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Encyclopedia > Liceu
The façade of the Liceu, as viewed from La Rambla
The façade of the Liceu, as viewed from La Rambla

The Gran Teatre del Liceu ([ˈgɾan təˈatɾə dəɫ ɫiˈsɛw]), or simply Liceu ([ɫiˈsɛw]) in Catalan) or Liceo ([liˈθeo]) in Spanish, is an opera house on La Rambla in Barcelona. The Liceu opened on April 4, 1847. It is one of the world's finest and biggest stage and acoustic settings for opera, and one of the most important opera houses in Spain. Download high resolution version (518x750, 113 KB)Façade of Liceu opera house in Barcelona April 2004 Photo by user Viajero File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (518x750, 113 KB)Façade of Liceu opera house in Barcelona April 2004 Photo by user Viajero File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Catalan IPA: (català IPA: or []) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra, and a co-official language in the Spanish autonomous communities of Balearic Islands, Catalonia and Valencia, and in the city of LAlguer in the Italian island of Sardinia. ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... “Las Ramblas” redirects here. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...

Contents

History

In contrast with other European cities, where the monarchy took on the responsibility for the building and upkeep of opera houses, the Liceu was built with private shareholders, organized in a similar way to a trading company or societat. This became the Societat del Gran Teatre del Liceu (Great Liceu Theater Society). This affected the structure of the building; it has, for example, no royal box.


Opening, fire and rebuilding (1847-1862)

Miquel Garriga i Roca was the architect for the theatre. Building works began April 11, 1845 and the inauguration was April 4, 1847, with a mixed program including the premieres of: a José Melchor Gomis' ouverture, a history play (Ventura de la Vega's Don Fernando de Antequera), a ballet (La rondeña (The girl from Ronda) by Josep Jurch), and a cantata (Il regio himene with music by Marià Obiols). Some days after (April 17) was performed the first complete opera, Donizetti's Anna Bolena. At this moment, Liceu was the biggest opera house in Europe: it had 3,500 seats. Other operas performed in the Liceu during the first year were, in this order, I due Foscari (Verdi), Il bravo (Mercadante), Parisina d’Este (Donizetti), Giovanna d’Arco (Verdi), Leonora (Mercadante), Ernani (Verdi), Norma (Bellini), Linda di Chamounix (Donizetti) and Il barbiere di Siviglia (Rossini). is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Premiere, from French language première meaning first, generally means a first performance. Premieres for theatrical, musical, and other productions are often extravagant affairs, attracting large numbers of socialites and much media attention. ... A cantata (Italian, sung) is a vocal composition with an instrumental accompaniment and generally containing more than one movement. ... is the 107th day of the year (108th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Gaetano Donizetti Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti (29 November 1797 – 8 April 1848) was a famous Italian opera composer. ... Maria Callas as Anna Bolena Anna Bolena is an Italian opera by Gaetano Donizetti. ... I due Foscari (The Two Foscaris) is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave, based on a historical play The Two Foscari by Lord Byron. ... Ernani is an operatic dramma lirico in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave, based on the play Hernani by Victor Hugo. ... Norma can refer to: The coolest person in the world! Norma, a constellation of the southern sky Norma, a city in the province of Latina, southern Lazio (Italy) Norma, an opera by Vincenzo Bellini Norma arm, a spiral arm in the Milky Way galaxy Norma, a Swedish company manufacturing ammunition... Linda di Chamounix (Linda of Chamounix) is a melodramma semiserio, a semi-serious opera, in three acts by Gaetano Donizetti. ... The Barber of Seville is a theatre play by Beaumarchais, written in 1775, and originally entitled Le Barbier de Séville in French. ...


The building was damaged by fire in April 9, 1861, but it was quickly rebuilt by the architect Josep Oriol Mestres. It was newly open in April 20, 1862 performing Bellini's I puritani. From the old building, only the façade, the entrance hall and the foyer (Mirrors Hall) remained. is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about 1862 . ... Vincenzo Bellini Vincenzo Salvatore Carmelo Francesco Bellini (November 3, 1801 – September 23, 1835) was an Italian opera composer. ... I puritani (The Puritans) is an opera in three acts, by Vincenzo Bellini. ... ...


From 1862 to Civil War

On November 7, 1893, the opening night of the season, during the second act of the opera Guillaume Tell, by Rossini, two Orsini bombs were thrown into the stalls of the opera house. Only one of the bombs exploded, but some twenty people were killed, and many more injured. The attack was the work of Santiago Salvador, an anarchist, and it deeply shocked Barcelona, becoming the symbol of the turbulent social unrest of the time. The Liceu reopened its doors on January 18, 1894, but the seats occupied by those killed by the bombs were not used for a number of years. is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Guillaume Tell (William Tell) is an opera in four acts by Gioacchino Rossini to a French libretto by Etienne de Jouy and Hippolyte Bis, based on Friedrich Schillers Wilhelm Tell. ... Portrait Gioacchino Antonio Rossini (February 29, 1792 – November 13, 1868)[1] was an Italian musical composer who wrote more than 30 operas as well as sacred music and chamber music. ... Anarchist redirects here. ... is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


In 1909, auditorium ornamentation was renewed. Spanish neutrality during World War I allowed the Catalan textile industry to amass enormous wealth through supplying the warring parties. The 1920s were prosperous years. The Liceu became fully established as a leading opera house, and welcomed better singers, the orchestra leaders of the time, and companies such as Sergei Diaghilev's Ballets Russes. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Portrait of Sergei Diaghilev by Valentin Serov (1904) Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev (Russian: / Sergei Pavlovich Dyagilev), also referred to as Serge, (March 31, 1872 – August 19, 1929) was a Russian art critic, patron, ballet impresario and founder of the Ballets Russes from which many famous dancers and choreographers would later arise. ... Léon Bakst: Firebird, Ballerina, 1910 There was also the Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo from 1932 to 1963 The Ballets Russes was a ballet company established in 1909 by the Russian impresario Serge Diaghilev and resident first in the Théâtre Mogador and Théâtre du Châtelet, Paris...


When the Second Spanish Republic was proclaimed in 1931, political instability meant that the Liceu suffered a severe financial crisis, which was only overcome though subsidies from Barcelona City Council and the government of Catalonia. During the Spanish Civil War, the Liceu was nationalized and took the name the Teatre del Liceu - Teatre Nacional de Catalunya (Liceu Opera House - the National Theatre of Catalonia). The opera seasons were suspended. After the war, in 1939, it was returned to its original owners. Anthem El Himno de Riego Capital Madrid Language(s) Spanish Government Republic President  - 1931–1936 Niceto Alcalá-Zamora  - 1936–1939 Manuel Azaña Legislature Congress of Deputies Historical era Interwar period  - Monarchy abolished April 14, 1931  - Spanish Civil War 1936–1939  - Republic in exile dissolved July 15, 1977 Currency Spanish... This article is about the Spanish Autonomous Community. ... Not to be confused with the Spanish Civil War of 1820-1823. ... Nationalization, also spelled nationalisation, is the act by which a nation takes possession of assets without requiring the owners consent, with or without payment of compensation. ...


"Silver Age" and crisis: from 1940 to 1980

From 1940 to 1960s, seasons were high quality ones. The Liceu was visited by the best voices and companies. The year 1955, thanks to the creation of a special board, saw a historic event: for the first time since its foundation, the Bayreuth Wagner Festival was staged away from its normal venue, with memorable performances of Parsifal, Tristan und Isolde and Die Walküre, and innovative stage sets by Wieland Wagner, which were enthusiastically received. Parsifal is an opera, or music drama, in three acts by Richard Wagner. ... Tristan und Isolde (Tristan and Isolde) is an opera in three acts by Richard Wagner to a German libretto by the composer, based largely on the romance by Gottfried von Straßburg. ... Die Walküre (The Valkyrie) is the second of the four operas that comprise Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung), by Richard Wagner. ... Wieland Wagner, (born 1917, died 1966). ...


In the 1970s, economic crisis affected the theatre: the private-based organization was not able to afford the increasing budgets of modern opera productions, and general quality declined.


New direction and 1994 fire

The death of Pàmias in 1980 revealed the need for the intervention of the official bodies if the institution was to remain a leading opera house. In 1981 the Generalitat de Catalunya, alongside Barcelona's City Council and the Societat del Gran Teatre del Liceu, created the Consorci del Gran Teatre del Liceu (Consortium of the Great Liceu Theater) that was since then responsible for the theater's management and exploitation. The Diputation of Barcelona and the Spanish Ministry of Culture joined the Consortium on 1985 and 1986 respectively. In little time, the Consortium managed to attract the public back to the Liceu, owing to the considerable improvement in its artistic standard. This included a more complete and up-to-date perspective of the very nature of an opera performance, a great improvement in the choir and orchestra, careful casting, and attracting the interest of the public to other aspects of productions besides the leading roles alone. This approach, coupled with the new economic support and a more demanding and discerning public, resulted in a high standard of productions. The Generalitat de Catalunya (Government of Catalonia ) is the institution in which the self-government of Catalonia is politically organised. ...


The seasons organised by the Consortium maintained high standards in casting, production and public loyalty, as measured by public attendance, but all this came to a halt with the fire on 31 January 1994.


This day, the building was destroyed by fire, caused by an uncontrolled spark fallen on the curtain during a rutinary repair. At this days, Paul Hindemith's Mathis der Maler was performing at the theatre; the following opera to be performed was Puccini's Turandot. Paul Hindemith aged 28. ... Mathis der Maler (Matthias the Painter) is an opera by Paul Hindemith. ... Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (December 22, 1858 – November 29, 1924) was an Italian composer whose operas, including La bohème, Tosca, and Madama Butterfly, are among the most frequently performed in the standard repertoire. ... For the opera by Ferruccio Busoni, see Turandot (Busoni). ...


Public and institutional response was unanimous on the need to rebuild a new opera house on the same site, with improved facilities. The new Liceu is the result of a series of actions to preserve those parts of the building unaffected by the fire (the same ones remained in the 1861 fire); the auditorium was rebuilt with the same layout (except roof paintings, replaced by new art works by Perejaume) and state-of-the-art stage technology. Pere Jaume Borrell i Guinart, known as Perejaume, (born in 1957 in Sant Pol de Mar, Catalonia), is a contemporary artist. ...


