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Encyclopedia > Libertarian Party (United States)
Libertarian Party
Libertarian Party Logo
Party Chairman Bill Redpath
Senate Leader None
House Leader None
Founded December 11, 1971
Headquarters 2600 Virginia Avenue NW, Suite 200
Washington, D.C. 20037
Political ideology Libertarianism
Non-interventionism
Political position Fiscal: Laissez Faire
Social: Libertarian views of rights
International affiliation None
Color(s)
Website Libertarian Party

The Libertarian Party is a United States political party founded on December 11, 1971.[1] It is one of the largest continuing Third parties in the United States, claiming more than 200,000 registered voters and more than 600 people in public office,[2] including mayors, county executives, county-council members, school-board members and other local officials. It has more people in office than all other third parties combined.[2] Bill Redpath is the chairman of the United States Libertarian Party, elected by delegates to the 2006 Libertarian National Convention in July 2006. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar, known as the year of cyclohexanol. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... This article is about the political philosophy based on private property rights. ... Nonintervention or Non-interventionism is a foreign policy which holds that political rulers should avoid alliances with other nations and avoid all wars not related to direct territorial self-defense. ... Laissez-faire (pronunciation: French, ; English, IPA: ) is a French phrase meaning let do. From the French diction first used by the 18th century physiocrats as an injunction against government interference with trade, it became used as a synonym for strict free market economics during the early and mid-19th century. ... Libertarians and Objectivists limit what they define as rights to variations on the right to be left alone, and argue that other rights such as the right to a good education or the right to have free access to water are not legitimate rights and do not deserve the same... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar, known as the year of cyclohexanol. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      Third parties in the United States are political parties other than the two... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ...


The political platform of the Libertarian Party reflects that group's particular brand of libertarianism, favoring minimally regulated, laissez-faire markets, strong civil liberties, minimally regulated migration across borders, and non-interventionism in foreign policy that respects freedom of trade and travel to all foreign countries. A political platform is a list of the principles which a political party supports in order to appeal to the general public for the purpose of having said partys candidates voted into office. ... This article is about the political philosophy based on private property rights. ... Laissez-faire is short for laissez faire, laissez passer, a French phrase meaning to let things alone, let them pass. First used by the eighteenth century Physiocrats as an injunction against government interference with trade, it is now used as a synonym for strict free market economics. ... Civil liberties is the name given to freedoms that protect the individual from government. ... Free immigration or open immigration is the belief that people should be able to migrate to whatever country they chose, free of substantial barriers. ... Nonintervention or Non-interventionism is a foreign policy which holds that political rulers should avoid alliances with other nations and avoid all wars not related to direct territorial self-defense. ... Free trade is an economic concept referring to the selling of products between countries without tariffs or other trade barriers. ...

Contents

Part of the series on

Libertarianism This article is about the political philosophy based on private property rights. ...

Portal:Philosophy Philosophy Portal
Portal:Politics Politics Portal
 v  d  e  Image File history File links Portal. ... Image File history File links Portal. ...

Platform

Key tenets of the Libertarian Party platform include the following[3]:

Libertarians state that their platform follows from the consistent application of their guiding principle: "mutual respect for rights." They are therefore deeply supportive of the concept of individual liberty as a precondition for moral and stable societies. In their "Statement of Principles," they declare: "We hold that all individuals have the right to exercise sole dominion over their own lives, and have the right to live in whatever manner they choose, so long as they do not forcibly interfere with the equal right of others to live in whatever manner they choose." To this end, Libertarians want to reduce the size of government (eliminating many of its current functions entirely). Social Security, in the United States, currently refers to the federal Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program. ... This article is about financial assistance paid by government organizations. ... Corporate welfare is a pejorative term, first coined by Ralph Nader in 1956, describing a governments bestowal of grants and/or tax breaks on corporations or other special favorable treatment from the government. ... International trade is defined as trade between two or more partners from different countries (an exporter and an importer). ... This page deals with property as ownership rights. ... Civil liberties is the name given to freedoms that protect the individual from government. ... Freedom of speech is the right to freely say what one pleases, as well as the related right to hear what others have stated. ... Freedom of association is a Constitutional (legal) concept based on the premise that it is the right of free adults to mutually choose their associates for whatever purpose they see fit. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Libertarianism is a political philosophy that holds that individuals should be allowed complete freedom of action as long as they do not infringe on the freedom of others. ... Libertarians For Life is a non-sectarian pro-life group expressing an opposition to abortion within the context of libertarianism. ... The phrase Gun politics refers to the views of different people within a particular country as to what degree of control (increased gun rights vs. ... Mace is a tear gas in the form of an aerosol spray which propels the lachrymator mixed with a volatile solvent. ... Pepper spray (also known as OC spray (from Oleoresin Capsicum), OC gas, capsicum spray, or oleoresin capsicum) is a lachrymatory agent (a chemical compound that irritates the eyes to cause tears, pain, and even temporary blindness) that is used in riot control, crowd control and personal self-defense, including defense... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with public order crime. ... Whore redirects here. ... Seat belt legislation is a law or laws put in place to enforce or require the wearing of seat belts while person is driving, or there are passengers in the front or back seats. ... For the general concept, see Prohibitionism. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Free trade is an economic concept referring to the selling of products between countries without tariffs or other trade barriers. ... Nonintervention or Non-interventionism is a foreign policy which holds that political rulers should avoid alliances with other nations and avoid all wars not related to direct territorial self-defense. ... It has been suggested that Soft currency be merged into this article or section. ... Look up fiat in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about financial assistance paid by government organizations. ... The Food Stamp Program serves as the first line of defense against hunger. ... A local authority tower block in Cwmbrân, South Wales Public housing or project homes are forms of housing tenure in which the property is owned by a government authority, which may be central or local. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


Libertarians reject the view of politics as a one-dimensional spectrum, divided between Democrats representing the Left or Center-left and Republicans representing the Right or Center-right. For other uses, see Politics (disambiguation). ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... Left wing redirects here. ... In politics, the term centre-left is commonly used to describe and denote political parties or organisations that stretch from the centre to the left or are moderately left-wing, as opposed to extreme left wing beliefs such as communism. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Right wing redirects here. ... The centre-right is a political term commonly used to describe or denote political parties or organizations (such as think tanks) that stretch from the centre to the right on the left-right spectrum, excluding far right stances. ...

The Nolan chart, with the traditional left-right political spectrum on the dashed diagonal
The Nolan chart, with the traditional left-right political spectrum on the dashed diagonal

To illustrate their view that the one-dimensional view of politics is insufficient to describe the myriad political philosophies held by the public, Libertarians introduced the Nolan chart to communicate their belief that politics is at least two-dimensional. A variation of the Nolan chart is enhanced (via a link from the main website) by a ten-question poll (five questions dealing with economic-freedom issues and five questions dealing with personal-freedom issues), which it bills as "The World's Smallest Political Quiz," allowing respondents to classify their political leanings. Image File history File links Nolan-chart. ... Image File history File links Nolan-chart. ... The Nolan Chart is a political diagram popularized by the American libertarian David Nolan. ... The Nolan Chart is a political diagram popularized by the American libertarian David Nolan. ... Worlds Smallest Political Quiz The Worlds Smallest Political Quiz is a 10-question quiz designed as an outreach and educational tool by the Advocates for Self-Government, created by Marshall Fritz. ...


Among outside political watchers, some consider Libertarians to be conservative (primarily because of their support of the right to bear arms and because of their views on taxes and states' rights); while others consider them liberal because of their advocacy of a non-interventionist foreign policy, the repeal of drug prohibition, and the elimination of laws that interfere with private consensual acts (such as prostitution and gambling). Libertarians consider themselves neither conservative nor liberal; rather, they believe they represent a unique philosophy that is all their own. The Bill of Rights in the National Archives Amendment II (the Second Amendment) of the United States Constitution’s Bill of Rights declares a well-regulated militia as being necessary to the security of a free State and prohibits infringement of the right of the people to keep and bear...


The party advocates limiting the government as much as possible within the confines of the United States Constitution. As in any political party, there is some internal debate about the platform, and not all of the party's supporters advocate its complete or immediate implementation, but most think that the United States would benefit from most of its proposed changes. Wikisource has original text related to this article: The United States Constitution The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America. ...


Current structure and composition

Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties

Politics of the United States takes place in a framework of a presidential republic, whereby the President of the United States is head of state, head of government, and of a two-party legislative and electoral system. ...

Leadership

The members, when gathered at the bi-annual Libertarian National Convention, are the ultimate authority within the Libertarian Party.


