It forms the southern part of a mountain belt that continues northward in the Changbai Mountains. The part of the mountain range on the peninsula is known as the Qian Mountains.
The seaport of Dalian (formerly known as Lushun, or Port Arthur) is located at its southernmost point.
The peninsula was an important battlefield during the First Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895). It was ceded to Japan by the Treaty of Shimonoseki of April 17, 1895 but Japan was forced to give it up after the Triple Intervention of April 23, 1895 by Russia, France and Germany. This caused huge resentment among the Japanese people.
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