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Encyclopedia > Lihyan

Lihyan (Arabic:لحيان ) is an ancient Arab kingdom, it was located northwestern Arabia, and it is known for its Old North Arabian inscriptions dating to ca. the 6th to 4th centuries BC. Dedanite is used for the older phase of the history of this kingdom since their capital name was Dedan see(Biblical Dedan), which is now called Al-'Ula oasis located in northwestern Arabia, some 110 km southwest of Teima. Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... Languages Arabic other minority languages Religions Predomiantly Sunni Islam, as well as Shia Islam, Greek Orthodoxy, Greek Catholicism, Maronite, Alawite Islam, Druze, Ibadi Islam, and Judaism An Arab (Arabic: ) is any member of the Semitic group of people whose cultural, linguistic, and in certain cases, ancestral origins trace back to... The Arabic language family consists of The Arabic macrolanguage (ISO 639-3 ara), including the living varieties of Arabic as well as Classical Arabic and Standard Arabic. ... Dedan - low ground. ... The Al-`Ula oasis (also Al Ola, Arabic ; Biblical Dedan), some 110 km southwest of Tayma (380 km north of Medina) in northwestern Arabia was located at the incense route. ... Aramaic inscription from Tayma (6th century BC.) Tayma (Arabic: ; also transliterated Tema) is a large oasis with a long tradition of occupation, located in Saudi Arabia northeast of the Hijaz at the point where the trade route between Yathrib (Medina) and Dumah begins to cross the Nefud desert. ...


  • Lozachmeur, H (ed.) 1995. Présence arabe dans le croissant fertile avant l'Hégire. (Actes de la table ronde internationale Paris, 13 Novembre 1993). Paris: Éditions Recherche sur les Civilisations. pp. 148. ISBN 286538 2540. [1]
  • Werner Caskel, Lihyan und Lihyanisch (1954)
  • F.V. Winnett "A Study of the Lihyanite and Thamudic Inscriptions", University of Toronto Press, Oriental Series No. 3. [2]

See also

Qasr albint,Madain Saleh Madain Saleh ,(Arabic,مدائن صالح) also called Al-Hijr . ... The Thamud (Arabic: ثمود) were an early Arabian people. ... Safaitic is the name given to an Old North Arabian dialect, preserved in the form of inscriptions which are written in a type of South Semitic script. ... Petra, the Nabataean capital The Nabataeans, a people of ancient Arabia, whose settlements in the time of Josephus gave the name of Nabatene to the border-land between Syria and Arabia from the Euphrates to the Red Sea. ...

External links

  • http://www.mnh.si.edu/epigraphy/e_pre-islamic/lihyanite.htm

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Aramco ExPats - Reliving a Memory - Excerpts of Chapter 1 (1748 words)
That alphabet is now known to be Sabaean, in the variant called South Arabian.
Ansary (1981) notes minor differences in epigraphic styles and Ryckmans suggests Lihyanic (North Arabian) affinities for some of the inscriptions.
The ruins are on an alluvial plain impregnated with gypsum in front of the cliffs of the Tuwaiq escarpment, here somewhat lower than farther north, but still imposing.
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