A 17-member National Committee[4] (currently chaired by William Redpath) is responsible for overseeing day-to-day operations of the national Libertarian Party and its headquarters, in representative style. Bill Redpath is the chairman of the United States Libertarian Party, elected by delegates to the 2006 Libertarian National Convention in July 2006. ...


Robert Kraus is currently the acting Executive Director and Operations Director.


The Libertarian National Congressional Committee (LNCC) assists party candidates in state-level races; its current chairman is M. Carling of California. The Libertarian National Congressional Committee was created by the Libertarian National Committee (LNC) for the purpose of electing Libertarians to the US Congress. ...


State chapters

Each state also has a state committee, usually consisting of statewide officers and regional representation of one kind or another. Similarly, county, town, city and ward committees, where organized, generally consist of party members elected at the local level. State and local committees often coordinate campaign activities within their jurisdiction, oversee local conventions and in some cases primaries or caucuses, and may have a role in nominating candidates for elected office under state law.


Membership

Since its inception, individuals have been able to join the Libertarian Party by simply signing their agreement with the organization's membership pledge, which states that the signer does not advocate the initiation of force to achieve political or social goals. During the mid eighties into the early nineties, this membership category was called an "instant" membership; currently these are referred to as "signature members".


Individuals may remit annual dues to obtain additional benefits, such as a subscription to the party's monthly newspaper, LPNews, or to have a vote at party conventions.


In the late nineties, the LNC began sharing annual national dues with the state parties, under a program called the "Unified Membership Program" or UMP.[5] However, this program was terminated in 2006 due to funding shortfalls at the national level, and the inability of many state parties to fund a staffer or find a volunteer to prepare the required bookkeeping to account for it.[6]


Interestingly, at about the same time the Libertarian Party was about to abandon UMP, the Democratic National Committee adopted the idea and in 2005 DNC Chairman Dean began a program called 50 State Strategy that uses DNC national funds to assist all state parties and pay for full time professional staffers.[7] Some Democratic activists have suggested that the DNC program has contributed significantly to the turnaround in Democratic fortunes in state, local, and national elections since 2005. The Democratic National Committee (DNC) is the principal organization governing the United States Democratic Party on a day to day basis. ...


Current events

2007 Elections

In the 2007 Elections, Libertarian Party candidates won 14 elective offices, including an election for mayor of Avis, Pennsylvania.[8] Avis is a borough located in Clinton County, Pennsylvania. ...


2008 Presidential nominating process

Several nominees are seeking to become the party's 2008 presidential candidate. Mike Gravel has changed from the Democratic Party to the Libertarian Party. The final selection will be made at the 2008 national convention in Denver, Colorado, in late May 2008. Ron Paul, who was the party's 1988 candidate, had been mentioned as a possible nominee as well, but has officially denied any intent to run under any third-party banner. On December 12, 2007, the Party adopted a resolution requesting Paul to run on the Libertarian ticket if he does not win the Republican Party nomination. [9] The United States presidential election of 2008, scheduled to be held on November 4, 2008, will be the 55th consecutive quadrennial president and vice president of the United States. ... Maurice Robert Mike Gravel (pronounced ) (born May 13, 1930) is a former Democratic United States Senator from Alaska, who served two terms from 1969 to 1981, and is a candidate in the 2008 presidential election. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... On December 21, 2006, the United States Libertarian Party announced that the 2008 Libertarian National Convention will be held between May 23 and May 26 at the Adam’s Mark Hotel in Denver, Colorado. ... Ronald Ernest Ron Paul (b. ...


History

The Libertarian Party was formed in Colorado Springs in the home of David Nolan on December 11, 1971, after several months of debate among members of the Committee to Form a Libertarian Party, founded July 17.[10] This group included John Hospers, Edward Crane, Manuel Klausner, Murray Rothbard, R.A. Childs, Theodora (Tonie) Nathan, and Jim Dean. Prompted in part by price controls and the end of the Gold Standard implemented by President Richard Nixon, the Libertarian Party viewed the dominant Republican and Democratic parties as having diverged from what they viewed as the libertarian principles of the American Founding Fathers. David Fraser Nolan founded the Libertarian Party in 1971. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar, known as the year of cyclohexanol. ... The Committee to Form a Libertarian Party was the precursor to the modern US Libertarian Party. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... John Hospers (born 9 June 1918) was the first presidential candidate of the United States Libertarian Party, running in the 1972 presidential election. ... Edward H. Crane is the founder and president of the Cato Institute. ... Murray Newton Rothbard (March 2, 1926 – January 7, 1995) was an influential American economist, historian and natural law theorist belonging to the Austrian School of Economics who helped define modern libertarianism. ... Roy A. Childs, Jr. ... Theodora Nathalia Tonie Nathan (born 9 February 1923) is the first woman to have received an electoral vote in a U.S. presidential election. ... Jim Dean was sweet. ... In economics, incomes policies are wage and price controls used to fight inflation. ... For other uses, see Gold standard (disambiguation). ... Nixon redirects here. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... See also Libertarianism and Libertarian Party Libertarian,is a term for person who has made a conscious and principled commitment, evidenced by a statement or Pledge, to forswear violating others rights and usually living in voluntary communities: thus in law no longer subject to government supervision. ... “Founders” redirects here. ...


A press conference announcing the new party was held on January 31 at the party's headquarters in Westminster, Colorado. The first national convention, attracting 89 delegates from 23 states, was held in June in Denver, Colorado. According to Ron Crickenberger, former Political Director of the LP, a search of LP records showed that the LP had elected Miguel Gilson-De Lemos in a partisan local board race in New York even before the adoption of its first platform. Several others were also elected or appointed that year. LP leaders initially doubted they would even see 6 people elected or appointed by 2001, so this led to early optimism among some. However, in subsequent years the number of people in office seemed to be about 1% of its donor base: approximately 30 officeholders with 3,000 donors in 1981; 100 in office and 10,000 donors in 1991; and 600 and 60,000 in 2001.[citation needed]

Libertarian Presidential Tickets

1972: John Hospers and Theodora Nathan
    2,691 popular votes (0.003%); 1 electoral vote;
1976: Roger MacBride and David Bergland
    173,011 popular votes (0.21%)
1980: Ed Clark and David Koch
    921,299 popular votes (1.1%)
1984: David Bergland and James A. Lewis
    228,705 popular votes (0.25%)
1988: Ron Paul and Andre Marrou
    432,179 popular votes (0.47%)
1992: Andre Marrou and Nancy Lord
    291,627 popular votes (0.28%)
1996: Harry Browne and Jo Jorgensen
    485,798 popular votes (0.50%)
2000: Harry Browne and Art Olivier
    384,431 popular votes (0.36%)
2004: Michael Badnarik and Richard Campagna
    397,265 popular votes (0.34%) See also Libertarian Party Categories: | ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... John Hospers (born 9 June 1918) was the first presidential candidate of the United States Libertarian Party, running in the 1972 presidential election. ... Theodora Nathalia Tonie Nathan (born 9 February 1923) is the first woman to have received an electoral vote in a U.S. presidential election. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Roger Lea MacBride (6 August 1929 - 5 March 1995) was a U.S. lawyer, political figure, and television producer. ... David P. Bergland is an American libertarian activist. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Ed Clark was the Libertarian candidate for President of the United States in the 1980 presidential election. ... David Hamilton Koch (born 1940) was the Libertarian Partys Vice-Presidential candidate in the 1980 U.S. presidential election, sharing the party ticket with Ed Clark. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... David P. Bergland is an American libertarian activist. ... James A. (Jim) Lewis (born [[ ]]) was the Libertarian Partys Vice-Presidential candidate in the 1984 U.S. presidential election, sharing the party ticket with David Bergland. ... The election was held on November 8, 1988. ... Ronald Ernest Ron Paul (b. ... Andre V. Marrou (born 4 December American political figure, affiliated with the United States Libertarian Party. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Andre V. Marrou (born 4 December American political figure, affiliated with the United States Libertarian Party. ... Categories: People stubs | U.S. Libertarian Party vice presidential nominees ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Harry Browne (17 June 1933 – 1 March 2006) was an American libertarian writer, politician, and free-market investment analyst. ... Jo Jorgensen was the Libertarian Party candidate for vice-president in the 1996 U.S. presidential election, the running mate of presidential candidate Harry Browne. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Harry Browne (17 June 1933 – 1 March 2006) was an American libertarian writer, politician, and free-market investment analyst. ... Art Olivier, former mayor of Bellflower, California, was the Libertarian candidate for Vice President in the United States presidential election in 2000. ... Presidential election results map. ... Badnarik campaigning in July 2004. ... Richard V. Campagna of Iowa City, Iowa was the vice-presidential nominee of the Libertarian Party in the 2004 U.S. presidential election. ...

