FACTOID # 17: Though Rhode Island is the smallest state in total area, it has the longest official name: The State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Licchavi" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Licchavi

Licchavi (also Lichchhavi, Lichavi) was an ancient kingdom in Nepal, which existed in the Kathmandu Valley from approximately 400 to 750. This article is about the city. ... For alternate uses, see Number 400. ... Events Last Umayyad caliph Marwan II (744-750) overthrown by first Abbasid caliph, Abu al-Abbas al-Saffah Bold textItalic textLink title GARY CANT SWIM GARY CANT SWIM GARY CANT SWIM GARY CANT SWIM GARY CANT SWIM GARY CANT SWIM GARY CANT SWIM...

Contents


Origins

Early Buddhist legends feature Lichavi as a ruling family during Buddha's time in India, however links to the Nepalese kingdom are speculative. The language of Lichavi inscriptions is Sanskrit, and the particular script used is closely related to official Gupta scripts, suggesting that India was a significant cultural influence. This was likely through Mithila - the northern part of modern Bihar, India. Statues of Buddha such as this, the Tian Tan Buddha statue in Hong Kong, remind followers to practice right living. ... A stone image of the Buddha. ... The Sanskrit language ( संस्कृता वाक्) is one of the earliest attested members of the Indo-European language family and is not only a classical language, but also an official language of India. ... Silver coin of the Gupta King Kumara Gupta I (414-455 CE). ... Mithila was a kingdom in ancient India. ... Bihar (बिहार in Devanagri) is a state situated in the eastern part of India. ...


A table of the evolution of certain Gupta characters used in Lichavi inscriptions originally published in Kailash - Journal of Himalayan Studies. Volume 1, Number 2, 1973. (pp. 117-134) can be found online [1]


Records

The earliest known record of the kingdom is an inscription of Manadeva 1, which dates from 464. It mentions three preceding rulers, suggesting that the Licchavi dynasty began in the late fourth century. For other uses, see number 464. ... (3rd century - 4th century - 5th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 4th century was that century which lasted from 301 to 400. ...


Government

The Lichavi had a maharaja ("great king"), who was aided by a prime minister, in charge of the military and of other ministers. Nobles known as samanta influenced the court whilst simultaneously managing their own landholdings and militia. At one point, between approximately 605 and 641, a prime minister called Amsuvarman actually assumed the throne. The population provided land taxes and conscript labour (vishti) to support the government. Most local administration was performed by village heads or leading families. Events Aj Ne Ohl Mat becomes ruler of Palenque As a result of quarrel between Numan III, the Lakhmid ruler, and the Persian Chosroes the Persian border with Arabia is no long guarded. ... Events Founding of the city of Fostat, later Cairo, in Egypt. ...


Economy

The economy was agricultural, relying on rice and other grains as staples. Villages (grama) were grouped in to dranga for administration. Lands were owned by the royal family, nobles, temples or groups of Brahmans. Trade was also very important, with many settlements positioned along trading routes. Tibet and India were both trading partners. Species References ITIS 41975 2002-09-22 This article is about the food grain, not the university or Condoleezza Rice; see also rice (disambiguation). ... Here the underlined vowels carry the Vedic Sanskrit udātta pitch accent. ... Tibet - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


Geography

Domain

Settlements already filled the entire valley during the Licchavi period. Further settlement was made east toward Banepa, west toward Tisting, and northwest toward present-day Gorkha. Banepa is a small town with population of about 15,000 located 27km east of Kathmandu. ... Gurkha Soldiers (1896) Wives and children of Gurkha Soldiers (1896) Gurkha (or Gorkha) are a people from Nepal who take their name from the former city-state of Gorkha, which went on to found the Kingdom of Nepal later on. ...


Sites

Bodhnath

A stupa was located at Bodhnath.


Bhadgaon

Bhadgaon was a small village called Khoprn (Sanskrit Khoprngrama) along the main trade route. This is the precursor to Bhaktapur. The Sanskrit language ( संस्कृता वाक्) is one of the earliest attested members of the Indo-European language family and is not only a classical language, but also an official language of India. ...


Chabahil

A stupa was located at Chabahil.


