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Encyclopedia > Lifeguard
A lifeguard jumping into action.
A lifeguard jumping into action.

A lifeguard is an emergency service worker who is responsible for overseeing the safety of the users of a recreational water feature, such as a swimming pool, a water park, or a beach. Lifeguards are qualified strong swimmers, trained and certified in water rescue, first aid, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation and sometimes in the use of automated external defibrillators, oxygen administration and specialized equipment for airway management or aquatic rescue. Lifeguard may refer to: Lifeguard, an emergency service worker Lifeguard (comics), an X-Men character Life Guards (British Army), a British Army regiment Life Guards (Swedish Army), a Swedish Army regiment Leib Guard, a Russian Army regiment Lifeguard, a book by James Patterson Category: ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 693 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2640 × 2284 pixel, file size: 729 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 693 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2640 × 2284 pixel, file size: 729 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Emergency services are public services that deal with emergencies and other aspects of Public Safety. ... For other uses, see Safety (disambiguation). ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Fun at a water park A water park is an amusement park that features waterplay areas, such as water slides, splash pads, spraygrounds (water playgrounds), lazy rivers, or other recreational bathing environments. ... For other uses, see Beach (disambiguation). ... “Swimmer” redirects here. ... Rescue refers to operations that usually involve the saving of life, or prevention of injury. ... First aid is a series of simple, life-saving medical techniques that a non-doctor or layman can be trained to perform. ... CPR being performed Wikibooks First Aid has more about this subject: Basic Life Support Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency medical procedure for a victim of cardiac arrest or, in some circumstances, respiratory arrest. ... An automated external defibrillator, open and ready for pads to be attached An Automated External Defibrillator or AED is a portable electronic device that automatically diagnoses the potentially life threatening cardiac arrhythmias of ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia in a patient,[1] and is able to treat them by application...

Contents

Ocean lifeguard

Inflatable Rescue Boat
Inflatable Rescue Boat

On shore, an ocean lifeguard can typically be seen watching the water from an elevated chair or tower, or patrolling the water's edge on foot or with a four-wheel-drive vehicle. Some of the better equipped lifeguard services operate inflatable or rigid hulled patrol boats that can provide added support in the event of a rip current situation or other emergency. Additionally, some also have rowboats, and specially marked personal watercraft equipped with a rescue 'Sled' (a reinforced oversize bodyboard to bring victims onto) available to respond from the beach. Image File history File linksMetadata Lifeguard_irb. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Lifeguard_irb. ... A rip current is a strong flow of water returning seaward from the shore. ... Categories: Stub ... Bodyboarder getting major air at The Wedge A bodyboard, known in surfing slang as a sponge, is a form of surfboard consisting of a small roughly rectangular piece of foam, shaped to a hydrodynamic form. ...


An individual lifeguard tower will typically be staffed with one or two lifeguards responsible for a specific length of beach. Equipment used will vary depending on the area. This will normally include communications equipment and a well stocked first aid kit. Additional equipment may include a large long spine board, an oxygen resuscitator, an Automatic External Defibrillator (AED) or simple scuba diving equipment. A lifeguard vehicle or patrol boat will be equipped with two way radios and may also carry cardiac care medical equipment, an oxygen tank, and more advanced scuba gear. A long spine board is a medical device used for the scoop and transportation of patients, especially when a spine trauma is suspected. ... A resuscitator is a device using positive pressure to inflate the lungs of an unconscious person who is not breathing, in order to keep him oxygenated and alive. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Scuba diving is swimming underwater while using self-contained breathing equipment. ...


In some communities, the lifeguard service also carries out mountain rescues, or may function as the primary EMS provider. Emergency medical service (known by the acronym of EMS in the USA and Canada) is a branch of medicine that is performed in the field, pre-hospital, (i. ...


Lifeguard duties

Lifeguard on duty, Borkum in the North Sea
Lifeguard on duty, Borkum in the North Sea
Young lifeguard on beach
Young lifeguard on beach

A key part of any lifeguard's mission is the prevention of in-water (as well as on-land) incidents. Therefore, one of the most useful measures of the effectiveness of a lifeguard force is not the number or rapidity of rescues, or the skill with which they are executed, but the absence or reduction of drownings, accidents, and other medical emergencies. While the ability to save lives is of paramount importance to lifeguards, the ability to prevent life-threatening situations is nearly as important. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1884 × 1412 pixel, file size: 296 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to de. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1884 × 1412 pixel, file size: 296 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to de. ... Borkum photographed from a lighthouse Borkum is an island in the Leer District in Lower Saxony, northwestern Germany. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (579x1024, 124 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lifeguard Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (579x1024, 124 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lifeguard Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... A railing accidentally collapses at a college football game, spilling fans onto the sidelines An accident is something going wrong unexpectedly. ... A medical emergency is an injury or illness that poses an immediate threat to a persons health or life which requires help from a doctor or hospital. ...


