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Encyclopedia > Lien Chan
Dr. Lien Chan
Dr. Lien Chan

Lien Chan (連戰, in pinyin: Lián Zhàn) (born August 27, 1936, in Xi'an) is a Taiwanese politician. He was Vice President of the Republic of China from 1996 to 2000, and was the Chairman of the Kuomintang from 2000 to 2005. In August 2005, he left that post after not running for re-election (in the first direct KMT chairman election in the party's history) and was succeeded by Ma Ying-jeou. Lien Chan This work is copyrighted. ... Pinyin (拼音, pÄ«nyÄ«n) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to HànyÇ” PÄ«nyÄ«n (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system of romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration to roman script) for Standard Mandarin. ... August 27 is the 239th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (240th in leap years), with 126 days remaining. ... 1936 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... City nickname: Changan Image:Map of city xian. ... Taiwan is mostly mountainous in the east but gradually transitions to gently sloping plains in the west. ... National motto: None Official language Mandarin Chinese Capital and largest city Taipei President Chen Shui-bian Premier Frank Hsieh Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 138th 35,980 km² 2. ... The Kuomintang (KMT) or Nationalist Party of China (Traditional: 中國國民黨; Simplified: 中国国民党; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chung-kuo Kuo-min-tang; Tongyong Pinyin: Jhongguo Guomindang) is a conservative political party currently active in the Republic of China (ROC) on Taiwan. ... Ma Ying-jeou (馬英九; Hanyu Pinyin: MÇŽ YÄ«ngjiÇ”; Wade-Giles: Ma Ying-chiu; Tongyong Pinyin: Ma Yingjiou) (born July 13, 1950) was elected mayor of Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China in 1998 and reelected in 2002. ...

Contents


Early life and education

Lien Chan was born in Xi'an, Shaanxi province, China as the only child of Lien Chen-tung (連震東) and Chao Lan-k'un (趙蘭坤). His paternal grandfather, Lien Heng (連橫), was the writer of The General History of Taiwan (台灣通史), a book that is often cited for the quote, "Taiwan's sorrow is that it has no history." Although he was born in Mainland China, because of his family roots in Taiwan, he is not usually considered a member of the Mainlander group in Taiwan. City nickname: Changan Image:Map of city xian. ... Shaanxi (Simplified Chinese: 陕西; Traditional Chinese: 陝西; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Shan-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Shensi, pronounced like Shahn-shee) is a northwestern province of the Peoples Republic of China, and includes portions of the Loess Plateau on the middle reaches of the Yellow River as well as the Qinling Mountains... Chao Lan Kun 趙蘭坤 Mother of Lien Chan. ... In this map of China, the light-coloured areas represent Mainland China, while yellow coloured area refers to Taiwan. ... Mainlanders are those humans who live, or were born, in a mainland. ...


Lien earned a Bachelor's degree in political science from the National Taiwan University in 1957 and a Master of Arts in International Law and Diplomacy in 1961. He received a Ph.D. in political science in 1965 from the University of Chicago and married former Miss Republic of China Fang Yui the same year. A bachelors degree is usually an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts three or four years. ... Niccolò Machiavelli, ca 1500, became the key figure in realistic political theory, crucial to political science Political science is an academic and research discipline that deals with the theory and practice of politics and the description and analysis of political systems and political behavior. ... National Taiwan University (NTU, 國立臺灣大學, Hō-ló-oē: Kok-lip Tai-oan Tai-hak, Tongyong Pinyin: GuóLì TáiWan DàSyué, Hanyu Pinyin: Guólì táiwān dàxué, Wade-Giles: Kuo2-li4 tai2-wan1 ta4-hsüeh2) is a university in Taiwan. ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate course of one or two years in duration. ... Doctor of Philosophy (Ph. ... The University of Chicago is a private co-educational university located in Chicago, Illinois. ... she is the wife of Lien Chan, the president of Kuomingtang. ...


Lien held assistant professorships of political science at the University of Wisconsin from 1966 to 1967 and the University of Connecticut from 1967 to 1968. He returned to Taiwan in 1968 to become visiting professor of political science at the National Taiwan University, serving as chairman of the Political Science Department and dean of the Graduate Institute of Political Science the following year. For the University of Wisconsin system, see University of Wisconsin System. ... University of Connecticut The University of Connecticut, commonly known as UConn, is the State of Connecticuts flagship land-grant university. ...


