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Encyclopedia > Lhasa
Lhasa
Lasa
Tibetan transliteration(s)
 - Tibetan ལྷ་ས་
 - Wylie transliteration [lha sa ʹl̥ʰásə] or [ʹl̥ʰɜ́ːsə]
 - pronunciation in IPA
 - official transcription (PRC)
 - THDL 拉薩
 - other transcriptions
Chinese transliteration(s)
 - Traditional 拉薩
 - Simplified 拉萨
 - Pinyin Lāsà
Lhasa main street
Lhasa main street
Lhasa (China)
Lhasa
Location within Tibet
Coordinates: 29°39′N 91°07′E / 29.65, 91.117
Country Tibet
Region Tibet
Prefecture Lhasa Prefecture

Chengguan District In addition to the capital of Tibet, Lhasa refers to: Lhasa (computing), Lhasa de Sela (singer) Lhasa Apso (dog breed). ... The Tibetan language is spoken primarily by the Tibetan people who live across a wide area of eastern Central Asia bordering South Asia, as well as by large number of Tibetan refugees all over the world. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... The Wylie transliteration scheme is a method for transliterating the Tibetan script using the keys on a typical English language typewriter. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... The Peoples Republic of Chinas Tibetan Pinyin (Chinese: ; pinyin: Zàngwén PÄ«nyÄ«n; Tibetan: བོད་ཡིག་གི་སྒྲ་སྦྱོར་) is the official transcription system for the Tibetan language in China. ... The THDL Simplified Phonetic Transcription of Standard Tibetan (or THDL Phonetic Transcription for short) is a system for the phonetic rendering of the Tibetan language. ... Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Simplified Chinese character (Simplified Chinese: or ; traditional Chinese: or ; pinyin: or ) is one of two standard sets of Chinese characters of the contemporary Chinese written language. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ... This article is about the administrative region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... Lhasa (Tibetan: ལྷ་ས་; Wylie: lha sa; Lhasa dialect IPA: [; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), sometimes spelled Llasa, is the traditional capital of Tibet and the capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Lhasa (Tibetan: ལྷ་ས་; Wylie: lha sa; Lhasa dialect IPA: [; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), sometimes spelled Llasa, is the traditional capital of Tibet and the capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ...

County Prefecture-level city- Township-level divisions Lhünzhub, Damxung, Nyêmo, Qüxü, Doilungdêqên, Dagzê,Maizhokunggar
Nearby settlements (distance)
Area
 - Land 53 km² (20.5 sq mi)
Population (2004)
 - Total 257,400
 - Major Nationalities Han Chinese; Tibetan; Hui
 - Regional dialect Tibetan language, Hohhot dialect
Time zone +8 (UTC)
Area code(s) 850000

Lhasa, sometimes spelled Lasa, is the traditional capital of Tibet and the capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China. Lhasa is located at the foot of Mount Gephel. Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China, ranking below a province and above a county in Chinas administrative structure. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have consisted of several levels since ancient times. ... Lhünzhub is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Damxung is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Nyêmo is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Qüxü is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Doilungdêqên is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Dagzê is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Maizhokunggar is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Ethnolinguistic map of China The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) is a multi-ethnic unitary state and, as such, officially recognizes 56 nationalities or mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ... Language(s) Chinese languages Religion(s) Predominantly Taoism, Mahayana Buddhism, traditional Chinese religions, and atheism. ... The Tibetan people are a people indigenous to Tibet and surrounding areas stretching from Central Asia in the West to Myanmar and China in the East. ... Look up Hui in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Chinese (written) language (pinyin: zhōngw n) written in Chinese characters The Chinese language (汉语/漢語, 华语/華語, or 中文; Pinyin: H nyǔ, Hu yǔ, or Zhōngw n) is a member of the Sino-Tibetan family of languages. ... The Tibetan language is spoken primarily by the Tibetan people who live across a wide area of eastern Central Asia bordering South Asia, as well as by large number of Tibetan refugees all over the world. ... Hohhot dialect (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a dialect of Jin, one of the subdivisions of Chinese spoken language. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ... This article is about the administrative region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Mount Gephel (Tibetan: དགེ་འཕེལ།; Wylie: Dge-phel) is a small Tibetan mountain located 8 kilometers west of Lhasa in Tibet. ...


The city is the traditional seat of the Dalai Lama and the Potala and Norbulingka palaces (both are included in a World Heritage Site[1]) and in Tibetan Buddhism is regarded as the holiest centre in Tibet. This article is about the Dalai Lama lineage. ... The Potala Palace, located in Lhasa, Tibet, was the chief residence of the Dalai Lama until the 14th Dalai Lama fled to Dharamsala after a failed uprising in 1959. ... Norbulingka (Wylie: Nor-bu-gling-ka) is a palace and surrounding park in Lhasa, Tibet which served as the traditional summer residence of the successive Dalai Lamas from the 1780s up until the PRC takeover in the late 1950s. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Tibetan Buddhism is the body of religious Buddhist doctrine and institutions characteristic of Tibet, the Himalayan region (including northern Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim and Ladakh), Mongolia, Buryatia, Tuva and Kalmykia (Russia), and northeastern China (Manchuria: Heilongjiang, Jilin). ...


The city is home to about 255,000 inhabitants and, at an altitude of approximately 3,650 metres (11,975 feet), is one of the highest cities in the world. Altitude is the elevation of an object from a known level or datum. ...


Lhasa literally means "place of the gods", although ancient Tibetan documents and inscriptions demonstrate that the place was called Rasa, which means "goat's place", until the early 7th century.[2]


The city is part of a township-level prefecture, the Lhasa Prefecture consisting of 7 small counties: Lhünzhub County, Damxung County, Nyêmo County, Qüxü County, Doilungdêqên County, Dagzê County and Maizhokunggar County. Lhasa (Tibetan: ལྷ་ས་; Wylie: lha sa; Lhasa dialect IPA: [; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), sometimes spelled Llasa, is the traditional capital of Tibet and the capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Lhünzhub is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Damxung is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Nyêmo is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Qüxü is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Doilungdêqên is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Dagzê is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Maizhokunggar is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ...

Contents

History

There is considerable debate over the geographical prominence of Lhasa in early Tibetan history.