Many young people in high school and college see lifeguarding as an enjoyable and rewarding part-time or summer job. Lifeguarding requires that one be constantly alert for any dangers to the patrons of the area under supervision. Like many other jobs, lifeguarding requires quick decision-making and communications skills. The primary duty of a waterpark, waterfront, or pool lifeguard is the safety of the patrons or swimmers. This primary duty includes water surveillance and rule enforcement, as well as rescues and first aid when required. Secondary duties include filling out incident report forms after accidents or injuries, ensuring safe and clean facilities are maintained, and in-service training to maintain lifeguarding skills. For other uses, see High school (disambiguation). ... College (Latin collegium) is a term most often used today to denote an educational institution. ...


While performing patron surveillance, usually from an elevated stand or a water-level standing or sitting position, lifeguards watch for unusual activities on the part of swimmers to recognise struggling swimmers, drowning swimmers, and swimmers with sudden medical conditions such as stroke, heart attack, asthma, diabetes, or seizures. While performing patron surveillance, lifeguards try to prevent drowning or other injury and death by looking for swimmers in these categories and conditions.

  1. Swimmers who are inactive in the water, submerged or otherwise (Passive drowning victim). When a lifeguard sees this kind of swimmer he performs an emergency rescue.
  2. Swimmers who are taking in water while attempting to stay at the surface (Active drowning victim). Lifeguards look for swimmers in this condition by looking for arms flailing vertically, with the body vertical and no supporting kick. This behavior is known as the instinctive drowning response. Lifeguards perform an emergency rescue to assist this kind of swimmer.
  3. Swimmers who have become tired and are having trouble swimming (Distressed swimmer) and may or may not be calling out for help. Lifeguards usually swim out and help these swimmers to the side. They may or may not require additional assistance.
  4. Normal swimmers (Healthy swimmers).

Problems may occur at any time, so a lifeguard must be in good physical and mental condition in order to pull someone from the water and possibly perform rescue breathing, CPR, or first aid. // Definition Rescue Breathing is a First Aid protocol which refers to the delivery of air from a person into a patient who has stopped breathing but continues to have a pulse. ... CPR being performed Wikibooks First Aid has more about this subject: Basic Life Support Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency medical procedure for a victim of cardiac arrest or, in some circumstances, respiratory arrest. ... First aid is a series of simple, life-saving medical techniques that a non-doctor or layman can be trained to perform. ...


Lifeguarding is not the same as instructing swim lessons, although (at pools) most lifeguards are instructors and vice versa.


Equipment

Lifeguards in different situations have to maintain, carry and be proficient in the use of several pieces of equipment. These pieces of equipment vary in type or style from establishment to establishment but are generally used in most establishments where lifeguards are employed.


Equipment carried by most lifeguards

The equipment carried by a lifeguard will be dictated by the conditions the lifeguard may encounter. Lifeguards at a pool may only have the equipment below, while an ocean lifeguard would also have swim fins, a paddle board, or even a personal water craft available to them.

A whistle is a one-note woodwind instrument which produces sound from a stream of forced air. ... For other meanings of CPR, see CPR (disambiguation). ... First aid kit of the French Army A first aid kit is a collection of supplies and equipment for use in giving first aid, particularly in a medical emergency. ... A rescue buoy or rescue tube is an essential part of the equipment that must be carried by lifeguards. ... A rescue buoy or rescue tube is an essential part of the equipment that must be carried by lifeguards. ...

Equipment stored at the establishment used by lifeguards

A long spine board is a medical device used for the scoop and transportation of patients, especially when a spine trauma is suspected. ... First aid kit of the French Army A first aid kit is a collection of supplies and equipment for use in giving first aid, particularly in a medical emergency. ... An automated external defibrillator, open and ready for pads to be attached An Automated External Defibrillator or AED is a portable electronic device that automatically diagnoses the potentially life threatening cardiac arrhythmias of ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia in a patient,[1] and is able to treat them by application... A megaphone, with a three-inch lighter to scale. ... General Name, symbol, number oxygen, O, 8 Chemical series nonmetals, chalcogens Group, period, block 16, 2, p Appearance colorless (gas) very pale blue (liquid) Standard atomic weight 15. ...

Lifeguards in different nations

Image File history File links Gnome-globe. ...

Australia

In Australia lifeguards are distinguished from Surf Life Savers. Lifeguards are paid employees who patrol beaches, lakes and pools/aquatic venues. Beach lifeguards are usually employed by local government authorities and patrol the beach throughout the year. Surf Lifesavers are a large voluntary organization that patrol beaches on weekends and public holidays during the warmer months (usually from mid-September to late April) and also perform public training of kids, the nippers, as well as competitions, such as surf carnivals or winter swimming events. Surf Ski Carnival in Alexandra Heads. ... Nippers in surf lifesaving are young Surf Lifesavers aged between 7 and 13 years old. ... Nippers marching at a surf carnival. ... Ice swimming is swimming in a body of water with a frozen crust of ice, which requires cutting a hole in the ice. ...


