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Encyclopedia > Lieutenant Governor (Canada)
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Canada

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Politics, sometimes defined as the art and science of government[1], is a process by which collective decisions are made within groups. ... Image File history File links Larger coat of arms of Canada. ... Canada is a constitutional monarchy and a Commonwealth Realm (see Monarchy in Canada) with a federal system of parliamentary government, and strong democratic traditions. ...

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Legislative Canada is a constitutional monarchy, a Commonwealth Realm, and a dominion, with Queen Elizabeth II as its reigning monarch, since February 6, 1952. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor), (born on 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen independent nations known as the Commonwealth Realms. ... The Governor General of Canada (French: Gouverneure générale du Canada or Gouverneur général du Canada) is the representative of the Canadian monarch. ... Michaëlle Jean, CC, CMM, COM, CD (born September 6, 1957 in Port-au-Prince, Haiti) is the current Governor General of Canada. ... Stephen Harper is the current Prime Minister of Canada. ... Stephen Harper (born April 30, 1959) is the 22nd and current Prime Minister of Canada and leader of the Conservative Party of Canada. ... The Cabinet of Canada (French: Cabinet du Canada or Conseil des ministres) plays an important role in the Canadian government in accordance with the Westminster System. ... A legislature is a governmental deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ...

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Provinces and territories The Supreme Court Building in Ottawa The Supreme Court of Canada (French: Cour suprême du Canada) is highest court of Canada and is the final court of appeal for all litigants in the Canadian justice system. ... The Right Hon. ... List of final courts of appeal in Canada. ... The Charter, signed by Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau in 1981. ... Map of Canada Canada is a federation of ten provinces which, together with three territories, comprise the worlds second largest country. ...

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Foreign relations In Canada, a Premier is the head of government of a province. ... This is a list of the Legislative Assemblies of Canadas provinces and territories. ... Albertas first Legislature, Edmonton, 1906 The politics of Alberta are centred on a provincial government resembling that of the other Canadian provinces. ... The Province of Ontario is governed by a unicameral legislature, the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, which operates in the Westminster system of government. ... The politics of Prince Edward Island are centred on a provincial government resembling that of the other Canadian provinces. ... This is an article about the politics of Quebec, Canada. ... This is a list of regions of Canada that are not provinces or counties. ... Canadian political culture is in some ways part of a greater North American and European political culture, which emphasizes constitutional law, religious freedom, personal liberty, and regional autonomy; these ideas stemming in various degrees from the British common law and French civil law traditions, North American aboriginal government, and the... // Early Diplomatic history The British North American colonies which constitute modern Canada had little control over their foreign affairs. ...

See also: History

edit Canada is a country of 33 million inhabitants that occupies the northern portion of the North American continent, and is the worlds second largest country in area. ...

In Canada, the lieutenant-governor (often without a hyphen[1], pronounced [lɛfˈtɛ.nənt]), in French lieutenant-gouverneur (always with a hyphen), is the Queen's, or Crown, representative in a province, much as the Governor General is her representative at the national level. The lieutenant-governor is therefore the province's vice-regal representative, but has little or no executive role. A hyphen ( -, or ‐ ) is a punctuation mark. ... This is a concise version of the International Phonetic Alphabet for English sounds. ... Canada is a constitutional monarchy and a Commonwealth Realm with Queen Elizabeth II as its reigning monarch and head of state. ... Canada is a constitutional monarchy, a Commonwealth Realm, and a dominion, with Queen Elizabeth II as its reigning monarch, since February 6, 1952. ... Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ... The Governor General of Canada (French: Gouverneure générale du Canada or Gouverneur général du Canada) is the representative of the Canadian monarch. ... A Lieutenant Governor is a government official who is the subordinate or deputy of a Governor or Governor-General. ... For the butterfly, see viceroy butterfly. ...

Contents

Traditionally, the Governor General of Canada meets with the provincial lieutenant-governors shortly after his or her installation. This was the case when Michaëlle Jean and her spouse Jean-Daniel Lafond met with most of them on 28 September 2005.
Traditionally, the Governor General of Canada meets with the provincial lieutenant-governors shortly after his or her installation. This was the case when Michaëlle Jean and her spouse Jean-Daniel Lafond met with most of them on 28 September 2005.