To be able to rebuild and improve the theater, the theater became public. The Fundació del Gran Teatre del Liceu (Liceu Great Theater Foundation) was created and the Societat del Gran Teatre del Liceu handed over property of the building to the Foundation. Some owners didn't agree with the decision and challenged it in court, but lost.


From reopening to now

From 1994 to reopening in 1999, opera seasons in Barcelona took place in: Palau Sant Jordi arena (only some massive performances in 1994), Palau de la Música Catalana and Teatre Victòria. The rebuilt, improved and expanded theater opened on October 7, 1999: Puccini's Turandot was performed, as previewed in 1994, before the fire. The new venue has the same traditional horseshoe-shaped auditorium as before, but with greatly improved technical, rehearsal, office and educational facilities, a new rehearsal hall, a new chamber opera and small performances hall, and much more public space. The venue is claimed to be one of the most modern theatre facilities in Europe. Architects for the rebuilding project were Ignasi de Solà-Morales, Xavier Fabré i Lluís Dilmé. Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Palau Sant Jordi is an indoor sporting arena located in Barcelona, Spain. ... The Palau de la Música Catalana (Palace of Catalan Music) in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, is a concert hall built between 1905 and 1908, designed by the Catalan architect Lluís Domènech i Montaner. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... Giacomo Puccini Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (December 22, 1858 – November 29, 1924) is regarded as one of the great operatic composers of the late 19th and early 20th century. ... For the opera by Ferruccio Busoni, see Turandot (Busoni). ...


Many of the seats now include individual monitors for the electronic libretto system , allowing audiences to follow opera libretti translations in English, Spanish or Catalan, if they so choose.


The opera house building

The theatre is in La Rambla, in the downtown. The building, until 1994, was not isolated: it has only two façades, being the other two sides limited by dwelling buildings. For other uses, see La Rambla (disambiguation). ...


From the first building remain some parts:

  • the main façade in La Rambla (1847): it is a modest and not appealing façade.
  • the hall and the staircase (1861), with a Vallmitjana's statue of the Music (1901).
  • the foyer (Saló de Miralls or Mirrors Hall) (1847). It preserves romantic ornamentation, with round paintings of musicians, singers and dancers from that moment (Pasta, Rubini, Donizetti, Bellini, Gluck, Marie Taglioni...). It was partially redecorated in 1877 by Elies Rogent. The roof painting, with the Parnassus, is from this moment.

The auditorium is huge and gorgeous. Rebuilt after the 1994 fire, it is a faithful rebuilding of the 1861 auditorium, with some improvements and 2,292 seats, one of the biggest opera houses in Europe. It is a typical Italian horseshoe-shaped theatre. Maximum length and wide are 33 and 27 m). There is a platea (main floor) and five tiers or balconies. Boxes, with small rooms before, are in the forestage, in the platea, and in the some of the galleries. However, there is no significant physical divisions among boxes: only a low screen separates a box from another. No columns are in the theatre (only in the inside of platea): so, the appearance of the galleries are that of a golden horseshoe, without visual interruptions. Another peculiarity is the amfiteatre, ubicated in the first gallery: is a projecting part of this gallery with a less pronounced horseshoe shape, that allows to locate there three ranks of seats, undoubtedly the best in the theatre. For other uses, see La Rambla (disambiguation). ... Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Categories: People stubs | 1797 births | 1848 deaths | Opera composers | Romantic composers | Italian composers | People born in Bergamo, Italy ... Bellini can mean: A family of Italian painters, the most famous of which is Giovanni Bellini (c. ... Christoph Willibald Gluck (July 2, 1714 – November 15, 1787) was a German composer. ... Marie Taglioni, in a colored lithograph, circa 1831 (Victoria & Albert Museum). ... Mount Parnassus (also Mount Parnassos) is a mountain in central Greece that towers above Delphi. ...


Building expenses were covered by the sale of boxes and seats. Box insides were lavishly decorated by their owners, but all them disappeared in the 1994 fire. Liceu soon became the prominent meeting place for noble and wealthy Barcelonese people. Upper balconies (4th and 5th tiers), the cheapest seats, is called galliner (literally "henroost"). It is typically crowded with the most critical opera aficionados, who can be ecstatic or merciless towards singers' perceived successes or failures. Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ...


Forestage or proscenium reproduces the old one, rebuilt in 1909. It has a big central arch, with two chorintian columns in both sides and, among the columns, four tiers of boxes parapets, the wider and luxurious boxes in the theatre, called banyeres (literally "bathtubs").


Auditorium ornamentation reproduces the one of 1909: sumptuous, with golden and polychromed plaster moldings, as usual in 19th century European theatres. Lamps are of brass and glass, everyone with the shape of a drake. Armchairs in the main floor it are made of strained iron and red velvet.


In the rebuilding some modern features were introduced. The eight circular paintings in the roof, and the three in the forestage, all lost in the fire, has been newly created by contemporary artist Perejaume. The stage curtain is a work of the Catalan designer Antoni Miró. The new hemispheric lamp in the center of the roof is, actually, a platform for technological facilities (lighting, sound and computer). Pere Jaume Borrell i Guinart, known as Perejaume, (born in 1957 in Sant Pol de Mar, Catalonia), is a contemporary artist. ...


Other technological facilities are control and projecting cabines in some balconies, a "technical floor" over the roof, and a high-tech equipment to record and broadcast performances, with computerized cameras: the auditorium could be a real TV set.


Stage facilities are among the most modern, and allow quick scene changes and to perform until four different with sets simultaneously.


A new foyer has been built under the main auditorium. It is a room where is the main bar and the restaurant, and is used also to stage concerts, small format performances, lectures, cultural activities, meetings, etc.


Artistic history

Performed works

Liceu, at the moment, is basically a receiving house, but it also produces its own productions. Liceu company is formed by a permanent orchestra and choir, and some singers for the supporting roles. Leading roles are, usually, sung by guest singers. Stagecraft is, in part, produced internally by the theatre (alone or together with other opera houses); in part is rented from other external houses. Until 1990s Liceu had its own ballet company --at its best in the 1920-1930s, under Joan Magriñà. A receiving house is a theatre which does not produce its own repertoire but instead receives touring theatre companies, usually for a brief period such as three nights or a full week. ... For other uses, see Orchestra (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Stagecraft (or Technical Theatre) is the art of building, attaching, and rigging scenery for theater and television as well as other technical aspects of performance including sound, costuming, makeup, and lighting. ...


The most of the performed operas are from Italian and German schools of 19th century: Verdi, Wagner, belcanto authors... Now, Puccini, Richard Strauss and Mozart also are among the most usual authors. (Redirected from 19th) 19 (nineteen) is the natural number following 18 and preceding 20. ... VERDI is an acronym for the Italian unification movement, named after the composer Giuseppe Verdi (ardent supporter of the movement) VERDI stands for Vittorio Emmanuelle, Re D Italia (Victor Emmanuel, King of Italy) Categories: Historical stubs ... Wagner may refer to more than one place in the United States: Wagner, South Dakota Wagner, Wisconsin Wagner may refer to more than one person: Richard Wagner, German composer Cosima Wagner, daughter of Franz Liszt and wife of Richard Wagner Heinrich Leopold Wagner, dramatist and author John Peter Honus Wagner... Belcanto (Bel Canto, bel canto) (Italian, beautiful singing) is an Italian musical term. ... Giacomo Puccini Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (December 22, 1858 – November 29, 1924) is regarded as one of the great operatic composers of the late 19th and early 20th century. ... This article is about the German composer of tone-poems and operas. ... Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (January 27, 1756 – December 5, 1791) was one of the most significant and influential of all composers of Western classical music. ...


Liceu premieres history is a good instance of the evolution European opera tastes. After a first period when opera was only a part of the artistic activities (opera alternated with other performances of the most diverse nature: zarzuela (Spanish light opera), classical dance (Giselle was given its first Barcelona performance in 1847), theatrical performances, magic shows and a large number of curious activities which today might appear more appropriate for a variety concert or a music hall), Liceu becomes an opera house, centering its activities in opera and ballet performances. For other uses, see Zarzuela (disambiguation). ... Anna Pavlova as Giselle in Act I (ca. ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Ballet (disambiguation). ...


The first performed operas —Donizetti's Anna Bolena and Verdi's I due Foscari— are symptomatic of the taste for belcanto and Italian romantic melodrama: Rossini, Donizetti, Bellini, Verdi, etc. They still are in repertory (Verdi is, by far, the most performed author). Other very performed authors, but now forgotten, are other belcanto authors as Mercadante or Pacini, and French Grand Opera authors: Auber, Meyerbeer, Halévy, Hérold, etc. Other later French authors still remain: Gounod, Bizet, Massenet or Saint-Saëns. Categories: People stubs | 1797 births | 1848 deaths | Opera composers | Romantic composers | Italian composers | People born in Bergamo, Italy ... Maria Callas as Anna Bolena Anna Bolena is an Italian opera by Gaetano Donizetti. ... VERDI is an acronym for the Italian unification movement, named after the composer Giuseppe Verdi (ardent supporter of the movement) VERDI stands for Vittorio Emmanuelle, Re D Italia (Victor Emmanuel, King of Italy) Categories: Historical stubs ... I due Foscari (The Two Foscaris) is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave, based on a historical play The Two Foscari by Lord Byron. ... Belcanto (Bel Canto, bel canto) (Italian, beautiful singing) is an Italian musical term. ... Gioacchino Antonio Rossini (February 29, 1792 — November 13, 1868) was an Italian musical composer who wrote more than 30 operas as well as sacred music and chamber music. ... Categories: People stubs | 1797 births | 1848 deaths | Opera composers | Romantic composers | Italian composers | People born in Bergamo, Italy ... Bellini can mean: A family of Italian painters, the most famous of which is Giovanni Bellini (c. ... VERDI is an acronym for the Italian unification movement, named after the composer Giuseppe Verdi (ardent supporter of the movement) VERDI stands for Vittorio Emmanuelle, Re D Italia (Victor Emmanuel, King of Italy) Categories: Historical stubs ... Giuseppe Saverio Raffaele Mercadante, Altamura (born near Bari, September 16, 1795 - died in Naples, December 17, 1870), was an Italian composer, particularly of operas. ... Grand Opera is a style of opera mainly characterized by many features on a grandiose scale. ... Daniel François Esprit Auber (January 29, 1782 _ May 13, 1871), French composer, the son of a Paris print-seller, was born in Caen in Normandy. ... Giacomo Meyerbeer Giacomo Meyerbeer (September 5, 1791 - May 2, 1864) was a noted opera composer. ... Daniel Halévy Élie Halévy Fromental Halévy Joseph Halévy Léon Halévy Ludovic Halévy See also Halevi, ha-Levi(ha-Levy) This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... Categories: Stub | 1818 births | 1893 deaths | Opera composers | Romantic composers | French musicians ... Georges Bizet (October 25, 1838 – June 3, 1875), was a French composer of the romantic era best known for his opera Carmen. ... Jules Émile Frédéric Massenet (May 12, 1842 - August 13, 1912) was a French composer. ... Charles Camille Saint-Saëns (IPA: [ʃaʁl. ...


