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Encyclopedia > Lev Landau
Lev Davidovich Landau
Lev Davidovich Landau

Lev Davidovich Landau (Russian language: Ле́в Дави́дович Ланда́у) (January 22, 1908April 1, 1968) was a prominent Soviet physicist, who made fundamental contributions to many areas of theoretical physics. His accomplishments include the co-discovery of the density matrix method in quantum mechanics, the quantum mechanical theory of diamagnetism, the theory of superfluidity, the theory of second order phase transitions, the Ginzburg-Landau theory of superconductivity, the explanation of Landau damping in plasma physics, the Landau pole in quantum electrodynamics, and the two-component theory of neutrinos. He received the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on superfluidity. Image File history File links Lev_Landau. ... Image File history File links Lev_Landau. ... Russian (Russian: русский язык, russkiy yazyk, (help· info)) is the most widely spoken language of Eurasia and the most widespread of the Slavic languages. ... January 22 is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... State motto (Russian): Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Translated: Workers of the world, unite!) Capital Moscow Official language None; Russian (de facto) Government Federation of Socialist republics Area  - Total  - % water 1st before collapse 22,402,200 km² Approx. ... A physicist is a scientist trained in physics. ... Theoretical physics employs mathematical models in an attempt to understand Nature. ... A density matrix, or density operator, is used in quantum theory to describe the statistical state of a quantum system. ... A simple introduction to this subject is provided in Basics of quantum mechanics. ... Brugmans (in 1778) was the first person to observe that certain materials were repelled by magnetic fields. ... Superfluidity is a phase of matter characterised by the complete absence of viscosity. ... In physics, a phase transition is the transformation of a thermodynamic system from one phase to another. ... In physics, Ginzburg-Landau theory is a mathematical theory used to model superconductivity. ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor (with boiling liquid nitrogen underneath) demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... In physics, Landau damping, named after its discoverer, the eminent Russian physicist Lev Davidovich Landau, is the effect of damping (exponential decrease as a function of time) of longitudinal space charge waves in plasma or a similar environment. ... A Plasma lamp In physics and chemistry, a plasma is an ionized gas, and is usually considered to be a distinct phase of matter. ... In physics, Landau pole is the energy scale (or the precise value of the energy) where a coupling constant (the strength of an interaction) of a quantum field theory becomes infinite. ... Quantum electrodynamics (QED) is a quantum field theory of electromagnetism. ... The neutrino is an elementary particle. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Hannes Alfvén, 1970 winner for work on astrophysical plasmas List of Nobel Prize laureates in Physics from 1901 to the present day. ...


Recognized very early as a child prodigy in mathematics, Landau was quoted as saying in later life that he scarcely remembered a time when he was not familiar with calculus. At the age of 14 (delayed at his parents' request for a year during which he attended the Baku Economic Technicum), he enrolled at Baku University in 1922, studying in two departments simultaneously: the Physico-mathematical and the Chemical. In 1924 he moved to the Physics Department of Leningrad University, graduating with a doctorate in 1927. A child prodigy, or simply prodigy, is someone who is a master of one or more skills or arts at an early age. ... Mathematics is often defined as the study of topics such as quantity, structure, space, and change. ... Integral and differential calculus is a central branch of mathematics, developed from algebra and geometry. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Seal of Saint Petersburg State University Saint Petersburg State University (Санкт-Петербургский Государственный Университет) one of the oldest Russian educational institutions, established in the city of Saint Petersburg on January 28, 1724 by decree of Peter the Great. ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Landau in his youth
Landau in his youth

Apart from his theoretical accomplishments, Landau was the principal founder of a great tradition of theoretical physics in the Soviet Union, sometimes referred to as the "Landau school". He was the head of the Theoretical Division at the Institute for Physical Problems from 1937 until 1962 when, as a result of a road accident, he suffered injuries from which he was never fully to recover. His students include Alexei Abrikosov, Evgeny Lifshitz, Lev Gor'kov, Isaak Khalatnikov, Image File history File links Lev_Davidovich_Landau. ... Image File history File links Lev_Davidovich_Landau. ... P.L. Kapitza Institute for Physical Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences. ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Alexei Alexeevich Abrikosov (Алексей Алексеевич Абрикосов) (born June 25, 1928, in Moscow, Russian SFSR, USSR.) is a Soviet/Russian theoretical physicist whose main contributions are in the field of condensed matter physics. ... Evgeny Mikhailovich Lifshitz (Russian: ; February 21, 1915 – October 29, 1985) was a notable Soviet physicist. ... Isaak Markovich Khalatnikov (b. ...


He also co-authored, with Lifshitz, a beloved series of graduate-level physics textbooks that are still widely used. Evgeny Mikhailovich Lifshitz (Russian: ; February 21, 1915 – October 29, 1985) was a notable Soviet physicist. ... Look up Graduate in Wiktionary, the free dictionary The word graduate can mean any of several things. ...

Contents


Landau and Lifshitz Course of Theoretical Physics

  • vol. 1: "Mechanics". L. D. Landau, E. M. Lifshitz
  • vol. 2: "The Classical Theory of Fields". L. D. Landau, E. M. Lifshitz
  • vol. 3: "Quantum Mechanics: Non-Relativistic Theory". L. D. Landau, E. M. Lifshitz
  • vol. 4: "Quantum Electrodynamics". V. B. Berestetskii, E. M. Lifshitz and L. P. Pitaevskii
  • vol. 5: "Statistical Physics Pt. 1". L. D. Landau, E. M. Lifshitz
  • vol. 6: "Fluid Mechanics". L. D. Landau, E. M. Lifshitz
  • vol. 7: "Theory of Elasticity". L. D. Landau, E. M. Lifshitz
  • vol. 8: "Electrodynamics of Continuous Media". L. D. Landau, E. M. Lifshitz and L. P. Pitaevskii
  • vol. 9: "Statistical Physics Pt. 2". E. M. Lifshitz, L. P. Pitaevskii
  • vol. 10: "Physical Kinetics". E. M. Lifshitz, L. P. Pitaevskii

Books about Landau

  • Note 1: Dorozynski, Alexander (1965). The Man They Wouldn't Let Die. (After Landau's 1962 car accident, the physics community around him rallied to attempt to save his life. They managed to prolong his life until 1968.)
  • Landau-Drobantseva, Kora (1999). Professor Landau: How We Lived (in Russian)

See also

  • Landau-Hopf theory of turbulence

In physics, the Landau-Hopf theory of turbulence was until the mid 1970s the accepted theory of how a fluid flow becomes turbulent. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Lev Landau - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (345 words)
Lev Davidovich Landau (Russian language: Ле́в Дави́дович Ланда́у) (January 22, 1908 – April 1, 1968) was a prominent Soviet physicist, who made fundamental contributions to many areas of theoretical physics.
Recognized very early as a child prodigy in mathematics, Landau was quoted as saying in later life that he scarcely remembered a time when he was not familiar with calculus.
Apart from his theoretical accomplishments, Landau was the principal founder of a great tradition of theoretical physics in the Soviet Union, sometimes referred to as the "Landau school".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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