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Encyclopedia > Lethe
The Greek Underworld
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In Classical Greek, Lethe (LEE-thee) literally means "forgetfulness" or "concealment". The Greek word for "truth" is a-lethe-ia, meaning "un-forgetfulness" or "un-concealment". In Greek mythology, the underworld indicates the kingdom of deaths. ... Persephone and Hades In Greek mythology, Persephone (Greek Περσεφόνη, PersephónÄ“) was the queen of the Underworld, the Kore or young maiden, and the daughter of Demeter— and Zeus, in the Olympian version. ... Hades, Greek god of the underworld, enthroned, with his bird-headed staff, on a red-figure Apulian vase made in the 4th century BC. Hades (from Greek , HaidÄ“s, originally , HaidÄ“s or , AïdÄ“s; of uncertain origin[1], although it has been ascribed to Greek unseen[2]) refers... In Greek mythology, Minos was a semi-legendary king of Crete, son of Zeus and Europa. ... In Greek mythology, Aeacus (Greek: Aiakos, bewailing or earth borne) was king in the island of Aegina in the Saronic Gulf. ... Rhadamanthus (also transliterated as Rhadamanthys or Rhadamanthos) in Greek mythology was a son of Zeus and Europa and brother of Minos, king of Crete and Sarpedon. ... In Greek mythology, Charon (Greek Χάρων, fierce brightness)[citation needed] was the ferryman of Hades. ... Cerberus - Watercolour by William Blake In Greek mythology, Cerberus or Kerberos (Greek Κέρβερος, Kerberos, demon of the pit), was the hound of Hades—a monstrous three-headed dog (sometimes said to have 50 or 100 heads) with a snake for a tail and serpentine mane. ... The Acheron is a river in the Epirus region of northwest Greece. ... In Greek mythology, Cocytus, meaning river of wailing (Greek kokutos, lamentation) was the river in the underworld on the banks of which the dead who could not pay Charon wandered, according to most accounts, for one hundred years. ... Tartarus, or Tartaros is a place of eternal torment and suffering, similar to the Hell of Christianity, Netherworld of Pagan religions, the Hindu Naraka, Judaic Gehenna, Chinese Di Yu, Islamic Jahannam, and Roman Paradise. ... // For the band, see Elysium (band). ... In Greek mythology, Styx (Στυξ) is the name of a river which formed the boundary between Earth and the Underworld, Hades. ... In Greek mythology, the river Phlegethon ([river of] fire) was one of the five rivers of the underworld. ... The Asphodel Meadows is a section of the Ancient Greek underworld where indifferent and ordinary souls were sent to live after death. ... In Greek mythology Erebus (Έρεβος Erebos, Desert from eremos ) was a primordial god, the personification of darkness and shadow, which filled in all the corners and crannies of the world. ... This article is about the Greek myth. ... Sisyphus (Greek Σίσυφος; transliteration: Sísuphos; IPA: ), in Greek mythology, was a sinner punished in the underworld by being set to roll a huge rock up a hill throughout eternity. ... In Greek mythology Tantalus (Greek Τάνταλος) was a son of Zeus and the nymph Plouto (riches), not to be confused with the god of the underworld. ... In Greek mythology, the Titans (Greek Τιτάν, plural Τιτάνες) were a race of powerful deities that ruled during the legendary Golden Age. ... The Oricoli bust of Zeus, King of the Gods, in the collection of the Vatican Museum. ... Greek religion is the polytheistic religion practiced in ancient Greece in form of cult practices, thus the practical counterpart of Greek mythology. ... The History of Greece extends back to the arrival of the Greeks in Europe some time before 1500 BC, even though there has only been an independent state called Greece since Turkey, Italy and Libya. ...


In Greek mythology, Lethe is one of the several rivers of Hades. Drinking from the river Lethe ("forgetfulness" or "oblivion") caused complete forgetfulness. Some ancient Greeks believed that souls were made to drink from the river before being reincarnated, so they would not remember their past lives. The Oricoli bust of Zeus, King of the Gods, in the collection of the Vatican Museum. ... Hades, Greek god of the underworld, enthroned, with his bird-headed staff, on a red-figure Apulian vase made in the 4th century BC. Hades (from Greek , Haidēs, originally , Haidēs or , Aïdēs; of uncertain origin[1], although it has been ascribed to Greek unseen[2]) refers... Reincarnation, literally to be made flesh again, as a doctrine or mystical belief, holds the notion that some essential part of a living being (or in some variations, only human beings) can survive death in some form, with its integrity partly or wholly retained, to be reborn in a new...


Lethe was also a naiad, the daughter of Eris ('Strife' in Hesiod's Theogony). The naiad Lethe is probably a separate personification of forgetfulness rather than a reference to the river which bears her name. A Naiad by John William Waterhouse, 1893. ... Eris (ca. ... Bust, traditionally thought to be Seneca, now identified by some as Hesiod. ...