The first operas by non Italian composers which were put on in the Liceu were Ferdinand Hérold’s Zampa (1848), Carl M. von Weber’s Der Freischütz (1849), Giacomo Meyerbeer’s Robert le diable, Daniel F. Auber’s La muette de Portici (1852) and Fra Diavolo, also by Auber (1853). All of which were sung in Italian, as was the custom of the time. Lithograph of Ferdinand Herold by Louis Dupré, Paris, circa 1830 Louis Joseph Ferdinand Herold[1] better known as Ferdidnand Herold (Paris, January 28, 1791–Thernes, January 19, 1833) was a French operatic composer of Alsatian descent who also wrote many pieces for the piano, orchestra, and the ballet. ... Der Freischütz (English: The Freeshooter) is an opera in three acts by Carl Maria von Weber to a libretto by Friedrich Kind. ... Giacomo Meyerbeer Giacomo Meyerbeer (September 5, 1791 - May 2, 1864) was a noted opera composer. ... Daniel François Esprit Auber (January 29, 1782 _ May 13, 1871), French composer, the son of a Paris print-seller, was born in Caen in Normandy. ...


The first performances of Il Trovatore (1854) and La Traviata (1855) led to the crowning of Giuseppe Verdi as king of opera. In 1866, Mozart was staged at the Liceu for the first time with Don Giovanni. Il trovatore (The Troubadour) is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Leone Emanuele Bardare and Salvatore Cammarano, based on the play El Trobador by Antonio García Gutiérrez. ... La traviata is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi set to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave. ... “Verdi” redirects here. ...


1883 is a landmark: Wagner's Lohengrin is first performed. From there, and especially from 1880s to 1950s, Wagner become one of the most beloved and well appraised authors at Liceu. The theatre staged the first legal performance of Parsifal outside Bayreuth, December 31, 1912, with Francesc Viñas in the title role, and under the baton of Franz Beidler. In 1955 Bayreuth Festival company visited the theatre, performing three operas. Year 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Wagner may refer to more than one place in the United States: Wagner, South Dakota Wagner, Wisconsin Wagner may refer to more than one person: Richard Wagner, German composer Cosima Wagner, daughter of Franz Liszt and wife of Richard Wagner Heinrich Leopold Wagner, dramatist and author John Peter Honus Wagner... Lohengrin is a romantic opera (or music drama) in three acts by Richard Wagner. ... Parsifal is an opera, or music drama, in three acts by Richard Wagner. ... Bayreuth [pronounced by-royt] is a town in northern Bavaria, Germany, on the Red Main river in a valley between the Frankish Alb and the Fichtelgebirge. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Bayreuth Festspielhaus, as seen in 1882 The annual Bayreuth Festival in Bayreuth, Germany is devoted principally (but not exclusively) to performances of operas by the 19th century German composer Richard Wagner. ...


Verismo, especially Puccini, is, from the end of 19th century, a very esteemed school. The first Russian opera was given in 1915, with a great success. Mussorgsky, Rimsky-Korsakov, Chaikovsky are from there usually performed. The first years of the twentieth century saw Richard Strauss conducting his own works. In 1904, Siegfried Wagner conducted a concert, and a year afterwards Pietro Mascagni conducted a work. Verismo was an Italian literary movement born approximately between 1875 and 1895. ... Giacomo Puccini Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (December 22, 1858 – November 29, 1924) is regarded as one of the great operatic composers of the late 19th and early 20th century. ... Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky (Моде́ст Петро́вич Му́соргский) (March 21, 1839 – March 28, 1881; sometimes spelt Modeste Moussorgsky), was an innovative Russian composer famed for his colourful, exotic, and lush orchestral pieces dedicated to various subjects of medieval Russian history. ... Nikolay Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov (Russian: Никола́й Андре́евич Ри́мский-Ко́рсаков), also Nikolai, Nicolai, and Rimsky-Korsakoff, (March 18, 1844 – June 21, 1908) was a Russian composer and teacher of classical music particularly noted for his fine orchestration, which may have been influenced by his synaesthesia. ... This article is about the German composer of tone-poems and operas. ... Siegfried Wagner (6 June 1869 - 4 August 1930) was the son of Richard Wagner and Cosima von Bülow and the grandson of Franz Liszt. ... Pietro Mascagni (Livorno December 7, 1863 – Rome August 2, 1945) is one of the most important Italian opera composers of the turn of the 20th century. ...


In 1915, impresario Mestres Calvet increased repertory and introduced authors as Mozart, and other new as Richard Strauss, Falla, Stravinsky, etc. it was a golden age for Russian and German opera, which were now sung in their original language. Mestres also was closely related to the success obtained, commencing in 1917, by the ballets of Diaghilev, with Nijinsky, Massine, Lopokova, Chernicheva and other great figures (years later, another mythical dancer, Anna Pavlova, was also to perform). During these years, the most renowned conductors also conducted in the Liceu: Serge Koussevitzky, Igor Stravinsky, Felix Weingartner, Hans Knappertsbusch, Otto Klemperer and Bruno Walter. In subsequent years, despite the difficulties experienced by the impresario Rodés by the proclamation of the Second Republic, new important figures were to appear. An impresario is a manager or producer in one of the entertainment industries, usually Music or Theatre. ... Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (January 27, 1756 – December 5, 1791) was one of the most significant and influential of all composers of Western classical music. ... This article is about the German composer of tone-poems and operas. ... Manuel de Falla y Matheu (November 23, 1876 – November 14, 1946) was a Spanish composer of classical music. ... Igor Fyodorovitch Stravinsky () (June 17, 1882 – April 6, 1971) was a composer of modern classical music. ... Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev (Сергей Павлович Дягилев) (March 19, 1872 – August 19, 1929), often known as Serge, was a Russian ballet impresario and founder of the Ballets Russes from which many famous dancers and choreographers would later arise. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Igor Stravinsky. ... Felix Weingartner, Edler von Münzberg (June 2, 1863 – May 7, 1942) was a conductor, composer and pianist. ... Hans Knappertsbusch (March 12, 1888 - October 25, 1965) German conductor born in Elberfeld (present-day Wuppertal), best known for his performances of the music of Richard Wagner, Anton Bruckner and Richard Strauss. ... Otto Klemperer (May 14, 1885 – July 6, 1973) was a German-born conductor and composer. ... Bruno Walter (Bruno Walter Schlesinger) (September 15, 1876 – February 17, 1962) was a German-born conductor and composer. ...


In 1947, the directing company changed and came into the hands of Arquer and Pàmias. In view of the preceding years that marked by the almost exclusive programming of the great repertory works, and the conditions imposed by the war and the prevailing political situation, the first season of the new directorship was like a breath of fresh air, with a special renewal of the repertoire, based on various revivals, which featured Donizetti’s Anna Bolena, which had first been staged in the Liceu one hundred years earlier. For thirty-three years, Pàmias was the leading figure of the Liceu’s activity, during a period when it seemed that it would be impossible to maintain the opera house without any official aid. He renewed the repertoire and promoted the first performances in Barcelona of some one hundred works by a large number of composers, including Stravinsky, Respighi, Lalo, Menotti, Bartók, Honegger, Gershwin, Pizzetti, Poulenc, Montsalvatge, Berg, Janacek, Busser, Ravel, Shostakovich, Lortzing, Prokofiev, Weill, Martinu, Britten, Rota, Malipiero and Manuel de Falla. Categories: People stubs | 1797 births | 1848 deaths | Opera composers | Romantic composers | Italian composers | People born in Bergamo, Italy ... Maria Callas as Anna Bolena Anna Bolena is an Italian opera by Gaetano Donizetti. ... Igor Fyodorovitch Stravinsky () (June 17, 1882 – April 6, 1971) was a composer of modern classical music. ... Ottorino Respighi (born in Bologna on July 9, 1879, died in Rome on April 18, 1936) was an Italian composer and musicologist. ... Édouard Victoire Antoine Lalo (January 27, 1823 - April 22, 1892) was a French composer of Spanish descent. ... Gian Carlo Menotti, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1944 Gian Carlo Menotti (born July 7, 1911, Cadegliano, Italy) is an Italian-born American composer. ... Béla Viktor János Bartók (March 25, 1881 – September 26, 1945) was a composer, pianist and collector of East European folk music. ... Arthur Honegger (March 10, 1892 – November 27, 1955) was a Swiss composer. ... George Gershwin photograph by Edward Steichen in 1927. ... Francis Jean Marcel Poulenc (January 7, 1899 - January 30, 1963) was a French composer. ... Berg (in several Germanic languages: mountain) can refer to: Look up Berg in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... A busboy is an assistant to a waiter or waitress, mainly specializing in setting and clearing tables or in some types of restaurants, in bringing the introductory foods, for example tortilla chips and salsa in a Mexican restaurant or bread in an Italian restaurant. ... Joseph-Maurice Ravel (March 7, 1875 – December 28, 1937) was a French composer and pianist, best known for his orchestral work, Boléro, and his famous 1922 orchestral arrangement of Modest Mussorgskys Pictures at an Exhibition. ... Dmitri Dmitrievich Shostakovich (Russian Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович) (September 25, 1906 – August 9, 1975) was a Russian composer of the Soviet period. ... Gustav Albert Lortzing (October 23, 1801 - January 21, 1851) was a German composer. ... Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (Серге́й Серге́евич Проко́фьев) (April 271, 1891 – March 5, 1953) was one of the Soviet Unions greatest composers. ... Sandy Weill in the 1970s Sandy Weill (March 16 1933 -) is a financier, philanthropist, and chairman of Citigroup. ... Portrait of Martinu Bohuslav Martinů (born in Polička, December 8, 1890 – August 28, 1959) was a Czech composer. ... Edward Benjamin Britten, Baron Britten (November 22, 1913 – December 4, 1976) was a British composer and pianist. ... Look up rota in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Manuel de Falla y Matheu (November 23, 1876 – November 14, 1946) was a Spanish composer of classical music. ...


