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Encyclopedia > Lime (fruit)
Lime
Kaffir Lime fruit
Kaffir Lime fruit
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Citrus
Lime, raw (edible parts)
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 30 kcal   130 kJ
Carbohydrates     11 g
- Sugars  1.7 g
- Dietary fiber  3 g  
Fat 0.2 g
Protein 0.7 g
Water 88 g
Vitamin C  29 mg 48%
Percentages are relative to US
recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient database

Lime is a term referring to a number of different fruits (generally citruses), both species and hybrids, which are typically round, green to yellow in color, 3-6 cm in diameter, generally containing sour pulp, and frequently associated with the lemon. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2592x1944, 2250 KB) Citrus hystrix (sold on Réunion Island) July 29, 2005 Copyright © 2005 David Monniaux File links The following pages link to this file: Kaffir lime ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... Divisions Green algae Chlorophyta Charophyta Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta—liverworts Anthocerotophyta—hornworts Bryophyta—mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) †Rhyniophyta—rhyniophytes †Zosterophyllophyta—zosterophylls Lycopodiophyta—clubmosses †Trimerophytophyta—trimerophytes Pteridophyta—ferns and horsetails Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta—seed ferns Pinophyta—conifers Cycadophyta—cycads Ginkgophyta—ginkgo Gnetophyta—gnetae Magnoliophyta—flowering plants... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants or angiosperms are the most widespread group of land plants. ... Orders See text. ... Orders See text The botanical Sub-class Rosidae is a large dicotyledonous flowering plant taxon, containing over 58,000 species grouped within 108 families. ... Families See text Sapindales is a botanical name for an order of flowering plants. ... Genera About 160 genera; selected important genera: Amyris - West Indian Sandalwood Choisya - Mexican orange Citrus - Citrus Dictamnus - Burning-bush Fortunella - Kumquat Melicope - Corkwood, Alani Murraya - Curry tree Phellodendron - Cork-trees Poncirus - Trifoliate orange Ptelea - Hoptree Ruta - Rue Skimmia - Skimmia Tetradium (Euodia) - Euodias Zanthoxylum - Toothache trees Rutaceae is a family of... Species & major hybrids Species Citrus aurantifolia - Key lime Citrus maxima - Pomelo Citrus medica - Citron Citrus reticulata - Mandarin & Tangerine Major hybrids Citrus ×sinensis - Sweet Orange Citrus ×aurantium - Bitter Orange Citrus ×paradisi - Grapefruit Citrus ×limon - Lemon Citrus ×limonia - Rangpur lime Citrus ×latifolia - Persian lime See also main text for other hybrids Citrus... Lactose is a disaccharide found in milk. ... Dietary fibers are the indigestible portion of plant foods that move food through the digestive system, absorbing water. ... In chemistry, especially biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid often with a long unbranched aliphatic tail (chain), which is either saturated or unsaturated. ... A representation of the 3D structure of myoglobin, showing coloured alpha helices. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... For other uses, see Vitamin C (disambiguation). ... Reference Daily Intake (RDI) is the daily dietary intake level of a nutrient considered sufficient to meet the requirements of nearly all (97–98%) healthy individuals in each life-stage and gender group. ... Species & major hybrids Species Citrus aurantifolia - Key lime Citrus maxima - Pomelo Citrus medica - Citron Citrus reticulata - Mandarin & Tangerine Major hybrids Citrus ×sinensis - Sweet Orange Citrus ×aurantium - Bitter Orange Citrus ×paradisi - Grapefruit Citrus ×limon - Lemon Citrus ×limonia - Rangpur lime Citrus ×latifolia - Persian lime See also main text for other hybrids Citrus... In biology, a species is one of the basic units of biodiversity. ... // This article is about a biological term. ... DIAMETER is an AAA protocol (Authentication, Authorization and Accounting) succeeding its predecessor RADIUS. // The name is a pun on the RADIUS protocol, which is the predecessor (a diameter is twice the radius). ... Pulp can refer to: Soft shapeless substances in general. ... Binomial name (L.) Burm. ...

