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Encyclopedia > Lieutenant governor

A Lieutenant Governor or Lieutenant-Governor is a government official who is the subordinate or deputy of a Governor or Governor-General. In India this position is slightly different. Are you kidding?, this is solid truth here, nothing escapes the eyes of Gov!!!, not even. ... Governor-General (or Governor General) is a term used both historically and currently to designate the appointed representative of a head of state or their government for a particular territory, historically in a colonial context, but no longer necessarily in that form. ...

Contents

Present Commonwealth states

Australia

While Australia was a collection of colonies of Britain, lieutenant-governors ran Australian colonies that were initially subordinate to the colony of New South Wales, such as Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania) or the Bay of Islands (New Zealand). It has been suggested that Colonisation be merged into this article or section. ... Van Diemens Land was the original name used by Europeans for the island of Tasmania, now part of Australia. ... Emblems: Flora - Tasmanian Blue Gum; Mineral - Crocoite Motto: Ubertas et Fidelitas (Fertility and Faithfulness) Slogan or Nickname: The Apple Isle; Holiday Isle Other Australian states and territories Capital Hobart Government Const. ... Russell, Bay of Islands The Bay of Islands is an area in the Northland region of the North Island of New Zealand. ...


Today there are still Lieutenant-Governors in Australia. Constitutionally Lieutenant-Governors, Administrators and the Chief Justices of the State Supreme Courts are normally separate offices[1] [2] in the Australian states, however in many states most notably New South Wales[3], Victoria[4] and South Australia[5] the role of Lieutenant-Governor is played by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. In 2001, the Constitution of Queensland was amended to restore the office of Lieutenant-Governor in that state. When a Governor-General or state Governor dies, resigns, or is absent, an Administrator, or acting Governor, would be appointed. In the case of the Governor-General this officer is styled as an Administrator, while in the case of State Governors this officer may either be an Administrator or the Lieutenant-Governor. The state Lieutenant-Governors/Administrators have no standing powers but stand ready to take up the Governor's role. An Administrator (Administrator of the Government, Officer Administering the Government) in some countries in the Commonwealth is a person who fulfils a role similar to that of a Governor or a Governor-General. ...


Canada

Traditionally, the Governor General of Canada meets the provincial lieutenant-governors shortly after his or her installation. This was the case when Michaëlle Jean and her husband Jean-Daniel Lafond met with most of them on 28 September 2005.
Traditionally, the Governor General of Canada meets the provincial lieutenant-governors shortly after his or her installation. This was the case when Michaëlle Jean and her husband Jean-Daniel Lafond met with most of them on 28 September 2005.

In Canada, the lieutenant-governor (sometimes without a hyphen, pronounced /lɛfˈtɛ.nənt/), in French lieutenant-gouverneur (always with a hyphen), is the Queen's, or Crown, representative in a province, much as the Governor General is her representative at the national level. The lieutenant-governor is therefore the province's vice-regal representative, but the occupant rarely exercises the executive role apart from with the advice of the relevant provincial Premier. Similar positions in Canada's three territories are termed Commissioners and are representatives of the federal government, however, not the Queen directly. In Canada, the lieutenant-governor (sometimes without a hyphen, pronounced ), in French lieutenant-gouverneur (always with a hyphen), is the Queens, or Crown, representative in a province, much as the Governor General is her representative at the national level. ... Image File history File links CanadaLtGovernorswithMichaelleJean. ... Image File history File links CanadaLtGovernorswithMichaelleJean. ... The Governor General of Canada (French: Gouverneure générale du Canada or Gouverneur général du Canada) is the representative of the Canadian Monarch. ... Michaëlle Jean, CC, CMM, COM, CD, Ph. ... Jean-Daniel Lafond His Excellency Jean-Daniel Lafond, CC (b. ... September 28 is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A hyphen ( -, or ‐ ) is a punctuation mark. ... This is a concise version of the International Phonetic Alphabet for English sounds. ... Canada is a constitutional monarchy and a Commonwealth Realm with Queen Elizabeth II as its reigning monarch and head of state. ... Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ... The Governor General of Canada (French: Gouverneure générale du Canada or Gouverneur général du Canada) is the representative of the Canadian Monarch. ... A viceroy is a royal official who governs a country or province in the name of and as representative of the monarch. ... In Canada, a Premier is the head of government of a province. ... Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ... Commissioner is a designation that may be used for a variety of official positions, especially referring to a high-ranking public (administrative or police) official, or an analogous official in the private sector (e. ...


