and specialist Italian coffee shops. ...


In late 2007/early 2008, Coonagh Cross Shopping Centre will be opened. It will be the biggest shopping centre in the Mid-West region. A city-centre shopping centre of a similar scale (billed in some places as prospectively the biggest in Munster) is also planned. The Opera Centre would be located parallel to Rutland and Patrick Street, from the (Abbey River) quays to Ellen Street. This will be the first major leap of faith by external developers in Limerick City Centre as up to now the city has been all but passed over leaving the majority of development to locals. The proposed redevelopment of the entire Arthur's Quay Area, New Docklands twinned with a newly vibrant night economy helped in no small way by international tourists using Budget Flights from Shannon Airport. Coonagh Cross shopping Centre is a new shopping centre, located at Coonagh, Limerick City. ... The Façade of the Opera Centre The Opera Centre is a Shopping Centre planned for Limerick City in Ireland. ...


Social

Limerick City has a vibrant nightlife, with numerous nightclubs; Trinity Rooms probably being the best known nationally with acts like the Human League, The Blizzards Femi Kuti and Roger Sanchez having played there in the last year. Pubs such as Nancy Blakes, The Wicked Chicken, Mickey Martins and The Old Quarter give a range of drinking experiences from the warm and cosy to cutting edge. Traditional Irish Music is based around Dolans Warehouse which is firmly established on the national Trad circuit and also hosts many local, national and international folk, indie, jazz and rock acts.

See also: Economy of Ireland

The Economy of the Republic of Ireland is modern, relatively small, and trade-dependent with growth averaging a robust 10% in 1995–2000. ...

Architecture

Ireland's tallest church spire may be found at St John's Cathedral.
Ireland's tallest church spire may be found at St John's Cathedral.

The city centre is divided between the traditional areas of "English Town" on the southern end of King's Island, which includes the castle, "Irish Town" which includes the older streets on the south bank, and the current economic centre called "Newtown Pery". Newtown Pery was built in the late 18th century before the Act of Union and, unusually for an Irish city and unique in Limerick itself, this area is laid out on a grid plan. Limerick city centre is changing rapidly, with the construction of several modern high-rise buildings in the early-2000s. The suburban regions, where the majority of the population now live, have grown out from the centre along the main roads to Ennis (North Circular and Ennis Road areas/Caherdavin), Dublin (Castletroy and the University) and Cork (Ballinacurra/Dooradoyle/Raheen). Suburban houses are generally two floor semi-detached homes for single families. These were built from the 1960s onwards in large estates by government projects and commercial developments, although there are many examples of Edwardian and older 1930s suburban homes on the main suburban thoroughfares leading towards the city (North & South Circular, Ballinacurra Road, O'Connell Avenue). Download high resolution version (480x640, 52 KB)St. ... Download high resolution version (480x640, 52 KB)St. ... St. ... King Johns Castle sits on the southern bank of the River Shannon. ... Image File history File linksMetadata RiverPointLimerickIreland. ... Image File history File linksMetadata RiverPointLimerickIreland. ... Riverpoint Building, on Russells Quay, to open 2006. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... St. ... The phrase Act of Union 1800 (or sometimes Act of Union 1801) (Irish: Acht an Aontais 1800) is used to describe two complementary Acts[1] whose official United Kingdom titles are the Union with Ireland Act 1800 (1800 c. ... A simple grid plan road map (Windermere, Florida). ... Caherdavin (Pop:6,613 (2002)) is a suburban district in the northern environs of Limerick City in the mid-west of Ireland. ... Castletroy is a rapidly-growing, and predominantly middle-class suburb of Limerick, Ireland. ... Raheen is a suburban district in Limerick City, Ireland. ...


Much Georgian architecture was evident in the city from about the 1800s onwards. Although some has since been demolished, much of the Newtown Pery area is built in the Georgian fashion. Other architectural buildings of note in the city are King John's Castle and St Mary's Cathedral in English Town and St John's Cathedral, designed by the notable Victorian architect, Philip Charles Hardwick. St Mary's Cathedral, at over 800 years old, is one of the oldest in Ireland. St John's Cathedral, whilst more modern, has one of the tallest steeples. A Georgian house in Salisbury For the unrelated architecture of the country Georgia, see Architecture of Georgia (country). ... King Johns Castle sits on the southern bank of the River Shannon. ... St. ... St. ... Philip Charles Hardwick (1822-1892) was a notable English architect of the 19th century. ...


One of Ireland's most celebrated museums, the Hunt Museum, is based in the historic 18th-century former Custom House. The museum was established to house an internationally important collection of approximately 2000 works of art and antiquities formed by John and Gertrude Hunt during their lifetimes. On display are the 9th century Antrim Cross, a sketch by Picasso and a bronze sculpture of a horse, said to be from a design by Leonardo da Vinci. The Hunt Museum is a museum in the city of Limerick, Ireland. ... John Hunt can refer to: John Hunt (Quaker exile) (1712-1778), Quaker minister from London, England; one of the Virginia Exiles John Hunt (Quaker minister) (1740–1824), Quaker minister from Moorestown, New Jersey John Hunt (publisher) (1775-1848), printer and publisher John Hunt, Baron Hunt of Llanfair Waterdine in Shropshire... A young Pablo Picasso Pablo Picasso, formally Pablo Ruiz Picasso, (October 25, 1881 - April 8, 1973) was one of the recognized masters of 20th century art. ... “Da Vinci” redirects here. ...

See also: Architecture of Ireland

Christ Church Cathedral founded c. ...

Transport

Buses

A Bus outside Brown Thomas
A Bus outside Brown Thomas

Local public transport is provided by Bus Éireann, Ireland's national bus operator. City Service Routes are as follows (frequencies shown in brackets, in minutes): Image File history File links Bus_Limerick. ... Image File history File links Bus_Limerick. ... Brown Thomas is a chain of four department stores located in Dublin, Galway, Cork and Limerick. ... Bus Éireann, or Irish Bus, provides bus services in the Republic of Ireland with the exception of those operated entirely within the Dublin Region, which are provided by Dublin Bus. ...