Political career

His official positions included Ambassador to El Salvador (1975-1976), Minister of Communications and Transportation (1981-1987), Vice Premier (1987-1988), Foreign Minister (1988-1990) before becoming Governor of Taiwan Province (1990-1993). In 1993 he was appointed Premier of the Republic of China. In 1996, Lee Teng-hui selected him as running mate in the presidential election. After Lee and Lien won the election for the presidency and the vice-presidency respectively, Lien retained the premiership. This proved unpopular, and opposition parties claimed that this was possibly in conflict with the constitution, leading to a Council of Grand Justices decision ruling that Lien's retention of these dual roles was "constitutional but inappropriate." In response, in 1997, he resigned as Premier but remained Vice President. Before becoming Chairman of the KMT, he was Vice Chairman (1993-2000) and a member of the Central Committee (1984-2000). Taiwan Province can refer to an existing administrative division under the government of the Republic of China or the claimed 23rd province of the Peoples Republic of China. ... 1993 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... The President of the Executive Yuan (行政院長), colloquially referred to as the Premier (閣揆), is the head of the Executive Yuan or executive branch of the Republic of China government which currently administers Taiwan. ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Lee Teng-hui, former President of the Republic of China Lee Teng-hui (Chinese: 李登輝; Taiwanese Romanization: Lí Teng-hui; pinyin: Lǐ DÄ“nghuÄ«; born January 15, 1923) is a politician in the Republic of China on Taiwan. ... A running mate is a person running for a subordinate position on a joint ticket during an election. ... The Judicial Yuan (司法院) is one of five branches of the Republic of China government in Taipei and serves as the highest judicial organ in Taiwan. ... 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Lien took an active role as a representative of Lee Teng-hui in quasi-official diplomacy in the mid-1990s. One of his greatest moments of his career is his 1995 meeting with Václav Havel, in which Lien likened the democratic reforms of the Lee Teng-hui administration as being similar to the Velvet Revolution. Lee Teng-hui, former President of the Republic of China Lee Teng-hui (Chinese: 李登輝; Taiwanese Romanization: Lí Teng-hui; pinyin: Lǐ DÄ“nghuÄ«; born January 15, 1923) is a politician in the Republic of China on Taiwan. ... Václav Havel Václav Havel (IPA: ) (born October 5, 1936) is a Czech writer and dramatist. ... The Velvet Revolution (Czech: sametová revoluce, Slovak: nežná revolúcia) (November 16 - December 29, 1989) refers to a bloodless revolution in Czechoslovakia that saw the overthrow of the communist government there. ...


In contrast to his political opponents, Lien Chan, while vice president, was generally considered arrogant, aloof and out of touch with the public. Some have speculated that his immense wealth was obtained through black gold. Among the allegations, his father Lien Chen-tung was the interior minister responsible of Taiwanese agricultural policy. Through his influence, the family purchased farmland in the 50's and 60's and illegally rezoned it. In an investigation by his political opponents, one DPP legislator Tang Bi-A was quoted "It is doubtful that Lien Chan and his father could accumulate billions in wealth for their family when both of them were government officials receiving limited salaries." Black gold (Chinese: 黑金; pinyin: hēi jīn) is a term used in the Republic of China (Taiwan) to refer to political corruption. ...


He finished third in the 2000 Presidential elections despite having the backing of the KMT. One popular theory on Taiwan, which has some support from Lee's subsequent actions, has that Lien Chan was chosen to head the KMT's ticket by President Lee Teng-hui in an deliberate effort to destroy the KMT. Many have noted in support of this theory that Lien has never been elected on his own to any political office, and his ill-fated campaign for President was the first campaign that he ever undertook. During the 2000 Presidential campaign Lien campaigned on a platform of following in Lee's footsteps and continuing localization reforms. He touted a "3-S" slogan of "Safety, Security and Stability", claiming the selection of a DPP candidate would bring China's wrath and a return of fascism. The Election for the 10th-term President and Vice-President of the Republic of China (第十任中華民國總統、副總統選舉), the second ever direct elections for President and Vice President of the Republic of China on Taiwan and the 10th under the 1947 Constitution, were held on March 18, 2000. ...


