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Encyclopedia > Lester Bowles Pearson
The Right Honourable Lester Bowles Pearson
image:Lesterbpearson.PNG
Rank: 14th
Predecessor: John Diefenbaker
Successor: Pierre Trudeau
Date of Birth: April 23, 1897
Place of Birth: Newtonbrook, Ontario
Spouse: Maryon Moody
Profession: Diplomat, Politician
Political Party: Liberal

The Right Honourable Lester Bowles "Mike" Pearson, PC, CC, OM, MA (April 23, 1897December 27, 1972) was the fourteenth Prime Minister of Canada from April 22, 1963, to April 20, 1968, and also a 1957 Nobel Laureate. Lester B. Pearson File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... John George Diefenbaker (September 18, 1895 - August 16, 1979) was the thirteenth Prime Minister of Canada. ... Name Pierre Elliott Trudeau Number Fifteenth First term April 20, 1968–June 4,1979 Second term March 3, 1980–June 30, 1984 Predecessor Lester Bowles Pearson Successors Joe Clark John Napier Turner Date of birth October 18, 1919 Place of birth Montreal, Quebec Date of death September 28, 2000 Spouse... April 23 is the 113th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (114th in leap years). ... 1897 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Newtonbrook, Ontario, Canada, now a Toronto neighbourhood, was a town at the north end of the City of Toronto, between the east and west branches of the Don Valley River. ... Marriage is a relationship that plays a key role in the definition of many families. ... Maryon Elspeth Pearson (1902 - 1991) was the wife of Lester Bowles Pearson, the 14th Prime Minister of Canada. ... A profession is a specialized work function within society, generally performed by a professional. ... This page is about negotiations; for the board game, see Diplomacy (game). ... A politician is an individual involved in politics. ... A political party is a political organization that subscribes to a certain ideology and seeks to attain political power within a government. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: Parti libéral du Canada) is Canadas largest political party. ... The Right Honourable (abbreviated The Rt Hon. ... The Queens Privy Council for Canada is the ceremonial council of advisors to the Queen of Canada, whose members are appointed by her Governor General in Canada for life on the advice of the Prime Minister. ... The Order of Canada is Canadas highest civilian honour, awarded to those who adhere to the Orders motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam meaning they desire a better country. ... The Order of Merit is a British Order (decoration). ... A masters degree is an academic degree usually awarded for completion of a postgraduate course of one or two years in duration. ... April 23 is the 113th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (114th in leap years). ... 1897 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1972 was a leap year that started on a Saturday. ... The Prime Minister of Canada, the head of the Canadian government, is usually the leader of the political party with the most seats in the Canadian House of Commons. ... April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (113th in leap years). ... 1963 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... April 20 is the 110th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (111th in leap years). ... 1968 was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Nobel Prizes (pronounced no-BELL or no-bell) are awarded annually to people who have done outstanding research, invented groundbreaking techniques or equipment, or made outstanding contributions to society. ...


He was born in Newtonbrook, Ontario (now part of Toronto), the son of a Methodist preacher. He entered Victoria College at the University of Toronto in 1914, where he lived in residence in Gate House and shared a room with his brother Duke. While at the university, he became a noted athlete, excelling at both hockey and rugby. His studies were interrupted, however, when in 1916 he decided to enlist in the Royal Canadian Air Force and fight in the First World War. Newtonbrook, Ontario, Canada, now a Toronto neighbourhood, was a town at the north end of the City of Toronto, between the east and west branches of the Don Valley River. ... }|135px|City of Toronto, Ontario Official Flag]]|Coat Image=[[Image:{{{Coat Image}}}|135px|City of Toronto, Ontario Coat of Arms]]}} {{Canadian City/Disable Field={{{Disable Motto Link}}}}} Motto: Diversity Our Strength {{Canadian City/Location Image is:{{{Location Image Type}}}|[[Image:{{{Location Image}}}|thumbnail|250px|City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada Location. ... The Methodist movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity. ... Victoria University (Vic for short) is a federated school of the University of Toronto, consisting of Victoria College and Emmanuel College. ... The University of Toronto (U of T), in Toronto, Ontario, is the largest university in Canada with more than 60,000 students across three campuses. ... 1914 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... Gate House seen from the Victoria College Quad Gate House is an all male residence at Victoria College in the University of Toronto. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... Rugby football, as a catch-all term, may refer to two related but separate team sports: rugby league and rugby union. ... 1916 is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) Events January-February January 1 -The first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... The RCAF Roundel is based on that of the British Royal Air Force with a maple leaf, a symbol of Canada in the centre. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ...