  • 301 City Centre to Shannon Banks or Westbury (301A) (20mins)
  • 302 City Centre to Caherdavin (302A Caherdavin-to-University) (20)
  • 303 Carew Park to City Centre (30) (303A City Centre to Ballynanty) (30)
  • 304 City Centre to Raheen (Services via Greenfields operate as 304A) (10)
  • 305 Lynwood to Coonagh Roundabout (30–60)
  • 306 Craeval Park to O'Malley Park (30)
  • 308 City Centre to University (Services via Pennywell operate as 308A) (15)
  • 309 Pineview to St. Mary's Park (60)
  • 312 City Centre to Ballycummin (60).

Buses also run to towns and villages in the county and to Shannon Airport. Intercity and international buses leave from the Bus Éireann bus station adjoining the City's train station. These include hourly services to Dublin, Cork and Galway and other cities, as well as a daily service to London via ferry services from Rosslare Europort. Caherdavin (Pop:6,613 (2002)) is a suburban district in the northern environs of Limerick City in the mid-west of Ireland. ... Raheen is a suburban district in Limerick City, Ireland. ... Southill is an area on the southside of Limerick, Ireland comprising four residential parks. ... The University of Limerick (UL) was established in 1972 as the National Institute for Higher Education, Limerick and became a university by statute in 1989 in accordance with the University of Limerick Act 1989. ... Shannon International Airport (IATA: SNN, ICAO: EINN), or Aerfort na Sionna in Irish is one of Irelands primary three airports (along with Dublin Airport and Cork Airport). ... For other meanings, see Bus stop (disambiguation). ... Limerick Railway Station also called Colbert Station serves the city of Limerick in County Limerick. ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city in the Republic of Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference M300256 Statistics Province: Connacht County: Dáil Éireann: Galway West European Parliament: North-West Dialling Code: 091 Postal District(s): G Area: 50. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Rosslare Europort is a modern seaport located at Rosslare Harbour in County Wexford, at the southeasternmost point of Irelands coastline, handling passenger and freight ferries to and from the United Kingdom and France. ...


Rail

Iarnród Éireann's Colbert Station is the terminus for frequent services to Dublin and Cork (serving many intermediate stations), a frequent all-day commuter service to Ennis, as well as a three-times daily service to Waterford and stations in County Tipperary. Services to and from Nenagh on the Ballybrophy line will be expanded to include commuter service from 2007. There are also plans to reopen the Western Railway Corridor from Ennis to Galway and Sligo, closed in the 1970s. In February 2006 it was announced that regular services between Limerick and Galway will be restored in 2007.[11] There are also plans to reopen Sixmilebridge station shortly after. Many rail services include a changeover at Limerick Junction. The Railway Procurement Agency has suggested that a tram system should be built in the city. Current Iarnród Eireann (Irish Rail) intercity rail network An IÉ commuter train at Tara Street Station, Dublin, 2006 IÉ no. ... Limerick Railway Station also called Colbert Station serves the city of Limerick in County Limerick. ... Terminal Station was also the name of a railway station in Chattanooga, Tennessee; see Chattanooga Choo Choo. ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city in the Republic of Ireland. ... For people named Ennis, see Ennis (surname). ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference S604123 Statistics Province: Munster County: Area: 41. ... Statistics Province: Munster County Town: North: Nenagh South: Clonmel Code: North: TN South: TS Area: 4,303 km² Population (2006) 149,040[[1]] County Tipperary (Contae Thiobraid Árann in Irish) is a county in the Republic of Ireland, and situated in the province of Munster. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference R865787 Statistics Province: Munster County: Elevation: 72 m (236 ft) Population (2002)  - Town:  - Rural:   6,121  333 Website: www. ... Ballybrophy (Baile Uí Bhróithe in Irish) is a village in Laois, Ireland, with a population recorded in the 2002 census of 145. ... Map of the West of Ireland, showing the Western Rail Corridor and ex-GSWR line south of Limerick in green, other ex-MGWR lines are in red. ... For people named Ennis, see Ennis (surname). ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference M300256 Statistics Province: Connacht County: Dáil Éireann: Galway West European Parliament: North-West Dialling Code: 091 Postal District(s): G Area: 50. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference G685354 Statistics Province: Connacht County: Elevation: 13 m Population (2006)  - Town:  - Rural:   17,892 [1]  24,096[1] Website: www. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference M300256 Statistics Province: Connacht County: Dáil Éireann: Galway West European Parliament: North-West Dialling Code: 091 Postal District(s): G Area: 50. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference R474664 Statistics Province: Munster County: Elevation: sea level Population (2002) 1,327  Website: www. ... Limerick Junction is an important railway station located in County Tipperary in Ireland and in its earliest existence was named Tipperary Junction, Tipperary Town itself is about two miles away to the south-east, though Limerick Junction, with a cluster of pleasantly presented railway cottages and a pub, is a... Railway Procurement Agency (Irish: An Ghníomhaireacht um Fháil Iarnród) is a state board in the Republic of Ireland charged with the development of light railway and metro infrastructure. ...


As part of their 2007 election manifesto (announced in April 2007), Fianna Fáil (currently the largest party in the Dáil and the Seanad) have announced they will conduct feasibility studies for bringing light rail systems to the Republic of Ireland's 'provincial cities' - Cork, Galway, Limerick, and Waterford. Fianna Fáil – The Republican Party (Irish: ), commonly referred to as Fianna Fáil (IPA ; traditionally translated by the party into English as Soldiers of Destiny, though the actual meaning is Soldiers [Fianna] of Ireland[1]), is currently the largest political party in Ireland with 55,000 members. ... This article is about the city in the Republic of Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference M300256 Statistics Province: Connacht County: Dáil Éireann: Galway West European Parliament: North-West Dialling Code: 091 Postal District(s): G Area: 50. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference S604123 Statistics Province: Munster County: Area: 41. ...