Part of Lien's defeat may have been due to the massive 7.4 earthquake on September 21, 1999. As the Vice President and KMT candidate, Lien bore the brunt of public dissatisfaction with government relief efforts, in one instance being chased onto his helicopter by furious victims. In a poll following the 921 earthquake, the undecided vote rose to 47%. The Chi-Chi earthquake (also known as 921 earthquake) occurred on September 21, Taiwan at 1:47 am local time (September 20 17:47 GMT) and measured 7. ...


After the defeat of the KMT in 2000, Lien was able to achieve Lee's ouster and assume the leadership of the KMT. He had adopted a platform to erase the Lee effect from Taiwan and "Return to the Good Old Days", a call to return to the heyday of Chiang Ching-kuo. The KMT launched a party wide purge to eradicate Lee supporters, then held a membership drive to attract KMT loyalists. According to Lien the drive was successful, but many outside observers note a significant drop in membership as many of the former members who had joined the party as a compulsory act of conscripted military service never renewed. Lien as the Chairman of the KMT also vowed to learn from his loss and remake the KMT party. He held forums to discuss erasing the KMT's image as a corrupt institution and Lien promised to give up property seized by the KMT after the Japanese exodus. The KMT has returned some properties to the government and it considers the matter to be closed, but others disagree. Lien has been criticized for trying to give the land away to local governments as a type of payoff for support. Chiang Ching-kuo (蔣經國) Chiang Ching-kuo (蔣經國 in pinyin: Jiǎng Jīngguó) (April 271, 1910 - January 13, 1988), Kuomintang politician and leader, was the son of Chiang Kai-shek and held numerous posts in the government of the Republic of China (from 1949 on Taiwan). ...


Lien Chan ran for president with Soong as his running mate in a combined KMT-PFP ticket against Chen Shui-bian in the 2004 Presidential elections, though it had been thought that Lien and Soong personally disliked each other. During the 2000 campaigns, Lien accused Soong of positioning his family graves to interfere with Lien's Feng Shui forcing Lien to reposition his graves. The Pan-Blue Coalition, or Pan-Blue Force (Chinese: 泛藍軍; pinyin: fàn lán jÅ«n), is a political coalition in early 21st century Taiwan, consisting of the Kuomintang (KMT), the People First Party (PFP), and the smaller New Party (CNP). ... Chen Shui-bian, President of the Republic of China Chen Shui-bian (ch. ... Elections for the President and Vice President of the Republic of China (Taiwan) were held on March 20, 2004. ... Fēng Shuǐ (風水 – literally, wind and water pronounced fung shuway), which may be more than 3000 years old, is the ancient practice of placement to achieve harmony with the environment. ...


Initially, it was believed that the Lien-Soong ticket would be a sure win, given that both men garnered a combined 59.9% of the vote in 2000. However, the lead gradually diminished to a dead heat and both sides were forced to moderate their positions. In December 2003, Lien said that while the KMT was opposed to "immediate independence," it did not wish to classed as "pro-reunificationist" either. The platform was changed from promoting the eventual reunification of China preserving the status quo and leaving Taiwan's status to be settled by future generations. Chen also floated the possibility of eventual reunification.


With the platforms largely similar, the campaign was filled largely with personal attacks between Lien and Chen. On March 20, the day after President Chen and Vice President Annette Lu were shot while campaigning, Lien lost the election by 0.2% of the vote. He refused to concede and decided to challenge the results. March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in Leap years). ... Hsiu-lien Annette Lu (呂秀蓮, pinyin: Lǚ Xiùlián) (born June 7, 1944) is the vice president of Republic of China on Taiwan and a member of the Democratic Progressive Party. ... On March 19, 2004, the day before the Republic of China presidential election, President Chen Shui-bian and Vice President Annette Lu were both shot while campaigning in Tainan, in what then appeared to be a political assassination attempt. ...


In 2005, after Ma was elected as KMT chairman to succeed Lien, the KMT Central Committee offered the unprecedented title of "Honorary Chairman" to Lien. Lien did not explicitly say whether he was accepting the title, but his failure to decline appears to be an implicit acceptance. 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ...