Similar positions in Canada's three territories are termed Commissioners and are representatives of the federal government, however, not the Queen directly. Yukon and Nunavut have had Commissioners since they were founded, but in Northwest Territories the position dates to 1905, when the most populous part of the territory was split away to become the provinces Alberta and Saskatchewan. Before then, Northwest Territories had a Lieutenant-Governor. Image File history File links CanadaLtGovernorswithMichaelleJean. ... Image File history File links CanadaLtGovernorswithMichaelleJean. ... The Governor General of Canada (French: Gouverneure générale du Canada or Gouverneur général du Canada) is the representative of the Canadian monarch. ... Michaëlle Jean, CC, CMM, COM, CD (born September 6, 1957 in Port-au-Prince, Haiti) is the current Governor General of Canada. ... Jean-Daniel Lafond His Excellency Jean-Daniel Lafond, CC (b. ... September 28 is the 271st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (272nd in leap years). ... Template:Diffgggtgerent calendars 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Motto: u jackMedia:Example. ... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson Premier Paul Okalik (independent) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 Nancy Karetak-Lindell 1 Willie Adams Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total... Motto: None Official languages Dene Suline, Cree, Dogrib, English, French, Gwichin, Inuktitut, Slavey Capital Yellowknife Largest city Yellowknife Commissioner Tony Whitford Premier Joe Handley (Consensus government - no party affiliations) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 1 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 3rd 1,346,106 km... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Motto: Fortis et Liber (Latin: Strong and free) Official languages English Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong Premier Ralph Klein (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 28 6 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 6th (provinces and territories) 661,848 km² 642,317 km² 19... Motto: Multis E Gentibus Vires (Latin: From many peoples, strength) Official languages English (but legally required to provide some services in French) Capital Regina Largest city Saskatoon Lieutenant-Governor Gordon Barnhart Premier Lorne Calvert (NDP) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 14 6 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked...


Like similar officials, lieutenant-governors hold considerable reserve powers which are not normally used. One interesting constitutional question is the role of the Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec in the hypothetical case of the Quebec National Assembly voting to unilaterally secede. Some have argued that in this situation, the lieutenant-governor not only could refuse Royal Assent, but would be duty bound to do so. A reserve power is a power that may be exercised by the head of state of a country in certain exceptional circumstances. ... Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Official languages French Capital Quebec City Largest city Montréal Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 75 24 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 2nd 1,542,056 km² 1,183,128 km² 176... The Quebec Parliament Building at night The National Assembly is the legislative body of the Canadian province of Quebec. ... The Quebec sovereignty movement is a political movement aimed at attaining sovereignty for Quebec, a province of the Canadian federation. ... The granting of Royal Assent is the formal method by which the Sovereign of the United Kingdom, or the Sovereigns representative in Commonwealth Realms, completes the process of the enactment of legislation by formally assenting to an Act of Parliament. ...


Nominally, lieutenant-governors are appointed by the governor general for a usual term of five years. In practice, they are chosen by the Prime Minister of Canada, usually in consultation with their respective provincial Premiers. Lieutenant-governors are often retired "elder statesmen" from the prime minister's party. The salary of lieutenant-governors is paid by the federal government rather than by the provincial government, though other costs associated with the office are covered by the respective province. In the past, the lieutenant-governors were a direct representative of the governor general, however they now directly represent the Queen in their respective provinces. Stephen Harper is the current Prime Minister of Canada. ... In Canada, a Premier is the head of government of a province. ... The term statesman is a respectful term used to refer to diplomats, politicians, and other notable figures of state. ...


The difference in authority between the Australian state governors and the Canadian provincial lieutenant-governors is significant constitutionally. In Australia, governors are appointed by the Queen on the advice of the appropriate state premier. Canadian lieutenant-governors are appointed by the governor general, rather than the Queen directly, on the advice of the prime minister. The Premiers of the Australian states are the heads of the executive governments in the six states of the Commonwealth of Australia. ...