Now, the repertory is mainly the most performed titles in the world and, from 1950s to now, practically all the great 20th century authors: Bartók, Honegger, Gershwin, Berg, Leos Janácek, Weill, Shostakovich, Prokofiev, Britten, Schönberg, Hindemith, etc., along with Baroque and classicism authors: Monteverdi, Haendel or Gluck. Béla Viktor János Bartók (March 25, 1881 – September 26, 1945) was a composer, pianist and collector of East European folk music. ... Arthur Honegger (March 10, 1892 – November 27, 1955) was a Swiss composer. ... George Gershwin photograph by Edward Steichen in 1927. ... Berg (in several Germanic languages: mountain) can refer to: Look up Berg in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Sandy Weill in the 1970s Sandy Weill (March 16 1933 -) is a financier, philanthropist, and chairman of Citigroup. ... Dmitri Dmitrievich Shostakovich (Russian Дмитрий Дмитриевич Шостакович) (September 25, 1906 – August 9, 1975) was a Russian composer of the Soviet period. ... Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev (Серге́й Серге́евич Проко́фьев) (April 271, 1891 – March 5, 1953) was one of the Soviet Unions greatest composers. ... Edward Benjamin Britten, Baron Britten (November 22, 1913 – December 4, 1976) was a British composer and pianist. ... Schönberg is the name of some villages in Germany and Austria. ... Paul Hindemith (November 16, 1895 – December 28, 1963) was a German classical composer, violist, teacher, theorist and conductor. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... Classicism door in Olomouc, The Czech Republic Teatr Wielki in Warsaw Church La Madeleine in Paris Classicism, in the arts, refers generally to a high regard for classical antiquity, as setting standards for taste which the classicist seeks to emulate. ... For the composer see Claudio Monteverdi For the Swiss automobile brand created by Peter Monteverdi, see Monteverdi (car) Monteverde Monte Verde Category: ... George Frideric Handel (German Georg Friedrich Händel), (February 23, 1685 – April 14, 1759) was a German Baroque music composer who lived much of his life in England. ... Christoph Willibald Gluck (July 2, 1714 – November 15, 1787) was a German composer. ...


Catalan and Spanish musicians —Felipe Pedrell, Granados, Morera, Pahissa, Vives, Toldrà, Xavier Montsalvatge, Gerhard, among other— have given their works at Liceu. Felipe Pedrell (February 19, 1841 - August 19, 1922), was a Spanish composer. ... Enrique Granados Enrique Costanzo Granados y Campiña (July 27, 1867 – March 24, 1916) was a Spanish pianist and composer of classical music; he is commonly considered to be a representative of musical Nationalism, and as such his music is in a uniquely Spanish style. ... Amadeo Vives was a Spanish musical composer, a Catalan born at Collbató, near Montserrat, on November 18, 1871. ... Xavier Montsalvatge (March 11, 1912, Girona – May 7, 2002, Barcelona) was a Spanish composer and music critic. ... Roberto Gerhard (born Robert Juan Rene Gerhard, September 25, 1896 in Valls, Spain; died January 5, 1970 in Cambridge, England), was a Spanish Catalan composer and musical scholar and writer whose works are among the most important produced by any composer from Spain in the twentieth century. ...


Ballet seasons, with some of the better companies in the world -from Diaghilev to Béjart-, are an important part of the theatre activities, with figures such as: ballets of Diaghilev, with Nijinsky, Massine, Lopokova, Chernicheva, Anna Pavlova, Jerome Robbins leading the U.S.A. Ballet, Serge Lifar, Margot Fonteyn, Nureyev, Barishnikov, Alicia Alonso; the ballets of the Marqués de Cuevas, the Kirov, Paris Opera, Maurice Béjart, the Royal Ballet Company and City of London Ballet Company. Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev (Сергей Павлович Дягилев) (March 19, 1872 – August 19, 1929), often known as Serge, was a Russian ballet impresario and founder of the Ballets Russes from which many famous dancers and choreographers would later arise. ... Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev (Сергей Павлович Дягилев) (March 19, 1872 – August 19, 1929), often known as Serge, was a Russian ballet impresario and founder of the Ballets Russes from which many famous dancers and choreographers would later arise. ... Nijinsky can refer to: Vaslav Nijinsky Nijinsky II This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Photographic postcard of Anna Pavlova as Aspicia in The Pharoahs Daughter, circa 1910 Anna Pavlova as Nikiya in the Grand Pas Classique of the Shades from Act III of La Bayadere, circa 1902 Anna Pavlova is also the name of an Olympic gymnast. ... Jerome Robbins (October 11, 1918 - July 29, 1998) was an American choreographer whose work has included everything from classical ballet to contemporary musical theater. ... 2004 Ukrainian Stamp Serge Lifar (Ukrainian: ) (April 2, 1905 - December 15, 1986) was a ballet dancer and choreographer of Ukrainian origin, famous as one of the greatest male ballet dancers of the 20th century. ... Margot Fonteyn in 1948. ... Rudolf Nureyev in 1961 Rudolf Nureyev (Tatar form Rudolf Xämät ulı Nuriev, Russian Рудольф Хаметович Нуриев) (17 March 1938 – 6 January 1993), Tatar-born dancer, is regarded as one of the greatest male dancers of the 20th century, alongside Vaslav Nijinsky and Mikhail Baryshnikov. ... Alicia Ernestina de la Caridad del Cobre Martinez Hoya, simply known as Alicia Alonso, is a Cuban prima ballerina assoluta and choreographer. ...


Most performed operas

Most performed operas in the history of Liceu are (in August 2007):

VERDI is an acronym for the Italian unification movement, named after the composer Giuseppe Verdi (ardent supporter of the movement) VERDI stands for Vittorio Emmanuelle, Re D Italia (Victor Emmanuel, King of Italy) Categories: Historical stubs ... This article is about the opera. ... VERDI is an acronym for the Italian unification movement, named after the composer Giuseppe Verdi (ardent supporter of the movement) VERDI stands for Vittorio Emmanuelle, Re D Italia (Victor Emmanuel, King of Italy) Categories: Historical stubs ... Giuseppe Verdi, by Giovanni Boldini, 1886 (National Gallery of Modern Art, Rome) Rigoletto is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi. ... Categories: Stub | 1818 births | 1893 deaths | Opera composers | Romantic composers | French musicians ... For other uses, see Faust (disambiguation). ... Categories: People stubs | 1797 births | 1848 deaths | Opera composers | Romantic composers | Italian composers | People born in Bergamo, Italy ... Lucia di Lammermoor is a dramma tragico, or opera, in three acts by Gaetano Donizetti. ... Categories: People stubs | 1797 births | 1848 deaths | Opera composers | Romantic composers | Italian composers | People born in Bergamo, Italy ... La favorite (The Favorite) is an opera in four acts by Gaetano Donizetti to a French libretto by Alphonse Royer and Gustave Vaëz, based on the play Le comte de Comminges by Baculard dArnaud. ... VERDI is an acronym for the Italian unification movement, named after the composer Giuseppe Verdi (ardent supporter of the movement) VERDI stands for Vittorio Emmanuelle, Re D Italia (Victor Emmanuel, King of Italy) Categories: Historical stubs ... Il trovatore (The Troubadour) is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Leone Emanuele Bardare and Salvatore Cammarano, based on the play El Trobador by Antonio García Gutiérrez. ... Wagner may refer to more than one place in the United States: Wagner, South Dakota Wagner, Wisconsin Wagner may refer to more than one person: Richard Wagner, German composer Cosima Wagner, daughter of Franz Liszt and wife of Richard Wagner Heinrich Leopold Wagner, dramatist and author John Peter Honus Wagner... Lohengrin is a romantic opera (or music drama) in three acts by Richard Wagner. ... Giacomo Puccini Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (December 22, 1858 – November 29, 1924) is regarded as one of the great operatic composers of the late 19th and early 20th century. ... For other uses, see La bohème (disambiguation). ... Gioacchino Antonio Rossini (February 29, 1792 — November 13, 1868) was an Italian musical composer who wrote more than 30 operas as well as sacred music and chamber music. ... The Barber of Seville is a theatre play by Beaumarchais, written in 1775, and originally entitled Le Barbier de Séville in French. ... VERDI is an acronym for the Italian unification movement, named after the composer Giuseppe Verdi (ardent supporter of the movement) VERDI stands for Vittorio Emmanuelle, Re D Italia (Victor Emmanuel, King of Italy) Categories: Historical stubs ... La traviata is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi set to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave. ... Giacomo Meyerbeer Giacomo Meyerbeer (September 5, 1791 - May 2, 1864) was a noted opera composer. ... Les Huguenots is a French opera by Giacomo Meyerbeer. ... Georges Bizet (October 25, 1838 – June 3, 1875), was a French composer of the romantic era best known for his opera Carmen. ... For other uses, see Carmen (disambiguation). ... Arrigo Boito (February 24, 1842 – June 10, 1918) was an Italian poet, novelist and composer, best known today for his opera libretti and his own opera, Mefistofele. ... Mefistofele is the only completed opera by the Italian composer Arrigo Boito. ... Giacomo Meyerbeer Giacomo Meyerbeer (September 5, 1791 - May 2, 1864) was a noted opera composer. ... LAfricaine (The African Woman) is an opera by Giacomo Meyerbeer. ... Wagner may refer to more than one place in the United States: Wagner, South Dakota Wagner, Wisconsin Wagner may refer to more than one person: Richard Wagner, German composer Cosima Wagner, daughter of Franz Liszt and wife of Richard Wagner Heinrich Leopold Wagner, dramatist and author John Peter Honus Wagner... Die Walküre (The Valkyrie) is the second of the four operas that comprise Der Ring des Nibelungen (The Ring of the Nibelung), by Richard Wagner. ...