Deopatan

A shrine of Shiva was located at Deopatan. Lord Shiva. ...


Hadigaon

A shrine of Vishnu was located at Hadigaon. For other uses of the name Vishnu, see Vishnu (disambiguation). ...


Kathmandu

Modern day Kathmandu consisted of the two villages of Koligrama ("Village of the Kolis"; Newari Yambu), and Dakshinakoligrama ("South Koli Village", Newari Yangala) straddling the main Kathmandu Valley trade route. The Newar are the indigenous ethnolinguistic group of Nepals Kathmandu valley. ...


Patan

Patan was called Yala ("Village of the Sacrificial Post"; Sanskrit Yupagrama). It is probably the oldest center of Nepal, though building remains are scarce. The Sanskrit language ( संस्कृता वाक्) is one of the earliest attested members of the Indo-European language family and is not only a classical language, but also an official language of India. ...


Swayambhunath

A stupa was located at Swayambhunath.


Rulers

The following list was adapted from The Licchavi Kings by Tamot & Alsop, and is approximate only, especially with respect to dates. No complete, reliable chronology of Licchavi rulers yet exists.

  • 185 Jayavarmā (also Jayadeva I)
  • Vasurāja (also Vasudatta Varmā)
  • c.400 Vṛṣadeva (also Vishvadeva)
  • c.425 Shaṅkaradeva I
  • c.450 Dharmadeva
  • 464-505 Mānadeva I
  • 505-506Mahīdeva (few sources)
  • 506-532 Vasantadeva
  • Manudeva (probable chronology)
  • 538 Vāmanadeva (also Vardhamānadeva)
  • 545 Rāmadeva
  • Amaradeva
  • Guṇakāmadeva
  • 560-565 Gaṇadeva
  • 567-c.590 Bhaumagupta (also Bhūmigupta, probably not a king)
  • 567-573 Gaṅgādeva
  • 575/576 Mānadeva II (few sources)
  • 590-604 Shivadeva I
  • 605-621 Aṃshuvarmā
  • 621 Udayadeva
  • 624-625 Dhruvadeva
  • 631-633 Bhīmārjunadeva, Jiṣṇugupta
  • 635 Viṣṇugupta - Jiṣṇugupta
  • 640-641 Bhīmārjunadeva / Viṣṇugupta
  • 643-679 Narendradeva
  • 694-705 Shivadeva II
  • 713-733 Jayadeva II
  • 748-749 Shaṅkaradeva II
  • 756 Mānadeva III
  • 826 Balirāja
  • 847 Baladeva
  • 877 Mānadeva IV

