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Encyclopedia > Licence to Kill
Licence to Kill

Licence to Kill film poster
James Bond Timothy Dalton
Also starring Carey Lowell
Robert Davi
Talisa Soto
Directed by John Glen
Produced by Albert R. Broccoli,
Michael G. Wilson,
Barbara Broccoli
Novel/Story by Michael G. Wilson,
Richard Maibaum
Screenplay Michael G. Wilson,
Richard Maibaum
Cinematography by Alec Mills
Music by Michael Kamen
Main theme Licence to Kill
Composer N. Michael Walden
Jeffrey Cohen
Walter Afanaseiff
Performer Gladys Knight
Distributed by MGM/UA Distribution Co.
Released July 14, 1989
Running time 133 min.
Budget $36,000,000
Worldwide gross $156,200,000
Admissions (world) 39.6 million
Preceded by The Living Daylights
Followed by GoldenEye
IMDb profile

Licence to Kill is a 1989 spy film. It is the 16th installment in the James Bond series, and the second and last to star Timothy Dalton as MI6 agent James Bond. Licence to Kill was the first official James Bond film to use a title not derived from either an Ian Fleming novel or a short story. However, it does contain characters and elements from Fleming's novel Live and Let Die and the short story "The Hildebrand Rarity". The film revolves around Bond's dismissal from MI6 and his vendetta against a South American drug baron. The title refers to Bond's discretionary licence to kill which allows him to kill without prior approval to complete his mission. Shortcut: WP:-( Vandalism is indisputable bad-faith addition, deletion, or change to content, made in a deliberate attempt to compromise the integrity of the encyclopedia. ... Shortcut: WP:-( Vandalism is indisputable bad-faith addition, deletion, or change to content, made in a deliberate attempt to compromise the integrity of the encyclopedia. ... 007 - Licence to Kill movie poster File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Commander James Bond, CMG, RNVR is a fictional character created by novelist Ian Fleming, and the protagonist of the James Bond series of novels and films. ... Timothy Peter Dalton (born March 21, 1946[1]) is a Welsh born English actor of stage and screen, best known for portraying James Bond in The Living Daylights (1987) and Licence to Kill (1989) and in his roles in Shakespearean related films and plays. ... Carey Lowell (born February 11, 1961 in Huntington, New York) is an American actress. ... Robert Davi as Commander Acastus Kolya in Stargate Atlantis Robert Davi (born June 26, 1954 in Astoria, Queens, New York) is an American character actor who tends to play primarily villains. ... Talisa Soto (born Miriam Soto on March 27, 1967) is an American model and actress of Puerto Rican descent. ... John Glen is a noted film director, born May 15, 1932 in Sunbury-on-Thames, England. ... Albert Romolo Broccoli, CBE (Hon) (April 5, 1909 – June 27, 1996) nicknamed Cubby, was an American film producer who produced more than 40 movies, most of them produced in the United Kingdom, and often filmed at Pinewood Studios. ... Michael G. Wilson (born 1943) is the stepson of the late James Bond producer Albert R. Broccoli and half brother to current James Bond producer, Barbara Broccoli. ... Barbara Dana Broccoli (born June 18, 1960) is the daughter of the famous James Bond producer Albert R. Broccoli. ... // James Bond Novels By Ian Fleming Ian Fleming. ... Richard Maibaum (May 26, 1909 - January 4, 1991) was an American film producer, playwright and screenwriter best known for his adaptations of Ian Flemings James Bond novels. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Michael Kamen (April 15, 1948 – November 18, 2003) was an American composer (especially of film scores), orchestral arranger, orchestral conductor, song writer, and session musician. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Gladys Maria Knight (born May 28, 1944 in Atlanta, Georgia) is an American R&B/soul singer and actress. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... The Living Daylights is the fifteenth James Bond film made by EON Productions. ... GoldenEye is a 1995 spy film. ... // Actress Kim Basinger and her brother Mick purchase Braselton, Georgia for $20 million. ... The spy film genre deals with the subject of fictional espionage, either in a realistic way or as a basis for fantasy. ... Flemings image of James Bond; commissioned to aid the Daily Express comic strip artists. ... The official film logo of James Bond (007) The adventures of Ian Flemings fictional secret agent, James Bond, have become a successful film series, with twenty-one titles made by EON Productions as of 2007. ... Timothy Peter Dalton (born March 21, 1946[1]) is a Welsh born English actor of stage and screen, best known for portraying James Bond in The Living Daylights (1987) and Licence to Kill (1989) and in his roles in Shakespearean related films and plays. ... The Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), commonly known as MI6, is the United Kingdoms external intelligence agency. ... Commander James Bond, CMG, RNVR is a fictional character created by novelist Ian Fleming, and the protagonist of the James Bond series of novels and films. ... Ian Lancaster Fleming (May 28, 1908 – August 12, 1964) was a British author, journalist and Second World War Naval Officer. ... Live and Let Die is the second James Bond novel by Ian Fleming, first published in 1954. ... This article is about the James Bond book and short story. ... The Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), more commonly known as MI6 (originally Military Intelligence Section 6), or the Secret Service, is the United Kingdom external security agency. ... Licence to kill has at least two known meanings, it can be defined as an official sanction by a government or government agency to a particular operative or employee to initiate the use of deadly force, presumably in furtherance of the governments aims or policies, or in carrying out...