Limerick railway station was opened on 28 August 1858, replacing an earlier, temporary station 500m east, which had operated from 9 May 1848.[12] Limerick Railway Station also called Colbert Station serves the city of Limerick in County Limerick. ... is the 240th day of the year (241st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Flight

Shannon International Airport, 20 km west of the city in County Clare which by 2010 will easily be accessed by Limerick commuters due to the opening of the Limerick Tunnel, has scheduled flights to many European and North American destinations. Airlines using the airport include Ryanair, Aer Lingus, Delta Air Lines, and Continental. There is currently no rail link to this airport. The Coonagh airfield,(which is due to close soon and moved to a new site)is located a few kilometers west of Caherdavin, provides access for small private aircraft. Kerry and Cork Airports can also be an option, being around 1 hour 30 minutes and 2 hours drive, respectively. Shannon Airport (IATA Airport Code; SNN, ICAO Airport Code; EINN) is Irelands main transatlantic airport. ... County Clare (Contae an Chláir in Irish) is in the Irish province of Munster. ... The Limerick Tunnel (Irish: Tollán na Sionna) is a underwater tunnel currently under construction on the outskirts of Limerick City as part of phase 2 of the N7 Limerick Southern Ring Road. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... North American redirects here. ... For the unrelated U.S. carrier, see Ryan International Airlines. ... Aer Lingus is the flag carrier of Ireland. ... Delta Air Lines, Inc. ... Continental may refer to: The adjective of continent, such as in continental Europe, continental breakfast, or continental climate, or Continental Glacier; The culture of the continental nation states of Europe, inasmuch as it contrasts with the culture of Anglo-Saxon England; The Lincoln Continental, a car made by Lincoln division... Caherdavin (Pop:6,613 (2002)) is a suburban district in the northern environs of Limerick City in the mid-west of Ireland. ...

See also: Transport in Ireland

Most of the transport system in Ireland rests in public hands, both north and south of the border. ...

Education

Limerick is an important centre of higher education in Ireland after Dublin and Cork. It is home to 10 higher institutes of learning and has a student population of over 20,000.


Technical and continuation education within the City traces its beginning back to the formation of the Limerick Athenaeum Society in 1852. The Society's aims included "the promotion of Literature, Science, Art and Music".

The Schumann building at the University of Limerick
The Schumann building at the University of Limerick

The University of Limerick (UL), has a student population of over 13,000, and is situated about 5 km northeast of the city centre in the suburb of Castletroy. It was originally established as the National Institute for Higher Education (NIHE) in 1972 and became the first University to be established since the foundation of the State in 1922. It is notable for its programs of engineering, information technology, materials science, sports science, humanities, social sciences and music. In 2007, the university opened a medical school. The Irish World Music Centre specialises in traditional music and dance, and UL is host to the Irish Chamber Orchestra. The campus includes a 50m Olympic-standard swimming complex, the first in Ireland. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,272 × 1,704 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,272 × 1,704 pixels, file size: 1. ... The University of Limerick (UL) was established in 1972 as the National Institute for Higher Education, Limerick and became a university by statute in 1989 in accordance with the University of Limerick Act 1989. ... Castletroy is a rapidly-growing, and predominantly middle-class suburb of Limerick, Ireland. ... Anthem:  The Soldiers Song Republic of Ireland() – on the European continent() – in the European Union()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Dublin Official languages Irish, English Demonym Irish Government Republic and Parliamentary democracy  -  President Mary McAleese  -  Taoiseach Bertie Ahern, TD Independence from the United Kingdom   -  Declared 24 April 1916   -  Ratified 21... Engineering is the discipline and profession of applying scientific knowledge and utilizing natural laws and physical resources in order to design and implement materials, structures, machines, devices, systems, and processes that realize a desired objective and meet specified criteria. ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information Technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... The Materials Science Tetrahedron, which often also includes Characterization at the center Materials science or Materials Engineering is an interdisciplinary field involving the properties of matter and its applications to various areas of science and engineering. ... Sports science is a discipline that studies the application of scientific principles and techniques with the aim of improving sporting performance. ... The Irish Chamber Orchestra, or ICO, is a small string orchestra based in the University of Limerick. ...


Mary Immaculate College, Limerick (a constituent college of the University of Limerick), is an education and arts college situated just south-west of the city centre. Thomond College of Education, Limerick was a successful teacher training college (for secondary level) and was integrated into the university in 1991. Mary Immaculate College, Limerick (Mary I or MIC), established in 1898, is linked to the University of Limerick since 1991. ... The University of Limerick (UL) was established in 1972 as the National Institute for Higher Education, Limerick and became a university by statute in 1989 in accordance with the University of Limerick Act 1989. ... Thomond College of Education, Limerick (Coláiste Oideachais Thuamhurnhan, Luimneach in Irish) was established in 1973 in Limerick, Ireland as the National College of Physical Education to train physical education teachers. ...

Limerick Institute of Technology - Moylish Park
Limerick Institute of Technology - Moylish Park

Limerick Institute of Technology (LIT) has a student population of 6,500 and is a centre for business, engineering, information technology, humanities, science and art education. The main campus is located at Moylish Park, about 3 kilometres north-west of the city centre, while the Limerick School of Art and Design is based in the city centre. The college was originally established as the Limerick College of Art, Commerce & Technology (CoACT) in the mid 1970s and was upgraded to a Regional Technical College (RTC) in 1993 and finally an Institute of Technology in 1997. LIT has a strong sporting ethos, which is not surprising given its location adjacent to Thomond Park and the Gaelic Grounds. It also houses the Millennium Theatre a popular northside venue for shows and concerts. LIT can also refer to Little Rock National Airport in Little Rock, Arkansas. ... Limerick School of Art and Design (L.S.A.D) is an art college in Limerick City in Ireland. ... A Regional Technical College (RTC) (Irish: )is a type of college in Ireland now replaced by an Institute of Technology (IT). ... Institute of Technology is also the name of a vocational school in California. ... Thomond Park is a stadium in Limerick, Ireland. ... The Gaelic Grounds or Páirc na nGael is the principal Gaelic Athletic Association stadium in Limerick City, Ireland, home to the Limerick hurling and football teams. ...