Contents

Varieties

The limes most commonly available commercially are the smaller, yellower Key lime (Citrus aurantifolia) and the larger, greener Persian lime (Citrus × latifolia).[1] "Key lime" is an American retronym, as the original fruit known in English as a "lime" was Citrus aurantifolia, derived from the Persian name لیمو, limu (the fruit was introduced to Europe during the Crusades). Other limes include the Mandarin lime (Citrus limonia), Kaffir lime (Citrus hystrix), the various Australian limes, Spanish lime (Melicoccus bijugatus), wild lime (Adelia ricinella), sweet lime (Citrus limetta), Palestine sweet lime (Citrus limettioides), and musk lime (X Citrofortunella mitis).[2] The limequat is a lime-kumquat hybrid, and Omani lime (A small lime with a very strong flavor and fragrant aroma) Binomial name Citrus aurantifolia (Christm. ... This article or section is missing needed references or citation of sources. ... A retronym is a type of neologism coined for an old object or concept whose original name has come to be used for something else, is no longer unique, or is otherwise inappropriate or misleading. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Key lime (Citrus aurantifolia), also called the Mexican lime or bartenders lime, is a small lime used in making margaritas and key lime pie, a specialty of American cuisine in Florida. ... Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... The Siege of Antioch, from a medieval miniature painting, during the First Crusade. ... Kaffir limes on sale Kaffir lime (left), used in Thai cooking, with galangal root. ... Six small citrus species known as lime are native to Australia. ... Binomial name Melicoccus bijugatus P.Browne The Mamoncillo Melicoccus bijugatus, also known as the Quenepa, Chenet, Genip, Spanish Lime, or Kinnip, is a fruit-bearing tree in the soapberry family Sapindaceae, native to a wide area of the American tropics including Central America, Colombia and the Caribbean. ... Binomial name Citrus limetta Risso Citrus limetta is a species of citrus. ... Packaged whole fruits and a popular soft drink made from the fruit known as calamansi Calamondin or calamansi—X Citrofortunella microcarpa (Bunge) Wijnands—is a fruit tree in the Family Rutaceae that presumably comes from and is very popular throughout Southeast Asia, especially the Philippines. ... Binomial name Citrus × Fortunella (L.) Burm. ... Species See text The kumquats or cumquats are a group of small fruit-bearing trees in the subgenus Fortunella of the genus Citrus in the flowering plant family Rutaceae, often segregated as a separate genus Fortunella. ...


Uses

Limes in drinks

Lime fruit, and particularly their juice, are used in beverages, such as limeade (akin to lemonade). Alcoholic beverages prepared with limes include cocktails such as gin and tonic, margarita, mojito, and Cuba libre, as well as many drinks that may be garnished with a thin slice of the fruit or corkscrew strip of the peel (twist). One customary consumption of tequila is in shots accompanied by lime wedges and salt. Beer is often served with limes in Mexico, as well as some other countries. Lime juice is also used in commercial soft drinks. Orange juice Juice is a liquid naturally contained in vegetable or fruit tissue. ... The word drink is primarily a verb, meaning to ingest liquids, see Drinking. ... Limeade is a beverage similar to lemonade, but is made with lime juice or lime flavor(s) instead of those of the lemon. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A traditional cocktail. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Margarita (disambiguation). ... Wikibooks Bartending has a page on the topic of Cocktails/Mojito A traditionally prepared mojito, in a collins glass, garnished with lime and mint. ... For other meanings of Cuba Libre see Cuba libre (disambiguation) Cuba Libre The Cuba Libre (IPA /kuβ̞aliβ̞ɾe/ in Spanish, /kjuːbʌ liːbɹeɪ/ in English) is a cocktail made of Cola, lime and rum. ... Various brands of tequila Tequila is a spirit made primarily in the area surrounding Tequila, a town in the western Mexican state of Jalisco, 65 km northwest of Guadalajara and in the highlands of Jalisco, 65 km east of Guadalajara. ... A shot glass (pencil included for scale) Traditionally, a shot glass was a small, thick glass designed to measure one ounce of liquid, usually liquor, to be either drunk straight, or poured into a mixed drink. ... Leffe, a Belgian beer, served in branded glasses Schlenkerla Rauchbier straight from the cask Beer is the worlds oldest[1] and most popular[2] alcoholic beverage. ... A soft drink is a drink that contains no alcohol. ...


Limes in cooking

In cooking, lime is valued both for the acidity of its juice and the floral aroma of its zest. It is used in Key lime pie, a traditional Florida dessert, and is a very common ingredient in authentic Mexican and Southwestern American dishes. It is also used for its pickling properties in ceviche. Additionally, the leaves of the Kaffir lime are used in southeast Asian cuisine. The use of dried limes as a flavoring is typical of Persian cuisine and Sprite. Cooking is the act of preparing food. ... Zest is the outer, colored shell of citrus fruit and is often used for baking. ... Key lime pie Cut-away view of a Key lime pie. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... A selection of desserts Dessert is a course that typically comes at the end of a meal, usually consisting of sweet food but sometimes of a strongly-flavored one, such as some cheeses. ... Southwestern cuisine is food styled after the rustic cooking of Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, Utah, and Colorado. ... Cucumbers gathered for pickling. ... Peruvian ceviche with lobster and shrimp Ceviche (also spelled as cebiche or seviche) is a form of citrus marinated seafood salad that originated in the Viceroyalty of Peru. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Iranian cuisine. ... Sprite is a clear soda, lemon-lime flavored, caffeine free soft drink, produced by the Coca-Cola Company. ...


