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Encyclopedia > Lexicography

The pursuit of lexicography is divided into two related disciplines:

  • Practical lexicography is the art or craft of compiling, writing and editing dictionaries.
  • Theoretical lexicography is the scholarly discipline of analyzing and describing the semantic, syntagmatic and paradigmatic relationships within the lexicon (vocabulary) of a language and developing theories of dictionary components and structures linking the data in dictionaries. This is sometimes referred to as metalexicography.

A person devoted to lexicography is called a lexicographer, famously defined in Samuel Johnson's Dictionary of the English Language (1755) as "A writer of dictionaries; a harmless drudge that busies himself in tracing the original, and detailing the signification of words". craft is a word created bt elliot and dan who are the craft lords many people say craft but dont no what it means craft is a skill. ... For other uses, see Dictionary (disambiguation). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... In general, semantics (from the Greek semantikos, or significant meaning, derived from sema, sign) is the study of meaning, in some sense of that term. ... Look up lexicon in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A lexicographer is a person devoted to the study of lexicography, especially an author of a dictionary. ... For other persons named Samuel Johnson, see Samuel Johnson (disambiguation). ...


General lexicography focuses on the design, compilation, use and evaluation of general dictionaries, i.e. dictionaries that provide a description of the language in general use. Such a dictionary is usually called a general dictionary or LGP dictionary. Specialized lexicography focuses on the design, compilation, use and evaluation of specialized dictionaries, i.e. dictionaries that are devoted to a (relatively restricted) set of linguistic and factual elements of one or more specialist subject fields, e.g. legal lexicography. Such a dictionary is usually called a specialized dictionary or LSP dictionary. Legal lexicography is a term used to describe the complex of activities that are concerned with the design, compilation, use and evaluation of dictionaries within the field of law. ... A specialized dictionary is a dictionary that covers a relatively restricted set of phenomena. ... An LSP (language for specific purposes) dictionary is a dictionary that is intended to describe a variety of one or more languages used by experts within a particlar subject field. ...


There is some disagreement on the definition of lexicology, as distinct from lexicography. Some use "lexicology" as a synonym for theoretical lexicography; others use it to mean a branch of linguistics pertaining to the inventory of words in a particular language. Not to be mistaken with lexicography. ... Linguistics is the scientific study of language, which can be theoretical or applied. ...


It is now widely accepted that lexicography is a scholarly discipline in its own right and not a sub-branch of linguistics, as the object of study in lexicography is the dictionary.

Contents

Aspects

  • Profiling the intended users and identfying their needs
  • Defining the communicative and cognitive functions of the dictionary
  • Organizing the components of the dictionary
  • Choose the appropriate structures for presenting the data in the dictionary
  • Selecting words
  • Selecting colloctaions, phrases and examples
  • Choosing lemma forms for each word
  • Defining words
  • Organizing definitions
  • Specifying pronunciations of words
  • Labeling definitions and pronunciations for register and dialect, where appropriate
  • Selecting equivalents in bi- and polylingual dictionaries
  • Translating collocations, phrases and examples in bi- and polylingual dictionaries

In linguistics, and particularly in morphology, a lemma or citation form is the canonical form of a lexeme. ... In linguistics, a register is a subset of a language used for a particular purpose or in a particular social setting. ...

Recommended reading

Introductory books on lexicography:

  • Landau, Sidney, Dictionaries: The Art and Craft of Lexicography, 2nd ed., 2001
  • Bergenholtz, Henning/Tarp, Sven (eds.): Manual of Specialised Lexicography, 1995
  • Bejoint, Henri, Modern Lexicography: An Introduction, 2000
  • Hartmann, R. R. K., Teaching and Researching Lexicography, 2001
  • Hartmann, R. R. K./James, Gregory (comps.): Dictionary of Lexicography, 1998/2001
  • Nielsen, Sandro: The Bilingual LSP Dictionary, 1994
  • Ooi, Vincent, Computer Corpus Lexicography, 1998 http://www.fas.nus.edu.sg/ell/Vincent/
  • Jonathon Green, "Chasing the Sun - Dictionary-Makers and the Dictionaries They Made," Pimlico, ISBN 0-7126-6216-2

See also

A lexicographer is a person devoted to the study of lexicography, especially an author of a dictionary. ... The following are lexicographers: Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Sue Atkins Katherine Barber Henning Bergenholtz Thomas Blount Peter Bowler Henry Bradley A. Scott Britton Aleksander... Not to be mistaken with lexicography. ... A vocabulary is a set of words known to a person or other entity, or that are part of a specific language. ... For other uses, see Dictionary (disambiguation). ... A bilingual dictionary is a dictionary that translates words or phrases from one language to another. ... Monolingual learners dictionaries are written for learners of a foreign language. ... A specialized dictionary is a dictionary that covers a relatively restricted set of phenomena. ... A picture dictionary is a specialized dictionary that seeks to visually represent objects, concepts, and actions, often grouped with related items in one graphic. ... A multi-field dictionary is a specialized dictionary that has been designed and compiled to cover the terms within two or more subject fields. ... A single-field dictionary is a specialized dictionary that has been designed and compiled to cover the terms of one particular subject field. ... A sub-field dictionary is a specialized dictionary that has been designed and compiled to cover the terms of one (or possibly more) sub-fields of a particular subject field. ... A dictionary is maximizing if it attempts to include as many words as possible from a particular speech community. ... A dictionary is minimizing if it attempts to include only a limited selction of words from a particular speech community. ... An LSP (language for specific purposes) dictionary is a dictionary that is intended to describe a variety of one or more languages used by experts within a particlar subject field. ... Look up glossary in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A defining vocabulary is a published, stable, and culturally accepted core glossary specifically used by dictionary publishers to standardize their use of simple words to explain complex words, and culture-specific idioms or metaphors. ... A core glossary is a simple glossary or defining dictionary which enables definition of other concepts, especially for newcomers to a language or field of study. ... Specialised lexicography (also spelled specialized lexicography) is a an academic discipline that is concerned with the design, compilation, use and evaluation of specialized dictionaries. ... English lexicology and lexicography is that field in English language studies, which examines English words, vocabulary and the composition of English dictionaries. ...

External links

Look up lexicography in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Societies: Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Foclóir - Irish Lexicography (978 words)
This is the earliest known attempt at bilingual lexicography in Irish.
Lexicography of various kinds has been practised in Irish from that time down to our own day – a journey of about 1,250 years.
In any case the journey of over one thousand two hundred years travelled by Irish lexicography from the glossist of Würzburg to the new Foras na Gaeilge dictionary is one of which we can be justifiably proud.
MScLex: LCM01 (277 words)
Lexicography is the art and craft of making dictionaries –; all types of dictionaries, from scholarly, historical works to dictionaries for language learners in type, from monolingual to bilingual to multilingual in scope, from online to print in format.
Theoretical lexicography involves a certain amount of linguistics, and is related to (but is not the same as) lexicology.
Practical lexicography is, as its name suggests, the actual compilation of dictionaries, and covers not only selecting facts to go in the dictionary, and presenting them appropriately, but also the use of corpus-querying and dictionary-compiling software.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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