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Encyclopedia > Lexington, South Carolina

Lexington is a town in Lexington County, South Carolina, United States. The population was 9,793 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Lexington CountyGR6. A special 2005 census showed that the town has 14,329, an increase of 46% since the 2000 census making it the second-largest municipality in the Columbia MSA. The city will receive the Columbia Inferno ECHL franchise which will move from Columbia, South Carolina. Lexington County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston(1670-1789) Columbia(1790-present) Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Lexington County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ...



Location of Lexington, South Carolina

Lexington is located at 33°58′52″N, 81°13′51″W (33.980975, -81.230839)GR1. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 14.9 km² (5.8 mi²). 14.7 km² (5.7 mi²) of it is land and 0.3 km² (0.1 mi²) of it (1.73%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


The historic town of Lexington, South Carolina is a direct descendent of the old Royal township of Saxe Gotha. This township was one of eleven established in 1735 by the Colonial government of King George II to encourage settlement of backcountry South Carolina and serve as a protective buffer between powerful Indian tribes to the west and the older settled plantations of the low country. The name Saxe Gotha was in honor of the marriage of the British Prince of Wales to Princess Augusta of the German State of Saxe Gotha.

The territory of colonial Saxe Gotha covered most of present day Lexington County and was traversed by two important early Indian trails, the Cherokee Path which followed roughly modern U.S. Highway #378 and the Occaneechi Path, today U.S. Highway #1. These ancient trading paths and the highways that later developed from them have had an enormous impact on the historical development of the area. Most of the early settlers came from various cantons, principalities and city-states of Germany and Switzerland. Others came down from Pennsylvania, and Virginia. Despite the disruptive Cherokee Indian War of 1760 and the "Regulator" unrest that followed, the township flourished as a largely self-sufficient area of small scale farming operations. Major crops in the 18th Century included corn, wheat, tobacco, hemp, flax, beeswax and livestock.

During the American Revolution several skirmishes occurred in the area. The Battle of Tarrar Springs was fought just one mile east of Lexington on November 16, 1781.

In 1785 Lexington County was established, changing the name from Saxe Gotha to Lexington in honor of the Massachusetts Revolutionary War battle. The county's first courthouse was built at Granby, located just south of present day Cayce.

With the clearing of upriver lands for the spreading cotton culture, Granby became plagued with floods. The county seat was moved in 1820 when the present town of Lexington was laid out on a high, healthy sand ridge near Twelve Mile Creek. The town was known as Lexington Courthouse throughout the 19th Century since in the first few years of its existence there was only the courthouse with few residences.

By 1861, when it was incorporated as a town, Lexington boasted a diverse population of lawyers, physicians, tradespeople, artisans and farmers. There were then 2 churches, several schools, a carriage factory, a saw and gristmill, a tannery, livestock yard, tin and blacksmiths, and a weekly newspaper. The major crops of the surrounding countryside were mainly cotton, corn sweet potatoes and lumber. Lexington was not a marketing center for these staples, but did serve as a retail market for manufactured goods purchased wholesale by merchants in nearby Columbia.

In 1865 the town was virtually destroyed by occupying Union Army forces guarding General Sherman's western flank. The courthouse, county jail and St. Stephen's Lutheran Church were put to the torch as were most businesses and homes. The devastation and political turmoil of the period were weathered, however, by a frugal people willing to rebuild for a future without abandoning the ideals of their heritage.

The small farms with their varied crops and the lumber industry stabilized somewhat the economy of the area after Reconstruction years. The completion of the Columbia to Augusta Railroad just after the Civil War and the construction of the Lexington Textile Mill in 1890 contributed greatly to the growth of the town itself. Disastrous fires in 1894 and 1916 on Main Street resulted in the construction of brick buildings, many of which are standing today.

The Town of Lexington has continued to be the political center of Lexington County, one of the fastest growing areas of the nation. With new major highways passing nearby, the town continues to experience phenomenal growth. The people of Lexington are proud of their past and look forward to a promising future.


As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 9,793 people, 3,644 households, and 2,558 families residing in the town. The population density was 665.7/km² (1,724.4/mi²). There were 4,025 housing units at an average density of 273.6/km² (708.7/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 83.88% White, 12.48% African American, 0.18% Native American, 2.05% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.91% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...

There were 3,644 households out of which 40.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.8% were non-families. 24.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.03. “Spouse” redirects here. ...

In the town the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 39.6% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 7.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $53,865, and the median income for a family was $65,694. Males had a median income of $44,883 versus $29,020 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,416. About 5.2% of families and 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 14.5% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...

Notable residents

  • Lauren Caitlin Upton beauty pageant contestant and internet sensation for "idiotic" response during the televised 2007 Miss Teen USA contest.
  • Lacie Lybrand, Miss South Carolina USA 2006
  • Nikki Haley, the first Indian American Republican elected to a state legislature
  • Scott Rosenbrook, voted the greatest production engineer by the readers of the Charleston City Paper
  • Bryan Simpson, Little Master South Carolina USA 1988
  • John Brown, CEO of Fortune 500 company AAA Glass
  • Dustin Johns, Founding Member of publicly traded contracting firm, Capital Group, LLC, also noted as the most successful Professional Gambler in Southeast US.

One of the few sets of identical quadruplets in the world, the Mathias girls, were born in Lexington, South Carolina in 1999. Miss Teen USA is a beauty pageant run by the Miss Universe Organization for girls aged 15-19. ... Lacie Lyn Lybrand (born 1983) is a beauty queen from Lexington, South Carolina who has competed in the Miss USA pageant and who has held the Miss United States title. ... The Miss South Carolina USA competition is the pageant that selects the representative for the state South Carolina in the Miss USA pageant. ... Nikki Randhawa Haley (née Nimrata N. Randhawa) (January 20, 1972 - ) is a South Carolina House of Representatives legislator representing Lexington County[1]. She is Sikh and the first Indian American Republican state legislator in the United States. ... For an article on American Indians see Native Americans. ... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ... A legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Lexington, South Carolina - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (400 words)
Lexington is a town located in Lexington County, South Carolina.
It is the county seat of Lexington County
Lexington is located at 33°58'52" North, 81°13'51" West (33.980975, -81.230839)
  More results at FactBites »



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