Primary and secondary education in the city is organised similarly to the rest of Ireland. A primary school in Český Těšín, Poland Primary education is the first stage of compulsory education. ... Secondary education - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


The Model School (An Mhodh Scoil) is one of the gaelscoils in Limerick. It is primary and has over 500 students. It is over 150 years old, and is the only school in Munster with the educlick education system.

See also: Education in Ireland

The Republic of Irelands education system is quite similar to that of most other western countries. ...

Media and the arts

Broadcast

Lyric FM, a state-run classical music radio station and part of RTÉ, broadcasts nationally from studios in the city centre. Limerick's local radio station is Live 95FM, broadcasting from 'Radio House', near the waterfront at Steamboat Quay. RTÉ Lyric FM, part of Radio Telefís Éireann, is an Irish radio station. ... Radio Telefís Éireann (RTÉ; Irish for Radio and Television of Ireland) is the national publicly-funded broadcaster of Ireland. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Spin Southwest, owned by Communicorp, broadcasts to Counties Kerry, Clare, Limerick, North Tipperary and southwest Laois from their studios at Landmark Buildings in the Raheen Industrial Estate. Kerry may refer to: In American politics: Alexandra Kerry, the elder daughter of 2004 US Democratic presidential nominee John Kerry Cameron Kerry, the younger brother and political confidant of John F. Kerry John Kerry, a United States Senator from Massachusetts and the former 2004 Democratic Presidential candidate Kerry Healey, Lieutenant... Clare can refer to: Places County Clare, one of the 32 counties of Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish grid reference R889358 Statistics Province: Munster County: Elevation: 166 m (544 ft) Population (2002)  - Town:  - Environs:   4,546  418 Tipperary (Irish: Tiobraid Árann) is the name of a county, and a town in the south-west of that county. ... Laois (pronounced Leash), also spelt Laoighis or Leix, is a county in the midlands of Ireland. ... Raheen Industrial Estate is a huge industrial estate located in the south west of Limerick city with many multi national companies set up there such as Analog Devices, Dell and Intel. ...


Limerick's only student radio station, Wired FM, broadcasts on 96.8FM from Mary Immaculate College. Wired FM also has studios in the University of Limerick and Limerick Institute of Technology. Mary Immaculate College, Limerick (Mary I or MIC), established in 1898, is linked to the University of Limerick since 1991. ...


Limerick Regional Hospital also has a radio station on 94.2FM but this can only be heard in the hospital and surrounding area.


Limerick citizens can also receive transmissions from West Limerick 102 which is broadcast from Newcastle West. West Limerick 102 is a community radio station broadcasting to the western parts of County Limerick in Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 52. ...


The national broadcaster, RTE have radio studios in the City Centre, which are periodically used to broadcast programming from Limerick. Radio Telefís Éireann (RTÉ; English: Radio and Television of Ireland) is the national state broadcaster of Ireland. ...


Print

Several local newspapers are published in the city, including The Limerick Post, The Limerick Leader, and The Limerick Independent. Magazines include the Limerick Event Guide, Business Limerick and Limerick Now. The Limerick Post is a free weekly newspaper, distributed throughout Limerick City in the region of Munster, Ireland. ... The Limerick Leader is a weekly local newspaper in Limerick, Ireland. ...


Arts

The Belltable Arts Centre on O'Connell Street
The Belltable Arts Centre on O'Connell Street

The Belltable Arts Centre on O'Connell Street is host for local playwriting and drama. Mike Finn's numerous plays have been successful, including Pigtown, set around a century of the city's history, and Shock and Awe, an energetic retelling of Homer's Iliad. The new University Concert Hall provides a large venue for national and international acts to visit the city. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Hunt Museum is a museum in the city of Limerick, Ireland. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 230 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Belltable Arts Centre in OConnell Street, Limerick, Ireland. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 230 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Belltable Arts Centre in OConnell Street, Limerick, Ireland. ... OConnell Street (Sráid Uí Chonaill in Irish) is Limericks Main Thoroughfare. ... Mike Finn is a playwright and actor from Limerick, Ireland. ... This article is about the Greek poet Homer and the works attributed to him. ... title page of the Rihel edition of ca. ...


The Limerick City Art Gallery on Pery Square is the city’s chief venue for contemporary art exhibitions. It also is home to a permanent collection of Irish art which shows works from the early 18th to 20th century. Limerick's major contemporary art event is EV+A (Exhibition of Visual+ Art) which invades the city annually, often in controversial ways. Established in 1977 EV+A has become one of Ireland's premier annual exhibitions of contemporary art. Selected each year by a new curator, it brings International artworks as well as art by Irish artists to Limerick. The centre of the exhibition is the Limerick City Art Gallery. However, EV+A generally uses numerous other venues throughout the city.


Other active Limerick arts groups include Contact Studios (who provide individual studio spaces for visual artists), the Daghdha Dance Company (a contemporary dance company who have adopted a renovated church in John's Square, adjacent to St. John's Cathedral, as a performance space), the Fresh Film Festival which is held each spring, includes films made by young people (7-18 years) from all over Ireland, Impact Theatre Company and Limerick Printmakers(who provide printmaking facilities and a venue for exhibitions and events).Also of note is the Limerick Youth Theatre which provides young people with an opening into acting and production. It received attention in the national media with its 2005 production of Romeo and Juliet which made comparisons between the ongoing feud in the city with that of the Montague's and the Capulet's in the play. St. ...


