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Encyclopedia > Limburg (Netherlands)
Provincie Limburg
Province of Limburg
Coat of arms of Limburg
Flag Coat of arms
Location of Limburg
Capital Maastricht
Queen's Commissioner L.J.P.M. (Leon) Frissen (governor)
Religion (1999) Roman Catholic 80%
Protestant 3%
Area
 • Land
 • Water
 
2,153 km² (9th)
56 km²
Population (2006)
 • Total
 • Density

1,131,938 (6th)
526/km² (4th)
Inclusion 1839
Anthem In 't Bronsgroen Eikenhout
ISO NL-LI
Official website www.limburg.nl

Limburg pronunciation  (Limburgish: Nederlands Limburg) is the southern-most of the twelve provinces of the Netherlands. It is located in the southeastern part of the country and bordered by Belgium to the south and part of the west, Germany to the east, the Dutch province of North Brabant partly to the west, and the province of Gelderland to the north. Its capital is Maastricht. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links NL-LimburgVlag. ... Image File history File links WapenLimburg. ... Flag ratio: 2:3 The Flag of Limburg is a flag with the ration height:width of 2:3. ... Image File history File links Limburg_position. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Coordinates: , Country Province Area (2006)  - Municipality 60. ... There are two levels of local government in The Netherlands, the provinces and the municipalities. ... Leonardus Johannes Petrus Maria Frissen (Beek, 24 June 1950) is the present Queens Commissioner of the province of Limburg. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Map of the Netherlands, with provinces and capital cities See also Provinces of the Netherlands. ... For other uses, see Density (disambiguation). ... Map of the Netherlands, with provinces and capital cities See also Provinces of the Netherlands. ... Map of the Netherlands, with provinces and capital cities See also Provinces of the Netherlands. ... 1839 (MDCCCXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... An anthem is a composition to an English religious text sung in the context of an Anglican service. ... In t Bronsgroen Eikenhout is the anthem of Limburg, a region split up in two parts: Belgian Limburg and Dutch Limburg. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... Image File history File links 122_Limburg. ... Limburgish, or Limburgian or Limburgic (Dutch: Limburgs, German: Limburgisch, French: Limbourgeois) is a group of Franconian varieties, spoken in the Limburg and Rhineland regions, near the common Dutch / Belgian / German border. ... The modern day Netherlands are divided into twelve provinces (provincies in Dutch), listed below with their capital city: Map of the Netherlands, with provinces and capital cities See also the ranked list of Dutch provinces // Structure A Dutch province represents the administrative layer in between the national government and the... North Brabant (Dutch: Noord-Brabant) is a province of the Netherlands, located in the south of the country, bordered by Belgium in the south, the Meuse River (Maas) in the north, Limburg in the east and Zeeland in the west. ... Capital Arnhem Queens Commissioner Clemens Cornielje Religion (1999) Protestant 31% Catholic 29% Area  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water   4,975 km² (1st) 161 km² Population (2005)  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Density 1,970,865 (4th) 393/km² (6th) Inclusion {{{inclusion}}} Anthem Ons Gelderland ISO NL-GE Official website www. ... Coordinates: , Country Province Area (2006)  - Municipality 60. ...


Limburg has a highly distinct character. The social and economic trends which affected the province in recent decades generated a process of change and renewal which has enabled Limburg to transform the drawbacks of its national peripheral location into advantages inherent in its European settings, linking the Netherlands to the southern part of Europe. A disadvantage of this 'international' gateway location is, that since a few decennia criminality, also international and often drugs-related is on the rise, especially in the southernmost part of this province.

