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Encyclopedia > Liberec

Coordinates: 50°46′N 15°3′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Liberec, Czech Republic
Region (kraj) Liberec (Liberecký)
Population 97,400 (2005)
Area 106 km²
Coordinates 50°46′ N 15°3′ E
Elevation 375 m AMSL
First mentioned 1348
Website http://www.liberec.cz
Town hall
Town hall

Liberec (listen , German: Reichenberg, Romany: Libertsis) is a city of the Czech Republic, in the Liberec Region. Located on the Lusatian Neisse, it is the capital and largest city of the region. It is the sixth-largest city in the Czech Republic. Image File history File links Liberec_(Czech_town)_-_coat-of-arms. ... Region can be used to mean either: any more or less well-defined geographical area of a country or continent, defined by geography, culture or history in political geography, an administrative subdivision of a country or of the European Union. ... A kraj (plural: kraje) is the highest-level administrative unit in the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and historically in Czechoslovakia. ... Liberec Region (Czech: Liberecký kraj) is an administrative unit (Czech: kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the northernmost part of its historical region of Bohemia. ... Liberec Region (Czech: Liberecký kraj) is an administrative unit (Czech: kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the northernmost part of its historical region of Bohemia. ... The term above mean sea level (AMSL) refers to the elevation (on the ground) or altitude (in the air) of any object, relative to the average sea level. ... Events April 7 - Charles University is founded in Prague. ... Image File history File links Liberec_(Czech_town)_-_location. ... Download high resolution version (551x800, 130 KB)Image by David Paloch, March 2003. ... Download high resolution version (551x800, 130 KB)Image by David Paloch, March 2003. ... Image File history File links Cs-Liberec. ... Romany (or Romani) is the language of the Roma and Sinti, peoples often referred to in English as Gypsies. The Indo-Aryan Romany language should not be confused with either Romanian (spoken by Romanians), or Romansh (spoken in parts of southeastern Switzerland), both of which are Romance languages. ... Liberec Region (Czech: Liberecký kraj) is an administrative unit (Czech: kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the northernmost part of its historical region of Bohemia. ... The Lusatian Neisse (German Lausitzer Neiße, Polish Nysa Łużycka, Czech Lužická Nisa) is a river in the Czech Republic (54 km) and on Polish-German border (198 km), in total 252 km long. ...

Contents

History

Liberec was first mentioned in a document from 1348, and from 1622 to 1634 was among the possessions of Albrecht von Wallenstein. After his death it belonged to the Gallas and Clam Gallas families, though their jurisdiction over the town has long ceased. The cloth-making industry was introduced in 1579. Events April 7 - Charles University is founded in Prague. ... Events January 1 - In the Gregorian calendar, January 1 is declared as the first day of the year, instead of March 25. ... Events Moses Amyrauts Traite de la predestination is published Curaçao captured by the Dutch Treaty of Polianovska First meeting of the Académie française The witchcraft affair at Loudun Jean Nicolet lands at Green Bay, Wisconsin Opening of Covent Garden Market in London English establish a settlement... Albrecht von Wallenstein Albrecht Wenzel Eusebius von Wallenstein (also Waldstein, Czech: Albrecht Václav Eusebius z Valdštejna), September 24, 1583 – February 25, 1634) was a Bohemian soldier and politician who gave his services (an army of 30,000 to 100,000 men) during the Danish Period of the Thirty... Events January 6 - The Union of Atrecht united the southern Netherlands under the Duke of Parma, governor in the name of king Philip II of Spain. ...


The city developed rapidly at the end of the 19th century, and as a result has a spectacular collection of late 19th century buildings; the town hall, the opera house, and the Severočeské Muzeum (Museum of Northern Bohemia) are of significant note. The neighborhoods on the hills above the town center have a dizzying display of beautiful homes and streets, all laid out in a picturesque Romantic style, typical of central European thermal spas. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... City Hall is a 1996 film directed by Harold Becker. ... An opera house is a building where operas are performed. ... Romanticism was an artistic and intellectual movement that originated in late 18th century Western Europe. ... Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ... A thermal bath is a warm body of water. ...


During the 1930s the predominantly German city became the centre of the Sudeten German Nazis and, after the Munich Agreement in 1938, the capital of the Sudetengau within Nazi Germany. The city's German population was expelled following World War II through the Beneš decrees and replaced with Czechs. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Map of the Sudetenland Gau. ... The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ... Chamberlain holds the paper containing the resolution to commit to peaceful methods signed by both Hitler and himself on his return from Germany in September 1938. ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... This article is becoming very long. ... The BeneÅ¡ decrees (BeneÅ¡ovy dekrety in Czech, Benesch Dekrete in German , BeneÅ¡ove dekréty in Slovak) refers to a series of laws enacted by the Czechoslovak government of exile during World War II in absence of Czechoslovak parliament (see details in Czechoslovakia: World War II (1939 - 1945)). Today...