Premieres at the theatre

As a prominent theatre in an artistically vital city, the Liceu has been the location for the premieres of several works of theatre and music, and for the Spanish premieres of a lot of musical works. Among the absolute premieres are:

1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Temistocle Solera (December 25, 1815 – April 21, 1878) was an opera composer and librettist. ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Zarzuela (disambiguation). ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Zarzuela (disambiguation). ... Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Felipe Pedrell (February 19, 1841 - August 19, 1922), was a Spanish composer. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Tomás Bretón (December 29, 1850 – December 2, 1923), was a Spanish musician and composer. ... Year 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Felipe Pedrell (February 19, 1841 - August 19, 1922), was a Spanish composer. ... Year 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display 1920) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the rap album, see 1924 (album). ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Xavier Montsalvatge (March 11, 1912, Girona – May 7, 2002, Barcelona) was a Spanish composer and music critic. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Carlos Surinach (b. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Not to be confused with the Spanish Civil War of 1820-1823. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Xavier Montsalvatge (March 11, 1912, Girona – May 7, 2002, Barcelona) was a Spanish composer and music critic. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Manuel de Falla y Matheu (November 23, 1876 – November 14, 1946) was a Spanish composer of classical music. ... Ernesto Halffter (16th Jan, 1905 - 5th July, 1989) was a Spanish composer and conductor. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Xavier Montsalvatge (March 11, 1912, Girona – May 7, 2002, Barcelona) was a Spanish composer and music critic. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 142nd day of the year (143rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Balada redirects here. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... La Fura dels Baus is a Spanish theatrical group founded in 1979 in Barcelona known for their violent urban theatre, making use of unusual settings and doing away with the boundaries seperating audience and actors. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Josep Maria Mestres Quadreny (born 4 March 1929 in Manresa) is a Catalan composer. ... 2009 (MMIX) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Directors, orchestra, and company

The theatre is managed by a director or impresario (empresari o administrador). From 1980 there is, too, an art director (director artístic) for artistic matters. A theatre director is a principal in the theatre field who oversees and orchestrates the mounting of a play by unifying various endeavors and aspects of production. ... An impresario is a manager or producer in one of the entertainment industries, usually Music or Theatre. ... The term art director, is an overall title for a variety of similar job functions in advertising, publishing, film and television, the Internet, and video games. ...


The empresaris has been:

  • Albert Bernis (1901-1911), who balanced the presence of Italian and Wagner operas, included ancient works, more premieres and contracted the best singers, becoming one of the leading European opera houses.
  • Francesc Casanovas (1911-1913), who worked with similar guidelines.
  • Alfredo Volpini (1913-1914), with the first legal performance of Parsifal out of Bayreuth, December 31, 1913 at Liceu.
  • Joan Mestres i Calvet (1915-1947): the great impresario of the theatre, faced a new era for the Liceu. It was, actually, a Golden Age.
  • Josep F. Arquer (to 1959) & Joan Pàmias, (1947-1980), with Napoleone Annovazzi as artistic director (only to 1952). Brilliant years, with the visit of Bayreuth Festival company (1955) and the debuts and continuous presence of the best voices, most of them Catalan voices (Victoria de los Ángeles, Caballé, Carreras, Jaume Aragall, etc.). The 70s, however, was a critical period: budget was not enough and Liceu declined.
  • Lluís Portabella (1981-1986), Josep M. Busquets (1986-1992), Jordi Maluquer (1992-1993)
  • Josep Caminal (1993-2005). Opera seasons were consolidating, but the 1994 fire destroyed the theatre. Caminal was able to manage this situation. Performing activities, reduced in number of performances, continued in other stages, and the rebuilt of the Liceu begun. Reopening (1999) and new seasons were an extraordinary success: the number of performances, public and subscriber grew year after year. Parallel programming for children and other activities (concerts, etc.) related to operas being performed has been highly praised by other theatres.
  • Rosa Cullell (from 2005).

Artistic directors, from 1980, has been: Parsifal is an opera, or music drama, in three acts by Richard Wagner. ... Bayreuth [pronounced by-royt] is a town in northern Bavaria, Germany, on the Red Main river in a valley between the Frankish Alb and the Fichtelgebirge. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Bayreuth Festspielhaus, as seen in 1882 The annual Bayreuth Festival in Bayreuth, Germany is devoted principally (but not exclusively) to performances of operas by the 19th century German composer Richard Wagner. ... Victoria de los Ángeles Victòria dels Àngels (November 1, 1923 – January 15, 2005) was a Catalan Spanish operatic soprano whose career began in the early 1940s and reached its height in the mid 1970s. ... José Carreras José Carreras Coll (Catalan: Josep Carreras i Coll) (born December 5, 1946) is a Catalan Spanish operatic tenor. ...

  • Lluís Andreu (1981-1990)
  • Albin Häsenroth (1990-1996)
  • Joan Matabosch, from 1996 to now.

Orchestra and conductors

The theatre has its own orchestra from its foundation in 1847: the Orquestra Simfònica del Gran Teatre del Liceu. It is the oldest orchestra still working in Barcelona, and the oldest in Spain. Its first conductor was Marià Obiols. 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Orchestra musical directors, and head conductors has been:

  • Michael Boder, 2009-
  • Sebastian Weigle, 2004-2009
  • Bertrand de Billy, 1999-2004.
  • Uwe Mund, 1987-1994.
  • Eugenio Marco, 1981-1984.
  • Ernest Xancó, 1959-1961.

Previously, the orchestra had not head conductors, but invited ones. Some of the conductors that have worked at Liceu has been: Franco Faccio, Felix Weingartner, Manuel de Falla, Alexander Glazunov,Richard Strauss, Igor Strawinsky, Joan Lamote de Grignon, Joan Manén, Jaume Pahissa, Ottorino Respighi, Pietro Mascagni, Karl Elmendorff, Max von Schillings, Joseph Keilberth, Clemens Krauss, Bruno Walter, Arturo Toscanini, Hans Knappertsbusch, Otto Klemperer, Albert Coates, George Sebastian, Erich Kleiber, Franz Konwitschny, Antal Dorati, Hans Swarowsky, André Cluytens, Antonino Votto, Richard Bonynge, Rafael Frübeck de Burgos, Jesús López Cobos, Riccardo Muti, Vaclav Neumann, Josep Pons, Antoni Ros-Marbà, Pinchas Steinberg, Friedrich Haider, Peter Schneider, Silvio Varviso, Sylvain Cambreling or Víctor Pablo Pérez. Bertrand de Billy, (born 1965 in Paris) is a French conductor. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Franco Faccio Franco Faccio (March 8, 1840 – July 21, 1891) was an Italian composer and conductor. ... Felix Weingartner, Edler von Münzberg (June 2, 1863 – May 7, 1942) was a conductor, composer and pianist. ... Manuel de Falla y Matheu (November 23, 1876 – November 14, 1946) was a Spanish composer of classical music. ... Portrait by Ilya Repin, 1887. ... This article is about the German composer of tone-poems and operas. ... Igor Fyodorovitch Stravinsky () (June 17, 1882 – April 6, 1971) was a composer of modern classical music. ... Elsa and Ottorino Respighi in the 1920s Ottorino Respighi (Bologna, July 9, 1879 - Rome, April 18, 1936) was an Italian composer, musicologist, pianist, violist and violinist. ... Pietro Mascagni (Livorno December 7, 1863 – Rome August 2, 1945) is one of the most important Italian opera composers of the turn of the 20th century. ... Conductor Karl Elmendorff Karl Elmendorff (October 25, 1891 in Düsseldorf - October 21, 1962) was a German conductor. ... Max von Schillings (Düren, April 4, 1868 - Berlin, July 24, 1933) was a German conductor and composer. ... Joseph Keilberth ( born April 19, 1908 - July 20, 1968) was a German conductor. ... Clemens Krauss (born in Vienna, March 31, 1893 – buried at Mexico City, May 16, 1954) was an Austrian conductor famed for his interpretations of the music of Richard Strauss, Richard Wagner and other German composers. ... Bruno Walter (Bruno Walter Schlesinger) (September 15, 1876 – February 17, 1962) was a German-born conductor and composer. ... Arturo Toscanini (March 25, 1867 – January 16, 1957) was an Italian musician. ... Hans Knappertsbusch (March 12, 1888 - October 25, 1965) German conductor born in Elberfeld (present-day Wuppertal), best known for his performances of the music of Richard Wagner, Anton Bruckner and Richard Strauss. ... Otto Klemperer (May 14, 1885 – July 6, 1973) was a German-born conductor and composer. ... Albert Coates (April 23, 1882 – December 11, 1953) was an Anglo-Russian conductor and composer. ... Note: George Sebastian is a fictional character in the Left Behind series. ... Erich Kleiber (August 5, 1890 – January 27, 1956) was an Austrian-born conductor. ... Franz Konwitschny (born August 14, 1901 in Fulnek, Northern Moravia, died July 28, 1962 in Belgrade) was a German conductor. ... Antal Dor ti (April 9, 1906 - November 13, 1988) was a conductor and composer. ... Hans Swarowsky (September 16, 1899, Budapest, Hungary - September 10, 1975, Salzburg, Austria) was a Hungarian conductor. ... Andre Cluytens (EMI) André Cluytens (March 26, 1905 - June 3, 1967) was a Belgian-born French conductor. ... Antonino Votto (October 30, 1896 - September 9, 1985) was an Italian operatic conductor. ... Richard Bonynge (born September 29, 1930) is an Australian conductor. ... Rafael Frübeck de Burgos (born September 15, 1933 in Burgos, Spain) is currently the Chief Conductor of the Orchestra Sinfonica Nazionale della RAI, Torino, Italy. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Riccardo Muti (born July 28, 1941, in Naples) is an Italian conductor best known for being the Music Director of Milans La Scala opera house, a position he held from 1986 to 2005, and of The Philadelphia Orchestra from 1980 to 1992. ... Václav Neumann (October 29, 1920 - September 2, 1995) was a Czech conductor, violinist and viola player. ... Josep Pons (born 1957) is a Spanish conductor. ... Antoni Ros-Marbà (born 1937 in Barcelona) is a Spanish conductor. ... Pinchas Steinberg (born 1945 in Israel) is an Israeli conductor. ... Peter Schneider is a former Disney film executive who helmed The Walt Disney Companys animation studio before serving as the companys studio chief from 2000 to 2001. ... Silvio Varviso (Feb. ... Sylvain Cambreling (born 1948 in Amiens, France) is a French conductor. ...


Choir conductors

Choir has been consolidated during the 1960s by its conductor, Riccardo Bottino (1960-1982). From 1982, choir conductors were Romano Gandolfi (1982-1993), with Vittorio Sicuri (1982-1990), and Andrés Máspero (from 1990). Now, the choir conductor is William Spaulding.