By the mid 7th century, Songtsän Gampo became the leader of the Tibetan Empire that had risen to power in the Yarlung River Valley. In 641 A.D., Songtsän Gampo, who by this time had conquered the whole Tibetan region, wedded Princess Bhrikuti of Nepal and Princess Wen Cheng of the Imperial Tang court. Through these marriages, he converted to Buddhism and proceeded to build the Ramoche and Jokhang temples in Lhasa to house two Buddha statues brought to his court by the two princesses, even as it was noted that Songtsän Gampo's empire was nomadic and he held court in large movable resplendent tents. A statue of King Songtsän Gampo in his meditation cave at Yerpa Songtsen Gampo, Song-btsan-sgam-po or Songtsän Gampo, or Tsrong-tsong Gompo (སྲོང་བཙན་སྒམ་པོ་ Wylie: Srong-btsan Sgam-po) (died 650 CE) was the first emperor of a unified Tibet. ... Events Founding of the city of Fostat, later Cairo, in Egypt. ... The Chinese Princess Wen Cheng (or Tibetan: Mung-chang Kungco), was a niece of the powerful Emperor Taizong of Tang China, who left China in 640, according to records, arriving the next year in Tibet to marry the thirty-seven year old Songtsen Gampo (604–650 CE) the thirty-third... For the band, see Tang Dynasty (band). ... A statue of King Songtsän Gampo in his meditation cave at Yerpa Songtsen Gampo, Song-btsan-sgam-po or Songtsän Gampo, or Tsrong-tsong Gompo (སྲོང་བཙན་སྒམ་པོ་ Wylie: Srong-btsan Sgam-po) (died 650 CE) was the first emperor of a unified Tibet. ...

Songtsän Gampo

From the fall of the monarchy to the accession of the fifth Dalai Lama, the centre of political power in the Tibetan region was not situated in Lhasa. However, the importance of Lhasa as a religious site became increasingly significant as the centuries progressed.[3] It was known as the centre of Tibet where Padmasambhava magically pinned down the earth demonness with the foundation of the Jokhang Temple built over her heart. [4] A statue of King Songtsän Gampo in his meditation cave at Yerpa Songtsen Gampo, Song-btsan-sgam-po or Songtsän Gampo, or Tsrong-tsong Gompo (སྲོང་བཙན་སྒམ་པོ་ Wylie: Srong-btsan Sgam-po) (died 650 CE) was the first emperor of a unified Tibet. ... Guru Rinpoche - Padmasambhava statue - near Kullu, India Guru Rinpoche, the patron saint of Sikkim. ... Wikimedia Commons has multimedia related to: Jokhang Categories: Buddhism-related stubs | Buddhist temples ...


By the 15th century, the city of Lhasa had risen to prominence following the founding of three large Gelugpa monasteries by Je Tsongkhapa and his disciples in the 15th century. The three monasteries are Ganden, Sera, and Drepung monasteries which were built as part of the puritanical Buddhist revival in Tibet. The scholarly achievements and political knowhow of this sect eventually pushed Lhasa once more to centre stage. (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... The Geluk (dge lugs) School was founded by Tsongkhapa (1357-1419), Tibets best known religious reformer and arguably its greatest philosopher. ... Je Tsongkhapa (Tsong-kha-pa) in the fifth vison of Khedrub Jey (Mkhas-grub) Tsongkhapa (Tibetan: ཙོང་ཁ་པ་; Wylie: Tsong-kha-pa) (1357 - 1419) , whose name means The Man from Onion Valley, was the founder of the Geluk (Dge-lugs) school of Tibetan Buddhism. ... Ganden monastery Ganden Monastery is one of the great three Gelukpa university monasteries of Tibet, located on Wangbur Mountain, Tagtse County, 47 kilometers from Lhasa. ... Sera Monastery is one of the great three Gelukpa university monasteries of Tibet. ... Drepung monastery Drepung Monastery is one of the great three Gelukpa university monasteries of Tibet. ...


The fifth Dalai Lama, Lobsang Gyatso (16171682), conquered Tibet and moved the centre of his administration to Lhasa, as the religious and political capital of Tibet. In 1645 the Potala Palace began reconstruction on Red Hill. In 1648, the Potrang Karpo (White Palace) of the Potala was completed, and the Potala was used as a winter palace by the Dalai Lama from that time. The Potrang Marpo (Red Palace) was added between 1690 and 1694. The name Potala is possibly derived from Mount Potalaka, the mythological abode of Bodhisattva Avalokiteśvara. The Jokhang Temple was also greatly expanded around this time. Although some wooden carvings and lintels of the Jokhang Temple date to the 7th century, the oldest of Lhasa's extant buildings, such as amidst the Potala Palace, the Jokhang and some of the monasteries and properties in the Old Quarter date to this second flowering in Lhasa's history. This article is about the Dalai Lama lineage. ... Lozang Gyatso, the Great Fifth Dalai Lama, (1617-1682), is one of only two Dalai Lamas formally titled Great. He initiated the construction of the fabulous Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet. ... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed I (1603-1617) to Mustafa I (1617-1623). ... Year 1682 (MDCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... // Events January 10 - Archbishop Laud executed on Tower Hill, London. ... The Potala Palace (Tibetan: པོ་ཏ་ལ།) located in Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region, in Peoples Republic of China. ... 1648 (MDCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Potala Palace, located in Lhasa, Tibet, was the chief residence of the Dalai Lama until the 14th Dalai Lama fled to Dharamsala after a failed uprising in 1959. ... Located between the Palace Embankment and the Palace Square, the Winter Palace (Russian: Зимний Дворец) in Saint Petersburg, Russia was built between 1754 and 1762 as the winter residence of the Russian tsars. ... The Potala Palace, located in Lhasa, Tibet, was the chief residence of the Dalai Lama until the 14th Dalai Lama fled to Dharamsala after a failed uprising in 1959. ... Events Giovanni Domenico Cassini observes differential rotation within Jupiters atmosphere. ... Events February 6 - The colony Quilombo dos Palmares is destroyed. ... Lands Bhutan â€¢ China â€¢ Korea Japan â€¢ Tibet â€¢ Vietnam Taiwan â€¢ Mongolia Doctrine Bodhisattva â€¢ Bodhicitta Karuna â€¢ Prajna Sunyata â€¢ Buddha Nature Trikaya â€¢ Eternal Buddha Scriptures Prajnaparamita Sutra Avatamsaka Sutra Lotus Sutra Nirvana Sutra VimalakÄ«rti Sutra Lankavatara Sutra History 4th Buddhist Council Silk Road â€¢ Nagarjuna Asanga â€¢ Vasubandhu Bodhidharma      A statue of a Bodhisattva, Akasagarbha. ... // AvalokiteÅ›vara or Avalokiteshvar, अवलोकितेश्वर (Sanskrit, lit. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Post and lintel. ...


In the first half of the 20th century, several Western explorers made celebrated journeys to the city, including Francis Younghusband, Alexandra David-Néel, and Heinrich Harrer. Lhasa was the centre of Tibetan Buddhism, and nearly half of its population were monks. The population of Lhasa was estimated at 25,000 in 1951, excluding some 15,000 monks in the area's monasteries, although with the invasion of China many people fled from the city including the living 14th Dalai Lama who fled from his residence in the Potala Palace into exile in India in 1959. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... Look up West in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Lieutenant Colonel Sir Francis Edward Younghusband (31 May 1863 - 31 July 1942) was a British Army officer, explorer, and spiritualist. ... Alexandra David-Néel (October 24, 1868 - September 8, 1969) was a French explorer, anarchist, spiritualist, Buddhist and writer. ... Heinrich Harrer Heinrich Harrer (July 6, 1912 – January 7, 2006) was an Austrian mountaineer, sportsman, geographer, and author. ... A Roman Catholic monk A monk is a person who practices monasticism, adopting a strict religious and ascetic lifestyle, usually in community with others following the same path. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... (Redirected from 14th Dalai Lama) Tenzin Gyatso is the fourteenth and current Dalai Lama. ... Exile (band) may refer to: Exile - The American country music band Exile - The Japanese pop music band Category: ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Lhasa between 1987-1989 had major demonstrations against the Chinese occupation led by monks and nuns. As a result the Chinese government made life for monks and nuns more difficult by imposing restrictions and political re-educations in the monasteries. Many had to go through these "re-education sessions to align themselves with the Communist views and denounce the Dalai Lama and Tibetan independence." Many monks who refused were sent to prison, while others left the monasteries and many escaped into India to carry on with their studies. This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... For other uses, see Monk (disambiguation). ...