The city has an active music scene, which has produced bands such as The Cranberries (and guitarist Noel Hogans' MonoBand), The Hitchers and many more. Also of note is that world renowned electronic musician Richard D. James (more commonly known as Aphex Twin) was born in Limerick in 1971. More classically, The Limerick Art Gallery and the Art College cater for painting, sculpture and performance art of all styles. The Irish Chamber Orchestra and the Irish World Music Centre are both based in the University of Limerick. The University has a one-thousand seat state-of-the-art concert hall that frequently hosts visiting performers. Limerick is also home to comedians D'Unbelievables (Pat Shortt & Jon Kenny), Jimmy Carr , Karl Spain and The Rubberbandits. Dolans Warehouse on the Dock Road has two venues specialising in live music; an upstairs venue which tends to accommodate comedians and folk and jazz acts, and a much larger warehouse venue holding 400, which tends to stage more popular (usually rock) acts, both national and international. Dance music is catered for at Baker Place which holds mainly local underground nights and Trinity Rooms which combines the credible with the commercial from Hed Kandi to Felix Da Housecat visiting in the last year. The Cranberries are an Irish alternative rock band that rose to mainstream popularity in the 1990s. ... Aphex Twin (born Richard David James on August 18, 1971 in Limerick, Ireland) is a Cornish electronic music artist, credited with pushing forward the genres of techno, ambient, acid and drum and bass. ... Pat Shortt born December 12, 1966 in Thurles,County Tipperary, Ireland. ... Jon Kenny,one-half of the famous irish comic duo dUnbelievables,with Pat Shortt was born in 1957 in Limerick,Ireland. ... James Anthony Patrick Carr (born September 15, 1972 in Limerick, Ireland [1]) is an Irish comedian known for his deadpan, satirical and often dark humour. ... Karl Spain is an Irish comedian. ... For the documentary about Jerry Seinfeld, see Comedian (film). ... Folk song redirects here. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... This article is about the genre. ...


The city served as the setting for Frank McCourt's memoir Angela's Ashes and for the film adaptation of the same name. It is also the setting for the contemporary coming-of-age drama, Cowboys & Angels, as well as Robert Cunningham's Somebody's Daughter - which was shot in various locations around the city and had its premiere in King Johns Castle in July 2004. Frank McCourt (born August 19, 1930, New York City) is an Irish-American teacher and author. ... Cover of Angelas Ashes Angelas Ashes is a memoir by American author Frank McCourt, and tells the story of his childhood. ... Angelas Ashes is a 1999 film based on the memoir of the same title by Frank McCourt, born in the United States of Irish descent. ... Cowboys and Angels is a film released May 14, 2003, at the Cannes Film Market in France. ...


A limerick is a type of humorous verse of five lines with an AABBA rhyme scheme; however, the poem's connection with the city is obscure. A limerick is a five-line poem with a strict form, originally popularized in English by Edward Lear. ... Poetry (ancient Greek: poieo = create) is an art form in which human language is used for its aesthetic qualities in addition to, or instead of, its notional and semantic content. ...

See also: Culture of Ireland and Media in Ireland

A page from the Book of Kells. ... The media in Ireland includes all the media and communications outlets of any other developed nation. ...

Hospitals

  • St John's Hospital, Limerick
  • Barringtons Hospital, Limerick
  • The Mid-Western Regional Hospital, Limerick
  • The Mid-Western Regional Orthopaedic Hospital, Croom, County Limerick.
  • The Mid Western Regional Maternity Hospital, Limerick
  • St Camillus' Geriatric Hospital, Limerick

WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference R509411 Statistics Province: Munster County: Population (2006) 1,045 Croom (Cromadh in Irish) is a village in County Limerick, Republic of Ireland. ... Statistics Province: Munster County Town: Limerick Code: LK Area: 2,686 km² Population (2006) 183,863 (including Limerick City); 131,303 (without Limerick City) Website: www. ...

Sport

Rugby, Gaelic football, hurling and association football are popular sporting pastimes in Limerick. The city and suburbs also has many tennis, athletics, and golf clubs - including Limerick Golf Club. For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... Gaelic Football (Irish: Peil, Peil Gaelach or Caid ), commonly referred to as football, or Gaelic , is a form of football played mainly in Ireland. ... For the Cornish sport, see Cornish Hurling. ... Soccer redirects here. ... For other uses, see Tennis (disambiguation). ... A womens 400 m hurdles race on a typical outdoor red rubber track in the Helsinki Olympic Stadium in Finland. ... This article is about the game. ...


The Limerick Lions are the citys Superleague basketball side, playing in the University Arena. The University Arena will also host the World Baton Twirling Championships in 2008.[13] It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Baton (twirling). ...


Rugby

Rugby Union is perhaps disproportionately popular in the city, which is often referred to as the home of rugby union in Ireland. Rugby is popular at all levels, from school to senior league level.[14] Since the onset of the all Ireland league in 1991, this competition has been dominated by Limerick teams who have won the competition twelve times in seventeen years. The big performers have been Shannon (8 time winners), Garryowen (3 times), Young Munster (once). For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ...