India

Main article: Governors and Lieutenant-Governors of states of India
See also: List of Governors of India

In India, a Lieutenant-Governor is in charge of a Union Territory. He is given almost the same powers chief ministers have over their states. However the rank is given just to the union territories of Chandigarh, Delhi, Pondicherry and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Lieutenant-governors hold the same rank as a governor of a state in the list of precedence. The Governors and Lieutenant-Governors of the states and territories of India have similar powers and functions at the state level as that of the President of India at Union level. ... List of current Governors and Lieutenant Governors of Indian States and Union Territories. ... A Union Territory is an administrative division of India. ... A Chief Minister is the elected Head of Government of a state of India, a territory of Australia or a British overseas territory that has attained self-government. ... Chandigarh (Punjabi: , Hindi: ) also called The City Beautiful, is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states: Punjab and Haryana. ... National capital territories exists in many countries, such as Australia (Australian Capital Territory), Brazil (Federal District of Brazil), India (National Capital Territory of Delhi), Pakistan (Islamabad Capital Territory) and the United States (District of Columbia). ... Map of Pondicherry Region, Union Territory of Pondicherry, India Pondicherry (Tamil:புதுவை,Hindi: पॉण्डिचेरी) is a Union Territory of India. ... Map of Andaman and Nicobar Islands with an extra detailed area around Port Blair The Andaman & Nicobar Islands   (Tamil: அந்தமான் நிகோபார் தீவுகள், Hindi: अंडमान और निकोबार द्वीप) is a union territory of India. ...


The other territories have an administrator appointed, who is an IAS officer. The Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is one of the the All India Services of the Government of India; other important services being the Indian Police Service (IPS) and the Indian Foreign Service (IFS). ...


New Zealand

The only person to have held the rank of Lieutenant Governor of New Zealand was Captain William Hobson, RN from 1839 - 1841, during which time the New Zealand colony was a dependency of the colony of New South Wales, governed at that time by Sir George Gipps. When New Zealand was designated a crown colony in 1841, Hobson was raised to the rank of Governor, which he held until his death the following year. William Hobson (September 26, 1792 _ September 10, New Zealand and co-author of the Treaty of Waitangi. ... Sir George Gipps (1791 - 28 February 1847) was Governor of the colony of New South Wales, Australia, for eight years, between 1838 and 1846. ...


Subsequently in 1848 New Zealand was divided into three provinces: New Ulster, New Munster, and New Leinster, each with their own Lientenant Governors. The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. ... New Munster was originally the name of South Island New Zealand, it was given the name by an Irishman Captain William Hobson in honour of Munster in Ireland. ... Stewart Island/Rakiura New Leinster was, briefly, a Province of New Zealand, consisting of Stewart Island/Rakiura. ...