Canada

In Canada, all lifeguards are certified by the Lifesaving Society (previously incorporated in Ontario as the Royal Life Saving Society of Canada, currently as the Lifesaving Society), a nonprofit organization. The lifeguarding certification is the National Lifeguard Service, known as NLS, which was officially launched in 1964, according to the LSS website. NLS is the only nationally recognized lifeguarding certification in Canada.


The Canadian NLS program is split off into 4 separate specializations, or "options"; Pool, Waterpark, Waterfront and Surf. All candidates must complete the Core elements (which are basic lifeguarding skills and essential knowledge for lifeguarding any aquatic facility) in addition to the option-specific items. Because it is so easily found, the Pool option is the first option most lifeguards are certified in. The Waterpark option is the certification recommended to work at facilities with such things as wave pools and water slides. The waterfront option trains lifeguards for situations which can arise at beaches with calm water, on lakes or calm oceans, whereas the surf option trains lifeguards with techniques for locations which experience surf conditions quite regularly.


Germany

A member of the Wasserwacht observing a regatta
A member of the Wasserwacht observing a regatta

In Germany there exist two major organizations that train people in lifesaving. The bigger one is the DLRG, the largest aquatics life saving organization in the world, and the smaller one, Wasserwacht is part of the German Red Cross. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 752 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1542 × 1230 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 752 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1542 × 1230 pixel, file size: 1. ... Logo of the DLRG Rescueboat of the DLRG A German lifeguard A rescue station of the DLRG The Deutsche Lebens-Rettungs-Gesellschaft e. ... Logo of the Wasserwacht The Wasserwacht (IPA: ) is a German lifeguard service. ... The German Red Cross (German: Deutsches Rotes Kreuz) is the national Red Cross Society of the Federal Republic of Germany. ...


Italy

In Italy Lifeguard are certified by the Italian Swimming Federation and the National Life Saving Society (Società Nazionale di Salvamento). All the Diplomas are recognized everywhere in Italy and in Europe. Differences exist between pool, lakes and sea diplomas. Federazione Italiana Nuoto The Italian Swimming Federation (Italian: ) founded in 1899 is the major Swimming Federation in Italy, it brings together more than 1200 clubs. ...


New Zealand

In New Zealand the term lifeguard generally refers to pool lifeguards but can be used interchangeably with lifesaver. These are qualified paid professionals employed by the pool management to watch over pool users. Surf Life Saving New Zealand (SLSNZ) is responsible for training and maintaining Surf Lifesaving in New Zealand. Surf Lifesavers patrol various beaches in New Zealand. Lifesavers are able to sit their Bronze Medallion which qualifies them as a volunteer Surf Lifeguards. Volunteers patrol New Zealand's beaches on weekends over the summer months from Labour Day to around Easter. Paid Lifeguards patrol beaches during the week over the busiest summer months. They also come under the control of SLSNZ. Surf Life Saving New Zealand (SLSNZ) is the organisation that controls surf lifesaving in New Zealand. ... // In New Zealand and Australia you must gain your Bronze Medallion in order to become a qualified Surf Lifesaver. ...


United Kingdom and Ireland

Pool Lifeguards

In the United Kingdom, there are two bodies that train Lifeguards. The Royal Life Saving Society UK (RLSS UK) and the Swimming Teachers Association (STA); who train the National Pool Lifeguard Qualification (NPLQ) and the National Aquatic Rescue Standard (NaRS) (this qualification is becoming less important and fewer employers accept it as an appropriate qualification) respectively. The RLSS trains the vast majority of pool Lifeguards in the UK. The course studied lasts a minimum of 38 hours, and is made up of two units - both of which must be completed. The qualification is valid for two years from the date of assessment. A minimum of 20 hours training must be logged in those two years for the individual to be eligible to submit for a renewal examination. The employer of the lifeguard must also provide a minimum of 1 hour of training per month to comply with HSE guidelines. The NPLQ can be trained with the addition of a module in the use of a long spine board a specialist piece of rescue equipment designed for immobilizing a casualty suspected of suffering a Spinal Cord injury. A long spine board is a medical device used for the scoop and transportation of patients, especially when a spine trauma is suspected. ... The Spinal cord nested in the vertebral column. ...


In Northern Ireland and Ireland the NPLQ is the qualification of choice of the leisure industry. Northern Ireland (Irish: ) is a part of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... The National Pool Lifeguard Qualification (NPLQ) is the standard qualification needed to become a lifeguard in the United Kingdom and Ireland . ...