At schools level St. Munchin's College, Corbally, is one of the stronger schools for rugby in recent times. Winning its first title in the Munster Schools Senior Cup in 1968, it has won the Cup four times subsequently. It also has three titles at junior level. Munchin's has been particularly strong in recent years and many former pupils have gone on to play at international level, including Bill O'Connell, Bill Mulcahy, Larry Moloney, Colm Tucker (also a Lion), John Fitzgerald, Paul Hogan, Philip Danaher (also Irish captain), Anthony Foley (also Irish captain), Keith Wood (also a Lion and Irish captain) and current Irish internationals Marcus Horan, Jerry Flannery, Barry Murphy and Jeremy Staunton. Crescent College S.J. is another of Limerick's schools with a strong rugby tradition. This school has been run by the Jesuit order since 1859, and in common with its sister Colleges of Belvedere and Clongowes, Crescent has produced a number of Irish international rugby players including the Wallace brothers, Pat Whelan and Peter Clohessy. Crescent is one of the 'big five' rugby schools in Munster, winning the Munster Schools Senior Cup for the first time in 1947 and nine times subsequently, as well as five titles at junior level. The school is also affiliated to Old Crescent RFC. Other newer schools in Limerick which are at developmental stage include Ardscoil Rís, which produced the Ireland and Munster lock, Paul O'Connell. Ardscoil have reached the final at senior level in 1993 and 1996, and have won the Munster Junior Cup twice (in 2003 and 2005); meanwhile, Castletroy College reached their first Munster Junior Cup final in 2007 after only seven years being open. The following year they achieved the double with both Junior and Senior teams winning the respective tournaments for the first time in the school's history. St. ... The Munster Schools Senior Cup or Munster Senior Cup is the under-age rugby union competition for schools affiliated to the Munster Branch of the IRFU. The competition is currently sponsored by Avonmore, The inaugural Munster Schools Senior Cup took place in 1909 and since then Corks two main... Crescent College Comprehensive SJ is a secondary school located on a section of 40 acres (162,000 m²) of parkland at Dooradoyle, Limerick, Ireland. ... The Munster Schools Senior Cup or Munster Senior Cup is the under-age rugby union competition for schools affiliated to the Munster Branch of the IRFU. The competition is currently sponsored by Avonmore, The inaugural Munster Schools Senior Cup took place in 1909 and since then Corks two main... Paul OConnell (born 20 October 1979 in Limerick [1] ) is an Irish rugby union player who plays lock for Munster and Ireland. ...


All Munster European Heineken Cup matches are now played at Thomond Park in Limerick, where the Munster team held a record of being unbeaten in the Heineken Cup for 26 consecutive games, until the 16-9 defeat by Leicester in January 2007. No other team in the competition has such a home record. Munster won the Heineken Cup in 2006, under the leadership of Limerickman Anthony Foley , who also played on the Irish international team. Munster also recorded a famous victory against the touring New Zealand All Blacks team in 1978 at Thomond Park. The Heineken Cup sponsored by Heineken (known as the H Cup in France due to alcohol advertising laws) is an annual rugby union competition involving leading club, regional and provincial teams from England, France, Ireland, Italy, Scotland and Wales. ... Thomond Park is a stadium in Limerick, Ireland. ... Official website www. ... Anthony Foley (born on 30 October 1973) is an Irish rugby union footballer. ... First international  England 7 - 0 Ireland  (15 February 1875) Largest win  United States 3 - 83 Ireland  (10 June , 2000) Worst defeat  New Zealand 59 - 6 Ireland  (6 June 1992) World Cup Appearances 6 (First in 1987) Best result Quarter Finals, 1987, 1991, 1995, 2003, The Ireland rugby union team, represents...


Gaelic Games

City Junior B Hurling Championship between Milford and Patrickswell in Patrickswell, 28th August 2004
City Junior B Hurling Championship between Milford and Patrickswell in Patrickswell, 28th August 2004

Ireland's national sports of Hurling and Gaelic football are widely played in the city and its surrounding suburbs. Although Limerick has not won the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship since 1973, it reached the finals in 1974, 1980, 1994, 1996 and 2007 and is considered one of the top eight teams in the game. The county won successive All-Ireland Under-21 titles in 2000, 2001 and 2002. City-based clubs Claughaun (Clochán) and Na Piarsaigh play at senior level, Monaleen (Móin a'Lín) and Mungret (Mungairit) at intermediate level and Old Christians (Sean-Chriostaithe), Milford (Áth an Mhuilinn), Saint Patrick's (Naomh Pádraig), Abbey Sarsfields (Sáirséalaigh na Mainstreach) and Crecora (Craobh Chumhra) at junior level. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 757 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,622 × 1,285 pixels, file size: 498 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Craobh Iomana Soisir B Cathair Luimni, Ath an Mhuileann i gcoinne Tobar Phadraig sa chluiche leath-cheannais, 28u Lunasa 2004, togtha ag Sean... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 757 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,622 × 1,285 pixels, file size: 498 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Craobh Iomana Soisir B Cathair Luimni, Ath an Mhuileann i gcoinne Tobar Phadraig sa chluiche leath-cheannais, 28u Lunasa 2004, togtha ag Sean... For the Cornish sport, see Cornish Hurling. ... Gaelic Football (Irish: Peil, Peil Gaelach or Caid ), commonly referred to as football, or Gaelic , is a form of football played mainly in Ireland. ... The Limerick County Board of the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) (Irish: Cummann Luthchleas Gael Coiste Luimneach) or Limerick GAA is one of the 32 county boards of the GAA in Ireland, and is responsible for Gaelic Games in County Limerick. ... The All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship (known for sponsorship reasons as the Guinness Hurling Championship) is the premier knockout competition in the game of hurling played in Ireland. ... The Limerick GAA Crest For details of the most recent competition see:Limerick Senior Hurling Championship 2006 The Limerick Senior Hurling Club Championship is an annual Gaelic Athletic Association club competition between the top Limerick Clubs. ...


Limerick won the first ever All-Ireland Senior Football Championship in 1887 when represented by the city's Commercials club and repeated the feat in 1896. Since then, the game has lived mostly in the shadow of hurling but a resurgence in 2000 saw the county win its first Munster under-21 title and lose the 2004 Munster senior final after a replay. Monaleen (Móin a'Lín), Claughaun (Clochán) and Mungret (Mungairit) are senior clubs, Saint Patrick's (Naomh Pádraig) and Na Piarsaigh are intermediate and Milford (Áth an Mhuilinn), Abbey Sarsfields (Sáirséalaigh na Mainstreach) and Ballinacurra Gaels (Gaeil Bhaile na Cora) play at junior level. The Gaelic Athletic Association The All-Ireland Senior Football Championship (known for sponsorship reasons as the Bank of Ireland Football Championship) is the premier knockout competition in the game of Gaelic football played in Ireland. ... The Limerick Senior Football Club Championship is an annual Gaelic Athletic Association club competition between the top Limerick Clubs. ...