For other uses, see number 185. ... For alternate uses, see Number 400. ... Events October 23 -Valentinian III becomes western Roman emperor. ... Events August 25 - Marcian proclaimed Eastern Roman Emperor by Aspar and Pulcheria. ... For other uses, see number 464. ... Events Births Belisarius, Byzantine general (+ 565) Deaths Categories: 505 ... Events Births Belisarius, Byzantine general (+ 565) Deaths Categories: 505 ... Events Byzantine Empire and Persia accept a peace agreement based on status quo. ... Events Byzantine Empire and Persia accept a peace agreement based on status quo. ... Events January 11 - Nika riots in Constantinople; the cathedral is destroyed. ... Events End of the Kofun and beginning of the Asuka period, the second part of the Yamato period in Japan. ... Events The Ostrogoths besiegeRome. ... Events Ceawlin of Wessex becomes King of Wessex (traditional date). ... Events January 22 - Eutychius is deposed as Patriarch of Constantinople by John Scholasticus. ... Events Livva I succeeds Athanagild as king of the Visigoths. ... Events September 3 - St. ... Events Livva I succeeds Athanagild as king of the Visigoths. ... Events A young monk is ordained. ... Events June 2 - Benedict succeeds John III as Pope The Kingdom of East Anglia founded by the Angle groups North Folk and South Folk, naming the places of Norfolk and Suffolk, respectively. ... Events Births Deaths Categories: 576 ... Events September 3 - St. ... Events Saint Laurence becomes Archbishop of Canterbury. ... Events Aj Ne Ohl Mat becomes ruler of Palenque As a result of quarrel between Numan III, the Lakhmid ruler, and the Persian Chosroes the Persian border with Arabia is no long guarded. ... Events Byzantine Emperor Heraclius invades Persia Muhammad visits heaven, in the Isra wal-Miraj (according to Muslim belief. ... Aṃshuvarmā (also Anshuverma, Amshuvarm) was a monarch of the Nepali kingdom of Licchavi between 605 and 621. ... Events Byzantine Emperor Heraclius invades Persia Muhammad visits heaven, in the Isra wal-Miraj (according to Muslim belief. ... Events Justus becomes Archbishop of Canterbury. ... Events Pope Boniface V succeeded by Pope Honorius I Births Adamnan, abbot of Iona Empress Wu Zetian of China Deaths Pope Boniface V Categories: 625 ... Events Battle of Wogastisburg between king Samo of Karantania and Dagobert I of Austrasia Births Deaths Categories: 631 ... Events Oswald of Bernicia becomes Bretwalda. ... Events Saint Aidan founds Lindisfarne in Northumbria, England Nestorian China Births Pippin of Herstal, Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia (approximate date) 23 May - Chan Bahlum II, king of Palenque Deaths Categories: 635 ... Events May 28 - Severinus becomes pope, but dies the same year. ... Events Founding of the city of Fostat, later Cairo, in Egypt. ... Events Rothari, King of the Lombards, issues the Lombard law code. ... Events Adamnan becomes abbot of the monastery on Iona. ... Events Ine of Wessex makes peace with Kent Births Deaths Categories: 694 ... Alternate meaning: Area code 705 Events End of the short-lived Zhou Dynasty in China Umayyad caliph Abd al-Malik succeeded by al-Walid I ibn Abd al-Malik. ... Events Byzantine Emperor Philippicus deposed. ... Events Births Emperor Junnin of Japan Deaths Categories: 733 ... Events January - An earthquake strikes the Middle East from northern Egypt to northwestern Mesopotamia, destroying many remnants of Byzantine culture. ... Events June - Aistulf succeeds his brother Ratchis as king of the Lombards End of the reign of Emperor Shomu of Japan Empress Koken ascends to the throne of Japan Abu al-Abbas as-Saffah becomes caliph Births Deaths Saint John of Damascus (or Damascene), theologian Ratchis, king of the Lombards... Events Abd-ar-rahman I conquers Iberia and establishes a new Umayyad dynasty. ... Events The Danish king accepts Christianity. ... Events Succession of Pope Leo IV, (847 - 855) Births Alfred the Great Deaths Pope Sergius II, (844 - 847) Categories: 847 ... Events The Danes take Exeter Indravarman II succeeds Jayavarman III as ruler of the Khmer Empire. ...

Related topics

Ancient History Main article: Licchavi Between about 400 and 750 AD, Nepals present capital Kathmandu was ruled by the Licchavi kingdom. ...

External links

  • Tamot, Kashinath and Alsop, Ian. A Kushan-period Sculpture, The Licchavi Kings. Published on Asianart.com
  • Thamel.com, History of Nepal
  • Countryreports.org, History of Nepal, The Early Kingdom of the Licchavis, 400-750.
  • Vajrācārya, Gautamavajra. Kailash - Journal of Himalayan Studies, Volume 1, Number 2, 1973. (pp. 117-134) Recently Discovered Inscriptions of Licchavi Nepal

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ian Alsop: Licchavi Caityas of Nepal (1517 words)
Among the curious puzzles of early Nepalese sculpture and architecture are the empty niches of the lovely Licchavi stone caityas that dot the Kathmandu valley.
In most cases later caityas, usually much simpler in design than the sophisticated Licchavi versions, include sculpted stone representations of the Buddhas, evidence that the earlier practice of embellishment with gilt metal had disappeared.
Ulrich Wiesner, "Nepalese Votive Stupas of the Licchavi Period: the Empty Niche", in The Stupa, its Religious, Historical and Architectural Significance, edited by A.L. Dallapicolla with S.Z. Lallemant, 1980 Wiesbaden, Franz Steiner Verlag, pp 166 ff.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m