- This article is about Lima, Peru. For other places, people and things named "Lima", see Lima (disambiguation).
|City of Lima |
|City nickname: "La Ciudad de los Reyes" |
("The City of Kings")
|Area ||1010 km˛ |
7 112 744 (2003 estimate)
|Districts ||43 |
|Location ||12°02′36″ S |
77°01′42″ W  (http://www.mapquest.com/maps/map.adp?searchtype=address&formtype=address&latlongtype=degrees&latdeg=-12&latmin=02&latsec=36&longdeg=-77&longmin=01&longsec=42)
|Website ||www.munlima.gob.pe |
|Mayor ||Luis Castańeda Lossio |
Lima is the capital and the largest city in Peru. It is situated in a valley fed by the Rimac river, in the desert coast of the country near its Pacific port of Callao. It has a total population of 7 112 744 (2003 estimate), approximately one-third of which lives in the shanty town settlements around the city. The city is divided into 43 districts, which constitute the Lima Metropolitana (metropolitan Lima) area.
It has a very humid climate, with a mild summer (temperature rarely goes above 31° celsius), a humid but mild winter (temperature never below 13°, but with 100% humidity) and no rain worth mentioning. As a result, the sky is almost always overcast, and it is only in summer that the sky clears.
Lima was founded by Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535, becoming one of the main bases of Spanish power in Peru.
Notable buildings include the 16th century Cathedral at the main square, among other many churches in Downtown Lima.
And the original building of National University of Saint Mark,also known as Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos,which was built in 1551, the late 19th century building it is currently used mostly for official occasions, conferences and the odd public gathering.
Statue of Francisco Pizarro spanish conquistador mounted on its horse in Lima City Walls park
During the Spanish colonial era from the 16th century to the 19th century, Lima's cultural supremacy on all of South America was contested perhaps only by Bogota, and its architecture and political importance were equaled only by Mexico City.
An example of this cultural heritage can be seen on the remaining Lima City Walls, that was perfect example of medieval fortification which has been used by Spanish power to defend Lima from rally attacks from pirates and corsairs of the 16th and 17th centuries, among walls of its time , this fortification consisted in series of walls, gates, moats and cannons.
In 1746, the greater part of Lima was destroyed in an earthquake.
On April 22, 1997 a 126-day hostage crisis at the residence of the Japanese ambassador in Lima ended after government commandos stormed and captured the building rescuing 71 hostages. One hostage died of a heart attack after he was shot in the femoral vein; two soldiers were killed from rebel fire, and all 14 rebels were slain.
The city of Lima from the top of Cerro San Cristobal. The city's bullring, known as the Plaza de Acho is clearly visible, as is the river Rimac. The Pacific Ocean is visible in the distance.
In the last decade air pollution has risen to quite alarming levels, as no restrictions are allowed on the age or cleanliness of motor vehicles. Leaded petrol is still widely used.
Lima also has considerable industry: the main manufactures include textiles, paper, paint, and food products.
Lima's main passenger gateway for air travellers is Jorge Chavez International Airport.
Popular visitor sights include the upscale neighborhoods, Miraflores and San Isidro wards, which after all do not offer unique sights and would be rather common place in most developed midsized cities around the world; this provides a dramatic contrast to the shanty towns which cling to hillsides at the north and south end of Lima. The latter truly consitute quite something to behold. The colorfully monumental Plaza de Armas and the spectacular catacombs of Convento de San Francisco are also highly regarded. Many small beaches are situated by the southern highway, but beware the cold sea. Stay away from beaches North from Lima and in Lima itself, as the city's sewage is dumped raw into the ocean (near the city's Southern districts), and the sea current flows Northwards. In recent years the islands near the port of Callao has gained visitors' attention due to an important population of sea lions at Islas Palomino (Palomino Islands) (http://www.islaspalomino.com). Also, nice, sunny suburbs of Chosica and Cieneguilla wards provide a lot of greenery at a short distance.
see also: Geography of Peru