Limerick's Gaelic Grounds (Pairc na nGael) on the Ennis Road is the county team's home venue for both sports and has a current capacity of 50,000 following its reconstruction in 2004. In 1961, it hosted Ireland's biggest ever crowd for a sporting event outside of Croke Park when over 61,000 paid in to see the Munster hurling final between Tipperary and Cork. The Gaelic Grounds or Páirc na nGael is the principal Gaelic Athletic Association stadium in Limerick City, Ireland, home to the Limerick hurling and football teams. ... Croke Park (Irish: Páirc an Chrócaigh) in Dublin, Ireland is the largest sports stadium in Ireland and the principal stadium and headquarters of the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA), Irelands biggest sporting organisation. ...


Soccer (Association Football)

The city's involvement with senior football began in 1937 and has continued without interruption. Though arguably under-achieving in the decades since then, Limerick AFC and its successors have captured a number of trophies, including 2 League of Ireland Championships and two FAI Cups, prior to a move from the city centre Markets Field ground in the 1980s. The city's current representatives - Limerick 37 FC- are challenging for promotion from the Eircom League First Division, the second tier of Irish football. Their home ground is Jackman Park, next to the city's railway station. Limerick Football Club is an Irish football club playing in the Football League of Ireland. ... Limerick 37 FC is the name conferred upon a Limerick-based football club formed by members of the Soccer Limerick consortium to represent the city in 2007s edition of the FAI National League of Ireland. ... Soccer redirects here. ... Jackman Park is a football ground in Limerick, on the Lower Careys Road, that is home to Limerick 37 F.C. It is regularly used by almost every grade of football in Limerick, from schoolboy to womens international games. ...


Climate

Limerick has a mild climate, with the average daily maximum in July at 20°C (68°F) and the average daily minimum in January at 4°C (39°F). The highest temperature recorded in the city was 31.6°C (88.88°F) in 1995, and the lowest was -11.2°C (11.84°F). Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ...

Climate Table
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average daily maximum temperature (°C) 8 9 11 13 16 18 20 20 18 14 11 9 14
Average daily minimum temperature (°C) 4 4 5 6 8 11 13 13 11 9 6 5 8
Mean total rainfall (cm) 7.64 7.15 5.58 5.08 4.18 5.21 5.03 5.68 5.08 7.79 6.53 7.55 72.50
Source: MSN Weather

For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... A centimetre (American spelling centimeter, symbol cm) is a unit of length that is equal to one hundredth of a metre, the current SI base unit of length. ...

Crime

Media articles often refer to Limerick as "Stab City", a term which originated in the press in the 1980s, but this is not supported by the facts or by official statistics. Specifically, in the last year Dublin has had 10 fatal stabbings (Limerick had 1, Cork had 2 in the same period). Knife crime is actually now perceived as a major problem throughout the entire country. [15][16] The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ...


A March 11th 2008 article in The Irish Times suggested that violent crime rates in Limerick are higher than elsewhere in the country. [17] It has been suggested that Irish Times Trust be merged into this article or section. ...


Recent years have seen serious crimes in Limerick being linked with feuds between criminal gangs within certain areas of the city,[18] mainly Moyross, Southill and St. Mary's Park. Arguably, this rivalry was precipitated by the murder of alleged gang member Eddie Ryan in November 2000, in a public house in the Johnsgate area of the city.[19] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Moyross (Maigh Rois in Irish) Estate was developed between 1973–1987 in Limerick City & County, Ireland. ... Southill is an area on the southside of Limerick, Ireland comprising four residential parks. ... Pub redirects here. ...


Despite a relative lull in gang violence between 2004 and the first half of 2006 in Limerick's housing estates, the problem seems to have escalated again in September 2006, with two children suffering extensive burns in the torching of their mother's car in early September, and a series of apparently retaliatory attacks including a drive-by shooting later that month.[20] Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see September (disambiguation). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see September (disambiguation). ...


Recently the government appointed Mr. John Fitzgerald (retired Dublin City Manager) to carry out a speedy and comprehensive investigation of issues prevailing in Moyross and other parts of Limerick City and to make recommendations directly to the Government's Cabinet Committee on Social Inclusion. Mr. Fitzgerald reported back in early April of 2007 and his recommendations were fully endorsed and approved by the Cabinet. A key element of the approved recommendations was the creation of two new special purpose Government Agencies for the Southside and Northside of Limerick City and these Agencies were established by Government Order dated 15th June 2007.[21]


Twinned cities

Limerick is twinned with:

Flag of the United States Flag of Pennsylvania Limerick Township, Pennsylvania, United States of America (1990)
Flag of the United States Flag of New Jersey New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States of America
Flag of France Quimper, Bretagne, France (1980)
Flag of the United States Flag of Washington Spokane, Washington, United States of America (1990)
Flag of Poland Starogard Gdański, Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland (2006)

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Pennsylvania. ... Limerick Township is a township located in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Jersey. ... Nickname: Location of New Brunswick in Middlesex County Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Established December 30, 1730 Incorporated September 1, 1784 Government  - Type Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)  - Mayor James Cahill Area  - City  5. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Quimper (Kemper in Breton, Corspotium in Latin) is a commune of Brittany in northwestern France. ... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Rennes Regional President Jean-Yves Le Drian (PS) (since 2004) Departments Côtes-dArmor Ille-et-Vilaine Morbihan Finistère Arrondissements 15 Cantons 201 Communes 1,268 Statistics Land area1 27,208 km² Population (Ranked 7th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Washington. ... Nickname: Location of Spokane in Spokane County and Washington Coordinates: , Country United States State Washington County Spokane Government  - Mayor Dennis P. Hession Area  - City  58. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Starogard GdaÅ„ski (Kashubian/Pomeranian: Starogarda; German Preussisch Stargard) is a town in Eastern Pomerania in north-western Poland with 50,700 inhabitants (1998). ... Capital city GdaÅ„sk Area 18,293 km² Population (2004)  - Density 2,192,000 120/km² Powiats  - Urban counties  - Land counties 4 16 Communes 123 Logo of Pomeranian Voivodeship Sea port in GdaÅ„sk The Sea Towers in Gdynia will be the tallest building (138 m) in Poland outside Warsaw...