After the war, he returned to school, receiving his B.A. from the University of Toronto in 1919. He studied at Oxford University, where he received a B.A. in modern history in 1923 and an M.A. in 1925. In 1925, he married Maryon Moody (1902-1991), with whom he had one daughter and one son. He was later a courier during World War II with the codename "Mike". 1919 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The University of Oxford, situated in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... A history resource for kids -Chronology of Events in History, Mythology, and Folklore. ... 1923 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1925 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Maryon Elspeth Pearson (1902 - 1991) was the wife of Lester Bowles Pearson, the 14th Prime Minister of Canada. ... 1902 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...

Contents

Early career

After Oxford, he returned to Canada and taught history at the University of Toronto. After embarking on a career in the Department of External Affairs, he appointed foreign minister in the government of Liberal Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent in 1948. Pearson ran for a seat in the Canadian House of Commons shortly afterward. In 1957, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his role in defusing the Suez Crisis through the United Nations. The United Nations Peacekeeping Force was Pearson's creation, and he is considered the father of the modern concept of peacekeeping. The Department of Foreign Affairs, also referred to as Foreign Affairs Canada, is the department of the government of Canada with responsibility for foreign policy and diplomacy. ... Canadian Secretaries of State for External Affairs In 1993, the post was replaced by the Minister of Foreign Affairs. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: Parti libéral du Canada) is Canadas largest political party. ... The Prime Minister of Canada, the head of the Canadian government, is usually the leader of the political party with the most seats in the Canadian House of Commons. ... Louis Stephen St. ... 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, which also includes the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nobel Peace Prize (where Nobel is pronounced with the stress on the second syllable) is one of five Nobel Prizes requested by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ... HM Ships Eagle, Bulwark, and Albion of the British Royal Navy. ... The United Nations, or UN, is an international organization established in 1945 and now made up of 191 states. ... Peacekeeping is a way to help countries torn by conflict create conditions for sustainable peace. ...


Party leadership

He was elected leader of the Liberal Party at its 1958 leadership convention, but his party was badly routed in the election of that year. In the 1962 election, his party reduced the Progressive Conservative Party of John George Diefenbaker to a minority government. 1958 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The first three leaders of the Liberal Party of Canada were not chosen at a convention. ... The 24th general election was held just nine months after the 23rd and transformed Prime Minister John Diefenbakers minority into the largest ever majority government in Canadian history. ... When the Canadian federal election of 1962 was called, the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada of John George Diefenbaker had governed for almost five years with the largest majority in the House of Commons in Canadian history. ... The Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (PC) was a Canadian centre-right conservative political party that existed from 1867 to 2003. ... John George Diefenbaker (September 18, 1895 - August 16, 1979) was the thirteenth Prime Minister of Canada. ... The House of Commons after the 2004 election, resulting in a Liberal minority government During the history of Canadian politics there have been nine previous minority governments on the federal level, and a number provincially. ...


Prime minister

Pearson led the Liberals to a minority government in the 1963 general election, and became prime minister. He had campaigned during the election promising "60 Days of Decision" and support for the Bomarc missile program. The House of Commons after the 2004 election, resulting in a Liberal minority government During the history of Canadian politics there have been nine previous minority governments on the federal level, and a number provincially. ... The Canadian federal election of 1963 resulted in the defeat of the minority Progressive Conservative government of John George Diefenbaker. ... The Bomarc Missile Program was a joint United States of America-Canada effort during 1957 to 1971 to protect against the USSR bomber threat. ...