Stage directors and stagecraft

During the second half of 19th century, a school of stagecraft and theatrical scenery was developed at the Liceu. After the beginnings of Joan Ballester, well-known for his setting for L'Africaine, the leading scenographer was Francesc Soler i Rovirosa, working in the 1880-1900s. The style was very realistic, using painted paper flats and curtains. At that moment, settings and costumes were made in the theatre workshops. LAfricaine (The African Woman) is an opera by Giacomo Meyerbeer. ...


From 1900s to 1930s, this school is represented by scenic painters as: Maurici Vilomara, Fèlix Urgellés, Salvador Alarma, Oleguer Junyent... The last of these painters was Josep Mestres Cabanes, who painted sceneries in the 1930-1950s.


Among the present stage directors who has worked at the Liceu were: Giuseppe de Tomasi, Franco Zeffirelli, Wieland Wagner, Jean-Pierre Ponnelle, Götz Friedrich, Nikolaus Lehnhoff, Luca Ronconi, Pier Luigi Pizzi, Piero Faggioni, Peter Sellars, Herbert Wernicke, Núria Espert, Mario Gas, Manuel Huerga, Calixto Bieito, Graham Vick, Willy Decker, Luc Bondy, Andreas Homoki, Giancarlo del Monaco, Robert Carsen, Harry Kupfer, Peter Konwitschny, La Fura dels Baus or Els Comediants. Franco Zeffirelli (born Gianfranco Corsi on February 12, 1923), is an Italian film director. ... Wieland Wagner, (born 1917, died 1966). ... Jean-Pierre Ponnelle (1932-1988), a highly acclaimed opera director, was born in Paris on February 19, 1932. ... Götz Friedrich (born August 4, 1930 in Naumburg, Germany, died December 12, 2000 in Berlin, Germany) was a German opera and theater director. ... Luca Ronconi (born 8 March 1933 in Sousse, Tunisia) in an actor, theater director, and opera director. ... Pier Luigi Pizzi (June 15, 1930 – ) is an Italian opera director, set designer, and costume designer. ... Peter Sellars Peter Sellars (born September 27, 1957) is an American theater director, renowned for his modern stagings of classical operas and plays. ... Herbert Wernicke (March 24, 1946 – April 16, 2002) was a German opera director and a set and costume designer. ... Núria Espert (Hospitalet de Llobregat, June 11, 1935) is a TV, theatre and television Catalan actress. ... Calixto Bieito (born 1963) is a Spanish theater director known for his shocking, bizarre, and often deeply perverted productions of classic operas. ... Luc Bondy (born 17 July 1948 in Zurich) is a Swiss theater and opera director. ... German director known for his avant-garde productions of Wagner, which often got him into trouble under the former communist regime of East Germany. ... La Fura dels Baus is a Spanish theatrical group founded in 1979 in Barcelona known for their violent urban theatre, making use of unusual settings and doing away with the boundaries seperating audience and actors. ...


Singers

A lot of great singers have sung at Liceu. The most of the Catalan singers have begun their career there. Barcelona public loves voices. Camille Saint-Saëns, visiting the Liceu, said, talking about the public: "Is aiment trop the ténor" (They [the public] love tenors too much). Often, public have showed its passion for some singers. Charles Camille Saint-Saëns () (9 October 1835 – 16 December 1921) was a French composer, organist, conductor, and pianist, known especially for his orchestral works The Carnival of the Animals, Danse Macabre, Samson et Dalila, and Symphony No. ...


Among the most beloved of them, with many and relevant performances in Liceu stage, there are (in brackets, date of his/her presentation and his/her last performance, both at Liceu):

Also sang at Liceu, but without success Enrico Caruso (1904), Aureliano Pertile (1916), Mario del Monaco. Count Giuseppe Mario (born October 18, 1810 at Cagliari, Sardinia; died December 11, 1883 in Rome) was an Italian tenor. ... Francesco Tamagno (28 December 1850 – 31 August 1905) was an Italian operatic tenor. ... Julián Gayarre circa 1870 Sebastián Julián Gayarre Garjón (born January 9, 1844 in Roncal, Navarre; died January 2, 1890 in Madrid), better known as Julián Gayarre, was a Spanish opera singer who created the role of Marcello in Donizettis Il Duca dAlba and... Victor Maurel (June 17, 1848 in Marseilles-October 22, 1923 in New York City ) was a French baritone. ... Hariclea Darclée (born Hariclea Hartulary; June 10, 1860—1939) was a celebrated Romanian opera singer and soprano. ... Categories: Stub | 1871 births | 1940 deaths ... Rosina Storchio (1876–1945) was an Italian soprano who starred in the world premieres of Puccini’s Madama Butterfly, Leoncavallo’s La bohème and Zazà, Mascagni’s Lodoletta, and Giordano’s Siberia. ... For the song Caruso by Lucio Dalla, see Caruso (song). ... Mario Sammarco (December 13, 1868 - January 24, 1930) was an Italian operatic baritone. ... Adamo Didur (December 24, 1874 - January 7, 1946) was a Polish bass. ... Mattia Battistini, Italian operatic baritone, born Rome, 27 February 1856, died Collebaccaro di Contigliano, Rieti, 7 November 1928. ... Titta Ruffo, Italian opera singer (Pisa, June 9, 1877 - Florence, July 5, 1953), was generally regarded as the greatest Italian baritone of his generation - or any generation since. ... Elvira de Hidalgo (1898 - 1980), was a Spanish-born singing teacher, whose best known student was Maria Callas. ... Ebe Stignani (July 10, 1904 - October 5, 1974) was an Italian opera singer, who was pre-eminent in the dramatic mezzo-soprano roles of the Italian repertoire during a stage career of more than thirty years. ... Conchita Supervía (December 9, 1895–March 30, 1936) was a notable and successful Spanish mezzo-soprano singer. ... Giovanni Zenatello (2 February 1876 - 11 February 1949) was an Italian opera singer. ... Giacomo Lauri-Volpi (December 11, 1892–March 17, 1979) was an Italian tenor who performed throughout Europe and the Americas in a career that spanned forty years. ... Miguel Burró Fleta was a Spanish tenor. ... Antonietta Meneghel (27 June 1893 – 26 January [[1975), better known by her stage name Toti Dal Monte, was a celebrated Italian operatic soprano, and a favourite of Arturo Toscanini. ... Feodor Chaliapin Feodor Ivanovich Chaliapin (Russian: Фёдор Ива́нович Шаля́пин) [a more accurate English transliteration is Fyódor Shalyápin] (born February 13 [O.S. February 1] 1873, Kazan – died April 12, 1938, Paris) was the most famous Russian opera singer, bass of the first half of the 20th century. ... Lauritz Melchior (often misspelled Melchoir) (born March 20, 1890 – died March 18, 1973) was a Danish and later American opera singer. ... Georges Thill (1897 - 1984) was the most famous French tenor of his generation. ... The Italian mezzo-soprano Giulietta Simionato (born 12 May 1910) was one of the great singers of the post-war operatic stage. ... Victoria de los Ángeles Victòria dels Àngels (November 1, 1923 – January 15, 2005) was a Catalan Spanish operatic soprano whose career began in the early 1940s and reached its height in the mid 1970s. ... The Italian tenor Giuseppe Di Stefano (born 24 July 1921) is a famous opera singer whose career spanned from the late 1940s to the early 1970s. ... Kirsten Flagstad Kirsten MÃ¥lfrid Flagstad (July 12, 1895 – December 7, 1962) was a Norwegian opera singer. ... Hans Hotter (January 19, 1909 – December 8, 2003) was a German operatic bass-baritone, admired internationally after World War II for the power, beauty and intelligence of his singing, especially in Wagners masterpieces. ... Max Lorenz (born Max Sülzenfuß May 10, 1901 – January 11, 1975) - German heldentenor famous for Wagner roles. ... Boris Christoff Boris Christoff (Bulgarian: ) (May 18, 1914, Plovdiv, Bulgaria – June 28, 1993, Rome, Italy) was a Bulgarian opera singer, one of the greatest basses of the 20th century. ... Renata Tebaldi (Pesaro, February 1, 1922 – San Marino, December 19, 2004) was an Italian lyric soprano, popular in the post-war period. ... Giuseppe Taddei (born June 26, 1916) was an Italian baritone known for his work in Italian opera, particularly the works of Giuseppe Verdi, as well as for his work in Wolfgang Amadeus Mozarts and Richard Wagners operas. ... Wolfgang Windgassen (June 26, 1914 – September 8, 1974) was a tenor internationally known for his performances in Wagner operas. ... Walter Berry (April 8, 1929 - October 27, 2000) was an Austrian bass-baritone. ... Kammersänger Anton Dermota (June 4, 1910-June 22, 1989) was a Yugoslav tenor. ... Fedora Barbieri (born 4 June 1920, Trieste - died 4 March 2003) was an Italian mezzo-soprano opera singer. ... Margherita Carosio (June 7, 1908 – January 10, 2005) was an Italian operatic soprano. ... Astrid Varnay (born April 25, 1918 in Stockholm, Sweden) is an American soprano. ... Birgit Nilsson Birgit Nilsson (May 17, 1918 – December 25, 2005) was a Swedish dramatic soprano who specialized in operatic and symphonic works. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Italian singer Carlo Bergonzi (born 13 July 1924) is one of the most admired tenors of the post-war period. ... Alfredo Kraus Trujillo (24 September 1927–10 September 1999) was a Spanish tenor of Austrian descent, and considered among the legendary tenors of the 20th century along with others like Plácido Domingo, Franco Corelli, Jussi Björling, José Carreras, Jon Vickers and Luciano Pavarotti. ... Dame Joan Sutherland OM, AC, DBE (born November 7, 1926) is an Australian dramatic coloratura soprano noted for her contribution to the bel canto revival of the 1950s and 1960s. ... Piero Cappuccilli in the title role of Simon Boccanegra The Italian baritone Piero Cappuccilli (1929 - 12 July 2005) was a famous opera singer, best know for his Verdi roles, particularly Macbeth and Simon Boccanegra. ... Fiorenza Cossotto is an Italian mezzo soprano. ... Montserrat Caballé Maria de Montserrat Viviana Concepción Caballé i Folc, better known as Montserrat Caballé (born April 12, 1933), is a Catalan Spanish operatic soprano renowned for her bel canto technique and her interpretations of the roles of Rossini, Bellini, and Donizetti. ... Virginia Zeani (born Virginia Zehan, October 21, 1925, in Transylvania, Romania) was one of the greatest operatic sopranos of the 1950s and 1960s. ... Plácido Domingo José Plácido Domingo Embil KBE (born January 21, 1941)[1] better known as Plácido Domingo, is a world-renowned operatic tenor. ... Vicente [Vincenç] Sardinero (January 12, 1937 - February 9, 2002) was a Spanish operatic baritone. ... Richard Tucker (August 28, 1913 – January 8, 1975) was an American tenor. ... Grace Bumbry The American opera singer Grace Bumbry (born 4 January 1937) was one of the leading mezzo-sopranos of her generation -- although often a controversial singer. ... Anja Silja, German soprano, born April 17, 1940 in Berlin. ... Mirella Freni Mirella Freni (born 27 February 1935) is a famous Italian opera soprano much admired for the youthful quality of her voice and her acting skills. ... The Catalan tenor Josep Carreras (born December 5, 1946) is a famous opera singer much admired for his Verdi and Puccini roles. ... Elena Obraztsova on the cover of her biography Elena Vasiliyevna Obraztsova, (sometimes Yelena), born in Leningrad, (now St Petersburg) Russia, on July 7, 1939, is a Russian mezzo-soprano. ... Agnes Baltsa (Aγνή Mπάλτσα) (born 19th November 1944 on Lefkada) is a leading Greek mezzo-soprano. ... Edita Gruberova (born December 23, 1946) is a Czechoslovakian opera singer who is one of the most acclaimed coloraturas of recent decades. ... Simon Estes (2 February 1938-) is an America bass-baritone singer. ... Matti Salminen (Born July 7, 1945, in Turku) is a Finnish bass singer. ... Ewa Podles is a Polish-born Contralto, whose amazing repertoire ranges from Handels Giulio Cesare (Cesare) to songs by Shostakovich. ... Martti Talvela (born in Hittola, Finland February 4, 1935 – died in Juva, Finland July 22, 1989) was a Finnish operatic bass. ... Well-known people named Gwyneth Jones include: Gwyneth Jones (novelist) Gwyneth Jones (opera singer) Gwyneth Jones (North Walian) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Nicolai Ghiaurov (13 September 1929–2 June 2004) was a Bulgarian opera singer and probably the most famous bass of the postwar period. ... Rockwell Blake (Born January 10, 1951) is an American operatic tenor, particularly known for his roles in Rossini operas. ... Dolora Zajick, born 24 March 1952 in Salem, Oregon, is an American mezzo-soprano who specialises in the Verdian repertoire. ... Natalie Dessay (born Nathalie Dessaix, 19 April 1965, in Lyon) is a French soprano. ... Juan Diego Flórez (Born January 13, 1973) is a Peruvian operatic tenor, particularly known for his roles in Rossini operas. ... Rolando Villazón, tenor Viva Villazón album cover Emilio Rolando Villazón Mauleón (b. ... Fiorenza Cedolins, born in Anduins di Vito dAsio, a village in Friuli, near Trieste, is an Italian soprano. ... For the song Caruso by Lucio Dalla, see Caruso (song). ... Aureliano Pertile (born November 9, 1885; died January 11, 1952) was one of the twentieth centurys most important tenors. ... Mario del Monaco (Florence July 27, 1915 - October 16, 1982 in Mestre) was an Italian tenor. ...