By the 1972 presidential election, the party had grown to over 80 members and had attained ballot access in two states. Their presidential ticket, John Hospers and Theodora Nathan, earned fewer than 3,000 votes, but received the first and only electoral college vote for a Libertarian presidential ticket, from Roger MacBride of Virginia, who was pledged to Richard Nixon. His was also the first vote ever cast for a woman in the United States Electoral College. MacBride became the party's presidential nominee in the 1976 Presidential Election. Presidential electoral votes by state. ... Ballot access rules regulate the conditions under which a candidate or political party is entitled to appear on voters ballots. ... John Hospers (born 9 June 1918) was the first presidential candidate of the United States Libertarian Party, running in the 1972 presidential election. ... Theodora Nathalia Tonie Nathan (born 9 February 1923) is the first woman to have received an electoral vote in a U.S. presidential election. ... This article is about Electoral Colleges in general. ... Roger Lea MacBride (6 August 1929 - 5 March 1995) was a U.S. lawyer, political figure, and television producer. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Nixon redirects here. ... Electoral votes by state/federal district, for the elections of 2004 and 2008 The United States Electoral College is a term used to describe the 538 President Electors who meet every 4 years to cast the electoral votes for President and Vice President of the United States; their votes represent... Presidential electoral votes by state. ...


In 1978 Dick Randolph became the first Libertarian to win state-level office with his election to the Alaska House of Representatives. The Alaska House of Representatives is the lower house in the Alaska Legislature of the U.S. state of Alaska. ...


In the 1980 presidential contest, the Libertarian Party gained ballot access in all 50 states, the District of Columbia (DC), and Guam, the first time a third party accomplished this since the Socialist Party in 1916. The ticket of Ed Clark and David H. Koch spent several million dollars on this political campaign and earned more than one percent of the popular vote, the most successful Libertarian presidential campaign to date. Presidential electoral votes by state. ... ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      Third parties in the United States are political parties other than the two... The Socialist Party of America is a socialist political party in the United States. ... Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Ed Clark was the Libertarian candidate for President of the United States in the 1980 presidential election. ... David Hamilton Koch (born 1940) was the Libertarian Partys Vice-Presidential candidate in the 1980 U.S. presidential election, sharing the party ticket with Ed Clark. ... “Electioneering” redirects here. ... This article is about the political process. ...


On December 29, 1981, the first widely reported successful election in the continental United States of a Libertarian Party candidate in a partisan race occurred as Richard P. Siano, a Boeing 707 pilot for Trans World Airlines, running against both a Republican and a Democrat, was elected to the office of Kingwood Township Committeeman in western Hunterdon County, New Jersey. His election resulted from the special election held on December 29, 1981 to break a tie vote in the general election between him and the Democratic candidate. He received 63% of the votes cast in the special election. He served a three-year term of office. is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Boeing 707 is an American four-engine commercial passenger jet airliner developed by Boeing in the early 1950s. ... Trans World Airlines (IATA: TW, ICAO: TWA, and Callsign: TWA), commonly known as TWA, was an American airline company that was acquired by American Airlines in April 2001. ... Kingwood Township highlighted in Hunterdon County. ... Hunterdon County is a county located in the state of New Jersey. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


In 1983, the party was divided by internal disputes; former party leaders Edward Crane and David Koch left, taking a number of their supporters with them. In 1984, the party's presidential nominee, David Bergland, gained access to the ballot in 36 states and earned one-quarter of one percent of the popular vote. In 1987, Doug Anderson became the first Libertarian elected to office in a major city, elected to the Denver Election Commission (later, in 2005, Anderson was elected to the Lakewood, Colorado city council).[11] Edward H. Crane is the founder and president of the Cato Institute. ... David Hamilton Koch (born 1940) was the Libertarian Partys Vice-Presidential candidate in the 1980 U.S. presidential election, sharing the party ticket with Ed Clark. ... David P. Bergland is an American libertarian activist. ...


In 1988, former Republican Congressman Ron Paul won the Libertarian nomination for president and was on the ballot in 46 states. Paul later successfully ran for United States House of Representatives from Texas, once again as a Republican, an office in which he still serves. In 1992, Andre Marrou, a Libertarian elected to the Alaska state legislature and Ron Paul's running mate in 1988, led the ticket, with attorney Nancy Lord as his Vice Presidential (VP) running mate. For the first time since the Clark campaign in 1980, the Libertarian Party made the ballot in all 50 states, DC, and Guam. In 1994, radio personality Howard Stern embarked on a political campaign for Governor of New York, formally announcing his candidacy under the Libertarian Party ticket. Although he legally qualified for the office and campaigned for a time after his nomination, many viewed the run for office as nothing more than a publicity stunt. He subsequently withdrew his candidacy because he did not want to comply with the financial disclosure requirements for candidates. The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Ronald Ernest Ron Paul (b. ... Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party... Andre V. Marrou (born 4 December American political figure, affiliated with the United States Libertarian Party. ... For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      In the United States of America, a state legislature is a generic term referring to the... A running mate is a person running for a subordinate position on a joint ticket during an election. ... A ticket refers to a single election choice which fills more than one political office or seat. ... Categories: People stubs | U.S. Libertarian Party vice presidential nominees ... A vice president is an officer in government or business who is next in rank below a president. ... Ed Clark was the Libertarian candidate for President of the United States in the 1980 presidential election. ... This article is a biography of Howard Stern as an individual; for information regarding his radio show see The Howard Stern Show. ... This is a list of the Governors of New York. ... The media itself often stage stunts for movies and television shows. ...


Investment adviser Harry Browne headed the 1996 and 2000 presidential tickets. The VP candidate in 1996 was South Carolina entrepreneur Jo Jorgensen; in 2000, Art Olivier of California was Browne's running mate. In 1996 the Party again made the ballot in all 50 states, DC and Guam. The party's presidential ticket made the ballot in 49 states, DC and Guam in 2000. An investment adviser is an individual or firm that advises their client on investment matters on a professional basis. ... Harry Browne (17 June 1933 – 1 March 2006) was an American libertarian writer, politician, and free-market investment analyst. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... For the computer game by Peter Molyneux, see The Entrepreneur. ... Jo Jorgensen was the Libertarian Party candidate for vice-president in the 1996 U.S. presidential election, the running mate of presidential candidate Harry Browne. ... Art Olivier, former mayor of Bellflower, California, was the Libertarian candidate for Vice President in the United States presidential election in 2000. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... ...


In all of these cases, the party's presidential nominee drew in between one third and one half of one percent of the popular vote. In 2000, the Arizona Libertarian Party, which had been disaffiliated from the national organization in late 1999, but which controlled the Libertarian ballot line in that state, nominated science fiction author L. Neil Smith and newspaperman Vin Suprynowicz, rather than Browne and Olivier, as its presidential slate. Smith and Suprynowicz polled 5,775 votes (0.38%) in Arizona. Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... L. Neil Smith (full name Lester Neil Smith III), also known to readers and fans as El Neil, is a libertarian science fiction author and political activist. ... Vin Suprynowicz is a libertarian columnist who lives in Las Vegas and writes for the Las Vegas Review-Journal. ...


In the 2004 election cycle, the Libertarian Party's presidential nomination race was the closest to date. Three candidates -- gun-rights activist and software engineer Michael Badnarik, talk radio host Gary Nolan, and Hollywood producer Aaron Russo -- came within two percent of each other on the first two ballots at the 2004 national convention in Atlanta. Badnarik was chosen as the party's presidential nominee on the third ballot after Nolan was eliminated, a comeback many saw as surprising, as Badnarik had not been viewed as a frontrunner for the nomination — many delegates were won over during the convention itself, due to Badnarik's perceived strong performance in a formal candidate debate. Badnarik campaigning in July 2004. ... Gary Nolan (born 1954) is a former Talk radio host and a former candidate for the Libertarian Party nomination for President of the United States. ... Aaron Russo promoting his film America: Freedom to Fascism Aaron Russo (February 14, 1943 to August 24, 2007) was an entertainment businessman, film maker, and libertarian political activist. ... The Libertarian National Convention is held every two years by the United States Libertarian Party to choose members of the Libertarian National Committee, and to conduct other party business. ... Atlanta redirects here. ...