Pearson never had a majority in the Canadian House of Commons, but he introduced important social programs (including universal health care, the Canada Pension Plan, and Canada Student Loans), the Maple Leaf Flag, and new initiatives in French-English relations. Pearson's government instituted much of the modern welfare state in Canada, due in part to support for his minority government in the House of Commons] from the New Democratic Party, led by Tommy Douglas. The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, which also includes the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... The term medicare (in lowercase) (French: assurance-maladie) is the unofficial name for Canadas universal public health insurance system. ... The Canada Pension Plan (CPP) is a pension meant to provide financial protection for senior citizens. ... The Canada Student Loans Program is a Human Resources and Skills Development Canada programme which promotes accessibility to Canadas post-secondary education institutes by allowing Canadians who demonstrate a financial need for access to student loans and grants. ... Flag Ratio: 1:2 (1965–Present) The National Flag of Canada, popularly known as the Maple Leaf Flag (French: lUnifolié the one-leaved), is a base red flag with a white square in its centre, featuring a red stylized 11-pointed maple leaf. ... Welfare state describes a nation where the government seeks to guarantee a set of social welfare benefits meant to ensure minimum quality of life standards for all citizens. ... The New Democratic Party (French: Nouveau Parti démocratique) is a social democratic and democratic socialist political party in Canada. ... Thomas Clement Douglas PC, CC, SOM (October 20, 1904 – February 24, 1986) was a Scottish-born Canadian Baptist minister and democratic socialist politician. ...


The Pearson cabinet contained many young men who would go on to become prominent figures in the Liberal Party. In particular, cabinet ministers Pierre Trudeau, John Turner, and Jean Chrétien served as prime minister in the years following Pearson's retirement. Another cabinet minister was Paul Martin Sr. – another contender for leadership of the Liberal Party, and father of the current prime minister, Paul Martin. The Cabinet of Canada plays an important role in the Canadian government in accordance with the Westminster System. ... Number 15th First term April 20, 1968– June 4, 1979 Second term March 3, 1980– June 30, 1984 Predecessor Lester Bowles Pearson 1st Successor Joe Clark 2nd Successor John Napier Turner Date of birth October 18, 1919 Place of birth Montreal, Quebec Date of death September 28, 2000 Spouse Margaret... John Napier Turner (born June 7, 1929) was the seventeenth Prime Minister of Canada from June 30, 1984 to September 17, 1984. ... The Right Honourable Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien, PC (born January 11, 1934) was the twentieth Prime Minister of Canada, serving from November 4, 1993, to December 12, 2003. ... The Rt. ... The wrong dishounerable Paul Edgar Philippe Martin, PC, MP, (born August 28, 1938 in Windsor, Ontario) is the current Prime Minister of Canada. ...


Pearson also oversaw Canada's 1967 centennial celebrations before retiring. The Canadian news agency, Canadian Press, named him "Newsmaker of the Year" in 1967, citing his leadership during the centennial celebrations. 1967 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Canadian Press is a Canadian news agency established in 1917 as a vehicle to distribute Associated Press material to Canadian news media, mainly because it was very difficult to spread news across such a huge country, covering many time zones. ...


Canada-U.S. relations

While in office, Pearson resisted U.S. pressure to enter the Vietnam War. Pearson spoke at Temple University in Philadelphia on April 2, 1965, while visiting the United States, and voiced his support for a negotiated settlement to the Vietnam War. When he visited U.S. President Lyndon Baines Johnson hours later, Johnson strongly berated Pearson. According to Canadian legend, Johnson grabbed Pearson by the lapels, shook him, and shouted "You pissed on my rug!" Pearson later recounted that the meeting was acrimonious, but insisted the two parted cordially. After this incident, LBJ and Pearson did have two further official meetings together, both times in Canada. [1] (http://www.lbjlib.utexas.edu/johnson/archives.hom/holdings/Findingaids/WHCF/COLIST.asp) Wikiquote quotations related to: United States Wikinews has news related to this article: United States United States government Official website of the United States government - Gateway to governmental sites White House - Official site of the US President Senate. ... The Vietnam War was a war fought roughly from 1957 to 1975 after the North Vietnamese government secretly agreed to begin involvement in South Vietnam. ... Temple University is a university in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Philadelphia is a village located in Jefferson County, New York. ... April 2 is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 273 days remaining. ... 1965 was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ... Lyndon Baines Johnson ( August 27, 1908 – January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was an American politician. ... Urination, also called micturition, is the process of disposing urine from the urinary bladder through the urethra to the outside of the body. ...