Notes and references

  1. ^ From loimeanach meaning "bare marsh", a name originally applied to part of the shoreland of the Shannon immediately below the present city
  2. ^ Brian Hodkinson, The Topography of Pre-Norman Limerick, North Munster Antiquarian Journal, Vol 42, 2002, pp. 1-6
  3. ^ a b CSO.ie - 2006 Census preliminary report - See 'Limerick City', 'Meelick rural area' and 'Limerick rural area'
  4. ^ Limerick may get Polish bank - breakingnews.ie
  5. ^ List of the Mayors and Sheriffs of Limerick City - 1197-present
  6. ^ Limerick City Development Board - Strategy for Economic and Social Development
  7. ^ Boundary move puts 7,000 residents in Limerick city, Limerick Leader, March 4, 2008 (accessed March 4, 2008)
  8. ^ Proposed Limerick City Boundary Alteration, Limerick City Council, accessed March 4, 2008
  9. ^ 2,000 jobs boost as computer giant Dell expands - Irish Independent article, registration required.
  10. ^ LimerickCity.ie/CityMuseum
  11. ^ Galway to Limerick Railway on track for 2007 westontrack.com
  12. ^ Limerick station. Railscot - Irish Railways. Retrieved on 2007-09-05.
  13. ^ WBTF Championships 2008
  14. ^ Richard Harris. Limerick rugby full of heroes, The Daily Telegraph, 24 May, 2002
  15. ^ Stabbing deaths - Knife crime has reached crisis levels - Irish Examiner
  16. ^ A society on a knife edge - The Sunday Business Post
  17. ^ ‘Limerick is black spot in State for homicide and gun crime’ — From ireland.com (Irish Times) , 11 March, 2008
  18. ^ Third gang sets up family rivalries to control drugs — The Observer newspaper article, 2 February, 2003
  19. ^ Victim of Limerick shooting identified
  20. ^ Praying for a miracle, from the Irish Examiner
  21. ^ Limerick Regeneration Agency
  • The History of Limerick City, by Sean Spellissy (1998)
  • The Government and the People of Limerick. The History of Limerick Corporation/City Council 1197-2006 by Matthew Potter (2006)
  • First Citizens of the Treaty City. The Mayors and Mayoralty of Limerick 1197-2007 by Matthew Potter (2007)
  • The Memoirs of John M. Regan, a Catholic Officer in the RIC and RUC, 1909–48, Joost Augusteijn, editor, District Inspector, Limerick 1920, ISBN 978-1-84682-069-4.

The Irish Independent is Irelands best-selling daily newspaper. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other persons named Richard Harris, see Richard Harris (disambiguation). ... This article deals with The Daily Telegraph in Britain, see The Daily Telegraph (Australia) for the Australian publication The Daily Telegraph is a British broadsheet newspaper founded in 1855. ... is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Irish Examiner (Formerly: Cork Examiner, The Examiner) is an Irish national daily newspaper which primarily circulates in the Munster region surrounding its base in Cork, though it is available throughout the country. ... The Sunday Business Post is an Irish national Sunday newspaper published by Thomas Crosbie Holdings Limited. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Irish Examiner (Formerly: Cork Examiner, The Examiner) is an Irish national daily newspaper which primarily circulates in the Munster region surrounding its base in Cork, though it is available throughout the country. ...

See also

This is a link page for cities and towns in the Republic of Ireland, including larger villages, and villages and townlands of note, as well as towns, townships or urban centres in Dublin. ... This is a list of notable people of Limerick, Ireland. ...

External links

  • Limerick is at coordinates 52°39′55″N 8°37′26″W / 52.6652, -8.6238 (Limerick)Coordinates: 52°39′55″N 8°37′26″W / 52.6652, -8.6238 (Limerick)
In typography, italic type /tælk/ or /atælk/ refers to cursive typefaces based on a stylized form of calligraphic handwriting. ... For technical reasons, :) and some similar combinations starting with : redirect here. ... An eponym is the name of a person, whether real or fictitious, who has (or is thought to have) given rise to the name of a particular place, tribe, discovery, or other item. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Limerick, Ireland (1883 words)
Limerick is a compact, walkable city where most of the sights and attractions are within a stone's throw of each other.
County Limerick is compact and roughly rectangular in shape, bounded to the north by the spreading estuary of the River Shannon, the longest river and most important natural feature in Ireland, and to the south by the Mullaghareirk and Galtee mountains.
Limerick fared badly during the religious wars which followed the Plantation of Ireland by English and Scottish settlers in the early seventeenth century.
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Limerick (1260 words)
Meantime the city of Limerick, alternately ruled by native and Anglo-Norman, was in 1199 taken possession of by de Burgh, who soon ruled with the power of an independent prince.
One bishop of Limerick, in 1351, ruled Ireland for a short period as lord deputy; and another had a serious quarrel with the Archbishop of Cashel, whom he drove out of Limerick by force.
The Treaty of Limerick, which ended the war and was supposed to have secured toleration for the Catholics, was soon shamefully broken, and in the eighteenth century Limerick—city and diocese—experienced to the full the horrors of the penal laws.
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