Following the film's dissappointing box office performance compared to some of the other Bond films, the death of screenwriter Richard Maibaum and subsequent legal battles over the ownership of the James Bond series, Licence to Kill was the last Bond film for over six years, the longest interval in the history of the series. It was also the final film to be produced by Albert R. Broccoli, whose declining health led to a diminished role in bringing 1995's GoldenEye to the screen. A film producer creates the conditions for making movies. ... Albert Romolo Broccoli, CBE (Hon) (April 5, 1909 – June 27, 1996) nicknamed Cubby, was an American film producer who produced more than 40 movies, most of them produced in the United Kingdom, and often filmed at Pinewood Studios. ... // March 28 - Actress Julia Roberts and singer Lyle Lovett announce their plans for separation November - After a six-year hiatus, the James Bond film series resumes with the successful GoldenEye. ... GoldenEye is a 1995 spy film. ...

Contents

Production

Film locations

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Bahamas. ... Bimini Island from space, June 1998 Map of the Bahamas with the Biminis positioned center left (click to enlarge). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Panama. ... Panama City (Spanish: Ciudad de Panamá), population 708,738, with a total metro population of 1,063,000 is the capital of Panama, located at the Pacific entrance of the Panama Canal, at . ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Westminster is a district within the City of Westminster in London. ... The Ministry of Defence (MOD) is the United Kingdom government department responsible for implementation of government defence policy and the headquarters of the British Armed Forces. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Palm trees in Islamorada The Florida Keys is an archipelago of about 1700 islands in the southeast United States. ... The Seven Mile Bridge, in the Florida Keys, runs over a channel between the Gulf of Mexico and the Florida Strait, connecting Key Vaca (the location of the city of Marathon, Florida) in the Middle Keys to Little Duck Key in the Lower Keys. ... Pigeon Key is a small island in the middle Florida Keys. ... Map of Key West Key West is a city located in Monroe County, Florida. ... The Ernest Hemingway House was the residence of author Ernest Hemingway in Key West, Florida, United States. ... Key West International Airport (IATA: EYW, ICAO: KEYW) is an airport located in Key West, Florida, United States. ...

Shooting locations

  • Flag of Mexico Mexico
    • Acapulco
      • Villa Arabesque - (Sanchez' mansion)
    • Mexicali
      • La Rumorosa Mountain Pass - (filming site of the tanker chase)
Ernest Hemingway House, Key West, Florida
Ernest Hemingway House, Key West, Florida
Key West, Florida in 2001
Key West, Florida in 2001

Licence to Kill is the only James Bond film to date not to have used a film studio in the United Kingdom during production, though post-production and sound re-recording was carried out at Pinewood Studios. This is also the first Bond film to be rated PG-13 in the US and 15 in the UK; all previous films were PG. Violent scenes had to be trimmed in both the UK and US to avoid a higher classification. The uncut version is available in the James Bond Ultimate Edition DVD box sets. Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Acapulco (Officially: Acapulco de Juárez) is a city and major sea port in the state of Guerrero on the Pacific coast of Mexico, 300 km (190 miles) southwest from Mexico City. ... Mexicali is the capital of the state of Baja California, Mexico as well as the capital of the municipality of Mexicali. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 531 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1360 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 531 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1360 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Ernest Hemingway House was the residence of author Ernest Hemingway in Key West, Florida, United States. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 664 KB) Summary Aerial view of Key West, looking north. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 664 KB) Summary Aerial view of Key West, looking north. ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City in central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Mexico Federal entity Federal District Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... Estudios Churubusco is one of the oldest and largest movie studios in Latin America located in the Churubusco neighborhood of Mexico City. ... This article is about a city in Mexico. ... Isla Mujeres Isla Mujeres Isla Mujeres is the name of a small island, as well as the town on that island, a short distance off the coast of the north east of the Yucatan Peninsula in the Caribbean Sea. ... Canc n is a coastal city in Quintana Roo, Mexicos easternmost state. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Whitehall, London, looking south towards the Houses of Parliament. ... Westminster is a district within the City of Westminster in London. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Palm trees in Islamorada The Florida Keys is an archipelago of about 1700 islands in the southeast United States. ... The Seven Mile Bridge, in the Florida Keys, runs over a channel between the Gulf of Mexico and the Florida Strait, connecting Key Vaca (the location of the city of Marathon, Florida) in the Middle Keys to Little Duck Key in the Lower Keys. ... Pigeon Key is a small island in the middle Florida Keys. ... Map of Key West Key West is a city located in Monroe County, Florida. ... The Ernest Hemingway House was the residence of author Ernest Hemingway in Key West, Florida, United States. ... Coast Guard shield The United States Coast Guard is the coast guard of the United States. ... The entrance to Pinewood Studios Pinewood Studios is a major British film studio situated approximately 20 miles west of London among the pine trees on what was the estate of Heatherden Hall, near the village of Iver Heath, Buckinghamshire. ... The James Bond Ultimate Edition DVD series are a set of special-edition James Bond DVDs. ...


