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Encyclopedia > Ligature (musical instrument)
Two Selmer C85 120 mouthpieces with ligatures. On the left, a (well-used) silver Vandoren Optimum ligature (with interchangable plates), and on the right, a (very well-used) leather Rovner wrap-around ligature. Both are displayed without reeds.
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Two Selmer C85 120 mouthpieces with ligatures. On the left, a (well-used) silver Vandoren Optimum ligature (with interchangable plates), and on the right, a (very well-used) leather Rovner wrap-around ligature. Both are displayed without reeds.

A ligature is a device which holds a reed on to the mouthpiece of some woodwind instruments such as the saxophone and clarinet. On early clarinets the reed was instead secured by wrapping it with string, and this method is still preferred by most German clarinetists. Selmer is a town located in McNairy County, Tennessee. ... A reed is a thin strip of material which vibrates to make music. ... The mouthpiece of a woodwind instrument is that part of the instrument which is placed partly in the players mouth. ... A woodwind instrument is a musical instrument in which sound is produced by blowing through a mouthpiece against an edge or by a vibrating reed, and in which the pitch is varied by opening or closing holes in the body of the instrument. ... Saxophones of different sizes play in different registers. ... Two soprano clarinets: a Bâ™­ clarinet (left) and an A clarinet (right, with no mouthpiece). ...


Ligatures are most commonly made out of metal, such as brass, or of leather.


 
 

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