As of the early 2000s, the city's population stands at about 255,000. For the history of Tibet since 1950, see the history of Tibet. This article is about the first decade of the 21st century. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tibetan plateau Tibet is situated between the two ancient civilizations of China and India, but the tangled mountain ranges of the Tibetan Plateau and the towering Himalayas serve to distance it from both. ...

The Jokhang Temple, home of the most venerated statue in Tibet a golden roof cylinder The Jokhang, also called the Jokhang Temple or the Jokhang Monastery, is a famous Buddhist temple in Lhasa, Tibet. ...

Dalai Lamas of Lhasa

Main article: Dalai Lama

This article is about the Dalai Lama lineage. ... This article is about the Dalai Lama lineage. ...

Geography and climate

Lhasa is located in the Lhasa Valley of Tibet.
Lhasa is located in the Lhasa Valley of Tibet.

Lhasa 29°39.29′N, 91°7.1′E and the prefecture covers an area of close to 30,000 km². It has a central area of 544 km²[5] and a total population of 500,000; 250,000 of its people live in the urban area. Lhasa is home to the Tibetan, Han, and Hui peoples, as well as many other ethnic groups, but the Tibetan ethnic group makes up 87% of the total population.-1... -1... This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1984 × 1488 pixel, file size: 871 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Lhasa seen from the Potala, Rainer Haessner, self photographed, August 2005 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1984 × 1488 pixel, file size: 871 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Lhasa seen from the Potala, Rainer Haessner, self photographed, August 2005 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this... The Tibetan people are a people indigenous to Tibet and surrounding areas stretching from Central Asia in the West to Myanmar and China in the East. ... Han Chinese (Simplified: 汉; Traditional: 漢; Pinyin: hàn) is a term which refers to the majority ethnic group within China and the largest single human ethnic group in the world. ... Look up Hui in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Located at the bottom of a small basin surrounded by mountains, Lhasa has an elevation of 3,650 metres (12,000 feet) and lies in the centre of the Tibetan Plateau. The mountains around it rise to 5,500 metres (18,000 feet). The Kyi (or Kyi Chu) River, a tributary of the Yarlung Zangbo River), runs through the city. The city stands by the Lhasa River known to local Tibetans as the "merry blue waves,". It runs through the snow-covered peaks and gullies of the Nyainqentanglha mountains, extending 315 km. The river empties into the Yarlung Zangbo River at Qüxü, forming an area of great scenic beauty. Map of the Brahmaputra Yarlung Tsangpo River in Tibet. ... Qüxü is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ...

View of the main road in Lhasa
View of the main road in Lhasa

With its flat land and mild weather, Lhasa is free of both freezing winters and unbearably hot summers, having an annual average daily temperature of 8 degrees C (43 degrees F). It enjoys 3,000 hours of sunlight annually, so much more than most other cities, it is sometimes called the "sunlit city." Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 682 pixel, file size: 218 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 682 pixel, file size: 218 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... For other uses, see Winter (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Summer (disambiguation). ...


Lhasa has an annual precipitation of 500 mm. It rains mainly in July, August and September. The rainy seasons in the summer and autumn are widely regarded the "best" seasons of the year, when it rains mostly at night, and is sunny in the daytime.

Temperature - Daily average (January) -1.2oC, 29.8oF; (July) 6.4oC, 61.5oF
Precipitation - Daily average (January) 0.5 mm, 0.02 inches; (July) 129.7 mm, 5.11 inches.[6]

Depending on how the status of Tibet before 1950 is interpreted, Lhasa can be regarded as the highest national capital at that time, surpassing La Paz, Bolivia, which currently holds that distinction. This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ... This is a list of the highest settlement of each country. ... Throughout the world there are many cities that were once national capitals but no longer have that status because the country ceased to exist, the capital was moved, or the capital city was renamed. ... Motto: Los discordes en concordia, en paz y amor se juntaron y pueblo de paz fundaron para perpetua memoria Location of La Paz within Bolivia Coordinates: , Country Departament Province Pedro Domingo Murillo Province Founded October 20, 1548 Incorporated (El Alto) 20th century Government  - Mayor Juan Del Granado Area  - Total 470...

Weather averages for Lhasa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average high °F (°C) 45 (7) 48 (9) 55 (13) 61 (16) 68 (20) 73 (23) 72 (22) 70 (21) 68 (20) 63 (17) 54 (12) 46 (8)
Average low °F (°C) 18 (-8) 23 (-5) 28 (-2) 36 (2) 43 (6) 50 (10) 52 (11) 50 (10) 46 (8) 36 (2) 25 (-4) 18 (-8)
Precipitation inch (mm) 0.03 (0.8) 0.04 (1) 0.09 (2.3) 0.22 (5.6) 0.91 (23.1) 2.32 (58.9) 3.81 (96.8) 3.86 (98) 2.19 (55.6) 0.19 (4.8) 0.02 (0.5) 0.02 (0.5)
Source: [7] 2007-12-27

Administration

Lhasa prefecture-level city in Tibet Autonomous Region
Lhasa prefecture-level city in Tibet Autonomous Region
Counties of the Lhasa Prefecture
Counties of the Lhasa Prefecture

Administratively speaking, Lhasa is a prefecture-level city that consists of one district and seven counties. The district comprises the urban area of Lhasa and is called Chengguan District (Tibetan: ཁྲིན་ཀོན་ཆུས་, Wylie: khrin kon chus, simplified Chinese: 城关区; traditional Chinese: 城關區; pinyin: Chéngguān Qū). The seven counties are Lhünzhub, Damxung, Nyêmo, Qüxü, Doilungdêqên, Dagzê, and Maizhokunggar. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x960, 314 KB) Description: Maps of Tibet Autonomous Region of China Source: Date: On October 10 2005 Author: Photo taken by Fanghong Permission: Other versions of this file: File links The following pages link to this file: Lhasa ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x960, 314 KB) Description: Maps of Tibet Autonomous Region of China Source: Date: On October 10 2005 Author: Photo taken by Fanghong Permission: Other versions of this file: File links The following pages link to this file: Lhasa ... This article is about the administrative region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China, ranking below a province and above a county in Chinas administrative structure. ... District, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... In the context of Political divisions of China, county is the standard English translation of 县 (xiàn). ... Lhasa (Tibetan: ལྷ་ས་; Wylie: lha sa; Lhasa dialect IPA: [; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ), sometimes spelled Llasa, is the traditional capital of Tibet and the capital of the Tibet Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Wylie transliteration scheme is a method for transliterating the Tibetan script using the keys on a typical English language typewriter. ... Simplified Chinese character (Simplified Chinese: or ; traditional Chinese: or ; pinyin: or ) is one of two standard sets of Chinese characters of the contemporary Chinese written language. ... Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Lhünzhub is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Damxung is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Nyêmo is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Doilungdêqên is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Dagzê is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ...