Plot

The story opens with Bond and his friend, CIA agent Felix Leiter on their way to Leiter's wedding. Meanwhile, DEA agents spot drug lord Franz Sanchez flying into Cray Key, The Bahamas, where he catches his mistress in bed with another man. In retaliation for her infidelity, he orders his henchmen to cut the man's heart out (offscreen) and whips her brutally. The DEA dispatches a helicopter to collect Leiter in an attempt to capture Sanchez, and Bond tags along. The pair capture Sanchez by pulling his plane out of the air with a Coast Guard helicopter, and then parachute down to arrive at the wedding on time. The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an intelligence agency of the United States government. ... Felix Leiter is a fictional character created by Ian Fleming in the James Bond series of novels and films. ... Nuptial is the adjective of wedding. It is used for example in zoology to denote plumage, coloration, behavior, etc related to or occurring in the mating season. ... Franz Sanchez is the main villain from the James Bond film Licence to Kill. ... USCG HH-65 Dolphin USCG HH-60J JayHawk The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a branch of the United States armed forces and is involved in maritime law enforcement, mariner assistance, search and rescue, and national defense. ...

Franz Sanchez, drug-lord from the Republic of Isthmus

Later that same day, DEA agent Killifer assists Sanchez in escaping federal custody, lured by a promise of two million dollars. On their honeymoon night, Leiter and his new wife, Della, are captured by Sanchez's lieutenant Dario and several henchmen. Leiter is bound and lowered into a shark tank; the shark bites off the lower half of one of his legs. After hearing the news of Sanchez's escape, Bond returns to Leiter's house to find Della in her wedding dress, dead. In the study, Bond finds Felix, maimed but still alive, bearing a note from Sanchez: "He disagreed with something that ate him." Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Franz Sanchez is the main villain from the James Bond film Licence to Kill. ...

Bond begins his revenge by killing Killifer, causing him to fall into the same tank with the shark which maimed Felix. Under pressure from the DEA to rein in his agent, M meets Bond in Key West's Hemingway House and orders him to an assignment in Istanbul, Turkey. Bond refuses, but M insists that Bond take the Turkey mission, claiming that Bond's vendetta could easily compromise the British government. Refusing to let the matter go, Bond resigns. M accepts his resignation and immediately revokes his licence to kill. Bond then escapes MI6 custody and becomes a rogue agent, bereft of official backing (but later surreptitiously helped by MI6 armourer Q, who voluntarily joins Bond while pretending to be on leave). Bond then gets aboard a ship run by Milton Krest, one of Sanchez's key lieutenants, where he ruins Sanchez's latest drug shipment and steals five million dollars from Sanchez to finance his exploits. In Leiter's records, Bond finds details of a rendezvous in Bimini with Pam Bouvier, an ex-CIA agent-pilot, who he recruits to his mission. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Milton Krest is a fictional character from the James Bond film, Licence To Kill. ... Guðrún agitates her sons, Hamðir and Sörli, to avenge their sister. ... The DEAs enforcement activities may take agents anywhere from distant countries to suburban U.S. homes. ... M is a fictional character in Ian Flemings James Bond series, as well as the films in the Bond franchise. ... Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short-story writer, and journalist. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... Licence to kill has at least two known meanings, it can be defined as an official sanction by a government or government agency to a particular operative or employee to initiate the use of deadly force, presumably in furtherance of the governments aims or policies, or in carrying out... Q is a fictional character in the James Bond novels and films. ... Pam Bouvier is a fictional character and is one of the two Bond Girls in License to Kill the second Bond installment with Timothy Dalton as James Bond. ...

James Bond and Bond girls / Timothy Dalton, Carey Lowell, Talisa Soto / promotional photo for Licence to Kill
James Bond and Bond girls / Timothy Dalton, Carey Lowell, Talisa Soto / promotional photo for Licence to Kill

Bond journeys to the Latin American country of "The Republic of Isthmus" (filmed in Mexico but based on Panama), where he finds his way into Sanchez's employ. Bond meets Sanchez in his office above a local casino and poses as an assassin looking for work. With the aid of Bouvier and Q, he frames Krest, making him appear disloyal to Sanchez. Sanchez punishes this perceived disloyalty by trapping Krest in a hyperbaric chamber and then suddenly depressurising the chamber, causing Krest's head to explode bloodily; meanwhile for Bond's perceived loyalty, Sanchez permits him into his inner circle of friends. Image File history File links Licensetokill. ... Image File history File links Licensetokill. ... A Bond Girl is a character or actress portraying a love interest or sex object of James Bond in a film, novel or video game. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is the medical use of oxygen at a higher than atmospheric pressure. ...