The Badnarik campaign secured ballot status in 48 states (plus DC and Guam) and earned 397,265 votes. Despite less name recognition and a much smaller campaign checkbook, Badnarik polled nearly as well as independent candidate Ralph Nader. The Libertarian party also garnered more votes than the Green Party that year. His running mate was Richard Campagna who secured the vice presidential nod at the party's Atlanta convention with a landslide victory. Ralph Nader (born February 27, 1934) is an American attorney, author, lecturer, political activist, and candidate for President of the United States in five elections. ...


Symbols and name

In 1972, "Libertarian Party" is chosen as the party's name, narrowly beating out "New Liberty Party."[12]


Also in 1972, the "Libersign"—an arrow angling upward through the acronym "TANSTAAFL"—is selected as the party's emblem.[13] Some time after, this was replaced with the Lady Liberty, which has, ever since, served as the party's symbol or mascot. TANSTAAFL is an acronym for the adage There Aint No Such Thing As A Free Lunch, popularized by science fiction writer Robert A. Heinlein and promulgated in his 1966 novel The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress, which deals with a libertarian utopia. ... Liberty (also known as Lady Liberty or the Goddess of Liberty) personifies liberty and freedom, particularly popular in the United States. ...


For many years, there has been a small movement to adopt "LP" the Liberty Penguin as the official mascot. The Libertarian parties of Tennessee, North Carolina, Utah, Hawaii, Delaware and Iowa have all adopted "LP" as their mascot.[14]


The first official slogan of the Libertarian Party was "There Ain't No Such Thing as a Free Lunch" (often seen as "TANSTAAFL" for short). The current slogan of the party is "The Party of Principle". TANSTAAFL is an acronym for the adage There Aint No Such Thing As A Free Lunch, popularized by science fiction writer Robert A. Heinlein and promulgated in his 1966 novel The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress, which deals with a libertarian utopia. ...


Relationship to major parties

At the local level, the Libertarian Party often joins, and sometimes leads, trans-partisan and non-partisan issues coalitions. It emphasizes, in the words of its co-founder, David Nolan, "consensus and coalition building" on issues important to its members. It also engages in lobbying at the state, local and national levels. The Libertarian International Organization estimates that Libertarians around the country are involved in more than 500 initiatives a year. David Fraser Nolan founded the Libertarian Party in 1971. ...


The Libertarian Party has substantial points of disagreement with both the Democratic and the Republican parties. However, the party has historically had more influence on and closer ties with the Republican Party. For example, former Republican Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich claimed to be influenced by Libertarian principles, and was praised by many Libertarians for attempting to shrink government. Analysts within the American right have used the language and social critiques of Libertarians with regard to market deregulation (for example, the frequent citing of studies by the Cato Institute). The 1988 Libertarian Party Presidential candidate Ron Paul serves as a Republican Congressman from Texas, and is also a member of the Republican Liberty Caucus, a group of libertarian-minded members of that party. On the other hand, there is strong Libertarian influence on some Democrats, too; the Democratic Freedom Caucus is a group of libertarian-minded members of the Democratic Party. It could be said that libertarianism is more "liberal" on social beliefs and more "conservative" on economic beliefs. The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... The Speaker of the United States House of Representatives is the presiding officer—or speaker—of the United States House of Representatives. ... Newton Leroy Gingrich, (born June 17, 1943), served as the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1995 to 1999. ... The Cato Institute is a libertarian think tank headquartered in Washington, D.C. The Institutes stated mission is to broaden the parameters of public policy debate to allow consideration of the traditional American principles of limited government, individual liberty, free markets, and peace by striving to achieve greater involvement... Ronald Ernest Ron Paul (b. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... The logo for the Republican Liberty Caucus // The Republican Liberty Caucus is a political action organization dedicated to promoting the ideals of individual rights, limited government and free enterprise within the Republican Party by: A. Promoting these ideals among Party officials and its various organizations; B. Identifying and supporting candidates... Look up liberal on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Liberal may refer to: Politics: Liberalism American liberalism, a political trend in the USA Political progressivism, a political ideology that is for change, often associated with liberal movements Liberty, the condition of being free from control or restrictions Liberal Party, members of... Conservative may refer to: Conservatism, political philosophy A member of a Conservative Party Conservative extension, premise of deductive logic Conservativity theorem, mathematical proof of conservative extension Conservative Judaism britney spears Category: ...


Libertarian candidates have occasionally thrown their support behind Republican contenders. In a 2002 South Dakota election for Senate, for example, Libertarian candidate Kurt Evans suspended his campaign three weeks before Election Day and urged voters to support Republican candidate John R. Thune. The Libertarian Party supported Republican efforts to impeach Bill Clinton, although for different reasons (citing several actions they deemed to be unconstitutional). In 1992, after incumbent Georgia Senator Wyche Fowler won a plurality but failed to achieve 50% and was forced into a runoff, the Libertarian candidate publicly threw his support to Paul D. Coverdell, who then won the election. Official language(s) English Demonym South Dakotan Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th in the US  - Total 77,116[1] sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... John Randolph Thune (born January 7, 1961) is one of the U.S. senators from the state of South Dakota. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... William Wyche Fowler, Jr. ...


On the other hand, the Libertarian Party has also worked towards defeating some prominent Republicans, such as Bob Barr. Interestingly, Barr subsequently spoke at numerous Libertarian Party functions, expressed agreement with many of the party's positions, and, perhaps ironically, in late 2006 became a Life Member of the LP[15] and joined the Libertarian National Committee. For the Major League Baseball player, see Bob Barr (baseball). ...


Libertarians oppose Republicans on various issues of civil liberties, and government spending and national debt. For example, the Libertarian Party has sharply attacked the USA PATRIOT Act for its potential for infringement of civil rights. The party has also made the repeal of drug prohibition laws one of its priorities, a position that puts it at odds with the "mainstream" of both the Democratic and Republican Parties. Government debt (public debt, national debt) is money owed by government, at any level (central government, federal government, national government, municipal government, local government, regional government). ... In the United States, the Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (Public Law 107-56), known as the USA PATRIOT Act or simply the Patriot Act, is an Act of Congress which President George W. Bush signed into law... For the Barenaked Ladies song War on Drugs, see Everything to Everyone. ...


Ronald Reagan said in a 1975 interview that the core of conservatism in the United States was in fact libertarianism, and since the Republican Party generally follows a conservative stance, this also implies a stronger link between the two parties. David Stockman, Reagan's OMB director, also expressed his firm belief in libertarian values when creating the economic reform. Reagan redirects here. ... Conservatism is a term used to describe political philosophies that favor tradition and gradual change, where tradition refers to religious, cultural, or nationally defined beliefs and customs. ... This article is about the political philosophy based on private property rights. ...


Despite this, former Libertarian candidate Harry Browne noted that he drew approximately an equal number of Democrats and Republicans to his campaign. 2004 candidate Michael Badnarik made a similar claim. Surveys by Libertarian Citizen, an activist education group, in 2002 showed Libertarians drew equally from the left, right, and independents—with more than 30% saying they would not have voted at all in the absence of a Libertarian candidate. Harry Browne (17 June 1933 – 1 March 2006) was an American libertarian writer, politician, and free-market investment analyst. ... Badnarik campaigning in July 2004. ...


Media such as the St. Petersburg Times have speculated that even one Libertarian could affect public bodies to look at different ideas. They are often strong in local appointed office, and sometimes lead the boards to which they belong. In 2005, local Florida Democrats joined a coalition with Libertarians that, after a voter forum, is calling for a reduction in ballot access restrictions. Logo of the St. ...


Size and influence

Defining measures

The Libertarian Party claims to be the largest third party in the United States -- a nation which is overwhelmingly dominated by two major parties that typically capture more than 95% of the vote in partisan elections. Their claim is disputed by some, especially other third parties such as the Green Party. There is no single objective, agreed-upon standard to compare the size of third parties, so what is presented here is a review of various measures cited in the media. In any two-party system of politics, a third party is a party other than the two dominant ones. ... This article is about the American political party, Green Party. ...