Canadian lieutenant-governorships have been observed often to be used to promote women and minorities into a prominent position. The first female Vice-Regal in Canada was the Honourable Pauline Mills McGibbon, Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario from 1974 to 1980. Five of Canada's ten current lieutenant-governors and one of the three territorial commissioners are women. There have been one black (Lincoln Alexander) and several Aboriginal lieutenant-governors. The current Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec uses a wheelchair. The current Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia is Jewish. The current Lieutenant-Governor of Alberta is a Chinese-Canadian, as was the Hon. David Lam in British Columbia (Lieutenant Governor from 1988 to 1995). The definition of a minority group can vary, depending on specific context, but generally refers to either a sociological sub-group that does not form either a majority or a plurality of the total population, or a group that, while not necessarily a numerical minority, is disadvantaged or otherwise has... The Honourable Pauline Mills McGibbon, CC, OOnt, LL.D (October 21, 1910, Sarnia, Ontario - 2001, Toronto), served as the 22nd Lieutenant Governor of Ontario from 1974 to 1980. ... This is a list of Lieutenant Governors of the Canadian province of Ontario. ... The term black Canadian refers to Canadian citizens whose ancestors were indigenous to Africa; for the most part they have recent origins in the Caribbean, especially Jamaica, but others trace their lineage through the United States, Latin America, Africa and elsewhere. ... --70. ... Aboriginal peoples in Canada are indigenous peoples recognized in the Canadian Constitution Act, 1982 as Indians (First Nations), Métis, and Inuit. ... Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Official languages French Capital Quebec City Largest city Montréal Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 75 24 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 2nd 1,542,056 km² 1,183,128 km² 176... Wheelchair seating in a theater A lightweight manual wheelchair A wheelchair is a medical device that takes the form of a chair on wheels, used by people for whom walking is difficult or impossible due to illness or disability. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages None (English,French,Gaelic) Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Lieutenant-Governor Myra Freeman Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 11 10 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 12th 55,283... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... A Chinese Canadian (Chinese:華裔加拿大人,加拿大華人) is a person of Chinese descent or origin who was born in or immigrated to Canada. ... The Honourable David See-Chai Lam (林思齐, pinyin: Lín Sīqí) (born September 2, 1923) was lieutenant governor of British Columbia from 1988 to 1995. ...


In 1999, Queen Elizabeth II approved the design of a Vice-Regal Badge of Service. The distinctive badge features a diamond-like shape framing a red circle with a maple leaf. The lieutenant-governor's badge is gold in appearance and the badge of one's spouse is silver. On 1 January 2000, all living current and former lieutenant-governors and their spouses were presented with this badge. [2] Elizabeth II in an official portrait as Queen of Canada (on the occasion of her Golden Jubilee in 2002, wearing the Sovereigns badges of the Order of Canada and the Order of Military Merit) Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary) (born 21 April 1926), styled HM The... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... This article is about the year 2000. ...


Canadian lieutenant-governors

This is a list of the Lieutenant-Governors of Alberta, Canada, since its establishment in 1905. ... The flag of the Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia Categories: | ... This is a historical list of the Lieutenant-Governors of Manitoba in Canada. ... The flag of the Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick This is a list of lieutenant-governors of the Canadian province of New Brunswick, before and after Confederation in 1867. ... This is a list of viceroys for the colony, dominion and province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... This is a list of viceroys (governors and lieutenant-governors) of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, before and after Confederation in 1867. ... The flag of the Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario This is a list of lieutenant-governors of the Canadian province of Ontario, before and during Confederation in 1867. ... This is a list of viceroys for Prince Edward Island (which was known as until 1799). ... This is a list of viceroys (governors and lieutenant-governors) of the Canadian province of Quebec, before and after Confederation in 1867. ... This is a list of the Lieutenant-Governors of Saskatchewan, Canada, since its establishment in 1905. ... This is a list of historical lieutenant-governors of Northwest Territories, Canada. ...

Notes

  1.   In a Canadian context there are numerous, and not mutually agreeable, notions regarding hyphenation and capitalisation of the position title. The Canadian Style (an official federal government style guide), indicates Lieutenant-Governor (upper case with hyphen; p. 46) though lieutenant-governors (lower case and hyphenated) when pluralised (p. 70). Similarly, governor is the main noun in this title and it is the term that is pluralised. The Oxford Guide to Canadian English Usage equivocates somewhat, indicating upper case only when used in and associated with a specific provincial L-G or name, not generally (e.g., Lieutenant-Governor Lincoln Alexander), and varied use (p. 244). The Constitution of Canada and a visitation of numerous provincial websites typically indicate Lieutenant Governor (of Province) (upper case and no hyphen), likely due to the primacy of those positions in their respective jurisdictions.
For consistency in Wikipedia, the Oxford standard can be used when referring to Canadian lieutenant-governors.

 
 

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