Sanchez takes him to his base, where Bond learns that Sanchez's scientists can dissolve cocaine in gasoline, and then sell it — disguised as fuel — to Asian drug dealers. The buying and selling are conducted via the fake American televangelist Professor Joe Butcher. The re-integration process will be available to those underworld clients who can pay Sanchez's price. With the aid of Agent Bouvier, Bond destroys Sanchez's processing plant. In the process, Sanchez ties Bond's hands and feet together and puts him on a conveyor belt that drops the brick-cocaine into two giant crushers to get information from him. Bond reveals that he knows about the Stingers and Dario stops the conveyor belt at Sanchez's command. Bond tells Sanchez that it's the last he'll see of Heller and the Stingers, and Sanchez signals to Dario to start the conveyor belt again. Sanchez thanks Bond for the advice and leaves with his men. Pam Bouvier shows up and Bond kills Dario by pulling him onto the conveyor belt and he falls, screaming, into the crushers. Pam and Bond quickly escape the base before it blows up, meeting Heller along the way who has been impaled on a forklift. Cocaine is a crystalline tropane alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the coca plant. ... Gasoline or petrol is a petroleum-derived liquid mixture consisting mostly of hydrocarbons and enhanced with benzene or iso-octane to increase octane ratings, used as fuel in internal combustion engines. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... In the USA, a televangelist (television evangelist) is a religious minister (often a Christian priest or minister) who devotes a large portion of his (or her) ministry to TV broadcasts to a regular viewing and listening audience. ... This article is about industrial conveyor belts. ... Cocaine is a crystalline tropane alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the coca plant. ... Stingers (1998 - 2004) was an Australian TV police drama series. ... US airman operates forklift at a truck A forklift is a powered industrial truck used to hoist and transport materials by means of steel forks inserted under the load. ...


As the processing plant explodes, Bond pursues Sanchez as he escapes with four tanker trucks . After destroying three of the trucks, Bond and Sanchez fight aboard the final remaining tanker, which ends up out of control and then rolls down a hillside. Sanchez has been soaked in gasoline leaking from the crashed fuel tanker. When Sanchez lifts his machete to deliver a killing blow to a weakened, defenseless Bond, Bond distracts him by asking, "Don't you want to know why?", pulls out a cigarette lighter — Leiter's gift to Bond for being the best man at his wedding — and sets Sanchez afire. Sanchez, burning alive, stumbles into the wrecked tanker truck's cistern, causing its cocaine-gasoline to explode. Bond quickly moves away from the Tanker before the massive explosion. Thinking Pam to have died during the chase, Bond looks downcast until he hears a truck horn nearby. Pam pulls up in a surviving front section of one of the Tank Trucks and calls to Bond, "Well, what are you waiting for? Get in!" Bond responds, "Yes sir," and gets in the truck. This does not cite its references or sources. ... A metal naphtha lighter A lighter is a device used to create fire with the intent to ignite another substance such as a cigarette, smoking pipe, or charcoal in a grill. ... A horn is a tapered sound-guide designed to provide an acoustic impedance match between a sound-producing device and the characteristic impedance of free space. ...

James Bond transferring from a Piper Cub plane to a tanker truck in Licence to Kill
James Bond transferring from a Piper Cub plane to a tanker truck in Licence to Kill

Later, Bond and Q attend a party at Sanchez's residence. Bond takes a telephone call from Felix, informing him that M is offering Bond his job back. Bond tells him that his hostess (Lupe) has just arrived. Q and Pam share a drink and Lupe thanks Bond for everything. Bonds thanks her, and she kisses him. Pam notices this and goes downstairs, upset. Lupe hasn't noticed this and she suggests that Bond could stay there with her, but Bond looks over the balcony, sees Pam standing alone by the pool and tells Lupe that he thinks her and El Presidente will make perfect couple. With that, Bond flings himself over the balcony and lands in the pool, surprising Pam. Bond pulls her into the pool, and they laugh. Above, Lupe, El Presidente and Q walk away respectfully. Pam asks Bond, "Why don't you wait until you're asked?" which is what Bond asked her earlier in the film. And Bond replies with what she said, "So why don't you ask me?" They kiss and the credits roll over a beautiful view of the city Acapulco. Image File history File links Permis8. ... Image File history File links Permis8. ... Piper Cub. ... Look up presenter, host in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A balcony comprising a balustrade supported at either end by plinths. ... Acapulco (Officially: Acapulco de Juárez) is a city and major sea port in the state of Guerrero on the Pacific coast of Mexico, 300 km (190 miles) southwest from Mexico City. ...