Contents

History

Limburg's name derives from the fortified castle town known as Limbourg, situated on the river Vesdre in the Ardennes, currently in the Belgian province of Liège. It was the seat of the medieval Duchy of Limburg which extended into the Meuse region north of the city of Liège. However, most the area of the current Dutch Limburg was not part of this polity but was divided among several states including the Duchy of Brabant, the Duchy of Jülich, the Duchy of Guelders, and the Bishopric of Liège, as well as the Duchy of Limburg. A result of this division is still evident in the plethora of distinct varieties of the Limburgish language spoken in Limburg municipalities. Limbourg is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Liège. ... Vesdre (-French, in German:Weser) is a river in eastern Belgium (province of Liège), tributary to the river Ourthe. ... The Ardennes (IPA pronunciation: ) (Dutch: Ardennen) is a volcanic region of extensive forests and rolling hill country, primarily in Belgium and Luxembourg, but stretching into France (lending its name to the Ardennes département and the Champagne-Ardenne région). ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... Liège is the easternmost province of Wallonia and of Belgium. ... The Duchy of Limburg was a state of the Holy Roman Empire in the Low Countries, located between the river Meuse and the city of Aachen. ... Meuse is a département in northeast France, named after the Meuse River. ... Geography Country Belgium Community French Community Region Walloon Region Province Liège Arrondissement Liège Coordinates , , Area 69. ... Brabant is a former duchy in the Low Countries, and a former province of Belgium. ... The Duchy of Jülich was a state of the Holy Roman Empire in present Germany (part of North Rhine-Westphalia) and the Netherlands (part of Limburg). ... Guelders (Dutch Gelre, German Geldern) is the name of a historical duchy in the Low Countries. ... The Bishopric of Liège in 1477. ... Limburgish, or Limburgian or Limburgic (Dutch: Limburgs, German: Limburgisch, French: Limbourgeois) is a group of Franconian varieties, spoken in the Limburg and Rhineland regions, near the common Dutch / Belgian / German border. ...

Territories in the Low Countries 1556–1648 that later built modern Limburg
Territories in the Low Countries 15561648 that later built modern Limburg

For centuries, the area of the current Dutch Limburg's strategic location made it a much-coveted region among Europe's major powers. Romans, Spaniards, Prussians, Habsburg Austrians and French have all ruled Limburg. In 1673, Louis XIV personally commanded the siege of Maastricht by French troops. During the siege, one of his brigadiers, Count Charles d'Artagnan, perished; he subsequently became known as a major character in The Three Musketeers by Alexandre Dumas, père (1802–1870). Limburg was also the scene of many a bloody battle during the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648), in which the Dutch Republic threw off Spanish rule. At the battle of Mookerhei (14 April 1574), two brothers of Prince William of Orange-Nassau and thousands of "Dutch" mercenaries lost their lives. Most Limburgians fought on the Spanish side, being Catholics and hating the Dutch. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (863x1011, 45 KB) The Low Countries Map (1556-1648) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (863x1011, 45 KB) The Low Countries Map (1556-1648) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Events January 16 - Abdication of Emperor Charles V. His son, Philip II becomes King of Spain, while his brother Ferdinand becomes Holy Roman Emperor January 23 - The Shaanxi earthquake, the deadliest earthquake in history, occurs with its epicenter in Shaanxi province, China. ... 1648 (MDCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... For other uses, see Prussia (disambiguation). ... The Habsburg Monarchy, often called Austrian Monarchy or simply Austria, are the territories ruled by the Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg, and then by the successor House of Habsburg-Lorraine, between 1526 and 1867/1918. ... 1673 (MDCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Louis XIV redirects here. ... Coordinates: , Country Province Area (2006)  - Municipality 60. ... The statue of dArtagnan in Auch Statue of dArtagnan in Maastricht Charles de Batz-Castelmore, Comte dArtagnan (c. ... For other uses, see The Three Musketeers (disambiguation). ... Alexandre Dumas redirects here. ... Combatants Dutch rebels Spanish Empire The Eighty Years War, or Dutch Revolt (1568[1]–1648), was the revolt of the Seventeen Provinces in the Netherlands against the Spanish (Habsburg) Empire. ... Map of Dutch Republic by Joannes Janssonius United Netherlands redirects here. ... In 1574, Williams armies won several minor battles, including several naval encounters. ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... William I (William the Silent). ...