Economy

Competitive industry together with feature economy, are playing key roles in the next stage of Lhasa's rapid development. In view of maintaining the balance between humans and nature, tourism and service industry are emphasised by local governors as two growth engines for the future.


Agriculture and husbandry in Lhasa is at a high standard. Mainly, people plant highland barley and winter wheat in Lhasa. The resources of water conservancy, geothermal heating, solar energy, and various mines are abundant. In general stewardship is responsibility for taking good care of resources entrusted to one. ... For other uses, see Barley (disambiguation). ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ... Geothermal heating is a method of heating and cooling a building. ... Ultraviolet image of the Sun. ...


There is widespread electricity, and use of both machinery and traditional methods in the production of textiles, leathers, plastics, matches, embroidery, etc.. The production of national handicrafts has made great progress recently and the Tibetan rugs manufactured at the Lhasa Carpet Factory sell well. Electricity (from New Latin Ä“lectricus, amberlike) is a general term for a variety of phenomena resulting from the presence and flow of electric charge. ... A machine is any mechanical or electrical device that transmits or modifies energy to perform or assist in the performance of tasks. ... For other uses, see Textile (disambiguation). ... For people named Leather, see Leather (surname). ... For other uses, see Plastic (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Match (disambiguation). ... Embroidery in silk thread on linen, 19th century Embroidery is the art or handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with designs stitched in strands of thread or yarn using a needle. ... Lhasa Carpet Factory is a factory south of Yanhe Dong Lu near the University of Tibet in Lhasa the capital of Tibet. ...

A market in Lhasa
A market in Lhasa

At the same time, sunset industries which cause serious pollution will fade out, in hopes of building a healthy eco system. Environmental problems such as soil erosion, acidification, and loss of vegetation are being addressed on the local government agenda. Image File history File links Photo by Nathan Freitas. ... Image File history File links Photo by Nathan Freitas. ... Severe soil erosion in a wheat field near Washington State University, USA. Erosion is the displacement of solids (soil, mud, rock, and so forth) by the agents of wind, water, ice, or movement in response to gravity. ... For other uses, see Acid (disambiguation). ... Vegetation is a general term for the plant life of a region; it refers to the ground cover provided by plants, and is, by far, the most abundant biotic element of the biosphere. ...


The tourism industry now brings significant business to the region, building on the attractiveness of the Potala Palace, the spectacular Himalayan landscape, and the many wild plants and animals native to the high altitudes of Central Asia. Many of Lhasa's rural residents practice traditional agriculture and animal husbandry. Lhasa is also the traditional and current hub of the Tibetan trading network. For many years, chemical and car making plants operated in the area, because the city's remoteness allowed them to pollute with minimal restriction. However, this has changed in recent years. Copper, lead, and zinc are mined nearby, and the Chinese government is experimenting with new methods of mineral mining and geothermal heat extraction in the area. Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... Shepherd with his sheep in FăgăraÅŸ Mountains, Romania. ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... General Name, Symbol, Number lead, Pb, 82 Chemical series Post-transition metals or poor metals Group, Period, Block 14, 6, p Appearance bluish gray Standard atomic weight 207. ... General Name, symbol, number zinc, Zn, 30 Chemical series transition metals Group, period, block 12, 4, d Appearance bluish pale gray Standard atomic weight 65. ...


Restaurants in the city include Dharkay Restaurant (Xinglong Fandian) (Linkuo Lu) which was founded by Sichuanese proprietor Liu and his Tibetan wife. The Dharkay is situated quite near to the Hotel Banak Shol and offers Sichuanese style cuisine including fish and vegetarian dishes including bean sprouts and tofu. As the city has developed it also serves a breakfast of eggs, doughnuts and tea.   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: SzÅ­4-chuan1; Postal map spelling: Szechwan and Szechuan) is a province in the central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ... This article is about the Chinese province. ... For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ... For animals adapted to eat primarily plants, sometimes referred to as vegetarian animals, see Herbivore. ... Binomial name (L.) R. Wilczek Synonyms Phaeolus aureus Roxb. ... For other uses, see Tofu (disambiguation). ... Chicken egg (left) and quail eggs (right), the types of egg commonly used as food An egg is a body consisting of an ovum surrounded by layers of membranes and an outer casing of some type, which acts to nourish and protect a developing embryo. ... A chocolate-glazed doughnut A doughnut, or donut, is a deep-fried piece of dough or batter. ... For other uses, see Tea (disambiguation). ...


Demographics

An elderly Tibetan women holding a prayer wheel on the street in Lhasa
An elderly Tibetan women holding a prayer wheel on the street in Lhasa
Woman with son busking in Lhasa, 1993.
Woman with son busking in Lhasa, 1993.

The total population of Lhasa Prefecture-level City is 521,500 (including known migrant population, excluding military garrisons). Of this, 257,400 are in the urban area (including migrant population of 100,700), while 264,100 are outside.[8] Nearly half of Lhasa Prefecture-level City's population lives in Chengguan District, which is the administrative division that contains the urban area of Lhasa (i.e. the actual city). Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 682 pixel, file size: 123 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lhasa User:LucaGaluzzi... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixel Image in higher resolution (1024 × 682 pixel, file size: 123 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Lhasa User:LucaGaluzzi... Prayer wheels at Nechung Chok, Lhasa. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 531 pixelsFull resolution (1808 × 1200 pixel, file size: 488 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 531 pixelsFull resolution (1808 × 1200 pixel, file size: 488 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Busking is the practice of doing live performances in public places to entertain people, usually to solicit donations and tips. ...


