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Encyclopedia > Lexington, Virginia
Lexington, Virginia
Location of Lexington, Virginia
Location of Lexington, Virginia
Coordinates: 37°46′59″N 79°26′43″W / 37.78306, -79.44528
Country United States
State Virginia
Area
 - Total 2.5 sq mi (6.5 km²)
 - Land 2.5 sq mi (6.5 km²)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km²)
Elevation 1,063 ft (324 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 6,867
 - Density 2,753.8/sq mi (1,063.2/km²)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 24450
Area code(s) 540
FIPS code 51-45512GR2
GNIS feature ID 1498506GR3

Lexington is an independent city within the confines of Rockbridge County in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The population was 6,867 at the 2000 census. Lexington is about 55 minutes east of the West Virginia border and is about 50 miles north of Roanoke, Virginia. It was first settled in 1777. Image File history File links Adapted from Wikipedias VA county maps by Seth Ilys. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Metronome, a public art installation showing the time in New York City The Eastern Time Zone (ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of Northern America and the west coast of South America. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Mr. ... The area colored red indicates the northern region of Virginia served by area code 540 North American telephone area code 540 was established July 15, 1995 as a split from area code 703. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... An independent city is a city that does not form part of another general-purpose local government entity. ... Rockbridge County is a county located in the U.S. state — officially, Commonwealth — of Virginia. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S. state. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Largest metro area Charleston metro area Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... Nickname: Location in Virginia Coordinates: , Country State Government  - Mayor Nelson Harris Area  - City  43 sq mi (111. ... Year 1777 (MDCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ...


It is home to the Virginia Military Institute (VMI) and Washington and Lee University. It is the county seat of Rockbridge CountyGR6. The Bureau of Economic Analysis combines the city of Lexington (along with nearby Buena Vista) with Rockbridge County for statistical purposes. The Virginia Military Institute (VMI), located in Lexington, Virginia, is the oldest state military college in the United States. ... Washington and Lee University is a private liberal arts college in Lexington, Virginia. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Rockbridge County is a county located in the U.S. state — officially, Commonwealth — of Virginia. ... The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) is an agency in the United States Department of Commerce that provides a comprehensive statistical picture of the economy of the United States. ... Buena Vista, Virginia 6002 happy citizens and 3 old grouches Buena Vista, pronounced [ˌbjunəˈvɪstə] by locals, despite the correct Spanish pronunciation of [bwenaˈßista], is an independent city located within the confines of Rockbridge County in the state of Virginia. ...

Stonewall Jackson House, 8 East Washington Street
Stonewall Jackson House, 8 East Washington Street

Union General David Hunter led a raid on Virginia Military Institute during the American Civil War. Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson are buried here. So too was Commander Matthew Fontaine Maury until he was removed to Richmond, Virginia the following spring. It is also the site of the only house Jackson ever owned, now open to the public as a museum. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 761 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,024 × 807 pixels, file size: 213 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 761 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,024 × 807 pixels, file size: 213 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ... David Hunter David Hunter (July 21, 1802 – February 2, 1886) was a Union general in the American Civil War. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... For other uses, see Robert E. Lee (disambiguation). ... For the 1960s country music artist, see Stonewall Jackson (musician); for the submarine, see USS Stonewall Jackson (SSBN-634). ... Matthew Fontaine Maury Matthew Fontaine Maury (January 14, 1806 – February 1, 1873), USN - American astronomer, astrophysicist, historian, oceanographer, meteorologist, cartographer, author, geologist, educator. ...


Sam Houston, 19th century statesman, politician and soldier, and, as of 2005, the only person in U.S. history to have been the governor of two different states — Tennessee and Texas — was born near here. At the Sam Houston Wayside is a 38,000 pound piece of Texas pink granite commemorating Houston's birthplace. Samuel Houston (March 2, 1793–July 26, 1863) was a 19th century American statesman, politician and soldier. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... Look up pound in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see granite (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Economy