Following the Napoleonic Era, the great powers (United Kingdom, Prussia, the Austrian Empire, the Russian Empire and France) united the region with the new United Kingdom of the Netherlands in 1815. A new province was formed and was to receive the name "Maastricht," after its capital. The first king, William I, who did not want the name Limburg to be lost, insisted that the name be changed to "Limburg." As such, the name of the new province derived from the old Duchy of Limburg that had existed until 1648 within the triangle of Maastricht, Liège, and Aachen. The Napoleonic Era is a period in the History of France and Europe. ... For other uses, see Prussia (disambiguation). ... Anthem Volkshymne (Peoples Anthem) The Austrian Empire Capital Vienna Language(s) German Hungarian Romanian Czech Slovakian Slovenian Croatian Serbian Italian Polish Ruthenian Religion Roman Catholic Government Monarchy History  - Established 1804  - Ausgleich 1867 The Crown of the Austrian Emperor The Austrian Empire (German: ) was a modern era successor empire founded... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... The Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg and Limburg in 1839 1, 2 and 3 United Kingdom of the Netherlands (until 1830) 1 and 2 Kingdom of the Netherlands (after 1830) 2 Duchy of Limburg (In the German Confederacy after 1839 as compensation for Waals-Luxemburg) 3 and 4 Kingdom of Belgium (after... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... Coordinates: , Country Province Area (2006)  - Municipality 60. ... For other men at some time in history called William I of Orange-Nassau, see William of Orange. ... Limburg was one of the provinces of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. ... The Duchy of Limburg was a state of the Holy Roman Empire in the Low Countries, located between the river Meuse and the city of Aachen. ... Coordinates: , Country Province Area (2006)  - Municipality 60. ... Geography Country Belgium Community French Community Region Walloon Region Province Liège Arrondissement Liège Coordinates , , Area 69. ... Oche redirects here; in darts the oche is the line from which players must throw. ...


When the Catholic and French-speaking Belgians split away from the mainly Calvinist, Dutch Netherlands in the Belgian Revolution of 1830, the Province of Limburg was at first almost entirely under Belgian rule. However, by the 1839 Treaty of London, the province was divided in two, with the eastern part going to the Netherlands and the western part to Belgium, a division that remains today. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Calvinism... This article is about the historical Belgian Revolution of the 1830s. ... The Treaty of London of 1839, also called the Convention of 1839, was signed on April 19, 1839. ... 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


With the Treaty of London, what is now the Belgian Province of Luxembourg was handed over to Belgium and removed from the German Confederation. To appease Prussia, which had also lost access to the Meuse after the Congress of Vienna, the Dutch province of Limburg (but not the cities of Maastricht and Venlo), was joined to the German Confederation between 1839 and 1866 as the Duchy of Limburg, while remaining an integral part of the Dutch territory. Treaty of London may refer to: Treaty of London, 1359 ceding western France to England, repudiated by the Estates-General in Paris, 19 May 1359 Treaty of London, 1604 between England and Spain Treaty of London, 1700, also known as the Second Partition Treaty. ... Luxembourg (Dutch and German: Luxemburg, Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg, Waloon: Lussimbork) is the southernmost province of Wallonia and of Belgium. ... The German Confederation (German: Deutscher Bund) was the association of Central European states created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to organize the surviving states of the Holy Roman Empire, which had been abolished in 1806. ... For other uses, see Prussia (disambiguation). ... The Congress of Vienna was a conference between ambassadors, from the major powers in Europe that was chaired by the Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich and held in Vienna, Austria, from November 1, 1814, to June 8, 1815. ... Coordinates: , Country Province Area (2006)  - Municipality 60. ... Venlo ( (help· info)) is a municipality and a city in the southeastern Netherlands. ... The German Confederation (German: Deutscher Bund) was the association of Central European states created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to organize the surviving states of the Holy Roman Empire, which had been abolished in 1806. ... 1839 (MDCCCXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...