According to the 2000 census, the ethnic distribution in Lhasa Prefecture-level City was as follows in November 2000:

Major ethnic groups in Lhasa Prefecture-level City by district or county, 2000 census
Total Tibetans Han Chinese others
Lhasa Prefecture-level City 474,499 387,124 81.6% 80,584 17.0% 6,791 1.4%
Chengguan District 223,001 140,387 63.0% 76,581 34.3% 6,033 2.7%
Lhünzhub County 50,895 50,335 98.9% 419 0.8% 141 0.3%
Damxung County 39,169 38,689 98.8% 347 0.9% 133 0.3%
Nyêmo County 27,375 27,138 99.1% 191 0.7% 46 0.2%
Qüxü County 29,690 28,891 97.3% 746 2.5% 53 0.2%
Doilungdêqên County 40,543 38,455 94.8% 1,868 4.6% 220 0.5%
Dagzê County 24,906 24,662 99.0% 212 0.9% 32 0.1%
Maizhokunggar County 38,920 38,567 99.1% 220 0.6% 133 0.3%
Mendicant monk in Lhasa
Mendicant monk in Lhasa

Excludes members of the People's Liberation Army in active service.
Source: Department of Population, Social, Science and Technology Statistics of the National Bureau of Statistics of China (国家统计局人口和社会科技统计司) and Department of Economic Development of the State Ethnic Affairs Commission of China (国家民族事务委员会经济发展司), eds. Tabulation on Nationalities of 2000 Population Census of China (《2000年人口普查中国民族人口资料》). 2 vols. Beijing: Nationalities Publishing House (民族出版社), 2003. (ISBN 7-105-05425-5) A Tibetan pilgrim The Tibetans speak the Tibetan language natively and form one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), although in anthropological terms they include more than one ethnic group. ... Language(s) Chinese languages Religion(s) Predominantly Taoism, Mahayana Buddhism, traditional Chinese religions, and atheism. ... Lhünzhub is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Damxung is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Nyêmo is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Qüxü is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Doilungdêqên is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Dagzê is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Maizhokunggar is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 778 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1506 × 1160 pixel, file size: 89 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 778 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1506 × 1160 pixel, file size: 89 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Peoples Liberation Army redirects here. ...


The Tibetan government in exile and other Tibetan groups say that, if the excluded PLA garrisons and migrants from outside Tibet are considered, ethnic Tibetans are now the minority in Lhasa. Official language Tibetan Headquarters Dharamsala Head of State (Dalai Lama) Tenzin Gyatso National Anthem Tibetan National Anthem, (Link) The Government of Tibet in Exile, officially named the Central Tibetan Administration (CTA) of His Holiness the Dalai Lama, is a theocratic government-like entity headed by Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai...


Due to the partial liberalisation of the economy over the past decade, greater freedom of movement and various government incentives[citation needed], thousands of Han Chinese from China proper have settled in the area, and play a large part in Lhasa's economy. Language(s) Chinese languages Religion(s) Predominantly Taoism, Mahayana Buddhism, traditional Chinese religions, and atheism. ... China proper refers to the historical heartlands of China in the context of that paradigm which contrasts these heartlands with frontier regions of Outer China (including sections of Inner Asia and other regions). ...


Landmarks and culture

Lhasa has many sites of historic interest, including the Potala Palace, Jokhang Temple, Sera Monastery, Zhefeng Temple, Drepung Monastery and Norbulingka. However, many important sites were damaged during the Cultural Revolution. The Potala Palace, located in Lhasa, Tibet, was the chief residence of the Dalai Lama until the 14th Dalai Lama fled to Dharamsala after a failed uprising in 1959. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 413 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (508 × 738 pixel, file size: 70 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 413 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (508 × 738 pixel, file size: 70 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free... Norbulingka (Wylie: Nor-bu-gling-ka) is a palace and surrounding park in Lhasa, Tibet which served as the traditional summer residence of the successive Dalai Lamas from the 1780s up until the PRC takeover in the late 1950s. ... Wikimedia Commons has multimedia related to: Jokhang Categories: Buddhism-related stubs | Buddhist temples ... Sera Monastery is one of the great three Gelukpa university monasteries of Tibet. ... Drepung monastery Drepung Monastery (Tibetan: འབྲས་སྤུངས་; Wylie: Bras-spungs; ZWPY: Zhaibung) is one of the great three Gelukpa university monasteries of Tibet. ... Drepung monastery Drepung Monastery (Tibetan: འབྲས་སྤུངས་; Wylie: Bras-spungs; ZWPY: Zhaibung) is one of the great three Gelukpa university monasteries of Tibet. ... Norbulingka (Wylie: Nor-bu-gling-ka) is a palace and surrounding park in Lhasa, Tibet which served as the traditional summer residence of the successive Dalai Lamas from the 1780s up until the PRC takeover in the late 1950s. ... This article is about the Peoples Republic of China. ...


Landmarks

The Barkhor, a place for both walking, meditation and shopping
The Barkhor, a place for both walking, meditation and shopping

The city of Lhasa contains three concentric paths used by pilgrims to circumambulate (walk around) the sacred Johkhang Temple, many of whom make full or partial prostrations along these routes in order to gain spiritual merit. The innermost, the Nangkor (Nang-skor), is contained within the Jokhang Temple, and surrounds the sanctuary of the Jowo Shakyamuni, the most sacred statue in Tibetan Buddhism. The middle circumambulatory, the Barkor (Bar-skor), passes through the Old Town and surrounds the Jokhang Temple and various other buildings in its vicinity. The outer Lingkor (Gling-skor) encircles the entire traditional city of Lhasa. Due to the construction of a large new street, Beijing Lam, the Lingkor is not usually used by pilgrims today. Barkhor Square and Jokhang Temple The Barkhor (Tibetan: བར་སྐོར་; Wylie: bar-skor; ZWPY: Pargor; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is an area of narrow streets and a public square located around Jokhang Temple in Lhasa, Tibet. ... Central Beijing Road connects the city to eastern Tibet Central Beijing Road is a major road of the city of Lhasa in the Tibet Autonomous Region which links the city to the north-east of Tibet and China. ... The Jokhang Temple, home of the most venerated statue in Tibet a golden roof cylinder The Jokhang, also called the Jokhang Temple or the Jokhang Monastery, is a famous Buddhist temple in Lhasa, Tibet. ... Lhasa Carpet Factory is a factory south of Yanhe Dong Lu near the University of Tibet in Lhasa the capital of Tibet. ... Lhasa Hotel is one of the modern accommodation settlements built in the holy city of Lhasa, Tibet, a 4-star hotel at an altitude of 3600m. ... Lhasa railway station (Traditional Chinese: 拉薩站; Simplified Chinese: 拉萨站; pinyin: lā sà zhàn) is a railway station in Lhasa, Tibet. ... Lhasa west railway station (Traditional Chinese: , Simplified Chinese: , pinyin: lā sà xÄ« zhàn) is a railway station in Lhasa, Tibet. ... Norbulingka (Wylie: Nor-bu-gling-ka) is a palace and surrounding park in Lhasa, Tibet which served as the traditional summer residence of the successive Dalai Lamas from the 1780s up until the PRC takeover in the late 1950s. ... North Linkor Road connects the city to northern Tibet North Linkor Road is a major road of the city of Lhasa in the Tibet Autonomous Region which links the city to the north of Tibet. ... The Potala Palace (Tibetan: པོ་ཏ་ལ།) located in Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region, in Peoples Republic of China. ... Tibet University (Tibetan: Poijong Lobcha Qênmo བོད་ལྗོངས་སློབ་གྲྭ་ཆེན་མོ་; Chinese: XÄ«zàng dàxué 西藏大学) is the main university of the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 423 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1119 × 1587 pixel, file size: 103 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 423 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1119 × 1587 pixel, file size: 103 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Concentric objects share the same center, axis or origin with one inside the other. ... Monument to pilgrims in Burgos, Spain This article is on religious pilgrims. ...