Other well-known singer sang at Liceu, but very few times: so, Tito Schipa (1916), Beniamino Gigli (1917), Viorica Ursuleac, Ettore Bastianini (1948/1950), Maria Callas (1959, a concert), Leyla Gencer, Teresa Berganza, Franco Corelli, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Renata Scotto, Lisa Della Casa, Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, Gundula Janowitz, Nicolai Gedda, Teresa Stich-Randall, Beverly Sills, Norman Treigle, Pilar Lorengar, Lucia Popp, Christa Ludwig, Marilyn Horne, Brigitte Fassbaender, Luciano Pavarotti, Renée Fleming (2007), etc. The Italian tenor Tito Schipa (1888 – 16 December 1965) is considered one of the finest tenore di grazia (lyric tenors) in operatic history. ... Beniamino Gigli (March 20, 1890 - November 30, 1957) was an Italian singer, widely regarded as one of the greatest operatic tenors of his time. ... Viorica Ursuleac (26 March 1894 - 22 October 1985) was a Romanian operatic soprano. ... Ettore Bastianini (September 24, 1922–January 25, 1967) was an Italian opera singer who began his professional career as a bass, then earned worldwide acclaim as a baritone, particularly in Verdi roles, before dying of throat cancer at the age of forty-four. ... Maria Callas in a casual moment, 1960s Maria Callas (Greek: Μαρία Κάλλας) (December 2, 1923 – September 16, 1977) was an American born, Greek dramatic coloratura soprano and perhaps the best-known opera singer of the post-World War II period. ... Leyla Gencer Leyla Gencer (born October 10, 1928 in Istanbul, Turkey) is a world-renowned Turkish soprano opera singer. ... Teresa Berganza The Spanish opera singer Teresa Berganza (born 16 March 1935) is a well-known mezzo-soprano most closely associated with the roles of Rossini, Mozart, and Bizet. ... Franco Corelli. ... The German baritone Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau (born May 28, 1925) is regarded by many as the finest Lieder singer of his generation. ... The Italian opera singer Renata Scotto (born February 24, 1934) is a soprano widely admired for both her musical and dramatic gifts. ... Lisa Della Casa (born in Burgdorf on February 2, 1919) is a Swiss soprano who was famous for her interpretation of works by Mozart and Richard Strauss. ... Elisabeth Schwarzkopf Dame Elisabeth Schwarzkopf DBE (b. ... Gundula Janowitz (born August 2, 1937 in Berlin, Germany) was one of the greatest lyric sopranos in modern history, renowned for her magnificent tone -- often described as creamy or silvery -- and her vocal control at the top of her range. ... The Swedish tenor Nicolai Gedda (born July 11, 1925) is a famous opera singer and recitalist. ... Teresa Stich-Randall (born December 24, 1927 - died July 17, 2007) was a soprano opera singer from the United States. ... Beverly Sills (May 25, 1929 – July 2, 2007), born Belle Miriam Silverman, was perhaps the best-known American opera singer in the 1960s and 1970s. ... Norman Treigle (né Adanelle Wilfred Treigle, on 6 March 1927; died on 16 February 1975) was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, the fifth and final child of a poor carpenter and his wife. ... Pilar Lorengar Lorenza Pilar García Seta (January 16, 1929, Zaragoza, Spain – June 2/3, 1996, Berlin, Germany) was a Spanish (Aragonese) soprano who used the professional name Pilar Lorengar. ... Lucia Popp (Lucia Poppova) (November 12, 1939–November 16, 1993) was a popular operatic soprano from Slovakia. ... Christa Ludwig (born March 16, 1928) is a distinguished German mezzo-soprano, known both for her opera performances and her singing of Lieder. ... Marilyn Horne The American opera singer Marilyn Horne (born January 16, 1934) is a mezzo soprano who is particularly associated with the music of Rossini and Handel. ... Brigitte Fassbaender was born on 3 July 1939 in Berlin. ... Luciano Pavarotti performing on June 15, 2002 at a concert in the Stade Vélodrome in Marseille Luciano Pavarotti, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI[1] (October 12, 1935 – September 6, 2007) was a celebrated Italian tenor in operatic music, who successfully crossed into popular music becoming one of the most... Renée Fleming (b. ...


Conservatori de Música del Liceu

Linked to the theatre is the Conservatori Superior de Música del Liceu, a music college founded in 1837. Actually, the theatre and the school were parts of the same corporation. Conservatori Superior de Música del Liceu is a prominent music school in Barcelona, Spain. ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


The Liceu in fiction, cinema, etc.

Fiction: novels, plays, etc.

  • Frederic Soler's satirical comedy "Liceístas" i "cruzados" (1865), about the quarrels among theater-goer fans of Liceu and fans of the Teatre Principal, the main opera houses --there was a great rivality among them-- in Barcelona in 19th century.
  • Narcís Oller's novel La febre d'or (1892).
  • Artur Masriera's sketch book Los buenos barceloneses: hombres, costumbres y anécdotas de la Barcelona ochocentista (1850-1870) (1925).
  • Ignacio Agustí's novels: Mariona Rebull (1944) and El viudo Rius (1945), where the 1893 bomb at Liceu is narrated.
  • Eduardo Mendoza's novel La ciudad de los prodigios (1986). However, the film based on it was filmed at Teatre Fortuny at Reus, not at Liceu.
  • Joan Agut's short stories book El dia que es va cremar el Liceu (The day the Liceu was burnt) (1995).

Narcís Oller (1846-1930) is the Catalan author of the novel La febre dor. ... Eduardo Mendoza is a Spanish novelist, born in Barcelona on 11 January 1943. ... Reus, Joan Prims Monument Reus is the capital of the comarca of Baix Camp, in the province of Tarragona, Catalonia, located at 117 metres above sea level. ...

Films

  • Mariona Rebull (1947), directed by José Luis Sáenz de Heredia
  • Gayarre (1958), by Domingo Viladomat, biopic about Julián Gayarre, performed by Alfredo Kraus.
  • Circus world (1964), directed by Henry Hathaway, with John Wayne and Claudia Cardinale; some circus scenes are filmed at Liceu theatre inside.
  • Romanza final (1986), directed by José María Forqué, film about Julián Gayarre's life, with Josep Carreras.
  • Un submarí a les estovalles (1990), directed by Ignasi Pere Ferré.
  • La fiebre de oro (1993), directed by Gonzalo Herralde, with Fernando Guillén, Rosa M. Sardà i Àlex Casanovas, with fragments of a performance of Gounod's Faust.
  • The life of David Gale (2003), directed by Alan Parker, with Kevin Spacey and Kate Winslet.