Provinces of the Netherlands
Provinces of the Netherlands

The province used the title of "duchy" until 1906. Another idiosyncrasy survives today: the head of the province, referred to as the "Queen's Commissioner" in other provinces, is addressed as "Governor" in Limburg. Download high resolution version (800x948, 116 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Netherlands Provinces of the Netherlands List of subnational entities List of islands of the Netherlands Ranked list of Dutch provinces Category:Maps of the Netherlands Categories: GFDL images ... Download high resolution version (800x948, 116 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Netherlands Provinces of the Netherlands List of subnational entities List of islands of the Netherlands Ranked list of Dutch provinces Category:Maps of the Netherlands Categories: GFDL images ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


The Second World War cost the lives of many civilians in Limburg, and a large number of towns and villages were destroyed by bombings and artillery battles. Various cemeteries, too, bear witness to this dark chapter in Limburg's history. Almost 8,500 American soldiers, who perished during the liberation of the Netherlands, lie buried at the Netherlands American Cemetery and Memorial in Margraten. Other big war cemeteries are to be found at Overloon (British soldiers) and the Ysselsteyn German war cemetery was constructed in the Municipality of Venray for the 31,000 German soldiers who lost their lives. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Margraten is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Overloon, mun. ... Venray is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ...


In December 1991, the European Community (now European Union) held a summit in Maastricht. At that summit, the so-called Maastricht treaty was signed by the European Community member states. The original name for that treaty was "Treaty of the European Union". With that treaty, the European Union came into existence. In 't Bronsgroen Eikenhout is the official anthem of both Belgian and Dutch Limburg. Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... The European Community (EC) was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community. ... Coordinates: , Country Province Area (2006)  - Municipality 60. ... The Maastricht Treaty (formally, the Treaty of European Union, TEU) was signed on February 7, 1992 in Maastricht, Netherlands after final negotiations in December 1991 between the members of the European Community and entered into force on November 1, 1993 during the Delors Commission. ... The European Community (EC) was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community. ... The Maastricht treaty (formally, the Treaty on European Union) was signed on 7 February 1992 in Maastricht between the members of the European Community and entered into force on 1 November 1993. ... In t Bronsgroen Eikenhout is the anthem of Limburg, a region split up in two parts: Belgian Limburg and Dutch Limburg. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ...


Languages

Main article: Limburgish language

Limburg has its own language, called Limburgish (Dutch: Limburgs). This is, since 1997, an official regional language, and as such receives moderate protection under Chapter 2 of the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. It is not recognised by the Dutch, German and Belgian governments as an official language. Limburgish is spoken by an estimated 1,6 million people in both Belgian and Dutch Limburg and Germany. There are many different dialects in the Limburgish language. Almost every town and village has its own slightly different dialect. Dialects in the southeast more toward the German border (near Aachen) have a more German sound, while dialects spoken in the Meuse (Dutch: Maas) valley have a somewhat lighter tone to them. Even within the cities of Venlo and Maastricht, very different dialects separated by major isoglosses continue to exist. These distinctions have been around for hundreds if not thousands of years. It also shows signs of Celtic substrates. Limburgish, or Limburgian or Limburgic (Dutch: Limburgs, German: Limburgisch, French: Limbourgeois) is a group of Franconian varieties, spoken in the Limburg and Rhineland regions, near the common Dutch / Belgian / German border. ... Limburgish, or Limburgian or Limburgic (Dutch: Limburgs, German: Limburgisch, French: Limbourgeois) is a group of Franconian varieties, spoken in the Limburg and Rhineland regions, near the common Dutch / Belgian / German border. ... A regional language is a language spoken in a part of a country, be it may be a small area, a federal state or province, or a wider area. ... // The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages (ECRML) is a European treaty (CETS 148) adopted in 1992 under the auspices of the Council of Europe to protect and promote historical regional and minority languages in Europe. ... Limburg is the easternmost province of Flanders (which is one of the three regions of Belgium), and is located west of the Meuse river. ... For dialects of programming languages, see Programming language dialect. ... Oche redirects here; in darts the oche is the line from which players must throw. ... The Meuse (Maas) at Maastricht Meuse near Grave The Meuse (Dutch & German Maas) is a major European river, rising in France and flowing through Belgium and the Netherlands before draining into the North Sea. ... Venlo ( (help· info)) is a municipality and a city in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Coordinates: , Country Province Area (2006)  - Municipality 60. ... Isoglosses on the Faroe Islands An isogloss is the geographical boundary of a certain linguistic feature, e. ... This article is about the European people. ...