Beach Lifeguards

The Royal Lifesaving Society UK offers training and assessment for the National Beach Lifeguard Qualification (NBLQ). There are currently approximately 700 newly qualified lifeguards each year (in addition to those who renew their qualification). This qualification is currently on version 3.1 and is valid for two years from the date of the assessment. There are a variety of "specialist modules" that can be added to the basic qualification, these include; VHF Radio Operator; Personal Water Craft PWC, Rescue Surf Skills, Paddlecraft Rescue, Rescue Boat (Crew), Rescue Boat (Helm), AED and CPR Oxygen Administration. Very high frequency (VHF) is the radio frequency range from 30 MHz to 300 MHz. ... PWC Initialism PricewaterhouseCoopers or PwC - a global professional services company Prince of Wales College - a defunct university college in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... An automated external defibrillator, open and ready for pads to be attached An Automated External Defibrillator or AED is a portable electronic device that automatically diagnoses the potentially life threatening cardiac arrhythmias of ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia in a patient,[1] and is able to treat them by application... For other meanings of CPR, see CPR (disambiguation). ...


There is currently a drive by the Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI) to provide well funded beach lifeguards, which currently focusses on the South Coast, with plans to roll out nationally in the next few years. Swanage lifeboat being winched up its slipway The Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI) is a charity based in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland dedicated to saving lives at sea around the coasts of Great Britain and Ireland. ...


United States

In the United States there are six nationally recognized organizations that certify lifeguards. The American Red Cross (ARC) and its Lifeguard Training Program, the YMCA, Starfish Aquatics Institute (StarGuard), Ellis & Associates, and NASCO. The standard in open water surf training is the United States Lifesaving Association. A WWII-era poster encouraged American women to volunteer for the Red Cross as part of the war effort. ... Not to be confused with YWCA. This article is about the association. ...


In Jacksonville, Florida. There is a volunteer lifegaurd organiztation known as the American Red Cross Volunteer Life Saving Corps (ARCVLSC). The ARCVLS has 120 members that volunteer every sunday and holiday, originally the ARCVLSC was a completely volunteer organization. The ARCVLSC was chartered by the American red Cross on April 17th, 1914.


Lifeguard Competitions

Continuous training is necessary to maintain lifeguarding skills and knowledge. Formal competitions have developed as a way to encourage training, and also as a social activity. In Australia, the annual Surf Lifesaving competition at Kurrawa Beach on the Gold Coast is the largest athletic event in the world after the Olympic Games with tens of thousands of Lifesavers competing. Lifeguard competitions include both physical events and technical (medical) events. Technical events are challenging accident simulations in which guards are evaluated on their adherence to treatment standards. These events are a subject of controversy amongst some lifeguards due to their subjectivity. Purely physical competitions have recently become more popular, often including various combinations of running, swimming, paddleboard, and surf ski. Most lifeguard competitions include an Ironman event that combines three different physical activities. The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ... The sport of Ironman was developed in 1964 in Australia to combine the four main disciplines of surflifesaving into a single race- swimming, board paddling, ski paddling and running. ...

Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...

Lifeguards in popular culture

In popular culture, such as film or television, lifeguards are afforded a high status, often that of a "hero." A primary example is the show Baywatch, which was at one time the most viewed show in the world (although not in the United States, where it first aired). The 1975 dramatic film Lifeguard, starring Sam Elliott, takes a serious look at the life of one professional. Baywatch was a popular American television series about the Los Angeles County Lifeguards who patrol the crowded beaches of Los Angeles County, California. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Samuel Pack Elliott (born August 9, 1944) is an American film and television actor. ...


Specific cultural perceptions of lifeguards include:

  • Association with youth, linked to the tendency of guards to be younger. Older guards are often typecast as beach bums.
  • Association with surf culture.
  • Rite-of-passage jobs, linked again to the tendency of teenagers working part-time as guards, but moving onto different professions.

Perhaps one of the most widespread connotations raised by lifeguards is sexual in nature (several polls revealed that "lifesaver" was considered one of the "sexiest" professions)[1]. This is often linked to the sexual overtones of resuscitation as well as the physical fitness required to work as a lifeguard. Beach bum is a subculture. ... // Surf culture is the culture surrounding the sport of modern surfing. ... Human sexuality is the expression of sexual feelings. ... For other meanings of CPR, see CPR (disambiguation). ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Lifeguards

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... First aid is a series of simple, life-saving medical techniques that a non-doctor or layman can be trained to perform. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... For other uses, see Beach (disambiguation). ... A Canadian firefighter A firefighter or fireman is trained and equipped to extinguish fires. ... The Star of Life, a globally recognised symbol for emergency medical services A paramedic is a medical professional, usually a member of the emergency medical service, who responds to medical and trauma emergencies in the pre-hospital environment, provides emergency treatment and, when appropriate, transports a patient to definitive care...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
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