Some private mystery religions taught the existence of another river, the Mnemosyne; those who drank from the Mnemosyne would remember everything and attain omniscience. Initiates were taught that they would receive a choice of rivers to drink from after death, and to drink from Mnemosyne instead of Lethe. These two rivers are attested in several verse inscriptions on gold plates dating to the 4th century BC and onward, found at Thurii in Southern Italy and elsewhere throughout the Greek world. This does not cite its references or sources. ... Mnemosyne (Greek , IPA in RP and in General American) (sometimes shortened to Mneme) was the personification of memory in Greek mythology. ... Omniscience is the capacity to know everything infinitely, or at least everything that can be known about a character/s including thoughts, feelings, life and the universe etc. ... (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) The 4th century BC started on January 1, 400 BC and ended on December 31, 301 BC. // Overview Events Bust of Alexander the Great in the British Museum. ... Thurii, or Thueium, was a city of Magna Graecia on the Gulf of Taranto, near the site of the older Sybaris. ...


References to Lethe in later culture

The Myth of Er at the end of Plato's Republic, tells of the dead arriving at the "plain of Lethe", which the river Ameles ("careless") runs through. The Myth of Er is an analogy used in Platos Republic. ... Plato (ancient Greek: Πλάτων, Plátōn, wide, broad-shouldered) (c. ...


There were rivers of Lethe and Mnemosyne at the shrine of Trophonius in Boeotia, from which worshippers would drink before making oracular consultations with the god. Trophonius (the Latinate spelling) or Trophonios (in the transliterated Greek spelling) was a Greek hero or daimon or god - it was never certain which one - with a rich mythological tradition and an oracular cult at Lebadaea in Boeotia. ... Boeotia or Beotia (//, (Greek Βοιωτια; see also list of traditional Greek place names) was the central area of ancient Greece. ...


Amongst authors in Antiquity, the tiny Limia River near Xinzo de Limia in the province of Ourense in Galicia was said to have the same properties of memory loss as the legendary Lethe River. In 138 BC, the Roman general Decimus Junius Brutus sought to dispose of the myth, as it impeded his military campaigns in the area. He was said to have crossed the Limia and then called his soldiers on the other side, one by one, by name. The soldiers, astonished that their general remembered their names, crossed the river as well without fear. This act proved that the Limia was not as dangerous as the local myths described. Xinzo de Limia (elevation 620 metres; population 3,912 hab. ... Map of Ourense Ourense ( Castilian, Ourense) is a province of northwestern Spain, in the southeastern part of the autonomous community of Galicia. ... Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Decimus Junius Brutus Callaicus was a Roman politician and general of the 2nd century BC. Decimus Junius Brutus lead the Roman legions in the conquest of western Iberia after the death of Viriathus, chieftain of the Lusitanians. ...


In The Divine Comedy, the stream of Lethe flows to the centre of the earth from its surface, but its headwaters are located in the Earthly Paradise found at the top of the mountain of Purgatory. Ajani shown holding a copy of The Divine Comedy, next to the entrance to Hell, the seven terraces of Mount Purgatory and the city of Florence, with the spheres of Heaven above, in Michelinos fresco. ... This article is about the Biblical location. ... Purgatory commonly refers to a doctrine in the Roman Catholic Church, which posits that those who die in a state of grace undergo a purification in order to achieve the holiness necessary to enter heaven. ...


In William Shakespeare's play Julius Caesar, Antony, on seeing the murderers' hands red with Caesar's blood, observes: "Here didst thou fall; and here thy hunters stand,/Sign'd in thy spoil, and crimson'd in thy Lethe." (III.i.215) Along with Julius Caesar, Lethe is referenced to by a character in another one of William Shakespeare's plays, Twelfth Night. (IV.ii.61) Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Tragedy of Julius Caesar is a tragedy by William Shakespeare probably written in 1599. ... The Tragedy of Julius Caesar is a tragedy by William Shakespeare probably written in 1599. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Twelfth Night, or What You Will is a comedy by William Shakespeare. ...


Dr. William T.G. Morton, who first publicly demonstrated the use of ether as an anesthetic, called his ether "Letheon". William Thomas Green Morton (August 9, 1819 - July 15, 1868) was responsible for the first successful public demonstration of ether as an inhalation anesthetic. ... Diethyl ether, also known as ether and ethoxyethane, is a clear, colorless, and highly flammable liquid with a low boiling point and a characteristic smell. ...


In "The Scarlet Woman", a poem by African-American poet Fenton Johnson (1888-1958), a young woman resorts to prostitution in order to avoid starvation. The poem concludes with the lines "Now I can drink more gin than any man for miles around./Gin is better than all the water in Lethe."