Politics

The provincial council (Provinciale Staten) has 63 seats, and is headed by a Queen's Commissioner(called a Governor in Limburg), currently Leon Frissen. While the provincial council is elected by the inhabitants, the Governor is appointed by the Queen and the cabinet of the Netherlands. The Christian CDA is currently the largest party in the council. There are two levels of local government in The Netherlands, the provinces and the municipalities. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... Leonardus Johannes Petrus Maria Frissen (Beek, 24 June 1950) is the present Queens Commissioner of the province of Limburg. ... The Christen-Democratisch App l (CDA, Christian Democratic Appeal) is a political party of the Netherlands that was established in 1980. ...


The daily affairs of the province are taken care of by the Gedeputeerde Staten, which are also headed by the Governor; its members (gedeputeerden) can be compared with ministers.


Municipalities

Arcen en Velden is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Beek is a municipality and a Netherlands. ... Beesel is a municipality and a Netherlands. ... Bergen is a municipality and a Netherlands. ... Brunssum is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Echt-Susteren is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Eijsden is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Gennep is a municipality and a city in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Gulpen-Wittem ( (help· info)) is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Heerlen ( (help· info)) is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands and the fourth largest municipality in the province of Limburg. ... Helden is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands in the province Limburg. ... Horst aan de Maas is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Kerkrade is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... This is about the municipality in the Netherlands. ... Landgraaf is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Leudal is a municipality in the Dutch province of Limburg. ... Maasbree is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands Population centres Baarlo Maasbree External link Official website Categories: Limburg (Netherlands) ... Maasgouw is a municipality in the Dutch province of Limburg. ... Coordinates: , Country Province Area (2006)  - Municipality 60. ... Margraten is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Meerlo-Wanssum is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands Population centres Blitterswijck Geijsteren Meerlo Swolgen Tienray Wanssum External links Official Website Categories: Limburg (Netherlands) ... Meerssen is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands Population centres Bunde Geulle Meerssen/Rothem Ulestraten. ... Meijel is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands External link Official website Categories: Limburg (Netherlands) ... Mook en Middelaar is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands Population centres Middelaar Molenhoek Mook Plasmolen. ... Nederweert is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands Population centres Budschop, Leveroy, Nederweert, Nederweert-Eind, Ospel, Ospeldijk and Schoor. ... Nuth is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Onderbanken is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Roerdalen is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Country Netherlands Province Limburg Area (2006)  - Municipality 46. ... Schinnen is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Sevenum ( (help· info)) is a Dutch municipality and a town in the province Limburg in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Simpelveld is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Sittard-Geleen is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Stein ( (help·info)) is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Vaals is a town in the southeastern Netherlands, in the province of Limburg. ... Valkenburg aan de Geul ( (help· info)) is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Venlo ( (help· info)) is a municipality and a city in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Venray is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Voerendaal is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands. ... This is about the city in the Netherlands. ...