2005 journey to mainland China

Main article: 2005 Kuomintang visits to Mainland

On April 26, 2005, Lien Chan traveled to mainland China to meet with the leaders of the Communist Party of China. His meeting with CPC leader Hu Jintao was the highest level exchange since Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong met in Chongqing on August 28, 1945, to celebrate the victory in the Second Sino-Japanese War and discuss a possible truce in the impending Chinese Civil War. March 28, 2005, Kuomintang vice chairman Chiang Pin-kung led a delegation in the first official visit to Mainland China by the highest Kuomintang leader in 60 years. ... Hú Jǐntāo (born December 21, 1942) became General Secretary of the Communist Party of China on November 15, 2002. ... Chiang Kai-shek (October 31, 1887–April 5, 1975) was a Chinese military and political leader who assumed the leadership of the Kuomintang (KMT) after the death of Sun Yat-sen in 1925. ... Mao Zedong (December 26, 1893 – September 9, 1976; Simplified Chinese: 毛泽东; Traditional Chinese: 毛澤東; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Mao Tse-Tung) was the chairman of the Politburo of the Communist Party of China from 1943 and the chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China from 1945 until his death. ... Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: 重庆; Traditional Chinese: 重慶; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chung-ching; Postal System Pinyin: Chungking; literally Double Celebration) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. ... The Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945) was a major invasion of eastern China by Japan preceding and during World War II. It ended with the surrender of Japan in 1945. ... The Chinese Civil War was a conflict in China between the Kuomintang (The Nationalist Party; The Nationalists; KMT) and the Communist Party of China (CPC). ...


On April 27, Lien visited the Tomb of Sun Yat-sen in Nanjing. On April 28, he arrived in Beijing and visited the Palace Museum. Mausoleum of Dr. Sun Yat-Sen The Mausoleum of Dr. Sun Yat-Sen is situated at the foot of the second peak of Mount Zijin (Purple Mountain) in Nanjing, China. ... The Hall of Supreme Harmony (太和殿) at the centre of the Forbidden City The Forbidddden City (紫禁城, pinyin: Zǐjìn Chéng, literal meaning: Purple Forbidden City), located at the exact center of the ancient City of Beijing, was the imperial palace during the mid-Ming and the Qing dynasties. ...


On the afternoon of April 29, he met with Chinese President Hu Jintao and they reached a 5-point consensus, reaffirming that Taiwan is part of China and that the two parties would work together to prevent Taiwan independence. Hú Jǐntāo (born December 21, 1942) became General Secretary of the Communist Party of China on November 15, 2002. ...


Before meeting with Hu on April 29, Lien Chan delivered a speech at Peking University, which his 96-year-old mother Zhao Lankun attended nearly 80 years ago. On April 30, he headed to his birthplace Xi'an. He revisited Houzaimen Primary School, which he attended 60 years ago. He also visited the Great Mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang, China's first emperor. Early on May 1, he paid homage to his grandmother's tomb near Qingliangsi. Peking University 博学审问慎思明辨 Peking University or Beijing University (Simplified Chinese: 北京大学; Traditional Chinese: 北京大學; pinyin: ), colloquially Beida (Simplified Chinese: 北大; Pinyin: ), is one of the most prestigious universities in China. ... City nickname: Changan Image:Map of city xian. ... Qin Shi Huang (秦始皇) (November or December 260 BC - September 10, 210 BC), personal name Zheng, was king of the Chinese State of Qin from 247 BC to 221 BC, and then the first emperor of a unified China from 221 BC to 210 BC, ruling under the name First Emperor. ...


Later that day, Lien arrived in Shanghai, where he attended a banquet hosted by Shanghai CPC Party Secretary General Chen Liangyu. On May 2, he met with Wang Daohan, the 90-year-old chairman of the mainland-based Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits, and the representatives of Taiwanese businesspeople. He returned to Taiwan at noon on May 3, 2005. Shanghai (Chinese: 上海; pinyin: ; Shanghainese IPA: ), situated on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta, is Chinas largest city. ... Wang Daohan (汪道涵), is the current president of the Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits (ARATS). ... The Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Straits (ARATS) (海峽兩岸關係協會) is an organization set up by the Peoples Republic of China for handling technical or business matters with the Republic of China. ...


Name

His surname is Lien; his given name is Chan."Chan" means "battles" and his full name literally means "successive battles." The name originated from Lien Heng who, sick with liver cancer in Shanghai, wrote to his pregnant daughter-in-law in Xi'an: A Chinese surname, also called a clan name or family name (姓, pinyin: x ng; or 氏, shi), is one of the over seven hundred family names used by Han Chinese and Sinicized Chinese ethnic groups. ... Chinese personal names follow a number of conventions different from those of Western personal names. ... The Battle of Waterloo by William Sadler. ... Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC, also called hepatoma) is a primary malignancy (cancer) of the liver. ... Shanghai (Chinese: 上海; pinyin: ; Shanghainese IPA: ), situated on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta, is Chinas largest city. ... City nickname: Changan Image:Map of city xian. ...