November 2006 elections

The November 7, 2006 elections might provide one reasonable measure of minor-party strength. In that election, the median vote percentage for Libertarians who ran for US House (excluding races with only one major party nominee) was 2.04%; while the median percentage for Greens who ran for that office (again excluding races with only one major party nominee) was 1.41%.[16] Over 13,400,000 votes were cast for Libertarian Party candidates in 2006. [17] is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Presidential candidate performance

Libertarians point to the performance of their presidential candidates, who have often finished above most other permanently-organized third parties. In the 2004 election, Libertarian Michael Badnarik received more votes (397,265[18]) than all non-major party candidates except for Ralph Nader, who ran as an independent but accepted the endorsement and ballot lines of the nearly defunct Reform Party; received more votes than all the other third party candidates combined, more than twice as many as the Constitution Party candidate (Michael Peroutka 143,630 votes) and three times as many as Green Party candidate (David Cobb 119,859 votes). In 2000 and 1996, Libertarian Harry Browne was bested by both the Green Party and Reform Party nominees. The Libertarian candidate finished ahead of all other third party candidates in 1992, 1988, 1984, and 1980 (though it finished well behind independent candidates Ross Perot in 1992 and John Anderson in 1980). No other currently active third party has finished third in a presidential election more than once, or received an electoral college vote, as the Libertarian candidate did in 1972 from a "faithless elector" pledged to Nixon and the Republican Party[19]. Badnarik campaigning in July 2004. ... Ralph Nader (born February 27, 1934) is an American attorney, author, lecturer, political activist, and candidate for President of the United States in five elections. ... The Reform Party of the United States of America (abbreviated Reform Party USA or RPUSA, generally known simply as the Reform Party) is a political party in the United States, founded by Ross Perot in 1995 who said Americans were disillusioned with the state of politics—as being corrupt and... The Constitution Party is a conservative United States political party. ... Michael Peroutka Michael Anthony Peroutka (born 1952) is a Maryland lawyer, the founder of the Institute on the Constitution, cohost of The American View, and once held a position in the United States Department of Health and Human Services. ... David Cobb appealing for votes at the annual Fighting Bob Fest in Baraboo, Wisconsin, September 2004 David Keith Cobb (born December 24, 1962 in San Leon, Texas) is an American ex-lawyer and activist, and was the 2004 presidential candidate of the Green Party of the United States (GPUS). ... Harry Browne (17 June 1933 – 1 March 2006) was an American libertarian writer, politician, and free-market investment analyst. ... This article is about the American political party, Green Party. ... Henry Ross Perot (born June 27, 1930) is an American businessman from Texas, who is best known for seeking the office of President of the United States in 1992 and 1996. ... John Bayard Anderson (born February 15, 1922) was a liberal Republican U.S. Representative from Illinois and presidential candidate in the 1980 election. ... A faithless elector is a member of the United States Electoral College who casts an electoral vote for someone other than the person whom they have pledged to elect. ...


Earning ballot status

Ballot access can be considered as a measure of a political party's level of motivation, size, and financial and volunteer-base strength. Despite internal bickering over whether to pursue ballot access or not, in 2004, the Libertarians earned a space on more ballots than the Greens (48+DC vs 27+DC). Historically, Libertarians have also achieved 50-state ballot access for their presidential candidate three times, in 1980, 1992, and 1996 (in 2000 L. Neil Smith was on Arizona ballot instead of nominee [20]), a feat no other third party has achieved more than once. Ballot access rules regulate the conditions under which a candidate or political party is entitled to appear on voters ballots. ... Ballot access rules regulate the conditions under which a candidate or political party is entitled to appear on voters ballots. ... Ballot access rules regulate the conditions under which a candidate or political party is entitled to appear on voters ballots. ...


Funding candidates

The ability to fund a candidate is another measure of a party's size and strength. The following are the amounts spent on 2004 campaign activities for the presidential candidates, as reported by the FEC:

While these reflect only the funds raised by candidate committees directly, it is indicative of the relative fundraising strengths of the respective political parties. For additional information about Libertarian Party finances, see the FEC references. George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts, in his fourth term of office. ... Ralph Nader (born February 27, 1934) is an American attorney, author, lecturer, political activist, and candidate for President of the United States in five elections. ... Badnarik campaigning in July 2004. ... Michael Peroutka Michael Anthony Peroutka (born 1952) is a Maryland lawyer, the founder of the Institute on the Constitution, cohost of The American View, and once held a position in the United States Department of Health and Human Services. ... David Cobb appealing for votes at the annual Fighting Bob Fest in Baraboo, Wisconsin, September 2004 David Keith Cobb (born December 24, 1962 in San Leon, Texas) is an American ex-lawyer and activist, and was the 2004 presidential candidate of the Green Party of the United States (GPUS). ...


Party supporters

One measure of size is the number of donors a group attracts. In the Libertarian Party, some donors are not necessarily "members", because the Party since its founding in 1972 has defined a "member" as being someone who agrees with the Party's membership statement. The precise language of this statement is found in the Party Bylaws[21]. There were 115,401 Americans who were on record as having signed the membership statement as of the most recent report[22].


There is another measure the Party uses internally as well. Since its founding, the Party has apportioned delegate seats to its national convention based on the number of members in each state who have paid minimum dues (with additional delegates given to state affiliates for good performance in winning more votes than normal for the Party's presidential candidate). This is the most-used number by Party activists. As of December 31, 2006, Libertarian Party reported that there were 15,505 donating members.


Historically, dues were $15 throughout the eighties; in 1991, they were increased to $25. Between February 1, 2006 and the close of the 2006 Libertarian party convention on May 31, 2006, dues were set to $0[23]. However, the change to $0 dues was controversial and was de facto reversed by the 2006 national convention in Portland, Oregon; at which the members re-established a basic $25 dues category (now called Sustaining membership), and further added a requirement that all National Committee officers must henceforth be at least Sustaining members (this was not required prior to the convention). is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Libertarian National Convention is held every two years by the United States Libertarian Party to choose members of the Libertarian National Committee, and to conduct other party business. ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Multnomah, Washington, Clackamas Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Type Commission  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - City 376. ...


Number of candidates

In recent elections, Libertarians have run far more candidates for office, at all levels, than all other third parties combined. In the 2004 elections, 377 Libertarian candidates vied for state legislative seats, compared with 108 Constitution Party candidates, 94 Green Party candidates, and 11 Reform Party candidates. In the 2000 elections, the party ran about 1,430 candidates at the local, state, and federal level. More than 1,600 Libertarians ran for office in the 2002 mid-term election. Accordingly, their combined vote totals have far exceeded those of other parties: in the 2000, 2002, and 2004 elections, Libertarian candidates for state House of Representatives received more than a million votes -- more than twice the votes received by all other minor parties combined.


Election victories

Libertarians have had mixed success in electing candidates at the state and local level. Following the 2002 elections, more than 300 Libertarians held elected or appointed state and local offices. Most of these Libertarians held nonpartisan appointed positions or were elected in nonpartisan races; by comparison, in June 2005 at least 222 Greens hold elected office.[24] Though twelve Libertarians have previously been elected to state legislatures, none hold that office currently, unlike the Constitution Party (one in Montana), the Progressive Party (six in Vermont), and the Republican Moderate Party (one in Alaska). Some Libertarian candidates for state office have performed relatively strongly in statewide races. In two Massachusetts Senate races (2000 and 2002), Libertarian candidates Carla Howell and Michael Cloud, who did not face serious Republican contenders (in 2002 the candidate failed to make the ballot), won a record-setting 11.9% and 19% respectively. In 2002, Ed Thompson, the brother of former Wisconsin Governor Tommy Thompson, won 11% running for the same office, resulting in a seat on the state elections board for the Libertarian Party, the only such seat for a third party in the U.S. The Constitution Party is a conservative United States political party. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... The Vermont Progressive Party is perhaps the United States most consistently successful current third party, although it is active in only one state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The Republican Moderate Party of Alaska was first formed by Ray Metcalfe in 1986, as an alternative to what Metcalfe perceived to be a Republican Party dominated by the Religious Right. ... For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Carla A. Howell (b. ... Michael Cloud is a motivational speaker who was the Massachusetts Libertarian Party candidate for U.S. Senate in 2002. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other people with similar names, see Thomas Thompson. ...


Registration by party

Ballot access expert Richard Winger, the editor of Ballot Access News, periodically compiles and analyzes voter registration statistics as reported by state voter agencies, and he reports that as of July 2006, the Libertarians ranked fifth in voter registration nationally[25]. The Constitution Party ranked third with 366,937 registrants, next to the Greens' 289,177 and the Libertarians' 235,500. Richard Lee Winger (born August 27, 1943) has been for the last forty years the leading advocate in the United States for minor political parties, in particular for more equitable laws allowing access to the ballot for minor parties. ... Ballot Access News is a monthly newsletter [1] edited and published by Richard Winger of San Francisco, California. ... The Constitution Party is a conservative United States political party. ... In American politics, the Green Party is a third party which has been active in some areas since the 1980s, but first gained widespread public attention for Ralph Naders presidential runs in 1996 and 2000. ...


However, Winger says, nearly all of the 315,151 California voters affiliated with the Constitution Party are actually registrants of California's American Independent Party -- and they so registered in the belief that they were registering as independents (i.e., not associating with any political party). The American Independent Party is a remnant of the segregationist party George Wallace founded for his race in 1972; within the last decade, the AIP has de facto merged with the Constitution Party [26]. The American Independent Party is a California political party. ...