Cast

See also: List of James Bond henchmen in Licence to Kill and List of James Bond allies in Licence to Kill

A list of henchmen from the 1989 James Bond film License to Kill from the List of James Bond henchmen // Dario, Perez and Braun are fictional characters who appear in the James Bond film Licence to Kill. ... This is a list of James Bond allies in the film Licence to Kill // M - Robert Brown Q - Desmond Llewelyn Miss Moneypenny - Caroline Bliss Della Churchill Leiter is a fictional character in the James Bond film series. ... Flemings image of James Bond; commissioned to aid the Daily Express comic strip artists. ... Timothy Peter Dalton (born March 21, 1946[1]) is a Welsh born English actor of stage and screen, best known for portraying James Bond in The Living Daylights (1987) and Licence to Kill (1989) and in his roles in Shakespearean related films and plays. ... Pam Bouvier is a fictional character and is one of the two Bond Girls in License to Kill the second Bond installment with Timothy Dalton as James Bond. ... Carey Lowell (born February 11, 1961 in Huntington, New York) is an American actress. ... Franz Sanchez is the main villain from the James Bond film Licence to Kill. ... Robert Davi as Commander Acastus Kolya in Stargate Atlantis Robert Davi (born June 26, 1954 in Astoria, Queens, New York) is an American character actor who tends to play primarily villains. ... Lupe Lamora is a bond girl from the James Bond film Licence to Kill. ... Talisa Soto (born Miriam Soto on March 27, 1967) is an American model and actress of Puerto Rican descent. ... A list of henchmen from the 1989 James Bond film License to Kill from the List of James Bond henchmen // Dario, Perez and Braun are fictional characters who appear in the James Bond film Licence to Kill. ... Anthony Zerbe (born May 20, 1936 in Long Beach, California) is an American stage, film and television actor. ... Sharkey is a fictional character from the James Bond film, Licence to Kill. ... Frank McRae (born in Memphis, Tennessee on June 3, 1942) is an American actor and former professional football player. ... Ed Killifer was a DEA official in the film Licence to Kill, played by Everett McGill. ... Everett McGill (b. ... A list of henchmen from the 1989 James Bond film License to Kill from the List of James Bond henchmen // Dario, Perez and Braun are fictional characters who appear in the James Bond film Licence to Kill. ... Carson Wayne Newton (born April 3, 1942, in Roanoke, Virginia) is an American singer and entertainer based in Las Vegas, Nevada. ... A list of henchmen from the 1989 James Bond film License to Kill from the List of James Bond henchmen // Dario, Perez and Braun are fictional characters who appear in the James Bond film Licence to Kill. ... Benicio Monserrat Rafael Del Toro Sanchez (born February 19, 1967, in San Germán, Puerto Rico) is an Academy Award winning Puerto Rican actor. ... A list of henchmen from the 1989 James Bond film License to Kill from the List of James Bond henchmen // Dario, Perez and Braun are fictional characters who appear in the James Bond film Licence to Kill. ... Anthony Starke (b. ... A list of henchmen from the 1989 James Bond film License to Kill from the List of James Bond henchmen // Dario, Perez and Braun are fictional characters who appear in the James Bond film Licence to Kill. ... Pedro Armendáriz Jr. ... Q is a fictional character in the James Bond novels and films. ... Desmond Wilkinson Llewelyn (September 12, 1913 – December 19, 1999) was a Welsh actor, famous for playing the fictional character of Q in the James Bond series of films. ... Felix Leiter is a fictional character created by Ian Fleming in the James Bond series of novels and films. ... David Hedison is seen playing CIA agent Felix Leiter in Live and Let Die. ... Della Churchill Leiter is a fictional character in the James Bond film series. ... Barnes in the opening credits of Threes Company Priscilla Barnes (born in Fort Dix, New Jersey on December 7, 1955) is an American actress best known for replacing Suzanne Somers (Jenilee Harrison having stepped-in the season before) when Somers finally quit the show Threes Company. ... M is a fictional character in Ian Flemings James Bond series, as well as the films in the Bond franchise. ... Robert Brown as M in Licence to Kill Robert Brown (July 23, 1921 - November 11, 2003) was a British actor best known for his portrayal of M in the James Bond movies, succeeding Bernard Lee, who died in 1981. ... Miss Moneypenny is a fictional character in the James Bond novels and films. ... Caroline Bliss (born 1961) is a British actress who trained at the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School. ... A list of henchmen from the 1989 James Bond film License to Kill from the List of James Bond henchmen // Dario, Perez and Braun are fictional characters who appear in the James Bond film Licence to Kill. ... Don Stroud Don Stroud (born 1 September 1943) is one of the most recognizable actors of the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s. ... Grand L. Bush (born December 24, 1955) is an American actor of stage, television and major motion pictures. ... Cary-Hiroyuki Tagawa (田川洋行, born 27 September 1950 in Tokyo, Japan) is a Japanese American actor. ... A list of henchmen from the 1989 James Bond film License to Kill from the List of James Bond henchmen // Dario, Perez and Braun are fictional characters who appear in the James Bond film Licence to Kill. ... Alejandro Bracho (born:1 October 1957, San Juan, Puerto Rico)is a Puerto Rican actor. ... A list of henchmen from the 1989 James Bond film License to Kill from the List of James Bond henchmen // Dario, Perez and Braun are fictional characters who appear in the James Bond film Licence to Kill. ... Guy De Saint Cyr (born:15 April 1958, Berlin, Germany is a German actor. ...