"China and Japan will battle inevitably. If the child born is a boy, name him Lien Chan, signifying that the strength coming from within oneself will never diminish and can overcome the enemies and be victorious. It also has the meaning of reviving the former nation, reorganizing the light and hope of our homeland." (『中、日必將一戰,如生男則名連戰,寓有自強不息,克敵制勝,有復興故國、重整家園光明希望。』)

A boy is a male human child, as contrasted to a female child, which is a girl. ... For publications of this name, see also Nation (disambiguation) The most popular modern ethical and philosophical doctrines state that all humans are divided into groups called nations. ... Prism splitting light Light is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength that is visible to the eye or, in a technical or scientific setting, electromagnetic radiation of any wavelength. ... Hope is a desire for something to happen, while expecting or being confident that it will come true. ... A homeland is the concept of the territory to which one belongs; usually, the country in which a particular nationality was born. ...

See also

The Republic of China (ROC) currently has jurisdiction over Taiwan, Kinmen, Matsu, and the Pescadores Islands (Penghu) and several smaller islands. ...

External links

  • Official site
  • Lien-Soong Campaign website (Traditional Chinese)
  • KMT biography


Preceded by:
Hau Pei-tsun
Premier of the Republic of China

(President of the Executive Yuan)
1993–1997 Hau Pei-tsun (郝柏村; pinyin: Hǎo Bócūn; born July 13, 1919) was Premier of the Republic of China (on Taiwan) from May 30, 1990 to February 10, 1993 and a 4-star general in the ROC Army. ... The President of the Executive Yuan (行政院長), colloquially referred to as the Premier (閣揆), is the head of the Executive Yuan or executive branch of the Republic of China government which currently administers Taiwan. ... The Executive Yuan (行政院; literally executive court) is the executive branch of the government of the Republic of China. ...

Succeeded by:
Vincent Siew
Preceded by:
Li Yuan-zu
Vice President of the Republic of China

1993–1997 Vincent C. Siew (蕭萬長 Pinyin: Xiāo Wàncháng, Wade-Giles: Hsiao Wan-chang) (born January 3, 1939) was the first Taiwanese-born Premier of the Republic of China (1997-2000) and former vice-chairman of Kuomintang (2000-2004). ...

Succeeded by:
Annette Lu
Preceded by:
Lee Teng-hui
Chairman of the Nationalist Party of China (Kuomintang)

2000-2005 Hsiu-lien Annette Lu (呂秀蓮, pinyin: Lǚ Xiùlián) (born June 7, 1944) is the vice president of Republic of China on Taiwan and a member of the Democratic Progressive Party. ... Lee Teng-hui, former President of the Republic of China Lee Teng-hui (Chinese: 李登輝; Taiwanese Romanization: Lí Teng-hui; pinyin: Lǐ Dēnghuī; born January 15, 1923) is a politician in the Republic of China on Taiwan. ... The Kuomintang (KMT) or Nationalist Party of China (Traditional: 中國國民黨; Simplified: 中国国民党; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chung-kuo Kuo-min-tang; Tongyong Pinyin: Jhongguo Guomindang) is a conservative political party currently active in the Republic of China (ROC) on Taiwan. ...

Succeeded by:
Ma Ying-jeou


Ma Ying-jeou (馬英九; Hanyu Pinyin: Mǎ Yīngjiǔ; Wade-Giles: Ma Ying-chiu; Tongyong Pinyin: Ma Yingjiou) (born July 13, 1950) was elected mayor of Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China in 1998 and reelected in 2002. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Lien Chan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1531 words)
Lien Chan (連戰, in pinyin: Lián Zhàn) (born August 27, 1936, in Xi'an) is a Taiwanese politician.
Lien held assistant professorships of political science at the University of Wisconsin from 1966 to 1967 and the University of Connecticut from 1967 to 1968.
Lien took an active role as a representative of Lee Teng-hui in quasi-official diplomacy in the mid-1990s.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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