Julián Gayarre circa 1870 Sebastián Julián Gayarre Garjón (born January 9, 1844 in Roncal, Navarre; died January 2, 1890 in Madrid), better known as Julián Gayarre, was a Spanish opera singer who created the role of Marcello in Donizettis Il Duca dAlba and... Alfredo Kraus Trujillo (24 September 1927–10 September 1999) was a Spanish tenor of Austrian descent, and considered among the legendary tenors of the 20th century along with others like Plácido Domingo, Franco Corelli, Jussi Björling, José Carreras, Jon Vickers and Luciano Pavarotti. ... Henry Hathaway (March 13, 1898 – February 11, 1985) was an American film director and producer. ... For other persons named John Wayne, see John Wayne (disambiguation). ... Claudia Cardinale (born April 15, 1938) is an Italian actress born in Tunis, Tunisia to Sicilian parents. ... Julián Gayarre circa 1870 Sebastián Julián Gayarre Garjón (born January 9, 1844 in Roncal, Navarre; died January 2, 1890 in Madrid), better known as Julián Gayarre, was a Spanish opera singer who created the role of Marcello in Donizettis Il Duca dAlba and... The Catalan tenor Josep Carreras (born December 5, 1946) is a famous opera singer much admired for his Verdi and Puccini roles. ... Categories: Stub | 1818 births | 1893 deaths | Opera composers | Romantic composers | French musicians ... For other uses, see Faust (disambiguation). ... Alan Parker on the set of Pink Floyd The Wall Sir Alan Parker (born February 14, 1944) is a British film director, producer, writer, and actor. ... Kevin Spacey (born July 26, 1959) is an Academy Award-winning American actor (film and stage) and director. ... Kate Elizabeth Winslet (born October 5, 1975) is a five time Academy Award-nominated Emmy Award-nominated BAFTA, Grammy and Screen Actors Guild Award winning English actress. ...

See also

  • Conservatori Superior de Música del Liceu
  • List of theatres and concert halls in Barcelona

Conservatori Superior de Música del Liceu is a prominent music school in Barcelona, Spain. ...

External links

  • Liceu website (in English, Catalan, and Spanish)

References

  • Alier, Roger, Historia del Gran Teatro del Liceo, Barcelona: La Vanguardia, 1983.
  • Nadal, Pau; Iborra, Joaquim, Anuari 1947-1997, Barcelona: Amics del Liceu: Àmbit, 1997.
  • Nadal, Pau; Cervelló, Marcel; Iborra, Joaquim, Crònica il·lustrada del Gran Teatre del Liceu, 1947-1997, Barcelona: Amics del Liceu: Àmbit, 1997.

Coordinates: 41°22′49″N 2°10′25″E / 41.38028, 2.17361 Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Taj Mahal Big Ben Saint Basils Cathedral Azadi Square in Tehran For other senses of this word, see landmark (disambiguation). ... The Arc de Triomf in Barcelona The Arc de Triomf (English: Triumphal Arch) is an archway structure in Barcelona (Spain). ... Avinguda Diagonal. ... The reconstructed Barcelona Pavilion The Barcelona Pavilion, designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, was the German Pavilion for the 1929 International Exposition in Barcelona. ... The Biblioteca de Catalunya, was created in 1907. ... Casa Amatller (on the left) and Casa Batlló. Casa Amatller is a Modernist building in Barcelona designed by Josep Puig i Cadafalch. ... Casa Batlló (pronounce Casa Batyo) is a building designed by Antoni Gaudi and built in years 1905–1907; located at 43, Passeig de Gràcia (passeig is Catalan for promenade or avenue), part of the Manzana de la Discòrdia in the Eixample district of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. ... Casa Calvet Casa Calvet is a building, designed by Antoni Gaudí for a textile manufacturer which served as both a commercial property (in the basement and on the ground floor) and a residence. ... The Casa Lleó-Morera is a building designed by noted modernisme architect Lluís Domènech i Montaner, located at Passeig de Gràcia 35 in the Eixample district of Barcelona. ... Casa Milá at dusk Parabolic or catenary arches under the terrace of Casa Milà. Casa Milà, better known as La Pedrera (Catalan for The Quarry), is a building designed by the Catalan architect Antoni Gaudí and built in the years 1905–1907. ... Casa Vicens Casa Vicens is a single-family residence designed by Antoni Gaudí and built for Manuel Vicens. ... Façade of Santa Eulàlia The Cathedral of Santa Eulàlia (also called La Seu) is the Gothic cathedral seat of the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. ... Estació de França Estació de França (Catalan language for France Station) is a major train station in Barcelona. ... Fabra Observatory is an astronomical observatory located in Barcelona, Spain. ... Forum Building The Forum Building, designed by the Swiss architects Jaques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron (Herzog & de Meuron), is considered by some to be an icon of the New Barcelona. However, local opinion on its aesthetic and functional merits is deeply divided. ... General view Al fossar de les Moreres no s´enterra cap traïdor, fins perdent nostres banderes será la urna d´honor dels herois de 1714 The Fossar de les Moreres is a memorial plaza in Barcelona, (Catalonia), adjacent to the basilica Santa Maria del Mar. ... An Alexander Calder sculpture (featuring moving mercury) in the sculpture garden of the Fundació Joan Miró The Fundació Joan Miró, Centre dEstudis dArt Contemporani (Joan Miró Foundation) is a museum of modern art honoring Joan Miró and located on Montjuïc in Barcelona. ... Crossing between Rambla de Catalunya and Gran Via Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes, often popularly known as just Gran Via, is one of Barcelonas major avenues. ... The present Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau (Catalan for Hospital of the Holy Cross and Saint Paul) in the Guinardó, Barcelona, Spain, is a complex built between 1901 and 1930, designed by the Catalan architect Lluís Domènech i Montaner. ... The Hotel Arts is a 43-story, 600 room luxury hotel on the seafront of Barcelona, in Spain. ... Fresh and dried fruits and vegetable for sale at the Boqueria. ... “Las Ramblas” redirects here. ... Montjuic Tower The Montjuic Communications Tower (Torre Telefónica) is a telecommunication tower in the Montjuïc neighborhood of Barcelona, Spain. ... Front entrance allowed horse drawn carriages to enter the home through one door and exit through the other. ... The Palau de la Generalitat houses the offices of the Presidency of the Generalitat de Catalunya. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Plaça de Catalunya. ... Night view of Plaça dEspanya and some parts of the Sants-Montjuïc district seen from MNAC. Statue in the roundabout of Plaça dEspanya Quatre Columnes, pulled down in 1928 by orders of dictator Miguel Primo de Rivera. ... Montjuïc is translated as Hill of the Jews in the medieval Catalan language, or as a corruption of Latin Mons Jovicus (that is, hill of Jupiter). ... Rambla de Catalunya is a major street in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain that runs West-East (or mountain-sea) through the Eixample district. ... For the Alan Parsons Project song, see La Sagrada Familia (song). ... The east end, restored in 1967 Barcelona‘s Ribera district is dominated by Santa María del Mar, an imposing church built between 1329 and 1383, at the height of Catalonias maritime and mercantile preeminence. ... Torre Agbar in Barcelona. ... Torre de Collserola is a uniquely designed tower located on the Tibidabo in Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Barcelona. ... The Archaeology Museum of Catalonia, (Abbreviated MAC, for Museu dArqueologia de Catalunya) was created under the Museums of Catalonia Act in 1990 and answers to the Ministry of Culture of Catalonia. ... CCCB The Centre de Cultura Contemporània de Barcelona, or CCCB, is situated in the Raval district of Barcelona, adjacent to the Modern Art Museum (MACBA). ... The Fundació Antoni Tàpies is a cultural center and museum, located in Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain), dedicated mainly to the life and works of the painter Antoni Tàpies. ... Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art The Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art (Museu dArt Contemporani de Barcelona, or MACBA) is situated in the Plaça dels Angels, Barcelona. ... The Palau Nacional which houses the Museu Nacional dArt de Catalunya The National Art Museum of Catalonia (Museu Nacional dArt de Catalunya - MNAC) in Barcelona, Spain is a museum of Catalan visual art. ... The Museu Picasso (Picasso Museum) in Barcelona, Spain, has one of the most extensive collections of artworks by the 20th century artist Pablo Picasso. ... The building that hosts the museum. ... Camp Nou (Catalan for new field, often reversed in English to become Nou Camp) is a football stadium in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. ... Camp de Les Corts, commonly referred to as Les Corts was a multi-use stadium in Barcelona, Spain. ... Estadi de Sarrià was a multi-use stadium in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. ... Estadi Olimpic Lluis Companys The Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys (formerly known as the Estadi Olímpic de Montjuïc) is a stadium in Barcelona. ... Mini Estadi Mini Estadi (Catalan for Mini Stadium) is a football (soccer) stadium located in Barcelona, Catalonia. ... The Palau dels Esports de Barcelona (English:Palace of sports of barcelona) is a multipurpose Indoor arena located in Barcelona, Catalonia. ... Palau Blaugrana Palau Blaugrana (Catalan for Palace of Blue and Deep Red) is an arena in Barcelona, Catalonia belonging to FC Barcelona (FCB). ... Palau Sant Jordi is an indoor sporting arena located in Barcelona, Spain. ... The façade of the Liceu, as viewed from the Ramblas The Gran Teatre del Liceu (or simply Liceu; in Spanish: Liceo) is an opera house on Las Ramblas in Barcelona. ... LAuditori is a modern building of 42,000 square metres designed by the architect Rafael Moneo, opened on 22nd March 1999. ... The Palau de la Música Catalana (Palace of Catalan Music) in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, is a concert hall built between 1905 and 1908, designed by the Catalan architect Lluís Domènech i Montaner. ... The Teatre Lliure is a theater in Barcelona considered one of the most prestigious in Spain. ... The entrance to the park Park Güell is a garden complex with architectural elements situated on the hill of el Carmel in the Gràcia district of Barcelona, Spain. ... Elogio del Agua Parc de la Creueta del Coll[1] is a park in the Horta district of Northern Barcelona, Spain. ... Aquàrium Barcelona is an aquarium located in Barcelona, Catalonia. ... Barceloneta is a neighborhood in the Ciutat Vella district of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain[1]. The neighborhood was constructed during the XVIIIth century for the residents of the Ribera neighborhood who had been displaced by the construction of the Ciudadela of Barcelona. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Conservatori Superior Liceu (763 words)
The Conservatori Superior de Música del Liceu has been distinguished for its vast pedagogical tradition in the field of singing, from which an important number of internationally renowned singers have appeared.
The Conservatori del Liceu proposes global teachings, from the children's 1 st contact with music, to their whole musical formation: including interpretation, as a soloist or in chamber or orchestral groups, but also pedagogical aspects.
In 1993 the Associate Schools and Professors Network was created in order to share the Liceu's methodology and experience with the greatest number of schools and professors.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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