Every August the Shoton Festival is held in Lhasa, one of Tibet's biggest traditional festivals held since the 7th century.


Tourism

Sho dun (Shotun) festival
Sho dun (Shotun) festival
The Potala Palace, Lhasa's most famous landmark
The Potala Palace, Lhasa's most famous landmark

According to the region's authorities, 1.1 million people visited Tibet in 2004. Chinese authorities plan an ambitious growth of tourism in the region aiming at 10 million visitors by 2020; these visitors are expected to be mostly ethnic Chinese. Proponents of greater Tibetan autonomy are concerned that the increase in tourism will lead to an erosion of the indigenous culture of Tibet; in particular, these proponents have stated that renovation around historic sites, such as the Potala Palace, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, are creating a jarring "Disney-like" degradation of the sacred site. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 394 pixelsFull resolution (1480 × 728 pixel, file size: 125 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I took this photo in 1993. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 394 pixelsFull resolution (1480 × 728 pixel, file size: 125 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I took this photo in 1993. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Potala_from_W.jpg Photographer: Philipp Roelli (2005) released under the GFDL by creator Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Potala_from_W.jpg Photographer: Philipp Roelli (2005) released under the GFDL by creator Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Cinderella Castle, at the center of the Magic Kingdom, is Walt Disney World Resorts most recognizable icon Introduction Owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company, the Walt Disney World Resort in Florida, USA is home to four theme parks, two water parks, several resort hotels and golf courses...


Transport

Mainstreet
Mainstreet

Journalists report that the opening of the Railway—the highest plateau railway in the world[9]—in July 2006 has brought with it an increasing demand for property which has pushed prices up. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 786 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1954 × 1490 pixel, file size: 804 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Main stree in Lhasa seen from the place in front of the Potala palace; self photographed; Rainer Haessner; August 2005 File links The... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 786 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1954 × 1490 pixel, file size: 804 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Main stree in Lhasa seen from the place in front of the Potala palace; self photographed; Rainer Haessner; August 2005 File links The... Map of the railway The worlds highest railway, which traverses the vast terrain of Tibet. ...


Five trains arrive at and depart from Lhasa railway station each day. Train numbered T27 takes 47 hours, 28 minutes from Beijing West, arrives in Lhasa at 20:58 every day. The ticket costs 389 yuan for 'hard seat', or 813 yuan for a lower 'hard sleeper', 1262 yuan for a lower 'soft sleeper'. T28 from Lhasa to Beijing West departs at 08:00 and arrives in Beijing at 08:00 on the third day, taking 48 hours. There are also trains from Chengdu, Chongqing, Lanzhou, Xining, Guangzhou, and Shanghai. Initially the large altitude difference has caused problems on this route, giving passengers altitude sickness. To counter this, extra oxygen is pumped in through the ventilation system, and personal oxygen masks are available.[10] Lhasa railway station (Traditional Chinese: 拉薩站; Simplified Chinese: 拉萨站; pinyin: lā sà zhàn) is a railway station in Lhasa, Tibet. ... Beijings West Railway Station, abb. ... This article is about the Chinese currency base unit. ... Not to be confused with Chengde. ... Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Chungching, also Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. ... Lanzhou (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Lan-chou; Postal map spelling: Lanchow) is the capital of and a prefecture-level city in the Gansu province, China. ... Location of Xining Xining (Simplified Chinese : 西宁, Traditional Chinese : 西寧, Tibetan : Ziling) is the capital of Qinghai Province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Guangzhou is the capital and the sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Altitude sickness, also known as acute mountain sickness (AMS) or altitude illness is a pathological condition that is caused by acute exposure to high altitudes. ...

See also: Qingzang Railway and Lhasa railway station

Lhasa Gonggar Airport is located about 98 kilometres south of the city.[11] There is also a carpet factory there known for its high quality carpets, and the flagship hotel, the Lhasa Hotel has grown up in recent years. Map of the railway The worlds highest railway, which traverses the vast terrain of Tibet. ... Lhasa railway station (Traditional Chinese: 拉薩站; Simplified Chinese: 拉萨站; pinyin: lā sà zhàn) is a railway station in Lhasa, Tibet. ... Lhasa Gonggar Airport is an airport in Lhasa, Tibet, People’s Republic of China (IATA: LXA, ICAO: ZULS). ... Lhasa Carpet Factory is a factory south of Yanhe Dong Lu near the University of Tibet in Lhasa the capital of Tibet. ... This article is about the lead ship, store, or product of a group. ... Lhasa Hotel is one of the modern accommodation settlements built in the holy city of Lhasa, Tibet, a 4-star hotel at an altitude of 3600m. ...


Lhasa in entertainment

Life in Lhasa was covered by Austrian mountaineer Heinrich Harrer in his book Seven Years In Tibet and the film of that same name which starred Brad Pitt and David Thewlis. The book in particular relates the story of his life in Lhasa during the 1940s. His autobiograhy Beyond Seven Years in Tibet, published in English in 2007 also gives a prerspective on his time in Lhasa. Heinrich Harrer Heinrich Harrer (July 6, 1912 – January 7, 2006) was an Austrian mountaineer, sportsman, geographer, and author. ... For the 1997 film, see Seven Years in Tibet (1997 film). ... William Bradley Brad Pitt (born December 18, 1963) is an American actor, film producer, and social activist. ... David Thewlis (born March 20, 1963 as David Wheeler) is an English film, television and stage actor. ... The 1940s decade ran from 1940 to 1949. ... Look up English, english in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Tibetan women near the Potala
Tibetan women near the Potala

There are no pubs in Lhasa. There are some night spots which feature cabaret acts in which performers will sing English, Chinese, Tibetan, and Nepalese songs and dancers wear traditional Tibetan costume with long flowing cloth extending from their arms. As well, there are a number of small bars with live music, although they typically have limited drink menus and cater mostly to foreign patrons. ImageMetadata File history File links Praying_Tibetan_Women. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Praying_Tibetan_Women. ... Cabaret is a form of entertainment featuring comedy, song, dance, and theatre, distinguished mainly by the performance venue — a restaurant or nightclub with a stage for performances and the audience sitting around the tables (often dining or drinking) watching the performance. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Tibetan language is spoken primarily by the Tibetan people who live across a wide area of eastern Central Asia bordering South Asia, as well as by large number of Tibetan refugees all over the world. ... Nepali is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in Nepal, India and Bhutan. ...