Reception

Taking inflation into account, Licence to Kill is among the least financially successful James Bond films[1]. Many authors, fans and critics have debated the reasons for this. One of the first causes cited is the increase in violence, which led to a 15 rating in Britain and a PG-13 rating in the U.S. This was the first Bond film to receive such a rating, though all Bond films released after would be rated similarly; 12/12A(UK) and PG-13(US). British Board of Film Classification logo The British Board of Film Classification (BBFC), originally British Board of Film Censors, is the organisation responsible for film and some video game classification and censorship within the United Kingdom. ... The MPAA film rating system is a system used in the United States and territories and instituted by the Motion Picture Association of America to rate a movie based on its content. ...


Licence to Kill also had a somewhat troubled production history (as related by long time producer Michael G. Wilson on the DVD's commentary track), including budgetary constraints imposed ever since the excesses of Moonraker that failed to allow for inflation, the location shift to Mexico from the originally planned China and a five month WGA strike that prevented veteran Richard Maibaum from completing the script, a task producer Wilson had to take on[2]. Moonraker is a 1979 spy film. ...


Albert R. 'Cubby' Broccoli openly stated that he disliked the handling of the marketing and promotion for Licence to Kill, which was significantly affected by a late title change. Promotional material already produced by artist Robert Peak was built around the original title "Licence Revoked" and was inspired by Dalton's more dramatic and hard-edged portrayal of Bond. The delay in producing corrected materials (created by Steven Chorney in a more traditional style) limited its pre-release exposure to audiences. The reason behind the name change was rumored to have been as a result of test screenings shown in the United States, where members of the audience did not understand the meaning of "revoked." Though often repeated, this has never been substantiated and it seems unlikely the word would be unknown in the U.S. since it had been ubiquitous for decades prior to the films release due to its usage in relation to driving privileges. A far more likely scenario would be this very familiarity with the word creating a potentially humorous connection to the mundane, the very opposite reaction the marketing was aiming for.[citation needed] Albert Romolo Broccoli, CBE (Hon) (April 5, 1909 – June 27, 1996) nicknamed Cubby, was an American film producer who produced more than 40 movies, most of them produced in the United Kingdom, and often filmed at Pinewood Studios. ... A test screening is a preview screening of a movie conducted before its general release, in order to gauge audience reaction. ... Current EU driving licence, German version - front 1. ...


Another factor cited for Licence to Kill's comparatively tepid box office performance is that it was released towards the end of one of the most profitable spring/summer film seasons in history which included such heavily promoted releases as Batman; Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade; Lethal Weapon 2; The Abyss; Star Trek V: The Final Frontier; Honey, I Shrunk the Kids; and Ghostbusters II; all of these contributed to a glut of options at the Box Office for audiences, particularly those looking for action/adventure, the Bond franchise's traditional genre. No Bond film has been given a summer release since, opting instead for the fall season, or in the November/ December holiday season. Batman is an American Academy Award-winning superhero film based on the DC Comics character Batman created by Bob Kane and Bill Finger. ... Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade is a 1989 adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Harrison Ford, Sean Connery, Denholm Elliott, Julian Glover, Alison Doody, River Phoenix, and John Rhys-Davies. ... Lethal Weapon 2 is the second movie in the Lethal Weapon series, released in 1989. ... The Abyss is a 1989 science fiction film which was written and directed by James Cameron, starring Ed Harris, Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio, and Michael Biehn. ... Star Trek V: The Final Frontier (Paramount Pictures, 1989; see also 1989 in film) is the fifth feature film based on the popular Star Trek science fiction television series. ... Honey, I Shrunk the Kids is a 1989 comedy film released through Walt Disney Pictures. ... Ghostbusters II is the 1989 sequel to Ghostbusters (1984). ...


Licence to Kill did however perform well with test audiences and numerous critics responded very favorably to its more realistic approach; Variety, Roger Ebert, and Leonard Maltin among them. Director John Glen also deemed the film to be the best of his five Bond films. Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... Roger Joseph Ebert (June 18, 1942) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American film critic. ... Leonard Maltin (born December 18, 1950 in New York City) is a widely known and respected American film critic. ... John Glen is a noted film director, born May 15, 1932 in Sunbury-on-Thames, England. ...