Retirement

After retiring from politics, Pearson became a professor of international relations at Carleton University in Ottawa, as well as the school's chancellor. In 1968, he was made a Companion of the Order of Canada. In 1971, he was awarded the Order of Merit by Queen Elizabeth II. This article is about the university in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. ... Chancellor (Latin: cancellarius), an official title used by most of the peoples whose civilization has arisen directly or indirectly out of the Roman empire. ... The Order of Canada is Canadas highest civilian honour, awarded to those who adhere to the Orders motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam meaning they desire a better country. ... The Order of Merit is a British Order (decoration). ... Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary), styled HM The Queen (born 21 April 1926) is the queen regnant and head of state of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, as well as of Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, the Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New...


Pearson died of cancer in Ottawa on December 27, 1972, and was buried in the nearby Gatineau Hills in the MacLaren Cemetery, Wakefield, Quebec. When normal cells are damaged or old they undergo apoptosis; cancer cells, however, avoid apoptosis. ... {{Canadian City/Disable Field={{{Disable Motto Link}}}}} Motto: Advance Ottawa/Ottawa en avant City of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Location. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1972 was a leap year that started on a Saturday. ... Wakefield is a village on the Gatineau River, in the Outaouais region of Quebec. ...


Honours and awards

Besides the Nobel Peace Prize, Pearson has been the recipient of numerous national and international accolades.


In 1984, Pearson's successor, Pierre Elliott Trudeau, renamed the busiest airport in the country, Toronto International Airport to "Lester B. Pearson International Airport" in his honour. Pearson's name has been retained in the airport's new name, Toronto Pearson International Airport (YYZ). 1984 is a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Name Pierre Elliott Trudeau Number Fifteenth First term April 20, 1968–June 4,1979 Second term March 3, 1980–June 30, 1984 Predecessor Lester Bowles Pearson Successors Joe Clark John Napier Turner Date of birth October 18, 1919 Place of birth Montreal, Quebec Date of death September 28, 2000 Spouse... Lester B. Pearson International Airport, located in Mississauga, Ontario, immediately west of Toronto, is Canadas busiest airport and part of the National Airports System. ...


Pearson is also the namesake of the Lester B. Pearson College in Victoria, British Columbia (one of the United World Colleges), and of the Lester B. Pearson School Board in Montreal. Lester B. Pearson College, the United World College of the Pacific is one of the ten United World Colleges around the world. ... Victoria is a Canadian city, and the provincial capital of British Columbia. ... The United World Colleges Logo The United World Colleges (UWC) are a group of ten international high schools. ... {{Canadian City/Disable Field={{{Disable Motto Link}}}}} Motto: Concordia Salus (Salvation through harmony) Ville de Montréal, Québec, Canada Location. ...


The Lester B. Pearson Award is presented annually to the most valuable NHL player as judged by his peers. (The Pearson Award wasn't presented in 2005 because the NHL lockout cancelled the 2004-05 season.) Pearson's favourite sport was baseball and the Pearson Cup, named after him, was awarded to the winner of an annual contest between the Toronto Blue Jays and the former Montreal Expos (now the Washington Nationals). The Lester B. Pearson Award is awarded annually to the National Hockey Leagues outstanding player in the regular season, as judged by members of the NHL Players Association (NHLPA). ... NHL can also be an abbreviation for National Historic Landmark or Non-Hodgkins lymphoma. ... A National Hockey League labor dispute in the USA and Canada began in 2004 and, as of May 2005, remains unresolved. ... A view of the playing field at Busch Stadium in St. ... Toronto Blue Jays American League AAA Syracuse SkyChiefs AA New Hampshire Fisher Cats A Dunedin Blue Jays Lansing Lugnuts Auburn Doubledays R Pulaski Blue Jays The Toronto Blue Jays are a Major League Baseball team based in Toronto, Ontario, notable for being the first team from outside the United States... The Washington Nationals is a Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise based in Washington, D.C.. It relocated to Washington from Montréal, Québec, Canada after the 2004 season. ... Washington Nationals National League AAA New Orleans Zephyrs AA Harrisburg Senators A Potomac Nationals Savannah Sand Gnats Vermont Expos R Gulf Coast Nationals The Washington Nationals is the name of a Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise based in Washington, D.C.. The team relocated to Washington, D.C. from Montréal...