The Libertarians ranked third in thirteen states, the Greens ranked third in five states, the Constitution Party ranked third in three states, and the Reform Party ranked third in one state (27 states allow voters to affiliate with a party; others prohibit voters from registering with third parties).


If New York (where Libertarians only recently won the right to register) and California (where the American Independent Party skews the results) are excluded, Libertarians rank fourth in voter registration nationwide.[27] This article is about the state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


Other measures

Another possible measure of support for each party is the relative popularity of the organization's web site. According to Alexa Internet Traffic Reports, the Libertarian Party Website is currently the highest ranked official political party website in the United States. Alexa Internet, Inc. ...


Ballot access

As of May 3, 2008, the Libertarian Party is on the ballot in the following 28 states for 2008. It has also obtained ballot access only for its presidential candidate (as opposed to full party status) in Arkansas, giving it 29 total ballots for the 2008 presidential race. The Party has more ballot lines than any other third-party by comparison to the Green Party (on 24 ballots) and the Constitution Party (on 14 ballots). is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the American political party, Green Party. ... The Constitution Party is a conservative United States political party. ...

  1. Alaska
  2. Arizona
  3. California
  4. Colorado
  5. Delaware
  6. Florida
  7. Georgia
  8. Hawaii
  9. Idaho
  10. Indiana
  11. Kansas
  12. Louisiana
  13. Maryland[28]
  14. Michigan
  15. Mississippi
  16. Missouri
  17. Montana
  18. Nevada
  19. New Mexico
  20. North Carolina1
  21. North Dakota[29]
  22. Oregon
  23. South Carolina
  24. Texas
  25. Utah
  26. Vermont
  27. Wisconsin
  28. Wyoming[30]
  • Note 1: Enough signatures have been collected, but North Carolina is still on deck for officially gaining ballot access.

Ballot access only for presidential candidate

Working on ballot access

There are a number of states currently in the process of gaining Libertarian ballot access (in court or by petition) either for the party as a whole or just for the parties 2008 presidential nominee[31].

  1. North Carolina - 86,400 signatures collected over last two years for 2008 ballot petition. The requirement is 69,734 but the party estimates they will need 95,000 raw signatures [32].
  2. Oklahoma - lawsuit against Oklahoma’s ban on out-of-state circulators is currently pending in the 10th circuit [33]
  3. Pennsylvania - In Court, but U.S. Supreme Court refused to hear original lawsuit; a new lawsuit has been subsequently filed. [34]

Failed to get ballot access

  1. South Dakota - First time since before 1992, the Party failed to qualify. The Libertarian presidential nominee may still be able to acquire ballot access as an independent. [1]

Libertarian identity

A libertarian (lower-case l) is a person who believes in libertarian goals; he may or may not also be an LP member.


A Libertarian (upper-case l) is a libertarian who believes the existing political system is a proper and effective means of implementing those principles; specifically, one who is a Libertarian in the United States is a member of the U.S. Libertarian Party.


Some of the small-l libertarians eschew the political process as a matter of principle, and often identify themselves as Voluntaryists. They may view democracy as “the tyranny of the majority.”[35] Voluntarism (lat. ...


Other followers of the libertarian philosophy may consider the Libertarian Party tactically ineffective; or wish to distance themselves from the “big-l” Libertarian Party, which sometimes suffers from unwanted headlines generated by some members. For example, Stan Jones, a 2002 Libertarian senatorial candidate in Montana, turned his skin permanently blue from consuming colloidal silver in anticipation of medicine shortages stemming from the Year 2000 problem.[36] Irwin Schiff, who ran for the 1996 Libertarian presidential nomination (but lost the Libertarian nomination to Harry Browne), maintains that the federal income tax is optional and voluntary for most people, in spite of a Department of Justice ruling that he owes more than $2 million (US) in taxes and penalties.[37] (he is no longer a member of the Libertarian Party, having allied himself with the Constitution Party). Hence, a significant number of “small-l” libertarians either belong to other parties or consider themselves independents. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Stanley Jones. ... This article is about the millennial computer glitch. ... Irwin A. Schiff (b. ... Harry Browne (17 June 1933 – 1 March 2006) was an American libertarian writer, politician, and free-market investment analyst. ... Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        An income tax is a tax levied on the financial income... Robert F. Kennedy Department of Justice Building, Washington, D.C. For animal rights group, see Justice Department (JD) The United States Department of Justice (DOJ) is a Cabinet department in the United States government designed to enforce the law and defend the interests of the United States according to the... The Constitution Party is a conservative United States political party. ...


Similarly, not all Libertarians are libertarians. Political candidates with roots in other parties (referred to by some as Fibbertarians) have been known to register and run as Libertarians in order to take advantage of automatic ballot access or lower petition signature requirements.[38]


Internal debates

Like all groups, the Libertarian Party has endured internal debates about strategy since its inception in 1971.


Anarchist/minarchist debate

The debate that has survived the longest is referred to by libertarians as the anarchist/minarchist debate. In 1974, anarchists and minarchists within the Party agreed to "cease fire" about the specific question of whether governments should exist at all, and focus on promoting voluntary solutions to the problems caused by government instead.[39] A related internal discussion concerns the philosophical divide over whether the Party should aim to be mainstream and pragmatic, or whether it should focus on being consistent and principled. Anarchists can refer to several things, among which: The movie Anarchists Supporters of the principles of anarchism The Anarchists (Les Anarchistes), a famous song from Léo Ferré A List of anarchists This is a disambiguation page—a list of articles associated with the same title. ... In civics, Minarchism, sometimes called minimal statism, is the view that government should be as small as possible. ...


In the opinion of some, members who identify themselves as principled have dominated the party since the early 1980s. The departure of Ed Crane and David H. Koch (of the Cato Institute, a libertarian-leaning think tank) is held up as an example. Crane and some of his allies resigned from the Party in 1983 when their preferred candidates for national committee seats lost in the elections at the national convention. Edward H. Crane is the founder and president of the Cato Institute. ... David Hamilton Koch (born 1940) was the Libertarian Partys Vice-Presidential candidate in the 1980 U.S. presidential election, sharing the party ticket with Ed Clark. ... The Cato Institute is a libertarian think tank headquartered in Washington, D.C. The Institutes stated mission is to broaden the parameters of public policy debate to allow consideration of the traditional American principles of limited government, individual liberty, free markets, and peace by striving to achieve greater involvement... This article is about the institution. ...


The debate quieted for a time, then arose again in the mid-1990s, when a "Committee for a Libertarian Majority" (CLM) was formed and met in Atlanta, Georgia, and worked up several proposals to alter many aspects of the Libertarian Party's operations. Two of their proposals (substantially altering the platform and abolishing the membership pledge) attracted a lot of attention and opposition sprang up in the form of another committee called PLEDGE. In the long run, CLM's proposals attracted some support at the national convention but did not prevail.


Beginning in roughly 2004, the debate arose anew, with the formation of several "reform" groups, such as the Libertarian Reform Caucus, the Libertarian Party Reform Caucus (now defunct), and the Real World Libertarian Caucus (now defunct). These groups generally advocate(d) revising the party's platform, eliminating or altering the membership statement, and focusing on a politics-oriented approach. As in the past, groups promoting a consistent interpretation of libertarian principles, such as the LPRadicals and the Rothbard Caucus, have emerged in response. These groups advocate a principled and consistent interpretation of libertarianism, and focusing on constant outreach with a consistent message marketed by candidates and the Party leadership. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Libertarian Party Reform Caucus (LPRC) is a political organization dedicated to reform the Libertarian Party nationwide. ... The Real World Libertarian Caucus is a caucus within the United States Libertarian Party. ... The LPRadicals is a caucus within the United States Libertarian Party. ... The Rothbard Caucus is a caucus within the United States Libertarian Party. ...


Abortion

See also: Libertarian perspectives on abortion.

In the early eighties, Libertarians for Life was formed to support a change in the Party's pro-choice stance. To some extent, those efforts succeeded as the platform was eventually altered to acknowledge that many Libertarians consider themselves to be pro-life. Conversely, in 1987, another group of Party members were concerned that Dr. Ron Paul (at the time a seeking the Party's presidential nomination) might promote his belief that all abortion (from the time of conception) should be outlawed by the states, and thereby confuse voters about the Party's actual platform stance. This group formed Pro-Choice Libertarians to support Paul's opponent, Russell Means, and, once the nomination went to Paul, they continued their efforts to dissuade him from making an issue of abortion. A uniquely controversial issue, particularly in American politics, is abortion. ... Libertarians For Life is a non-sectarian pro-life group expressing an opposition to abortion within the context of libertarianism. ... Issues of discussion Pro-choice describes the political and ethical view that a woman should have complete control over her fertility and pregnancy. ... This article is about the social movement. ... Ronald Ernest Ron Paul (b. ... Russell Means (born November 10, 1939) is one of contemporary Americas best-known and prolific activists for the rights of American Indians. ...


