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Encyclopedia > Lilongwe
Location of Lilongwe in Malawi.
Location of Lilongwe in Malawi.

Lilongwe, estimated population 597,619 (2003 census), is the capital of Malawi. It lies in the country's central region, on the Lilongwe river, near the border of Malawi, Mozambique, and Zambia, and on the main north-south highway of Malawi, the M1. Lilongwe is located at 13°59′S, 33°47′E (-13.98333, 33.78333). [1] Image File history File links Malawi-Lilongwe. ... Image File history File links Malawi-Lilongwe. ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ...



The city started life as a small village on the banks of the Lilongwe river, and became a British colonial administrative centre at the beginning of the 20th century. Due to its location on the main north-south route through the country and the road to Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia), Lilongwe became the 2nd largest city in Malawi. In 1974, the capital of the country was formally moved from Zomba (the fourth largest city today in Malawi [1]) to Lilongwe. Although, Lilongwe is the official capital of Malawi and has grown immensely since 1974, most commercial activity takes place in Malawi's largest city, Blantyre. Recently, as part of political restructuring, the parliament has been shifted to Lilongwe and all parliament members are required to spend time in the new capital. Lilongwe is now the political centre of Malawi, but Blantyre remains the Economic capital. Zomba is a municipality in southern Malawi, in the Shire Highlands, with a population of 100,000 (2005 census). ... This article is about the location in Scotland. ...


As compared to other African capitals, Lilongwe is politically stable, safe, and quiet. Many European and South African expatriates live in Lilongwe, and many NGOs (Care International, Plan International, Concern, UNHCR, UNFAO, WFP, Population Services International, The UNC Project, World Camp), international aid organizations (Peace Corps, USAID, DFID), and international corporations, particularly tobacco-related firms, operate out of Lilongwe. As a result, most western visitors will find the city to be accommodating and friendly. Many coffee shops, cafes, bars, clubs, restaurants, and even a casino are located in Lilongwe. In Lilongwe, as opposed to rural Malawi, one can live, work, or vacation in a manner that most westerners would consider typical, if not luxurious. An expatriate (in abbreviated form expat) is someone temporarily or permanently in a country and culture other than that of their upbringing and/or legal residence. ... NGO is an abbreviation or code for: Non-governmental organization Nagoya Airport (IATA code) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... In computer science, a concern is a general term that refers to any particular piece of interest or focus in a program. ... Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) (established December 14, 1950) protects and supports refugees at the request of a government or the United Nations and assists in their return or resettlement. ... The World Food Programme (WFP) is an agency of the United Nations which distributes food commodities to support development projects, to long-term refugees and displaced persons and as emergency food assistance in situations of natural and man-made disasters. ... Population Services International (PSI): PSI is a nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C. that harnesses the vitality of the private sector to address the health problems of low-income and vulnerable populations in 70 developing countries. ... World Camp conducts educational day camps for children in developing countries. ... It has been suggested that Crisis corps be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Agency for International Development (or USAID) is the US government organization responsible for most non-military foreign aid. ... DFID is the United Kingdom Department for International Development, it is headed by the Secretary of State for International Development. ...

However, most of Lilongwe's Malawian citizens live on just a few dollars a day and many are unemployed. The population of Lilongwe has grown as villagers, including young orphaned children, from the surrounding rural areas have relocated to the capital in search of often non-existent jobs and the unattainable quality of life enjoyed by government officials, NGO and other international workers, and expatriates. Despite the highly visible class differences, most of the city's residents go about their lives in relative harmony. Street crime is uncommon, but begging and street hustling are not. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Beggars in Samarkand, 1905 Begging is the practice whereby a person obtains money, food, shelter or other things from people they encounter by request. ...

During the rainy season, between October and April, Lilongwe is muddy, humid, and hot. During the other months of the year, Lilongwe is dry and dusty. June and July are particularly cold and windy months.

Lilongwe is a hot-spot for the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Malawi. It is estimated that up to 20% of the urban population is HIV positive. Frighteningly, the Malawi National AIDS Commission reports that professionals, especially teachers and agricultural extension agents - many of whom travel between urban centers and rural villages, are dying faster than they can be replaced. [2] Also, the central region of Malawi is experiencing extreme deforestation. It is feared that rural citizens will have no access to wood for cooking fires, heating fires, and building materials by 2015. Problems with HIV/AIDS and deforestation are interrelated to the rapid population growth the city is currently experiencing. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


The city has many districts known as Areas. Areas are numbered, and range from one to fifty or more as the city grows - City Centre not being a numbered Area. The Areas are not necessarily consecutively numbered from one area to another.

