Li or Lee is a common transliteration of a few Chinese family names. It can be a transliteration of 李 (pinyin Lǐ), the most common Chinese family name, or of other less common family names such as 黎 (Lí); 理 and 里 (Lǐ); 郦 （酈）, 栗, 厉 (厲), 力and 利 (Lì).
About 7.9 percent of the Chinese population is surnamed 李. As of 2002, there were approximately 103 million people in China and 108 million worldwide with this surname. To date, this remains the world's most common surname.
Chinese married women usually retain their maiden name as their family name, rather than adopt the name of their husband, and children usually inherit the father's family name.
Among Chinese Americans, it is common practice to be referred to primarily by the Western name and to use the Chinese given name as a middle name.
Chinese from Mainland China are generally recognizable from the Hanyu pinyin romanization used which includes "x", "zh" and "q" which are not found in other romanization systems and which does not use hyphens.
The family names are unrelated to the LiChinese minority group.
Li can be the transliteration of 李 ( pinyin Li3), the most common Chinese family name and often spelt as Lee, and other less common family names such as 黎 (Li2); 理 and 里 (Li3); 酈, 栗, 厲, 力, and 利 (Li4).
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