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Encyclopedia > Libreville
Libreville
Chancery Building, Libreville
Map of the Gabon showing Libreville.
Map of the Gabon showing Libreville.
Coordinates: 18°6′N 15°57′W
Capital district Libreville
Governor
Area  
 - City km²
Population  
 - City (2005) 578,156

Libreville (population 578,156 January 1, 2005) is the capital and largest city of Gabon. The city is a port on the Gabon River, near the Gulf of Guinea, and a trade center for a timber region. Libreville is located at 0°23′24″N, 9°27′0″E. Image File history File links Chancery. ... Image File history File links GA-Libreville. ... The Capital District is an imprecise regional definition (much like Upstate New York) that generally refers to the four counties surrounding Albany, the capital of New York: Schenectady County, Albany County, Saratoga County and Rensselaer County. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... In politics a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... The Gabon River or Gabon Estuary is a short wide estuary in the west of Gabon. ... The Gulf of Guinea is the part of the Atlantic southwest of Africa. ... Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use—from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use—as structural material for construction or wood...

Contents

History

The area was inhabited by the Mpongwé tribe long before the French acquired the land in 1839. The city was founded (as Gabon) in 1843 as a trading station. Freed slaves were sent there from the ship L'Elizia, and in 1848 it was named Libreville (French for "Freetown"). It was the chief port of French Equatorial Africa from 1934 to 1946. The Mpongwe are an ethnic group in Gabon, notable as the earliest known dwellers around the Estuary, where Libreville is now located. ... 1839 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1843 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... French Equatorial Africa (French: ) was the federation of French colonial possessions in Middle Africa, extending northwards from the Congo River to the Sahara Desert. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...


Libreville was named in imitation of Freetown and grew only slowly as a trading post and a minor administrative centre to a population of 31,000 on independence in 1960. Since independence, the city has grown rapidly and now houses nearly half the national population. Map of Sierra Leone showing the capital Freetown Freetown, population 1,070,200 (2004), is the largest city and capital of Sierra Leone, lying on the Freetown Peninsula on the Atlantic coast. ... A trading post is a place where trading of goods takes place. ... Administrative Centre (in Norwegian administrativt senter) is often used in Norway to refer to a county town, or the place where the central administration of a Norwegian commune is located. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ...


Geography

From north to south, major districts of the city are the residential area Batterie IV, Quartier Louis (known for its nightlife), Mont-Bouët and Nombakélé (busy commercial areas), Glass (the first European settlement in Gabon), Oloumi (a major industrial area) and Lalala, a residential area. The city’s port and train station on the Trans-Gabon Railway line to Franceville lie in Owendo, south of the main built-up area. Inland from these districts lie poorer residential areas. A residential area is a type of land use where the predominant use is residential. ... Nightlife is the collective term for any entertainment that is available and more popular from the late evening into the early hours of the morning. ... Marche Mont-Bouet This is Gabons largest market. ... Seaport, a painting by Claude Lorrain, 1638 The Port of Wellington at night. ... Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street station in 1865. ... The Trans-Gabon Railway (French: Transgabonais) is the only railway in Gabon. ... Franceville is one of the four largest cities in Gabon, with a population of around 22,000 people. ... Owendo is a port city in Gabon. ...


Transport

The Libreville International Airport, the headquarters for Air Gabon, is around 11 km north of the city. Libreville Leon Mba International Airport is an airport situated in Libreville, Gabon. ... Air Gabon is an airline based in Libreville, Gabon. ...


Culture and education

Sights in Libreville include the National Museum of Arts and Traditions, the French cultural centre, St Marie’s Cathedral, the carved wood church of St Michael, Nkembo, the Arboretum de Sibang and two cultural villages. Libreville's main market lies in Mont-Bouët. Gabon's school of administration and school of law are in Libreville. Libreville also hosts the Omar Bongo University (est. 1970), various research institutes and a library. Currently (as at 2005), the Musgrave Park Cultural Centre is under consturction, in collaboration with the local Indigenous community and the Musgrave Park Cultural Centre Inc. ... A market is, as defined in economics, a social arrangement that allows buyers and sellers to discover information and carry out a voluntary exchange. ...


Industry

The city is home to a shipbuilding industry, brewing industry and sawmills. The city exports raw materials such as wood, rubber and cocoa from the city's main port, and the deepwater port at Owendo. Men from Francisco de Orellanas expedition building a small brigantine, the San Pedro, to be used in the search for food Shipbuilding is the construction of ships. ... material is the substance or matter from which something is or can be made, or also items needed for doing or creating something. ... Latex being collected from a tapped rubber tree Rubber is an elastic hydrocarbon polymer which occurs as a milky colloidal suspension (known as latex) in the sap of several varieties of plants. ... Owendo is a port city in Gabon. ...


External links

  • Satellite picture by Google Maps

  Results from FactBites:
 
Libreville - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (306 words)
Libreville, estimated population 420,000[1] (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/country_profiles/1023232.stm), is the capital city of Gabon.
It was the chief port of French Equatorial Africa from 1934 to 1946.
Libreville was named in imitation of Freetown and grew only slowly as a trading post and a minor to a population of 31,000 on independence in 1960.
Libreville - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (302 words)
Libreville, estimated population 420,000[1], is the capital city of Gabon.
Libreville was named in imitation of Freetown and grew only slowly as a trading post and a minor administrative centre to a population of 31,000 on independence in 1960.
Sights in Libreville include the National Museum of Arts and Traditions, the French cultural centre, St Marie’s Cathedral, the carved wood church of St Michael, Nkembo, the Arboretum de Sibang and two cultural villages.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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