Geography

The south of the province is remarkable when compared to the rest of the country, as it is one of the few regions that has hills. The highest point in the Netherlands, the Vaalserberg, is situated at the Dutch-Belgian-German border. The most important river is the Meuse, that passes through the entire length of the province from South to North. Limburg's surface is largely formed by deposits from this Meuse river, consisting of river clay, fertile loessial soil and large deposits of pebblestone, currently being quarried for the construction industry. In northern parts of the province, further away from the river bed, the soil primarily consists of sand and peat. Major cities are the provincial capital Maastricht and the urban agglomerations of Sittard-Geleen and Parkstad Limburg (including Heerlen) in the south and Venlo in the north. Limburg makes up one region of the International Organization for Standardization world region code system, having the code ISO 3166-2:NL-LI. The highest point in the Netherlands The Vaalserberg (Mount Vaals) is a mountain of 322. ... The Meuse (Maas) at Maastricht Meuse near Grave The Meuse (Dutch & German Maas) is a major European river, rising in France and flowing through Belgium and the Netherlands before draining into the North Sea. ... Loam field Loam is soil composed of sand, silt, and clay in relatively even concentration (about 40-40-20% concentration respectively). ... Coordinates: , Country Province Area (2006)  - Municipality 60. ... Sittard-Geleen is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Sittard-Geleen is a municipality in the southeastern Netherlands. ... Parkstad Limburg is a collaboration between 7 cities (Heerlen, Kerkrade, Landgraaf, Brunssum, Simpelveld, Voerendaal and Onderbanken). ... Heerlen ( (help· info)) is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands and the fourth largest municipality in the province of Limburg. ... Venlo ( (help· info)) is a municipality and a city in the southeastern Netherlands. ... “ISO” redirects here. ... ISO 3166-2 codes for Netherlands cover the 12 Provinces of the Netherlands. ...


Economy

In the past peat, gravel and coal were mined in Limburg. The state-owned corporation that used to mine in Limburg, DSM, is currently a major chemical company, still operating in Limburg. Automotive industry (Born) and production of copiers and printers (Océ in Venlo) are also present. Furthermore in the southern part, the undulating, densely populated triangle between Heerlen/Kerkrade in the south-east, Sittard/Geleen in the north and Maastricht in the south-west, there are some four beer-breweries. Peat in Lewis, Scotland Peat is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation matter. ... Gravel (largest fragment in this photo is about 4 cm) Gravel is rock that is of a certain particle size range. ... Coal Example chemical structure of coal Coal (pronounced ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... DSM (in full Koninklijke DSM N.V., or Royal DSM N.V.) is a multinational chemicals company. ... For Open Collaboration Environment (OCE), see Apple Open Collaboration Environment. ...


From way back the southern part of Limburg is one of the two fruitgrowing area's of the country. Since some four decennia however big parts of the fruittree arsenal have disappeared and been replaced by water, as a result of vast gravel extraction near the river Meuse. Meuse is a département in northeast France, named after the Meuse River. ...


Famous Limburgians

  • Louis Beel - Politician, Former Prime Minister
  • Jo Cals - Politician, Former Prime Minister
  • Pierre Cuypers (1827-1921) - Architect (designer of the Amsterdam Rijksmuseum and Central station)
  • Geert Wilders Dutch Politician
  • Peter 'Pie' Debye (1884-1966) - Physician, Nobelprize winner
  • Eugène Dubois - Anatomist
  • Adam van Kan (1877-1944) - scientist
  • Rene van der Linden- Politician
  • Pierre Lardinois - Politician
  • Leon Melchior - Jumping stable owning building contractor
  • Jan Pieter Minckeleers (1748-1824) - Physician, inventor
  • Rob Noortman (1946-2007) - Arts trader
  • Henriëtte d'Oultremont de Wégimont (1792-1864)- 2nd wife of King Willem I
  • Guido Pieters (1948) - Film director
  • Petrus Regout (1801-1878) - First Dutch industrialist
  • Charles Ruijs de Beerenbrouck - Politician, Former Prime Minister
  • Jac. P. Thijsse (1865-1945) - Biologist, ecologist
  • Johann Friedrich August Tischbein (1750-1812) - Painter
  • Maxime Verhagen (1956)- Politician