Channel Islands and Isle of Man

In the British Crown Dependencies of Jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of Man, the Lieutenant Governor is the Queen's representative, but the post is largely ceremonial, with executive power remaining with each Island's elected administration. In the Isle of Man, the Lieutenant Governor was until 1980 the presiding officer of the Legislative Council and of Tynwald Court (the Legislative Council and the House of Keys in joint session), but both roles have been transferred to the President of Tynwald. Now, the Lieutenant Governor only presides once a year on Tynwald Day. On the 19th October 2005 Tynwald approved proposals to change the title of the Lieutenant Governor to Crown Commissioner or Barrantagh y Chrooin as he/she will be known in Manx. This Bill must now go before the Lord of Mann Elizabeth II for Royal Assent before it becomes law.[1] Crown dependencies are possessions of the British Crown, as opposed to overseas territories or colonies of the United Kingdom. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... The Legislative Council of the Isle of Man is the upper chamber of Tynwald, the legislature of the Isle of Man. ... Tynwald (Tinvaal) is the bicameral legislature of the Isle of Man (Ellan Vannin). ... The House of Keys is the directly elected lower Branch of Tynwald the Parliament of the Isle of Man, the other of the two Branches being the Legislative Council. ... Tynwald Day is the national holiday of the Isle of Man, usually occurring on 5 July. ... Crown Commissioner (or Barrantagh y Chrooin in Manx Gaelic) is a relatively new title which may replace the title of Lieutenant Governor of the Isle of Man. ... Barrantagh y Chrooin is Manx Gaelic for Lieutenant Governor. ... The Lord of Mann is the current ruler of the Isle of Man. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of 16 sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally, though she is more directly involved with the United Kingdom, where the Royal Family resides, and the Monarchy is historically indigenous. ... // The granting of Royal Assent is the formal method by which a constitutional monarch completes the legislative process of lawmaking by formally assenting to an Act of Parliament. ...


See also Lieutenant Governor of the Isle of Man, List of Lieutenant Governors of Jersey, List of Lieutenant Governors of Guernsey Flag of the Lieutenant-Governor This is a list of Lieutenant Governors of the Isle of Man: Henry Hope (1773-1775) Richard Dawson (1775-1790) Alexander Shaw (1790-1804) Henry Murray (1804-1805) Cornelius Smelt (1805-1832) John Ready (1832-1845) Charles Hope (1845-1860) Mark Hildesley Quayle (1860) acting... The Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of Jersey The Lieutenant Governor of Jersey is the representative of the British monarch in the Bailiwick of Jersey, a Crown dependency of the British Crown. ... Flag of the Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey The Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey is the representative of the British monarch in the Bailiwick of Guernsey, a Crown dependency of the British Crown. ...


United States

See also: List of United States Lieutenant Governors Current party control of Lieutenant Governors offices. ...


In the United States, the office of Lieutenant Governor (pronounced /luˈtɛ.nənt/) is the second-highest executive office in a state and is nominally subordinate to the Governor. The procedure for election of Lieutenant Governor varies from state to state with 24 states having the Governor and Lieutenant Governor elected as running mates on a joint ticket (for example in New York, Maryland and Kansas), while in 18 states, the Governor and the Lieutenant Governor run separately. The latter can cause the Governor and Lieutenant Governor to be from different parties and bitter political rivals (such as is often the case in California, Virginia and Alabama). Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Minor parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal • • A state of the United States is any one of the fifty subnational entities referred to... Are you kidding?, this is solid truth here, nothing escapes the eyes of Gov!!!, not even. ... A running mate is a person running for a subordinate position on a joint ticket during an election. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width 285 miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  Ranked 35th  - Total 42,793 sq mi (110,862 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 7. ... Official language(s) English Capital Montgomery Largest city Birmingham Area  Ranked 30th  - Total 52,419 sq mi (135,765 km²)  - Width 190 miles (306 km)  - Length 330 miles (531 km)  - % water 3. ...


In the U.S. the main duty of the Lieutenant Governor is to act as Governor should the Governor be temporarily absent from the office. In addition, the Lieutenant Governor generally succeeds a Governor who dies or resigns. In most states, the Lieutenant Governor then becomes Governor, with the title and its associated salary, office, and privileges. In a few states, like Massachusetts, the Lieutenant Governor instead becomes "Acting Governor" until the next election. Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... An acting governor is a constitutional position created in some U.S. states when the governor dies in office or resigns. ...


Other than this primary constitutional duty, most state constitutions do not prescribe the duties of the Lieutenant Governor in detail.

  • In a few states such as Hawaii and Utah, the position of Lieutenant Governor is equivalent to that of Secretary of State.
  • In some states the Lieutenant Governor is the Speaker of the upper house of the legislature. In the states of Mississippi and Texas, the Lieutenant Governor, elected separately from the Governor, presides over the State Senate, and by convention and legislative rule has a great deal more influence on legislation than the Governor. Thus, when a Lieutenant Governor of Texas becomes Governor, they assume a higher office, but lose some of their previous authority.