Soundtrack

Main article: Licence to Kill (soundtrack)

Initially Eric Clapton and Vic Flick were asked to write and perform the theme song to Licence to Kill. The theme was said to have been a new version based on the James Bond Theme. The guitar riff heard in the original recording of the theme was played by Flick. The prospect, however, fell apart and Gladys Knight's song and performance was chosen. The song (one of the longest to ever be used in a Bond film) was based on the "horn line" from Goldfinger, which required royalty payments to the original writers.[3] The music video of "Licence to Kill" was directed by Daniel Kleinman, who later took over the reins of title designer from Maurice Binder for the 1995 Bond film, GoldenEye. The soundtrack to Licence to Kill, the 16th James Bond film of the same name, was released by MCA Records in 1989. ... Eric Patrick Clapton CBE (born 30 March 1945), nicknamed Slowhand, is a Grammy Award winning English guitarist, singer and composer. ... Vic Flick (Born Victor Harold Flick, May 14, 1937 in Hill Crescent, Worcester Park, Surrey, England) is a guitarist, most famous for the playing of the guitar riff in The James Bond Theme. He has worked with many notable artists, including Tom Jones, Eric Clapton, and Jimmy Page. ... The James Bond Theme is one of the signature themes for the James Bond films. ... Gladys Maria Knight (born May 28, 1944 in Atlanta, Georgia) is an American R&B/soul singer and actress. ... For the villain in this film, see Auric Goldfinger. ... A music video is a short film or video that accompanies a complete piece of music, most commonly a song. ... Daniel Kleinman is a British television commercial and music video director who is also the current title sequence designer for the James Bond series of films, starting with 1995s GoldenEye. ... Maurice Binder (August 25, 1925 - April 4, 1991) is a famous title designer best known for his work on 14 James Bond films beginning with the first, Dr. No in 1962 and ending with Licence to Kill in 1989. ... // March 28 - Actress Julia Roberts and singer Lyle Lovett announce their plans for separation November - After a six-year hiatus, the James Bond film series resumes with the successful GoldenEye. ... GoldenEye is a 1995 spy film. ...


Notably, the end credits of the film feature "If You Asked Me To", sung by Patti LaBelle. In 1992, the song was covered and became a hit for singer Céline Dion. Patti LaBelle (born Patricia Louise Holt on May 24, 1944 in West-Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is a Grammy Award-winning American R&B and soul singer and songwriter who fronted two groups, Patti LaBelle and the Bluebelles and Labelle, which changed and birthed a new era of womens music and... See also: 1992 in music (UK) Musical groups established in 1992 Record labels established in 1992 other events of 1992 list of years in music 1990s in music // 1992 was a pivotal year in the development of music. ... Céline Marie Claudette Dion Angélil, OC, OQ, (born March 30, 1968) is a Canadian pop vocalist and occasional songwriter. ...


Because John Barry was not available at the time due to the fact he was undergoing throat surgery, the soundtrack's score was composed and conducted by Michael Kamen, who also composed the soundtrack for the first three Die Hard films and all four Lethal Weapon films. John Barry. ... Michael Kamen (April 15, 1948 – November 18, 2003) was an American composer (especially of film scores), orchestral arranger, orchestral conductor, song writer, and session musician. ... Die Hard is a Hollywood action film released in 1988. ... Sandra Bullock was original slated to play Gary Buseys role as the main villian, but due to her contract she was unable to. ...


Novelisation

1989 British Coronet Books paperback edition.
1989 British Coronet Books paperback edition.

Licence to Kill was the first James Bond film since Moonraker to have a novelisation commissioned[citation needed]. The then-current Bond novelist John Gardner was commissioned to write the novel based upon the screenplay by Michael G. Wilson and Richard Maibaum. Gardner was faced with a challenge because his books maintain the continuity of Ian Fleming's original novels (albeit updated), and, in Fleming's and Gardner's continuity, Felix Leiter had lost a leg and an arm in a shark attack in the novel Live and Let Die, an event adapted by the screenplay of Licence to Kill. As a result, Gardner's book requires readers to suspend disbelief as James Bond comes to terms with his friend being maimed twice using the same method in a chapter aptly titled "Lightning Sometimes Strikes Twice". Gardner, however, does not attempt to reconcile the return of Milton Krest, who was murdered in Fleming's short story "The Hildebrand Rarity" yet appears alive and well in the film. Download high resolution version (515x837, 74 KB) This work is copyrighted. ... Download high resolution version (515x837, 74 KB) This work is copyrighted. ... Moonraker is a 1979 spy film. ... John Gardner, circa 1984 John Edmund Gardner (born November 20, 1926) is an English spy novelist. ... Michael G. Wilson (born 1943) is the stepson of the late James Bond producer Albert R. Broccoli and half brother to current James Bond producer, Barbara Broccoli. ... Richard Maibaum (May 26, 1909 - January 4, 1991) was an American film producer, playwright and screenwriter best known for his adaptations of Ian Flemings James Bond novels. ... Live and Let Die is the second James Bond novel by Ian Fleming, first published in 1954. ... This article is about the James Bond book and short story. ...