Lee Chapel
Lee Chapel

Today, Lexington's primary economic activity stems from higher education and tourism. Located at the intersection of historic U.S. Route 11 and U.S. Route 60 and more modern highways, Interstate 64 and Interstate 81, Lexington is first and foremost a small college town, and is host to Virginia Military Institute and Washington and Lee University. As a Civil War attraction, Lexington attracts visitors from around the country. Items of interest in Lexington include the Stonewall Jackson House, Lee Chapel, and the downtown historic district. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 467 × 599 pixelsFull resolution‎ (798 × 1,024 pixels, file size: 216 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 467 × 599 pixelsFull resolution‎ (798 × 1,024 pixels, file size: 216 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... The University of Cambridge is an institute of higher learning. ... Tourist redirects here. ... U.S. Route 11 is a north-south United States highway extending 1,645 miles[1] (2,647 km) across the eastern United States. ... U.S. Route 60 in Virginia runs east-west through the central part of the state, generally following the Interstate 64 corridor. ... Interstate 64 in Virginia runs east west through the middle of the state from West Virginia via Covington, Lexington, Staunton, and Charlottesville to Richmond. ... Interstate 81 (abbreviated I-81) is an interstate highway in the eastern part of the United States. ... In North America, a college town or university town is a community (often literally a town, but possibly a small or medium sized city, or in some cases a neighborhood or a district of a city) which is dominated by its university population. ... The Virginia Military Institute (VMI), located in Lexington, Virginia, is the oldest state military college in the United States. ... Washington and Lee University is a private liberal arts college in Lexington, Virginia. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Stonewall Jackson House, Lexington, Virginia The Stonewall Jackson House is a 19th century house located at 8 East Washington Street in Lexington, Virginia. ... Lee Chapel is an historic building found in Lexington, Virginia, on the campus of Washington & Lee University. ...

A monument in Lexington honors the three fraternities that began in the town.
A monument in Lexington honors the three fraternities that began in the town.

Lexington's two colleges have been the founding sites of three large national college fraternities; Alpha Tau Omega, Kappa Alpha Order, and Sigma Nu were all founded by Lexington students during Reconstruction. A monument now commemorates this so-called "Lexington Triad". Image File history File links Lexington_Triad. ... Image File history File links Lexington_Triad. ... The terms fraternity and sorority (from the Latin words and , meaning brother and sister respectively) may be used to describe many social and charitable organizations, for example the Lions Club, Epsilon Sigma Alpha, Rotary International, Optimist International, or the Shriners. ... ATΩ (Alpha Tau Omega) is an American fraternity. ... |- | align=center colspan=2 | The Coat of Arms |- | Founded: || December 21, 1865 ) at Washington College Lexington, VA |- | Founding Fathers: || James Ward Wood | Practical Founder: || Samuel Zenas Ammen |- | Spiritual Founder:[1] || Robert E. Lee |- | Knight Commander || Mike Duncan |- | Executive Director || Larry S. Wiese |- | National Philanthropy || Muscular Dystrophy Association |- | No. ... ΣΝ (Sigma Nu) is an undergraduate college fraternity with chapters in the United States and Canada. ... For other uses, see Reconstruction (disambiguation). ...


Lexington also contains a host of small businesses, catering to a unique mixture of tourist and collegiate clientèle.


Lexington was the site for several movies. Parts of at least three motion pictures were filmed in here. The first was the 1938 movie, Brother Rat, which starred Ronald Reagan. After the movie's release he was made an honorary VMI cadet. The second was the 1958 Mardi Gras, which starred Pat Boone as a VMI cadet and actress Christine Carere. The third was Sommersby, starring Richard Gere, Bill Pullman, James Earl Jones, and Jodie Foster. Filming for parts of several Civil War films also took place in Lexington, including the documentary "Lee Beyond the Battles" and Gods and Generals. Most recently, in the fall of 2004, director Steven Spielberg and Tom Cruise filmed scenes for War of the Worlds here, with Dakota Fanning and Tim Robbins. Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Brother Rat is a 1938 film starring Ronald Reagan, Eddie Albert, and Jane Wyman. ... Reagan redirects here. ... Jan. ... Charles Eugene Patrick Pat Boone (born June 1, 1934) is a singer whose smooth style made him a popular performer of the 1950s. ... The 1993 motion picture Sommersby was directed by Jon Amiel and stars Richard Gere, Jodie Foster, Bill Pullman and James Earl Jones. ... Richard Tiffany Gere[1] (born August 31, 1949) is an American actor. ... William Pullman (born December 17, 1953) is an American film and television actor. ... James Earl Jones (born January 17, 1931) is an American Academy Award-nominated, Emmy- and Tony Award-winning actor of film and stage well known for his deep basso voice. ... Alicia Christian Foster (born November 19, 1962), better known as Jodie Foster, is a two-time Academy Award-winning American actress, director, and producer. ... For other uses, see Gods and Generals (disambiguation). ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director and producer. ... Tom Cruise (born Thomas Cruise Mapother IV on July 3, 1962) is an Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe Award-winning American actor and film producer. ... War of the Worlds is a 2005 science fiction disaster film based on H. G. Wells original novel starring Tom Cruise. ... Dakota Fanning (born Hannah Dakota Fanning on February 23, 1994) is an American actress. ... Tim Robbins at Cannes, 2001 Height: 6 ft 4 in / 1. ...