In Sarah Ruhl's play Eurydice, all the shades must drink from Lethe and become like stones, speaking in their inaudible language and forgetting everything of the world. This river is a central theme of the play. Eurydice is a play by Sarah Ruhl which retells the myth Orpheus from the perspective of Eurydice, his wife. ...


The river Lethe is mentioned in Allen Ginsberg's poem "A Supermarket in California". Irwin Allen Ginsberg (IPA: ) (June 3, 1926 – April 5, 1997) was an American Beat poet born in Newark, New Jersey. ...


A river Lethe runs along the southern border of the Skull Kingdom in Terry Brooks' fantasy novel The Sword of Shannara. However, the waters of this river Lethe do not induce forgetfulness; they are merely poisonous to mortal beings. Terry Brooks Terry Brooks (born January 8, 1944) is a writer of fantasy fiction. ... This article is about the fantasy novel. ...


Swedish melodic death metal band Dark Tranquillity wrote a song entitled "Lethe" on their second album, The Gallery. The song is about dealing with loss or suffering through the use of alcohol. It is based on the Greek myth of the river, likening the river's effects to that of alcohol, and is one of Dark Tranquillity's most popular and well-known songs. Dark Tranquillity is a Gothenburg metal band from Sweden. ... The Gallery is an album by Dark Tranquillity, released in 1995. ...


In Dan Simmons' book Hyperion, Sol Weintraub's tale is titled "The Taste of the River Lethe is Bitter." Sol's daughter has contracted a mysterious malady referred to as Merlin's Sickness which causes her to age backwards to conception and forget her life when she sleeps. Dan Simmons portrayed on the cover of Locus magazine. ... Hyperion The Hyperion Cantos form a tetralogy of science fiction novels by Dan Simmons. ... Merlin is best known as the mighty wizard featured in Arthurian legend. ...


Mount Lethe is a fictional volcano in the MMORPG Asheron's Call. It serves an important function in many in-game quests. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...


Lethe is also the name of a pair of swords wielded by Cervantes de Leon in the video game Soul Calibur II. Its description states that "those who grip these weapons find their heart rendered blank, unable to even remember who they are." Cervantes de Leon (セルバンテス・デ・レオン Cervantes de Leon) is a fictional character designed for the Soul Series of fighting games. ... Soul Calibur II is the sequel to Soul Calibur and the third game in the Soul fighting game series. ...


In Samuel Beckett's radio play Embers, the main character Henry describes conversing with his dead wife: "that's what hell will be like, small chat to the babbling of Lethe about the good old days when we wished we were dead". Samuel Barclay Beckett (13 April 1906 – 22 December 1989) was an Irish dramatist, novelist and poet. ...


In Mike Carey's The Sandman Presents: Lucifer miniseries, Lucifer gives water from the River Lethe to the Lilim Briadach to ease his pain. Mike Carey is the writer of the Eisner Award nominated Lucifer and Hellblazer, comic book titles published by the Vertigo imprint of DC Comics. ... Lucifer is a comic book published by Vertigo, an imprint of DC Comics. ... According to Jewish folklore, the lilin (or lilim) are the daughters of Lilith and Adam, engendered while she was his wife. ...


In Stephen Baxter's Xeelee series, he uses the word often as a profanity. Stephen Baxter at the Science-Fiction-Tage NRW in Dortmund, Germany, March 1997 Stephen Baxter (born in Liverpool, 13 November 1957) is a British hard science fiction author. ...


In Sierra Entertainment's Quest for Glory V: Dragon Fire, the hero must travel to Hades and obtain water from the River Lethe. This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


San Francisco-based playwright Octavio Solis' play, LETHE, is the story of seniors facing the loss of memory and the caretakers who tend to them. It premiered in August 2006 at the Cornerstone Theater Company Institute.


In the film The Matrix, Neo is offered two capsules, one red, one blue. If he chooses the 'blue', he forgets everything. If he chooses the 'Red', he becomes aware of his real existence. The Matrix is a science fiction/action film written and directed by Larry and Andy Wachowski and starring Keanu Reeves, Laurence Fishburne, Carrie-Anne Moss, Joe Pantoliano and Hugo Weaving. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ...