In 1995 a British electronic music act Banco de Gaia released the album Last Train to Lhasa. The Chinese rock artist Zheng Jun has recorded a hit song titled "Back to Lhasa" (Hui Dao Lasa). The song is filled with swirling Tibetan influences and rapidly took on the status of a classic. Lhasa is also referenced in "Terranigma", a RPG videogame that was released for the Super Nintendo in 1995. See also: 1995 in music (UK) Musical groups established in 1995 Record labels established in 1995 // January 18 - Jerry Garcia wrecks his rented BMW into a guard rail near Mill Valley, California. ... For other uses, see Electronic music (disambiguation). ... Banco de Gaia is an electronic music outfit from England, formed by Toby Marks (born 1964) in 1991. ... Last Train to Lhasa is a music album by artist Banco de Gaia which was released in 1995. ... Zheng Jun (Chinese: 郑钧; pinyin: ) is a singer of Chinese rock. ... Terranigma or Tenchi Souzou , Creation of Heaven and Earth) in Japan, is a 1995 action role-playing game for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System developed by Quintet and published by Enix. ... This article is about games in which one plays the role of a character. ... The Super Nintendo Entertainment System, also known as Super Nintendo, Super NES or SNES, is a 16-bit video game console released by Nintendo in North America, Brazil, Europe, and Australia. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ...


References

  1. ^ Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace, Lhasa. unesco. Retrieved on 2008-02-10.
  2. ^ Kolmaš, Josef. (1967) Tibet and Imperial China: A Survey of Sino-Tibetan Relations up to the end of the Manchu Dynasty in 1912, p. 7. Occassional paper 7. The Australian National University - Centre of Oriental Studies, Canberra.
  3. ^ Bloudeau, Anne-Mari & Gyatso, Yonten. 'Lhasa, Legend and History' in Lhasa in the Seventeenth Century: The Capital of the Dalai Lamas, 2003, p. 25
  4. ^ Bloudeau, Anne-Mari & Gyatso, Yonten. 'Lhasa, Legend and History' in Lhasa in the Seventeenth Century: The Capital of the Dalai Lamas, 2003, p. 38
  5. ^ National Geographic Atlas of China (2007), p. 88. National Geographic, Washington, D.C. ISBN 978-1426201363.
  6. ^ National Geographic Atlas of China (2007), p. 88. National Geographic, Washington, D.C. ISBN 978-1426201363.
  7. ^ Weather AveragesLhasa, CHN (English). MSN. Retrieved on 12-27, 2007.
  8. ^ People's Government of Lhasa Official Website - "Administrative divisions"
  9. ^ (2006). Lhasa - Lhasa Intro
  10. ^ http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/07/03/AR2006070301219.html
  11. ^ http://www.travelchinaguide.com/cityguides/tibet/lhasa/airport.htm
  • Das, Sarat Chandra. 1902. Lhasa and Central Tibet. Reprint: Mehra Offset Press, Delhi. 1988. ISBN 81-86230-17-3
  • Miles, Paul. (April 09, 2005). "Tourism drive 'is destroying Tibet' Unesco fears for Lhasa's World Heritage sites as the Chinese try to pull in 10 million visitors a year by 2020". Daily Telegraph (London), p. 4.
  • Richardson, Hugh E (1997). Lhasa. In Encyclopedia Americana international edition, (Vol. 17, pp. 281-282). Danbury, CT: Grolier Inc.
  • (2006). Lhasa - Lhasa Intro
  • Liu, Jianqiang (2006). chinadialogue - Preserving Lhasa's history (part one).

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

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Maps and aerial photos

Coordinates: 29°39.29′N, 91°07.1′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