Some Notable Areas are:

  • City Centre is by far the most modern, developed area of Lilongwe. Many banks (Stanbic - or Standard Chartered, National Bank of Malawi, NedBank, the Reserve Bank of Malawi), diplomatic missions, exclusive hotels (Sunbird Capital Hotel), airline offices (including South African Airlines, Ethiopian Airlines, British Airways, Kenya Airways) and international corporate offices are located in City Centre.
  • Area 2: Old Town (North of A1) - Closest to the city centre; thriving commercial district, frequented primarily by locals; clothing, local food, western-style groceries, car parts, building supplies, bicycles/bicycle accessories are available here; home to Lilongwe's main local market, two major mosques, and a sprawling mini-bus station.
  • Area 3 and Area 9: Old Town (West of A1) - West bank of the Lilongwe river; large, wealthy residential neighborhoods, expatriate bars, nice hotels, western style shopping and restaurants, private expatriate clinics (Moyo Wathanzi on Likuni Road - Dr. Huber of Amsterdam).
  • Area 47: Home to African Bible College, and its dependable, inexpensive missionary clinic which is typically staffed by American doctors. There is also a small stadium (Silver stadium). Children of the Nations is headquartered in African Bible College
  • Other medium to low density residential areas are Areas 6, 12, 11, 43, 10, 44. There are also areas 15, and 18 which are medium to high density. Area 15 in particular has about 250 bangalows and houses medium earners.
  • While the areas mentioned above are quite wealthy, safe, and modern, many citizens of Lilongwe live in sub-standard/non-permanent housing in a variety of Areas, often without electricity or running water.

Genera Many: see text The sunbirds and spiderhunters are very small passerine birds which feed largely on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding young. ... South African Airways (SAA), known simply as South African on their aircraft colour scheme, is South Africas largest domestic and international airline company. ... Ethiopian Airlines is an airline based in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. ... For the 1930s airline of similar name, see British Airways Ltd. ... Kenya Airways is the largest airline of Kenya in East Africa, and the fifth largest airline in Africa, behind (South African Airways, Egyptair, Air Algerie and Royal Air Maroc) . Kenya Airways operates more transcontinental flights than any other African airline. ... Nickname: Motto: Heldhaftig, Vastberaden, Barmhartig (Valiant, Determined, Compassionate) Location of Amsterdam Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province North Holland Government  - Mayor Job Cohen (PvdA)  - Aldermen Lodewijk Asscher Hennah Buyne Carolien Gehrels Tjeerd Herrema Maarten van Poelgeest Marijke Vos  - Secretary Erik Gerritsen Area [1][2]  - City 219 km²  (84. ... The subject of this article may not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ...


Lilongwe is served by Malawi Railways and Shire Bus Lines, and local buses and minibuses run between Old Town, City Centre, Kamuzu International Airport, and other urban centers, including Mzuzu and Blantyre. Taxis are available from hotels and a taxi rank on Presidential Way, North of City Centre Shopping Centre. Most major urban roads are severely congested, and most Malawians prefer, or are economically limited to, walking or travel by bicycle. Kamuzu International Airport, located about 35 km north of Lilongwe in the suburb of Lumdazi, offers local turbo-prop flights and flights on a number of major airlines to South Africa, Kenya, Dubai, and Ethiopia. Malawi Railways was the government organisation that ran railways in Malawi until privatisation, when Rail Development Corporation won the right to operate these trains. ... Lilongwe International Airport (also known as Kamuzu International Airport) is an airport in Lilongwe, Malawi (IATA: LLW, ICAO: FWKI). ... Mzuzu is the capital of Malawis Northern region and the third largest city in the country, with a population of 119,592 (2003). ... Coordinates: , Emirate Dubai Government  - Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Area [1]  - Metro 4,114 km² (1,588. ...


The main western-style shopping area is around Shoprite and the Nico Centre in Area 3, on the west bank of the Lilongwe river in Old Town. A newer, similar shopping center is located near the Mchinji round-about across from the Seven Eleven filling station - the Crossroads Shopping Center. Several internet cafes are located in and around these two shopping centres. Gifts and crafts can be bought from the post office craft market directly opposite the Nico Centre. To get a fair deal in the craft market, you must bargain hard. Pharmacies, bureau de changes and banks (including Stanbic and Malawi National Bank) are located throughout the city. ATM's which accept VISA cards are available at the banks mentioned above in City Centre and Area 3. It should be noted that almost any necessity can be purchased in Lilongwe, and many back-packers and overland travellers stop in Lilongwe to stock-up and enjoy city life for a few days. ShopRite, Shoprite, and Shop Rite are names of companies based in the United States, South Africa, and Australia, respectively. ... A Bureau de Change is an organisation or facility which allows customers to exchange one currency for another. ...


Gerke, W.J.C. & Viljoen, Charl J. Master Plan for Lilongwe the Capital City of Malawi (Johannesburg: Swan Publishing, 1968)


  1. ^ World Gazetteer: Malawi: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population

  Results from FactBites:
Lilongwe (297 words)
Capital of Malawi, on the Lilongwe River, lying on a plateau at an altitude of 1,100 m/3,600 ft; population (2001 est) 473,000.
With hydroelectric power from a dam on the Lilongwe River, it has become a centre for light industry, including engineering, clothes, and the processing of agricultural goods; tourism is also important.
Lilongwe began to function as the capital in 1975.
  More results at FactBites »



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