In the Buffy the Vampire Slayer Season 6 episodes "All the Way", "Once More, With Feeling" and "Tabula Rasa", it is discovered that Willow has cast amnesia spells on Tara, Buffy, and, accidentally, the whole group, by burning a plant called Lethe's bramble. Buffy the Vampire Slayer is a critically acclaimed American cult television series that aired from March 10, 1997, until May 20, 2003. ... All the Way is the ? episode of season 6 of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Once More, With Feeling is a musical episode of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... This article is about the Buffy the Vampire Slayer episode; for the latin term, see tabula rasa; for other uses, see Tabula rasa (disambiguation) Tabula Rasa is the eighth episode in season 6 of the television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Willow Danielle Rosenberg (born either in 1980 or very early 1981 in Sunnydale, California) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television program, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Tara Maclay (born October 16, 1980 and died May 7th, 2002 in Sunnydale, California) is a fictional character created by Joss Whedon for the cult television program, Buffy the Vampire Slayer. ... Buffy Anne Summers is the title fictional character in the film Buffy the Vampire Slayer, the television program of the same name and its numerous spin-offs such as novels, comic books and video games. ...


In Gene Roddenberry's Andromeda Season 1 episode "The Banks of the Lethe", Captain Hunt has the opportunity to resolve his relationship with his fiancée and say goodbye to the past.


In Robert A. Heinlein's Time Enough for Love there is a reference to "Neolethe" (see the chapter entitled Counterpoint I), which is apparently a powerful sedative. This article is becoming very long. ... Time Enough for Love is a science fiction novel by Robert A. Heinlein published in 1973. ...


In the Nintendo GameCube video game, Fire Emblem, a shapeshifting hero who hates humans is named "Lethe". The Nintendo GameCube , GCN) is Nintendos fourth home video game console, belonging to the sixth generation era. ... Eliwood, Hector and Lyn from Fire Emblem (Game Boy Advance), the first Fire Emblem to be released internationally. ...


In John Keats' poem, "Ode on Melancholy", the first line reads "No, no! Go not to Lethe". δе|}:Keats redirects here. ...


In Tony Banks' first solo album, A Curious Feeling, where he tells the story of a man who makes some kind of pact with the devil and finishes by losing his memory, the ninth song is called "The Waters of Lethe". (L–R) Mike Rutherford, Phil Collins, Tony Banks in November 2006, promoting the upcoming Turn It On Again tour Anthony George Tony Banks (born March 27, 1950) is an English songwriter, pianist/keyboard player, and guitarist. ... A Curious Feeling is the debut solo album from Genesis keyboardist Tony Banks. ...

River Lethe in Alaska
River Lethe in Alaska

In Alaska a river, which runs through the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes is called River Lethe. I took this photo of the River Lethe in the Valley of 10,000 smokes while backpacking there in August, 1986. ... I took this photo of the River Lethe in the Valley of 10,000 smokes while backpacking there in August, 1986. ... The Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes is a valley within Katmai National Park and Preserve in Alaska which is filled with ash flow from the eruption of Novarupta on June 6-June 8, 1912. ... Canyon cut in ash by River Lethe River Lethe is located 18 km (12 mi) west of Mount Katmai, Alaska Peninsula, and is the middle branch of Ukak River. ...


The game Urban Arcana uses the term "The Gift of Lethe" to explain why characters from "shadow" have no memory of it. Urban Arcana Campaign Setting In the world of Urban Arcana, dragons rule the boardrooms and bugbears rule the streets. ...


In the Games Workshop game Battlefleet Gothic and as part of the Warhammer 40,000 Universe, Lethe is a major star system in one of the sectors mentioned in the backstory and campaign. For the defunct company, see Game Designers Workshop. ... Battlefleet Gothic is a tabletop miniatures game based in Games Workshops fictional Warhammer 40,000 universe. ... Cover of the Warhammer 40,000 4th edition rulebook This article is about the tabletop miniature wargame and the fictional universe in which it is set. ...


In composer Thomas Adés' String Quartet, "Arcadiana," Op. 12, "Lethe" is the title of the work's seventh and final movement. Thomas Adès (born in London in 1971) is a British composer. ...


In Naoko Takeuchi's manga "Sailor Moon : Stars", when the heroines are looking for Galaxia, they find themselves facing the twin sisters Lethe and Mnemosyne.


French poet Charles Baudelaire wrote a poem entitled "Le Lethe" in which an adored but cruel woman serves as a metaphor for the oblvion of the river Lethe.


American author Perry Pirsch wrote a novella entitled The River Lethe.


  Results from FactBites:
 
lethe - definition of lethe by the Free Online Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia. (287 words)
Lethe Greek Mythology The river of forgetfulness, one of the five rivers in Hades.
Lethe - (Greek mythology) a river in Hades; the souls of the dead had to drink from it, which made them forget all they had done and suffered when they were alive
This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional.
Lethe (56 words)
In Greek mythology, the Lethe is one of the rivers that flow through the realm of Hades.
Called the River of Oblivion, the shades of the dead had to drink from this river to forget about their past lives on earth.
Article "Lethe" created on 03 March 1997; last modified on 07 September 1998 (Revision 2).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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