FACTOID # 5: Minnesota and Connecticut are both in the top 5 in saving money and total tax burden per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Levi Woodbury

Levi Woodbury (December 22, 1789September 4, 1851) was the first justice of the Supreme Court of the United States to have attended law school.


Woodbury was born in Francestown, New Hampshire. He graduated from Dartmouth College in 1809, briefly attended law school in Litchfield, Connecticut, and was admitted to the New Hampshire Bar in 1812.


Woodbury was Justice of New Hampshire state supreme court, 1816-23; Governor of New Hampshire, 1823-24; Speaker of the New Hampshire State House of Representatives, 1825; US Senator from New Hampshire, 1825-31; US Secretary of the Navy under Andrew Jackson, 1831-34; US Secretary of the Treasury under Jackson and Martin van Buren, 1834-41; served again as Senator from New Hampshire, 1841-45; and Justice of the US Supreme Court, 1845-51.


As a US Senator, Woodbury was a dependable Jackson Democrat, and President Jackson appointed him Secretary of the Navy (1831 - 1834) and then Secretary of the Treasury (1834 - 1841). Woodbury successfully worked to end the Second Bank of the United States; like Jackson he favored an "independent" treasury system and "hard money" over paper money. In retrospect, the financial Panic of 1837 and the collapse of speculative land prices were legacies of Woodbury's tenure. After the Panic, Woodbury realised that the US Treasury needed a more secure administration of its own funds than commercial banks supplied, and he backed the act for an "Independent Treasury System" passed by Congress in 1840. It was largely repealed under the new administration the following year, but the foundation was laid for an independent US Treasury, finally established in 1846, under President James K. Polk.


In the 1844 presidential election, Woodbury and the Jackson Democrats supported the Democrats' nomination of Polk. When Polk was elected he promptly named Woodbury an Associate Justice of the US Supreme Court.


Woodbury County, Iowa and USS Woodbury (DD-309) were named in honor of him.





Preceded by:
Samuel Bell
Governor of New Hampshire
1823 – 1824
Succeeded by:
David L. Morrill
Preceded by:
John F. Parrott
United States Senator
1825 – 1831
Succeeded by:
Isaac Hill
Preceded by:
John Branch
United States Secretary of the Navy
1831 – 1834
Succeeded by:
Mahlon Dickerson
Preceded by:
Roger B. Taney
United States Secretary of the Treasury
1834 – 1841
Succeeded by:
Thomas Ewing
Preceded by:
Henry Hubbard
United States Senator
1841 – 1845
Succeeded by:
Benning W. Jenness
Preceded by:
Joseph Story
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
September 23, 1845September 4, 1851
Succeeded by:
Benjamin Robbins Curtis



References

  • Dictionary of American Biography;
  • Capowski, Vincent. The Making of a Jacksonian Democrat: Levi Woodbury, 1789-1851 Ph.D. dissertation, Fordham University, 1966
  • Woodbury, Levi. Writings of Levi Woodbury. 3 vols. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1852.
  • Biography (http://www.ustreas.gov/education/history/secretaries/lwoodbury.html)
  • Treasury Dept. biography (http://www.ustreas.gov/offices/management/curator/collection/secretary/woodbury.htm)
  • Woodbury as a liberal (http://www.sonic.net/~buscador/Woodbury.htm)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Levi Woodbury - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (287 words)
Levi Woodbury (December 22, 1789–September 4, 1851) was the first justice of the Supreme Court of the United States to have attended law school.
After the Panic, Woodbury realised that the US Treasury needed a more secure administration of its own funds than commercial banks supplied, and he backed the act for an "Independent Treasury System" passed by Congress in 1840.
Woodbury County, Iowa and the ships, USS Woodbury, were named in honor of him.
US People--Woodbury, Levi, Secretary of the Navy, 1831-1834. (383 words)
Levi Woodbury was born in Francestown, New Hampshire, on 22 December 1789.
Woodbury was politically active as a member of the Republican Party in New Hampshire, served on the state Supreme Court, was the state's Governor and a United States Senator.
Woodbury implemented mild and generally ineffectual measures to curtail the consumption of grog and the use of flogging as a punishment.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m