The novelisation stays faithful to the script; however, one key difference is that Bond does not use his famed Walther PPK as he does in the film. Instead, Gardner gives Bond a Walther P38K. Gardner also notes that the PPK is Bond's favourite weapon but it was taken out of service with the SIS several years ago (a fact also noted in other Gardner Bond novels). Additionally, Q has an extra scene, which takes place during the time when Bond is at Sanchez's Olimpatec Meditation Institute. In the scene Q teams up with a police captain and is involved in a raid on Sanchez's palace. Although John Gardner had written, at this point, eight James Bond novels, this was actually his first to include Q. Prior to Licence to Kill, Q had only been mentioned a couple of times and had been largely replaced by his assistant Ann Reilly, better known as Q'ute. The Walther PP series pistols include the Walther PP, PPK, and PPK/S. They are blowback-operated semiautomatic pistols manufactured by Carl Walther GmbH Sportwaffen in Germany or under license from Walther in France and the United States [1]. These pistols feature an exposed hammer, a double-action trigger mechanism... The Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), commonly known as MI6, is the United Kingdoms external intelligence agency. ... Q is a fictional character in the James Bond novels and films. ... Q is a fictional character in the James Bond novels and films. ...


The novelisation takes place outside the timeline of Gardner's other Bond novels, as his next book, Brokenclaw, disregards the events of Licence to Kill. It also appears that the novelisation takes place sometime prior to Gardner's novel Win, Lose or Die in which Bond is promoted to Captain (in the novelisation, as in the film, Bond is still a Commander). Brokenclaw, first published in 1990, was the tenth novel by John Gardner featuring Ian Flemings secret agent, James Bond. ... Win, Lose or Die, first published in 1989, was the eighth novel by John Gardner featuring Ian Flemings secret agent, James Bond. ...



Author: Publisher: Hardback: Paperback: Alternate titles:
John Gardner Glidrose Publications (UK) None | (U.S.) 1990 (UK) 1989 | (U.S.) 1989 License to Kill
Preceded by: Win, Lose or Die
Followed by: Brokenclaw

John Gardner, circa 1984 John Edmund Gardner (born November 20, 1926) is an English spy novelist. ... Ian Fleming Publications is the production company formerly known as both Glidrose Productions Limited and Glidrose Publications Limited, named after its founders John Gliddon and Norman Rose. ... Win, Lose or Die, first published in 1989, was the eighth novel by John Gardner featuring Ian Flemings secret agent, James Bond. ... Brokenclaw, first published in 1990, was the tenth novel by John Gardner featuring Ian Flemings secret agent, James Bond. ...

Comic book adaptation

Licence to Kill was adapted as a graphic novel by writer-artist Mike Grell, who would go on to write several original James Bond comic books. The adaptation was published in both hardcover and paperback editions by Eclipse Comics in 1989. Trade paperback of Will Eisners A Contract with God (1978), often mistakenly cited as the first graphic novel. ... Mike Grell (born 1947) is a comic book writer and artist. ... Eclipse Comics was an American comic book publisher, one of several influential indendent publishers during the 1980s. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ...


References

  1. ^ Box Office Franchises - James Bond. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved on 2007-05-2.
  2. ^ Highlights of the WGA's contributions to the arts. Veriety.com. Retrieved on 2007-05-2.
  3. ^ Walden, Narada Michael. (2006). James Bond's Greatest Hits [Television]. UK: North One Television.
  • Cork, John Inside Licence to Kill. Los Angeles: MGM Home Entertainment, 1999.
  • Glen, John For My Eyes Only. London: B.T. Batsford Ltd, 2001. ISBN 0-713-48671-6
  • Hibbin, Sally The Making of Licence to Kill. London: Hamlyn Publishing Group Ltd, 1989. ISBN 0-600-56352-9

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Licence to Kill
John Glen
James Bond For Your Eyes Only (1981) | Octopussy (1983) | A View to a Kill (1985) | The Living Daylights (1987) | Licence to Kill (1989)
1990s Checkered Flag (with Michael Levine) | Aces: Iron Eagle III | Christopher Columbus: The Discovery
2000s The Point Men
Television "Man in a Suitcase" (1967–1968) | "Space Precinct" (1994–1995)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Licence to Kill (1989) (1291 words)
In "Licence to Kill" however, he went too far in the opposite direction and made the character too dark and brooding.
It might have been interesting if Bond, deprived of his licence to kill, had decided that homicide is not the answer to every problem and used methods other than lethal force to overcome his enemies.
"Licence to Kill" dispenses with the just war theory, however, and makes Bond a free agent, fighting not for his country but to satisfy his own desire for personal revenge.
Licence to Kill - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3117 words)
Licence to Kill (released in the United States as License to Kill, but sold in the U.S. home video market with the British spelling) is the sixteenth film in the James Bond film series made by EON Productions.
Licence to Kill is the only James Bond film to date not to have used a film studio in the UK during production, though post-production was carried out at Pinewood Studios.
Licence to Kill was the first James Bond film since Moonraker to have a novelisation.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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