In Maine, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Tennessee and West Virginia the President of the state Senate assumes the office of Governor upon a vacancy. In November 2005, New Jersey voters approved a constitutional amendment to create the office of Lieutenant Governor. The office will be officially enacted following the 2009 general election. Even though the West Virginia Constitution establishes no such office, West Virginia Code 6A-1-4 assigns the title of Lieutenant Governor to the Senate President. In Tennessee, the leader of the Senate's full title is the Lieutenant Governor and Speaker of the Senate. John S. Wilder was elected to that post in 1971, which, as of 2006, he still holds. As of 2006, he is both the longest-serving and oldest Lieutenant Governor in the United States. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Secretary of State is an official in the state governments of 47 of the 50 states of the United States. ... The term speaker is a title often given to the presiding officer of a legislative body. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Official language(s) See: Languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 268,581 sq mi (695,622 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Lieutenant Governor of Texas is the second-highest executive office in state government. ... Official language(s) None (English de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... Ongoing events • Abramoff-Reed gambling scandal • Al Jazeera bombing memo • Avian influenza (H5N1) outbreak • Black sites scandal • Conservative leadership race (UK) • Fuel prices • Irans nuclear program • Jilin chemical plant explosions • Kashmir earthquake • Malawi food crisis • Malaysian prisoner abuse scandal • New Delhi bombings investigation • Niger food crisis • North Indian cyclone... 2009 (MMIX) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... John Shelton Wilder (born 1921) has served as Lieutenant Governor of Tennessee since 1971. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Arizona, Oregon and Wyoming also do not have a Lieutenant Governor. In these three states and Puerto Rico the Secretary of State becomes Governor upon the office's vacancy. Official language(s) English Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Area  Ranked 6th  - Total 113,998 sq mi (295,254 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) None Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Secretary of State is an official in the state governments of 47 of the 50 states of the United States. ...


American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands and the United States Virgin Islands have the office of Lieutenant Governor.


The office of Lieutenant Governor existed in all of the 17th- and 18th-century British colonies that later became the initial thirteen United States of America. The defining difference between the Lieutenant Governor and the Royal Governor was that the Lieutenant Governor would be required to live in the colony to which he was appointed. Also, the Royal Governor would be paid directly by the crown, where as the Lieutenant Governor would be paid by the colonial treasury.


Other former colonial positions

(incomplete list)

  • British Lieutenant-Governor of Tangiers

Tangier (in Berber and Arabic Tanja, in Spanish Tánger and in French Tanger) is a city of northern Morocco with a population of 350,000, or 550,000 including suburbs. ...

Sources

  1. ^ "Constitution%20Act%201902%20No%2032"&nohits=y New South Wales Constitution Part 2A Section 9B
  2. ^ Queensland Constitution
  3. ^ NSW Governor and Parliament Directory with Lieutenant Governor
  4. ^ [DirectoryGovernor%20of%20Victoria Victoria Governor Directory with Lieutenant-Governor]
  5. ^ website of the Governor of South Australia – section on Lieutenant Governors

Further reading

The Flag of Canada George Francis Gillman Stanley, C.C., C.D., F.R.S.C., F.R.H.S.C. (hon). ... Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope restored) Official languages English, French Flower Purple Violet Tree Balsam Fir Bird Black-capped Chickadee Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Lieutenant-Governor Herménégilde Chiasson Premier Shawn Graham (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 10 10 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total)  Ranked...

External links

  • National Lieutenant Governors Association

See also

ffice of Lieutenant Governor existed in all of the 17th- and 18th- A Deputy governor is a gubernatorial official who is subordinated to a governor, rather like a Lieutenant governor. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Lieutenant Governor of Texas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (381 words)
The Lieutenant Governor of Texas is the second-highest executive office in the government of Texas, a state in the United States of America.
The Lieutenant Governor is elected separately from the Governor, rather than on the same ticket; it is therefore possible for the Governor and Lieutenant Governor to be from different political parties (which was the case during Governor George W. Bush's first term).
Under the provisions of the Texas constitution, the Lieutenant Governor is President of the Texas Senate.
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