Intervention in Afghanistan

On September 13, 2001, just two days after the September 11, 2001 attacks and in response to what they saw as ambiguous statements about U.S. intervention in Afghanistan by the Libertarian National Committee, Todd Andrew Barnett and other Party members formed Libertarians for Peace. A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly...


Platform

Prior to the 2006 convention, there was a push to repeal or substantially rewrite the Platform, at the center of which were groups such as the Libertarian Reform Caucus.[40]. While those efforts were in some measure successful in that the current platform was much shortened (going from 61 to 15 planks – 11 new planks and 4 retained from the old platform) over the previous one, the overriding theme of the platform remains largely the same[3]. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


Members differ as to the reasons why the changes were relatively more drastic than any platform actions at previous conventions. For instance, some delegates voted for changes so the Party could appeal to a wider audience; while others simply thought the entire document needed an overhaul. It was also pointed out that the text of the existing platform was not provided to the delegates, making many reluctant to vote to retain the planks when the existing language wasn't provided for review.[41]


Naturally, not all Party members approved of the changes; believing them to be a setback to libertarianism[42] and an abandonment of what they see as the most important purpose of the Libertarian Party. Various elements within the Party are currently organizing to assure their input in the future course of the organization.


Membership dues

In mid-2005, the Libertarian National Committee voted on a motion by George Sqyures to eliminate all dues for membership in the national Libertarian Party, effective January 1, 2006.[43] However, this change was extremely controversial. Opponents pointed out to LNC members that there was already a "free" membership category -- under the party's bylaws, one needed only sign the membership statement. They argued the Sqyures proposal merely changed delegate apportionment and nothing else; and thus was basically "window dressing". Ultimately, the members at the 2006 national convention overturned the decision in Portland, Oregon. The members re-established a basic $25 dues category (now called Sustaining membership), and further added a requirement that all National Committee officers must henceforth be at least Sustaining members (this was not required prior to the convention). The Libertarian National Commitee controls and manages the affairs, properties, and funds of the United States Libertarian Party. ... The Libertarian National Convention is held every two years by the United States Libertarian Party to choose members of the Libertarian National Committee, and to conduct other party business. ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Multnomah, Washington, Clackamas Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Type Commission  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - City 376. ...


Voluntaryists

Some Libertarians concluded that libertarianism itself could not be effectively promoted through political means, and left to form a specifically non-political arm of the libertarian movement, the voluntaryists.[44] Voluntarism (lat. ...


Media misidentification

Occasionally, media outlets incorrectly label Lyndon LaRouche as a Libertarian in articles about the controversy he generates.[45] Mistakes such as this are problematic for any political party, but have a heavier impact on a smaller party which generally gets less press coverage overall. However, LaRouche has never sought the Libertarian nomination for President. He has either run for office as a Democrat or with the now-defunct U.S. Labor Party. Lyndon LaRouche at a news conference in Paris in February 2006. ... See Labor Party (USA) for the modern party which has a similar name but is unconnected with the US Labor Party Defunct California Proposition 64 (1986) North American Labour Party Party for the Commonwealth of Canada Parti pour la république du Canada U.S. Labor Party The U.S...


Internal caucuses

The LPRadicals is a caucus within the United States Libertarian Party. ... The Rothbard Caucus is a caucus within the United States Libertarian Party. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

See also

In adition to the national Libertarian Party in the United States, there are fifty state Libertarian parties and a Libertarian Party in the District of Columbia. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      This list of political parties in the United States contains past and present... Many countries and subnational political entities have libertarian political parties. ... The Libertarian National Congressional Committee was created by the Libertarian National Committee (LNC) for the purpose of electing Libertarians to the US Congress. ... The libertarian perspective on gay rights has been a topic of debate among libertarians, especially in the United States. ... The Free State Project (FSP) is a plan to have 20,000 or more liberty-oriented people move to a single state of the United States, with the intent of influencing local politics and policy. ... Voluntarism is a descriptive term for a school of thought which regards the will as superior to the intellect and to emotion. ...

Other Libertarian/classical liberal political parties in U.S. history

The National Democratic Party or Gold Democrats was a short-lived political party of Bourbon Democrats, who opposed William Jennings Bryan in 1896. ...

References

  1. ^ Libertarian Party:Our History, LP.org
  2. ^ a b "Frequently asked questions about the Libertarian Party", Official Website of the Libertarian National Committee. Retrieved on July 25, 2006.
  3. ^ a b National Platform of the Libertarian Party, Official Website of the Libertarian National Committee. Retrieved on July 25, 2006
  4. ^ Libertarian Party National Committee. Retrieved October 14, 2007
  5. ^ "LP will focus on membership growth, affiliate party support, and ballot access", Libertarian Party News, February 1999. Retrieved May 15, 2007
  6. ^ "Change is hard, but it's also necessary", Libertarian Party News, December 2005. Retrieved May 15, 2007
  7. ^ Gilgoff, Dan. "Dean's List", U.S. News & World Report, 2006-07-16. Retrieved on 2007-04-26. 
  8. ^ Official Website of the Libertarian National Committee
  9. ^ Libertarians want Paul back. Libertarian Party resolution as reported by SmallGovTimes.com. 12-12-2007.
  10. ^ Winter, Bill, "1971–2001: The Libertarian Party's 30th Anniversary Year: Remembering the first three decades of America's 'Party of Principle'" LP News
  11. ^ Lakewood City Council page showing Council members. Retrieved November 22, 2006.
  12. ^ Winter, Bill, "1971–2001: The Libertarian Party's 30th Anniversary Year: Remembering the first three decades of America's 'Party of Principle'" LP News
  13. ^ Winter, Bill, "1971–2001: The Libertarian Party's 30th Anniversary Year: Remembering the first three decades of America's 'Party of Principle'" LP News
  14. ^ "LP" The Liberty PenguinTM, Retrieved 8 December 2007
  15. ^ LPNews, November-December 2006, page 9
  16. ^ Richard Winger article comparing the electoral strength of minor-party candidates.
  17. ^ http://lp.org/archives/2006ar.pdf
  18. ^ "U.S. Presidential Results", Federal Election Commission. Retrieved on May 21, 2007.
  19. ^ "Faithless Electors", Center for Voting and Democracy. Retrieved on July 25, 2006.
  20. ^ Arizona November 2000 General Election
  21. ^ Official Bylaws of the Libertarian Party. Retrieved May 14, 2007,
  22. ^ [Membership Report] prepared 04/12/2004 for cutoff of 03/31/2004, circulated by the LNC. Retrieved May 14, 2007,
  23. ^ "LNC Approves Zero Dues", LP News, September 1, 2005. Retrieved on July 25, 2006.
  24. ^ Feinstein, Mike. "Green Party Members Holding Elected Office in the United States", June 2005. Retrieved on July 25, 2006.
  25. ^ Ballot Access News, January 1, 2007 -- Partisan Registration in the United States. Retrieved November 22, 2006.
  26. ^ Political consultant Ron Gunzburger's Politics1.com web page describing American third parties Retrieved March 12, 2006.
  27. ^ Ballot Access News, January 2007 -- Partisan Registration in the United States. Retrieved January 1, 2007.
  28. ^ "Maryland Libertarian petition certified" from Ballot Access News
  29. ^ "Libertarian, Green, Constitution petitions-for-2008"
  30. ^ 2008 PETITIONING FOR PRESIDENT Ballot Access News
  31. ^ 2008 PETITIONING FOR PRESIDENT Ballot Access News
  32. ^ "North Carolina Libertarians have 86,400 signatures on 2008 party petition"
  33. ^ "Oklahoma ballot access initiative doomed by oklahoma initiative restrictions"
  34. ^ MORE LAWSUIT NEWS Ballot Access News
  35. ^ Raymond, Eric S. "What's the difference between small-l libertarian and big-l Libertarian?", The Libertarianism FAQ, March 14, 2004. Retrieved on July 25, 2006.
  36. ^ "Senate Candidate Blue -- Literally". CNN.com, October 3, 2002. Retrieved on July 25, 2006.
  37. ^ Pierce, Jason. "Proponent of 'Voluntary' Income Tax Sued for Millions". CNSNews.com, May 30, 2002. Retrieved on July 25, 2006. Department of Justice. "Court Rules Irwin Schiff Owes U.S. Treasury over Two Million Dollars". Press Release, June 17, 2004. Retrieved on July 25, 2006.
  38. ^ Templar, Le. "Tempe:The Outlaw Libertarian That Ran For Office In Arizona", Tribune, July 3, 2005. Retrieved on July 25, 2006.
  39. ^ The Dallas Accord, Minarchists, and why our members sign a pledge, by Mike Hihn, in the "Washington Libertarian", July 1997. Retrieved on May 14, 2007
  40. ^ "Victory in Portland! Libertarian Reform Caucus"
  41. ^ "Portland and the LP Platform: The Perfect Storm", a review by George Squyres, Platform Committee chairman. Retrieved on November 2, 2006.
  42. ^ "The LP's Turkish Delight by Llewellyn H. Rockwell, Jr.".
  43. ^ "LNC Approves Zero Dues", LP News, September 1, 2005. Retrieved on July 25, 2006.
  44. ^ From Politics To Voluntaryism Editorial: Let My People Go -- The Ethics Of Voting, Part 2 from The Voluntaryist, Vol. 1 No. 2, December, 1989. Retrieved on May 14, 2007
  45. ^ Dasbach, Steve. "From the Chair: Building Credibility". LP News, May 1994. Retrieved on July 25, 2006. Smith, Herb. "We've Got To Elect the Guy, First; And Then, We've Got To Train Him", WCIN, October 19, 2004 (transcript). Retrieved on July 25, 2006.