The city is also home to a number of independent newspapers. The News-Gazette is a weekly community paper; it also produces a free shopper known as The Weekender. The Rockbridge Weekly, another paper, is noted for printing police blotters and other crime reports. The Rockbridge Advocate is a newsmagazine that comes out once a month, and has the motto "Independent as a hog on ice." Blotter can mean several things. ... A newsmagazine, sometimes called news magazine, is a usually weekly magazine featuring articles on current events. ...


Geography

Lexington is located at 37°46′58″N, 79°26′42″W (37.782938, -79.445198)GR1.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.4 km² (2.5 mi²), all land. The Maury River, a tributary of the James River, forms the city's northeastern boundary. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... The Maury River is a tributary of the James River, 40 mi (64 km) long, in northwestern Virginia in the United States. ... The James River at Cartersville The James River in the U.S. state of Virginia is 660 km (410 miles) long including its Jackson River source and drains a watershed comprising 27,019 km² (10,432 square miles). ...


Publications: Print and Web

  • The Rockbridge Advocate (monthly magazine)
  • Rockbridge Forum (free public web discussion by/for Rockbridge folk)
  • The News-Gazette (weekly newspaper)
  • Rockbridge Weekly (weekly newspaper)
  • The Rockbridge Report (weekly Web site and cable broadcast by the students at Washington and Lee University)

Points of interest

The Virginia Military Institute (VMI), located in Lexington, Virginia, is the oldest state military college in the United States. ... The George C. Marshall Foundation, located in Lexington, Virginia, is a library, archive, and museum dedicated to honor the memory and work of George Catlett Marshall. ... Washington and Lee University is a private liberal arts college in Lexington, Virginia. ... For other uses, see Robert E. Lee (disambiguation). ... Lee Chapel is an historic building found in Lexington, Virginia, on the campus of Washington & Lee University. ... Washington and Lee University is a private liberal arts college in Lexington, Virginia. ... For the 1960s country music artist, see Stonewall Jackson (musician); for the submarine, see USS Stonewall Jackson (SSBN-634). ... Samuel Houston (March 2, 1793–July 26, 1863) was a 19th century American statesman, politician and soldier. ... ΣΝ (Sigma Nu) is an undergraduate college fraternity with chapters in the United States and Canada. ... Boxerwood Gardens 15 acres (61,000 m²) is an arboretum featuring both native and unusual plant specimens, located within a larger preserve in Lexington, Virginia, USA in the Shenandoah Valley. ... Natural Bridge in Rockbridge County, Virginia circa 1909 Natural Bridge in Rockbridge County, Virginia is a geological formation in which Cedar Creek has carved out a gorge of the limestone mountainous terrain, forming an arch 215 ft (66 m) high with a span of 90 ft (27 m). ...

External links

http://www.thenews-gazette.com/

  • Lexington, Virginia is at coordinates 37°46′59″N 79°26′43″W / 37.782938, -79.445198Coordinates: 37°46′59″N 79°26′43″W / 37.782938, -79.445198

  Results from FactBites:
 
Dozen Distinctive Destinations | Lexington, Virginia (363 words)
Lexington, Virginia, (population 7,000) is a picturesque Shenandoah Valley town steeped in Civil War history, rich with collegiate and military tradition, and surrounded by natural beauty.
But local residents, preservationists, and business owners realized that the preservation of Lexington’s downtown was tied to its economic recovery, and began to purchase, restore, and resell the town’s most significant and threatened historic structures.
Lexington has countered the nearby invasion of superstore retailers by offering customers needed and desired goods and services and small, independent shops with specialized merchandise.
Lexington, Virginia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (856 words)
Lexington is an independent city within the confines of Rockbridge County in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
Lexington is located in western Virginia, northwest of Lynchburg; it was first settled in 1777.
Host to Virginia Military Institute and Washington and Lee University, Lexington is first and foremost a small college town.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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