This article is about the administrative region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Tibetan plateau Tibet is situated between the two ancient civilizations of China and India, but the tangled mountain ranges of the Tibetan Plateau and the towering Himalayas serve to distance it from both. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China, ranking below a province and above a county in Chinas administrative structure. ... Made by uploader based on a large scale map of China by woodhome and hunry of the XZQH forums. ... Prefecture, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... Nagqu prefecture in Tibet Autonomous Region Nagchu Prefecture (Tibetan: ནག་ཆུ་ས་ཁུལ་; Wylie: nag-chu sa khul; simplified Chinese: 那曲地区; pinyin: NàqÅ« DìqÅ«) List of Tibet Autonomous Region County-level divisions Categories: | ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Nyingchi Prefecture (Tibetan: ཉིང་ཁྲི་ས་ཁུལ་; Wylie: nying-khri sa khul; simplified Chinese: 林芝地区; pinyin: LínzhÄ« DìqÅ«) is a prefecture in southwestern Tibetan Autonomous Region in western China. ... Qamdo prefecture in Tibet Autonomous Region Qamdo Prefecture (Tibetan: ཆབ་མདོ་ས་ཁུལ་; Wylie: chab-mdo sa khul; simplified Chinese: 昌都地区; pinyin: ChāngdÅ« DìqÅ«) List of Tibet Autonomous Region County-level divisions Categories: | ... Shannan prefecture in Tibet Autonomous Region Shannan Prefecture (Tibetan: ལྷོ་ཁ་ས་ཁུལ་; Wylie: lho kha sa khul; simplified Chinese: 山南地区; pinyin: Shānnán DìqÅ«) List of Tibet Autonomous Region County-level divisions Categories: | ... Shigatse (Tibetan: གཞིས་ཀ་རྩེ་; Wylie transliteration: Gzhis-ka-rtse; Modified Wiley: gzhi-ka-rtsa; pinyin (Tibetan): Xigazê; Chinese: 日喀则; pinyin: Rìkāzé, Zhigatse [Zhi-ga-tse], and Xigatse) is the second largest city in Tibet with a population of 80,000. ... Tibet Autonomous Region, an autonomous region of the Peoples Republic of China, is made up of the following three levels of administrative division: 7 prefecture-level divisions 1 prefecture-level city 6 prefectures 73 county-level divisions 1 county-level city 71 counties 1 district 692 township-level divisions... Greater China in dark green, and areas with strong Chinese cultural influence in light green Greater China (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), or simply 大华/大華, is a term referring collectively to both the territories administered by the Peoples Republic of China as well as Hong Kong and Macau, and territories... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Direct-controlled municipalities are the highest-level cities in China, with status equal to that of the provinces. ... Peking redirects here. ... Chongqing (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Chungching, also Chungking) is the largest and most populous of the Peoples Republic of Chinas four provincial-level municipalities, and the only one in the less densely populated western half of China. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Tientsin) is one of the four municipalities of China. ... A sub-provincial city (副省级城市), or deputy-provincial city, in the Peoples Republic of China, is a prefecture-level city that is ruled by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law. ... Changchun (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is the capital and largest city of Jilin province, located at the northeast of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Not to be confused with Chengde. ... Dalian (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Japanese: Dairen; Russian: Далянь, Dalian or Дальний, Dalny) is the governing sub-provincial city in the eastern Liaoning Province of Northeast China. ... Guangzhou is the capital and the sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Hangchow) is a sub-provincial city located in the Yangtze River Delta in the Peoples Republic of China, and the capital of Zhejiang province. ... For the South Korean county of the same name, see Jinan County. ... Harbin on a map of China For other meanings of Harbin, see Harbin (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Nanjing (disambiguation). ... Ningbo (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ning-po; literally Tranquil Waves) is a seaport sub-provincial city with a population of 1,219,900 in northeastern Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Tsingtao redirects here. ... This article is about a city. ... Shenzhen is a sub-provincial city of Guangdong province in southern China. ... For the brand of cymbal, see Wuhan cymbals. ... Xian redirects here. ... A view of the Xiamen University campus Xiamen (Simplified Chinese: 厦门; Traditional Chinese: 廈門; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a coastal sub-provincial city in southeastern Fujian province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Changsha (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chang-sha) is the capital city of Hunan, a province of Southcentral China, located on the lower reaches of Xiangjiang river, a branch of the Yangtze River. ...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Fu-chou; BUC: Hók-ciÅ­; EFEO: Fou-Tcheou; also seen as Foochow or Fuchow) is the capital and the largest prefecture-level city of Fujian (福建) province, Peoples Republic of China. ... position in Guizhou district of Guiyang View of Guiyang Typically known as the Forest City, Guiyang (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is the capital of Guizhou province in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Haikou on the map of China Haikou, situated at the north of Hainan island, is the capital of Hainan Province of the Peoples Republic of China and has an estimated population of 830,192 (2006), therefore by far the largest city on the island. ... Hefei (Chinese: 合肥; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hofei) is a prefecture-level city and the provincial capital of Anhui province, China. ... Hohhot (Chinese: 呼和浩特; Pinyin: HÅ«héhàotè; Mongolian: Ð¥Ó©Ñ… хот), occasionally spelled Huhehot or Huhhot, is the capital city of the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Location of Kunming Prefecture (yellow) Kunming (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kun-ming) is the capital city of Yunnan province, China. ... Lanzhou (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Lan-chou; Postal map spelling: Lanchow) is the capital of and a prefecture-level city in the Gansu province, China. ... Nanchang (Chinese: 南昌; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is the capital of Jiangxi Province in southeastern China. ... position in Guangxi Nanning (Simplified Chinese: , Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Nánníng) is the capital of Guangxi autonomous region in southern China. ... Website: http://www. ... Location within China Taiyuan (Chinese: ; pinyin: Tàiyuán; Wade-Giles: Tai-yüan) is a prefecture-level city in China, capital of the Shanxi province. ... Ãœrümqi Ãœrümqi (Uyghur: ئۈرۈمچی; Uyghur Latin script: Ãœrümqi; Simplified Chinese: 乌鲁木齐; Traditional Chinese: 烏魯木齊; pinyin: ), with a population about 1. ... Location of Xining Xining (Simplified Chinese : 西宁, Traditional Chinese : 西寧, Tibetan : Ziling) is the capital of Qinghai Province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Yinchuan (Simplified Chinese: 银川; Traditional Chinese: 銀川; pinyin: ) is the capital of Ningxia Autonomous Region, China. ... Zhengzhou (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), formerly called Zhengxian (traditional form: Chengchow) , is a prefecture-level city and the capital of Henan province, Peoples Republic of China. ... A Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the Peoples Republic of China is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... Direct-controlled municipalities are the highest-level cities in China, with status equal to that of the provinces. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Region City seat Lingya District (苓雅區) Government  - Mayor Chen Chu (陳菊) Area  - Total 154 km² (59. ... This article is about the city. ... Lhünzhub is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Damxung is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Nyêmo is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Qüxü is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Doilungdêqên is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Dagzê is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Maizhokunggar is a county of the Tibetan city of Lhasa. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x960, 314 KB) Description: Maps of Tibet Autonomous Region of China Source: Date: On October 10 2005 Author: Photo taken by Fanghong Permission: Other versions of this file: File links The following pages link to this file: Lhasa ... Barkhor Square and Jokhang Temple The Barkhor (Tibetan: བར་སྐོར་; Wylie: bar-skor; ZWPY: Pargor; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is an area of narrow streets and a public square located around Jokhang Temple in Lhasa, Tibet. ... The path led past the Potala to a pond Lingkhor in Tibet is a sacred path, most commonly used to name the outer pilgrim road in Lhasa matching its inner twin Barkhor. ... The Potala Palace (Tibetan: པོ་ཏ་ལ།) located in Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region, in Peoples Republic of China. ... Norbulingka (Wylie: Nor-bu-gling-ka) is a palace and surrounding park in Lhasa, Tibet which served as the traditional summer residence of the successive Dalai Lamas from the 1780s up until the PRC takeover in the late 1950s. ... Wikimedia Commons has multimedia related to: Jokhang Categories: Buddhism-related stubs | Buddhist temples ... Ganden monastery Ganden Monastery is one of the great three Gelukpa university monasteries of Tibet, located on Wangbur Mountain, Tagtse County, 47 kilometers from Lhasa. ... Sera Monastery is one of the great three Gelukpa university monasteries of Tibet. ... Lhasa Gonggar Airport is an airport in Lhasa, Tibet, People’s Republic of China (IATA: LXA, ICAO: ZULS). ... Lhasa railway station (Traditional Chinese: 拉薩站; Simplified Chinese: 拉萨站; pinyin: lā sà zhàn) is a railway station in Lhasa, Tibet. ... The Chokbori behind the Potala Chokpori is a sacred hill in the city of Lhasa in Tibet. ... Drepung monastery Drepung Monastery (Tibetan: འབྲས་སྤུངས་; Wylie: Bras-spungs; ZWPY: Zhaibung) is one of the great three Gelukpa university monasteries of Tibet. ... Ramoche Temple (Tibetan: ར་མོ་ཆེ་དགོན་པ་; Wylie: Ra-mo-che Dgon-pa; Lhasa dialect IPA: [) is a Buddhist monastery is considered the most important temple in Lhasa after the Potala. ... Sanga (Sangha) Monastery - front view. ... Tibet University (Tibetan: Poijong Lobcha Qênmo བོད་ལྗོངས་སློབ་གྲྭ་ཆེན་མོ་; Chinese: XÄ«zàng dàxué 西藏大学) is the main university of the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. ... Yangbajain is a town approximately 87 kilometers (54 miles) north-west of Lhasa, halfway to Damxung in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. ... A dated image of the prison Drapchi Prison, known in Chinese as Di Yi Jianyu-No 1. ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, town is the standard English translation of the Chinese 鎮 (Simplified 镇) (zhèn; Wade-Giles chen4). ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, township is the standard English translation of the Chinese 乡 (xiāng). ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Lhasa Travel Guide, Lhasa Tours,Travel to Tibet, Map, Weather,Pictures, Bus (743 words)
Lhasa is rightly one of the most featured and dreamt-about cities in the world.
In the Tibetan language, Lhasa means the Holy Land or the Buddha Land.
As the beautiful capital city of Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR), Lhasa is situated in the South Central part of the region, on the North bank of the Kyichu River (Lhasa River) in a mountain-fringed valley.
Lhasa Summary (1668 words)
Lhasa was established as the capital by the first Buddhist king, Songtsen Gampo (609?–649), in the seventh century CE to house the sacred image of Buddha, or Jowo.
Lhasa was the center of Tibetan Buddhism, and nearly half of its population were monks.
Lhasa lies at 29°41.76′N 91°9.54′E in an area known as the "Lhasa Valley"; even though the average altitude of the valley is well over 3,000 m (10,000 ft) the mountains around it rise to 5,500 m (18,000 ft).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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