Ještěd mountain with TV tower
Ještěd mountain with TV tower

Download high resolution version (1467x1044, 786 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1467x1044, 786 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Location of Jested within the Czech Republic Jested mountain with the tower The Ještěd (German Jeschken, , ) is a 1,012 meter high mountain near Liberec in the Czech Republic. ... Jested mountain with tower Location of Jested within the Czech Republic Ještěd Tower is a 100 metre high tower used to transmit television signal built on the top of Ještěd mountain near Liberec, Czech Republic. ...

Architecture

Liberec's prominent buildings are the town hall (1893), the castle of Count Clam Gallas, built in the 17th century, and the Ještěd Tower (1968) upon the Ještěd Mountain, which became a symbol of the city. Vaclav Havel held a broadcast from the site of the tower during the 1960s; a plaque beside the tower marks this event. Contemporary buildings of note are also to be found, primarily the work of the firm SIAL, and include the new Regional Research Library (2000) and the Česká Pojištovna office building (1997). 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Jested mountain with tower Location of Jested within the Czech Republic JeÅ¡tÄ›d Tower is a 100 metre high tower used to transmit television signal built on the top of JeÅ¡tÄ›d mountain near Liberec, Czech Republic. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... Location of Jested within the Czech Republic Jested mountain with the tower The JeÅ¡tÄ›d (German Jeschken, , ) is a 1,012 meter high mountain near Liberec in the Czech Republic. ... Václav Havel [VAWTS-lav HA-vel] (born October 5, 1936) is a Czech writer and dramatist. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Enlarge
Liberec Tramway

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1536x1024, 395 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Liberec Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1536x1024, 395 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Liberec Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used...

Liberec Zoo

The Zoo in Liberec was the first to be opened in Czechoslovakia in 1919. The zoo contains a wide variety of fauna, including elephants, giraffes, sea lions and white tigers, which are a genetic anomaly and hence very rare.


Liberec Tram System

Liberec shares the tramway line which connects it to its neighboring city, Jablonec nad Nisou which is 12 km away. Tramway line in winter (from http://doprava. ... Jablonec nad Nisou (-Czech, German: Gablonz an der Neiße) is a town in northern Bohemia, the second largest town of the Liberec Region. ...


There is also a city line witch connect Horní Hanychov and Lidove Sady via Fügnerova


Natives from Liberec

Christoph Demantius (December 15, 1567 – April 20, 1643) was a German composer, music theorist, writer and poet. ... Events The Duke of Alva arrives in the Netherlands with Spanish forces to suppress unrest there. ... // Events January 21 - Abel Tasman discovers Tonga February 6 - Abel Tasman discovers the Fiji islands. ... Heinrich Herkner (June 27, 1863, Reichenberg/Liberec, Böhmen - May 27, 1932, Berlin), was a Czech-German economist (Nationalökonom) He taught as a professor at the Freiburg University (1890-), Karlsruhe University (1892-), Zurich University (1898-), Technical University of Berlin (1907-), Berlin University (1913-). Literary works Die soziale Reform als... 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar). ... 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Ferdinand Porsche Prof. ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... Josef Vlastimil Burian known more as Vlasta Burian (April 9, 1891, Liberec - January 31, 1962, Prague) was Czech actor and singer. ... 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... Konrad Henlein as SS-Gruppenführer Konrad Henlein (May 6, 1898 - May 10, 1945) was the most important pro-Nazi politician in Czechoslovakia and leader of Sudeten German separatists. ... 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1945 (MCMVL) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Guido Beck (born August 29, 1903 and dead 1989), was a physicist born in what was then the town of Reichenberg in Austria-Hungary, and is now Liberec in the Czech Republic. ... 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Major Augustin Schram (March 2, 1907, Liberec – May 27, 1948, Prague) was a Czechoslovakian communist professional and NKVD agent. ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... Petr Nedved (Born: December 9, 1971 in Liberec, Czech Republic) is a professional ice hockey leftwinger who plays for the National Hockey Leagues Phoenix Coyotes after having signed by them in 2004. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... Martin Damm (born August 1, 1972 in Liberec) is a tennis player from the Czech Republic, who turned professional in 1990. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Tomáš Enge (born September 11, 1976 in Liberec) was a Formula One driver from the Czech Republic. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Emil Artin (March 3, 1898-December 20, 1962) was an Austrian mathematician born in Vienna who spent his career in Germany (mainly in Hamburg) until the Nazi threat when he emigrated to the USA in 1937 where he was at Indiana University 1938-1946, and Princeton University 1946-1958. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Liberec - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (416 words)
Liberec was first mentioned in a document from 1348, and from 1622 to 1634 was among the possessions of Albrecht von Wallenstein.
Liberec's prominent buildings are the town hall (1893), the castle of Count Clam Gallas, built in the 17th century, and the Ještěd Tower (1968) upon the Ještěd Mountain, which became a symbol of the city.
Liberec shares the tramway line which connects it to its neighboring city, Jablonec nad Nisou which is 12 km far.
Liberec - Wikipedia (284 words)
Liberec (Duits: Reichenberg) is een stad in het noorden van Tsjechië nabij het drielandenpunt met Duitsland en Polen.
Liberec werd een van de eerste plaatsen waar arbeiders zich organiseerden en streden voor betere omstandigheden.
Liberec heeft sinds 1993 een stedenband met het Nederlandse Amersfoort.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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