Sports/entertainment Prime Minister of the Netherlands Louis Joseph Maria Beel (April 12, 1902 - February 11, 1977) was Prime Minister of the Netherlands from 1946 to 1948 and again from 1958 to 1959. ... Jozef Maria Laurens Theo Jo Cals (July 18, 1914-December 30, 1971) was a Dutch politician. ... Petrus Josephus Hubertus (Pierre) Cuypers (May 16, 1827, Roermond – March 3, 1921, Roermond) was a Dutch architect. ... The Rijksmuseum Rembrandt van Rijn: The Night Watch 1642 Johannes Vermeer: Milkmaid 1658-1660 Frans Hals: Portrait of a Young Couple The Rijksmuseum (IPA: ; Dutch for National Museum) is a national museum of the Netherlands, located in Amsterdam on the Museumplein. ... Geert Wilders (born 6 September 1963) is a Dutch politician. ... Petrus Josephus Wilhelmus Debije (March 24, 1884 – November 2, 1966) was a Dutch physical chemist. ... Eugene Dubois (January 28, 1858 - December 16, 1940) was a Dutch anatomist, who earned world-wide fame with the discovery of Homo erectus in Java in 1891. ... Pierre René Hubert Marie (René) van der Linden (born Dec 14, 1943, Eys) has been elected President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe in autumn 2005. ... Pierre Lardinois (13 August 1924 - 16 July 1987) was a Dutch politician. ... Jhr. ... Maxime Jacques Marcel Verhagen (Maastricht, 14 September 1956) is a Dutch politician. ...

  • Gerard Bergholtz (1939) - Former soccerplayer
  • Eddy Beugels - Former cyclist
  • Rens Blom (1977) - Athlete
  • Willy Brokamp (1946, Kerkrade) - Former soccer player
  • Willy Dullens (1945) - Former soccer player
  • Mia Gommers (1939) - Athlete
  • Ger Harings (1948) - Former cyclist
  • Jan Harings (1945) - Former cyclist
  • Jan Hugens (1939) - Former cyclist
  • Jan Krekels (1947) - Former cyclist
  • Jo Maas (1954, Eijsden) - Former cyclist
  • Danny Nelissen - Former cyclist
  • Jan Notermans (1933) - Former soccer player
  • André Rieu (1949) - Musician, orchestra director
  • Fred Rompelberg (1945) - Over 60 years old professional cyclist
  • Sjeng Schalken - Former professional tennis player
  • Wim Schepers - Former cyclist
  • Willy Schobben - Trompettist
  • Harrie Stevens (Elsloo) - Former cyclist
  • Huub Stevens (1953) - Soccer player and -coach
  • Mark van Bommel (1977) - Soccer player
  • Pieter van den Hoogenband (1978) - Swimmer (Olympic champion)
  • Jos Verstappen - Racing driver
  • Ad Wijnands (1959) - Former cyclist
  • Thijs Wilms (1943 Helden- Panningen) - Co-author comic strip "Ox Tales"
  • Peter Winnen - Former cyclist
  • Boudewijn Zenden (1976) - Soccer player

Belgium Rens Blom (born March 1, 1977 in Munstergeleen) is a Dutch athlete competing in pole vault. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Jan Jozef Alfons Franciscus (Jan) Krekels (born August 26, 1947 in Sittard) is a retired cyclist from The Netherlands. ... Daniel (Danny) Wilhelmus Maria Nelissen (born 10 November 1970 in Sittard, Netherlands) is a Dutch former professional road bicycle racer and current sports commentator at Eurosport. ... André Rieu (born October 1, 1949, in Maastricht) is a Dutch violinist and conductor. ... Fred Rompelberg (30 October 1945 in Maastricht) is a Dutch cyclist who has set several world cycling records. ... Sjeng Schalken (born September 8, 1976) is a professional male tennis player from the Netherlands. ... Hubertus (Huub) Jozef Margaretha Stevens (born November 29, 1953 in Sittard) is a Dutch football manager and former defender, who played for Fortuna Sittard and PSV Eindhoven. ... Mark Peter Gertuda Andreas van Bommel aka Mark van Bommel (born April 22, 1977 in Maasbracht, Netherlands) is a Dutch footballer who currently plays for FC Bayern Munich. ... Pieter Cornelis Martijn van den Hoogenband (born March 14, 1978 in Geldrop, near Eindhoven) is a Dutch swimmer and a triple Olympic champion. ... Jos Verstappen (born 4 March 1972, Montfort) is a Dutch former Formula One driver. ... Peter Winnen is a former Road bicycle racing athlete, born on September 5, 1957 at IJsselstein (Limbourg), in Netherland. ... Boudewijn Bolo Zenden ( ) (born August 15, 1976 in Maastricht) is a Dutch footballer who plays most often as a midfielder. ...