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Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Congressional candidate Bill Winter Bill Winter (born 1964) is the 2006 Democratic candidate for the United States House of Representatives in Colorados 6th congressional district. ... Congressional candidate Bill Winter Bill Winter (born 1964) is the 2006 Democratic candidate for the United States House of Representatives in Colorados 6th congressional district. ... is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 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Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... CNN.com is the news website maintained by CNN. The website debuted on August 30, 1995, and it describes itself as the first major news and information website on the Internet. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Cybercast News Service (also CNSNews. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tribune is a democratic socialist weekly, currently a magazine though in the past more often a newspaper, published in London. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lew Rockwell Llewellyn H. Rockwell, Jr. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... WCIN is an AM radio station in Cincinnati, Ohio established in 1953. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ...

Previous presidential candidates campaign sites

The Libertarian Party of California is the California affiliate of the Libertarian Party. ... The Libertarian Party of Colorado is the state affiliate of the Libertarian Party in Colorado. ... The Libertarian Party of Connecticut is a statewide affiliate of the U.S. Libertarian Party. ... // The Libertarian Party of Michigan was founded in Taylor, Michigan in 1972 [1] and remains active. ... Libertarian Party of New Hampshire is the New Hampshire affiliate of the Libertarian Party of the United States John Babiarz, Chairman Philip Hodson, 1st Vice Chairman - Jim C. Perry, 2nd Vice Chairman Rosalie Babiarz, Secretary Rhonda Keiper, Treasurer More to come. ... The Libertarian Party of New York was founded in 1972 as the Free Libertarian Party because the New York Board of Elections ruled that the name Libertarian Party would confuse voters with the Liberal Party of New York. ... The Libertarian Party of Oregon is a political party organized as a Minor Party pursuant to state election law[1], and recognized by the State of Oregon as a state-wide nominating party[2]. It was organized in 1971 as one of the first state affiliates of the newly established... Political parties in the United States lists political parties in the United States. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      This list of political parties in the United States contains past and present... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... GOP redirects here. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      Third parties in the United States are political parties other than the two... This article is about the American political party, Green Party. ... The America First Party is a conservative third party in the United States. ... The Centrist Party was created on July 4, 2006 as a self-declared response to the stalemate between the Republican Party and Democratic Party in the previous two presidential elections. ... The Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA) is a Marxist-Leninist political party in the United States. ... The party logo The United States Marijuana Party (or USMJP) is a small political party in the United States. ... For the late nineteenth-century political party, see Populist Party (United States). ... National Prohibition Convention, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1892. ... The Reform Party of the United States of America (abbreviated Reform Party USA or RPUSA, generally known simply as the Reform Party) is a political party in the United States, founded by Ross Perot in 1995 who said Americans were disillusioned with the state of politics—as being corrupt and... The Socialist Party USA (SP USA) is one of the heirs to the Socialist Party of America of Eugene V. Debs and Norman Thomas. ... The Party for Socialism and Liberation is a Marxist-Leninist party in the United States founded to promote revolutionary change. ... The Socialist Workers Party is a communist political party in the United States. ... The Veterans Party of America is a recently formed Political party based in St. ... Workers World Party (WWP) is a communist party in the United States founded in 1959 by Sam Marcy. ... The Know-Nothing movement was a nativist American political movement of the 1850s. ... The American Independent Party is a California political party. ... The Anti-Masonic Party (also known as the Anti-Masonic Movement) was a 19th century minor political party in the United States. ... The Citizens Party was a short lived United States political party organized by environmental scientist Barry Commoner in approximately 1980. ... The Constitutional Union Party was a political party in the United States created in 1860. ... The Democratic-Republican Party was founded by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison in 1792. ... Farmer-Labor Party was a political party of Minnesota. ... The Federalist Party (or Federal Party) was an American political party in the period 1792 to 1816, with remnants lasting into the 1830s. ... The Free Soil Party was a short-lived political party in the United States active in the 1848 and 1852 presidential elections, and in some state elections. ... The Greenback Party (Greenback-Labor Party) was an American political party that was active between 1874 and 1884. ... The Liberty Party was a political party in the United States during the mid-19th century. ... -1... 1864 National Union Party candidate and U.S. President-elect Abraham Lincoln 1864 National Union Party candidate and U.S. Vice President-elect Andrew Johnson U.S. Postmaster General, Montgomery Blair. ... The Natural Law Party was a United States political party affiliated with the international Natural Law Party. ... The New Alliance Party was an American political party formed by psychotherapists Fred Newman and Lenora Fulani. ... Populist Party campaign poster from 1904 The Populist Party (also known as the Peoples Party) was a relatively short-lived political party in the United States in the late 19th century. ... The United States Progressive Party of 1912 was a political party created by a split in the Republican Party in the presidential election 1912. ... The United States Progressive Party of 1924 was a national ticket created by Robert M. La Follette, Sr. ... The United States Progressive Party of 1948 was a political party that ran former Vice President Henry A. Wallace of Iowa for president and U.S. Senator Glen H. Taylor of Idaho for vice president in 1948. ... The Socialist Party of America (SPA) is a socialist political party in the United States. ... The Socialist Labor Party of America (SLP) is the oldest socialist political party in the United States that advocated Marxism[1] and the second oldest socialist party in the world. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... See Labor Party (USA) for the modern party which has a similar name but is unconnected with the US Labor Party Defunct California Proposition 64 (1986) North American Labour Party Party for the Commonwealth of Canada Parti pour la république du Canada U.S. Labor Party The U.S... The Whig Party was a political party of the United States during the era of Jacksonian democracy. ... Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      This is an overview of political parties by country, in the form of a table with a link to a list of political parties in each country and showing which party system is dominant in each country . ... Politics of the United States takes place in a framework of a presidential republic, whereby the President of the United States is head of state, head of government, and of a two-party legislative and electoral system. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Libertarian Party - Third Party Encyclopedia (2209 words)
The 1988 Libertarian Party Presidential Candidate Ron Paul serves as a Republican Congressman from Texas, and is also a member of the Republican Liberty Caucus, a group of libertarian-minded members of that party.
The Libertarian Party claims to currently be the largest third party in the United States, a nation which is overwhelmingly dominated by two major parties who typically capture more than 95% of the vote in partisan elections.
Libertarians have had mixed success in electing candidates at the state and local level (no third party is currently represented in the U.S. Congress, although Republican Ron Paul is a former Libertarian presidential candidate).
Libertarian Party (United States) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3687 words)
Libertarians state that their platform follows from consistent application of the principle of mutual respect for rights, and the liberty of exercise thereof, and thus are deeply interested in the concept of individual liberty as a pre-condition for moral and stable societies.
Libertarians reject the view of politics as a one dimensional, left-right spectrum, divided between left and right, with the Democrats representing the center-left or left, and Republicans representing the center-right or right.
The 1988 Libertarian Party Presidential Candidate Ron Paul serves as a Republican Congressman from Texas, and is also a member of the Republican Liberty Caucus, a group of libertarian-minded members of that party.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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