Other uses

In order to prevent scurvy during the 19th century, British sailors were issued a daily allowance of citrus such as lime (presumably Citrus aurantifolia), which led in time to the nickname "limey" for all Britons. It was later discovered that this beneficial effect derived from the quantities of Vitamin C the fruit contains. Scurvy (N.Lat. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ... There are many alternative ways to describe United Kingdom nationals. ... For other uses, see Vitamin C (disambiguation). ...


Lime extracts and essential oils are frequently used in perfumes, cleaning products, and aromatherapy. Perfume is a mixture of fragrant essential oils and aroma compounds, fixatives, and solvents used to give the human body, objects, and living spaces a pleasant smell. ... It has been suggested that Aromatherapy Candles be merged into this article or section. ...


Medical Usage

Among its many uses in medicine it’s also said that Lime Juice is good for Gout as it can balance and stabilise acid in the body for some people.


Lime Associations & Organizations

AFABLE (Association For A Better Lime Experience) was founded in 2002. This organization seeks to promote the use of lime in everyday cooking, and believes that lime needs better culinary representation. AFABLE members believe that lime is the most flavorful, delicious citrus.


Production trends

Lemon and lime output in 2005

According to FAO, Mexico produced almost 12% of the global output of lemons and limes in 2005 followed by India, Argentina, Iran and Brazil. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 351 pixelsFull resolution (1425 × 625 pixel, file size: 61 KB, MIME type: image/png)This bubble map shows the global distribution of lemon and lime output in 2005 as a percentage of the top producer (Mexico - 1,806,780 tonnes). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 351 pixelsFull resolution (1425 × 625 pixel, file size: 61 KB, MIME type: image/png)This bubble map shows the global distribution of lemon and lime output in 2005 as a percentage of the top producer (Mexico - 1,806,780 tonnes). ... Binomial name (L.) Burm. ...


Fruits known as "lime"

  • Australian limes
  • Blood lime
  • Kaffir lime (Citrus hystrix) (a.k.a. kieffer lime; makrut, or magrood)
  • Key lime (Citrus aurantifolia) (a.k.a. Mexican, West Indian, or Bartender's lime)
  • Mandarin lime (Citrus limonia)
  • Musk lime (X Citrofortunella mitis)
  • Palestine sweet lime (Citrus limettioides)
  • Persian lime (Citrus x latifolia) (a.k.a. Tahiti or Bearss lime)
  • Spanish lime (Melicoccus bijugatus) (a.k.a. mamoncillo, mamón, ginep, quenepa, or limoncillo) (not a citrus)
  • Sweet lime (Citrus limetta) (a.k.a. sweet limetta, Mediterranean sweet lemon)
  • Wild lime (Adelia ricinella)
  • Limequat (lime × kumquat)

Six small citrus species known as lime are native to Australia. ... Binomial name Citrus glauca (Lindl. ... Binomial name Citrus australasica F. Muell. ... Blood Limes are an hybrid citrus fruit developed by the CSIRO project to investigate Australia in July 2004, and are under consideration for export. ... Kaffir limes on sale Kaffir lime (left), used in Thai cooking, with galangal root. ... Binomial name Citrus aurantifolia (Christm. ... This article or section is missing needed references or citation of sources. ... Binomial name Melicoccus bijugatus P.Browne The Mamoncillo Melicoccus bijugatus, also known as the Quenepa, Chenet, Genip, Spanish Lime, or Kinnip, is a fruit-bearing tree in the soapberry family Sapindaceae, native to a wide area of the American tropics including Central America, Colombia and the Caribbean. ... Binomial name Citrus limetta Risso Citrus limetta is a species of citrus. ... Binomial name Citrus × Fortunella (L.) Burm. ...

See also

Binomial name Citrus X aurantifolia {{{author}}} Limes cut in half Lime (Citrus X aurantifolia) is a citrus tree originating from the Malay Achipelago. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Comparison of Key and Persian lime fruits
  2. ^ Calamondin

Gallery

References

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Lime

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
botanical.com - A Modern Herbal | Lime Fruit - Herb Profile and Information (346 words)
The flowers are small and white and the fruit about half the size of a lemon, with a smoother, thinner rind, having a greenish tinge in its yellow.
Oil of Limes is used for flavouring purposes, especially in mineral waters and artificial lime-juice cordials, consisting of sweetened solutions of tartaric acid.
It is clear or slightly turbid, pale yellow or greenish-yellow, with the characteristic odour and taste of limes.
lime - Search Results - MSN Encarta (172 words)
Lime (fruit), common name for a tree (Rue), and for its fruit (Citrus).
Limes are native to Southeast Asia and are cultivated chiefly in tropical...
Lime (substance), caustic solid substance, white when pure, obtained by calcining limestone and other forms of calcium carbonate.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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