Limburg is the easternmost province of Flanders (which is one of the three regions of Belgium), and is located west of the Meuse river. ...

See also

The Goat Riders (called the bokkenrijders in Dutch) is a legend of Limburg. ... Introduction Around the Augustinian Abbey of Rolduc coal is found very close to the surface, and since the 16th century it has been extracted for sale as fuel. ... Limburg is the easternmost province of Flanders (which is one of the three regions of Belgium), and is located west of the Meuse river. ... The Duchy of Limburg was a state of the Holy Roman Empire in the Low Countries, located between the river Meuse and the city of Aachen. ...

External links

  • Official Website (in Dutch and English)
  • Map of Province
  • The Maastricht Treaty
  • Pictures of Maastricht, Capital of Limburg

Coordinates: 51°12′36″N, 5°56′10″E The modern day Netherlands are divided into twelve provinces (provincies in Dutch), listed below with their capital city: Map of the Netherlands, with provinces and capital cities See also the ranked list of Dutch provinces // Structure A Dutch province represents the administrative layer in between the national government and the... For the Dutch footballer, see Royston Drenthe. ... Flevoland is a province of the Netherlands. ... Capital Leeuwarden Queens Commissioner drs. ... Capital Arnhem Queens Commissioner Clemens Cornielje Religion (1999) Protestant 31% Catholic 29% Area  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water   4,975 km² (1st) 161 km² Population (2005)  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Density 1,970,865 (4th) 393/km² (6th) Inclusion {{{inclusion}}} Anthem Ons Gelderland ISO NL-GE Official website www. ... Capital Groningen Queens Commissioner J.G.M. (Hans) Alders Religion (1999) Protestant 29% Catholic 7% Area  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water   2,336 km² (8th) 623 km² Population (2006)  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Density 574,042 (9th) 246/km² (9th) Anthem Grunnens Laid ISO NL-GR Official website www. ... North Brabant (Dutch: Noord-Brabant) is a province of the Netherlands, located in the south of the country, bordered by Belgium in the south, the Meuse River (Maas) in the north, Limburg in the east and Zeeland in the west. ... Capital Haarlem Queens Commissioner Mr. ... Flag of Overijssel Overijssel is a province of the Netherlands, located in the central eastern part of the country. ... South Holland (Dutch Zuid-Holland) is a province of the Netherlands, located in the west of the country on the North Sea coast. ... Utrecht is the smallest province of the Netherlands, and is located in the center of the country. ... Capital Middelburg Largest city Terneuzen Queens Commissioner Karla Peijs Religion (1999) Protestant 35% Catholic 23% Area  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water   1,788 km² (10th) 1,146 km² Population (2006)  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Density 380,186 (11th) 213/km² (10th) Anthem Zeeuws volkslied ISO NL-ZE Official website www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Limburg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (352 words)
Limburg (Netherlands), in the south of the Netherlands.
Limburg (Belgium), in the Flanders region of Belgium.
Since Limburg is located in Flanders and the Netherlands, the official language in Limburg is Dutch, but Limburgish language, which has many divergent dialects, is spoken almost throughout the region.
AllRefer.com - Limburg, province, Netherlands (Benelux Political Geography) - Encyclopedia (351 words)
Founded in the 11th cent., the duchy was divided in the Peace of Westphalia (1648) between the United Netherlands (which received Maastricht) and the Spanish Netherlands.
The duchy was united (1815) under the kingdom of the Netherlands.
Limburg prov., as established in 1815, did not correspond to the borders of the old duchy.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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