The Canadian news agency, Canadian Press, chose Lester Pearson its "Newsmaker of the Year" nine times, a record he held until Pierre Trudeau broke it in 2000. He and Brian Mulroney are the only prime ministers to have received this award both before becoming prime minister and while prime minister. [2] (http://cnews.canoe.ca/CNEWS/Special/2004/2004/12/26/797995-cp.html) The Canadian Press is a Canadian news agency established in 1917 as a vehicle to distribute Associated Press material to Canadian news media, mainly because it was very difficult to spread news across such a huge country, covering many time zones. ... Number 15th First term April 20, 1968– June 4, 1979 Second term March 3, 1980– June 30, 1984 Predecessor Lester Bowles Pearson 1st Successor Joe Clark 2nd Successor John Napier Turner Date of birth October 18, 1919 Place of birth Montreal, Quebec Date of death September 28, 2000 Spouse Margaret... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Right Honourable Martin Brian Mulroney, PC, CC (born March 20, 1939), was the eighteenth Prime Minister of Canada from September 17, 1984, to June 25, 1993. ...


In 2004, he was voted #6 of the "Greatest Canadians". 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Officially launched on April 5, 2004, The Greatest Canadian was a project by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, to find who is the greatest ever Canadian. ...


The Lester B. Pearson Building is the headquarters for Foreign Affairs Canada, a tribute to his service as external affairs minister. The Lester B. Pearson Building is the headquarters of the Department of Foreign Affairs of Canada. ... The Department of Foreign Affairs, also referred to as Foreign Affairs Canada, is the department of the government of Canada with responsibility for foreign policy and diplomacy. ... Canadas Secretary of State for External Affairs was, from 1909 to 1993, the member of the Cabinet of Canada responsible for overseeing the federal governments international relations and the former Department of External Affairs. ...


See also

Canadas official position was as a non-participant in the Vietnam War, but the war had an important impact on the country and Canada and Canadians had an impact on the conflict itself. ...

External links

  • Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online (http://www.biographi.ca/EN/ShowBio.asp?BioId=42123)
  • National Archives biography (http://collections.ic.gc.ca/discourspm/anglais/lbp/bio.html)
  • Nobel prize website (http://nobelprize.org/peace/laureates/1957/pearson-bio.html)


Preceded by:
John Diefenbaker
Prime Minister of Canada
1963-1968
Succeeded by:
Pierre Trudeau
Preceded by:
Louis St. Laurent
Liberal Leaders
Succeeded by:
Pierre Trudeau
Preceded by:
Thomas Farquhar, Liberal
Member of Parliament for Algoma East
1948-1968
Succeeded by:
federal riding abolished in 1966
Preceded by:
Louis St. Laurent
Secretary of State for External Affairs (Canada)
1948-1957
Succeeded by:
John Diefenbaker



John George Diefenbaker (September 18, 1895 - August 16, 1979) was the thirteenth Prime Minister of Canada. ... The Prime Minister of Canada, the head of the Canadian government, is usually the leader of the political party with the most seats in the Canadian House of Commons. ... Name Pierre Elliott Trudeau Number Fifteenth First term April 20, 1968–June 4,1979 Second term March 3, 1980–June 30, 1984 Predecessor Lester Bowles Pearson Successors Joe Clark John Napier Turner Date of birth October 18, 1919 Place of birth Montreal, Quebec Date of death September 28, 2000 Spouse... Louis Stephen St. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: Parti libéral du Canada) is Canadas largest political party. ... Number 15th First term April 20, 1968– June 4, 1979 Second term March 3, 1980– June 30, 1984 Predecessor Lester Bowles Pearson 1st Successor Joe Clark 2nd Successor John Napier Turner Date of birth October 18, 1919 Place of birth Montreal, Quebec Date of death September 28, 2000 Spouse Margaret... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: Parti libéral du Canada) is Canadas largest political party. ... Algoma East was a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada. ... Louis Stephen St. ... Canadas Secretary of State for External Affairs was, from 1909 to 1993, the member of the Cabinet of Canada responsible for overseeing the federal governments international relations and the former Department of External Affairs. ... John George Diefenbaker (September 18, 1895 – August 16, 1979) was the thirteenth Prime Minister of Canada (1957 – 1963). ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Lester B. Pearson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1701 words)
Pearson was also remarkable for instituting the world's first race-free immigration system, throwing out previous ones that had discriminated against certain people, such as Jews and the Chinese.
Pearson is also the namesake of the Lester B. Pearson College in Victoria, British Columbia (one of the United World Colleges), and of the Lester B. Pearson School Board in Montreal.
Pearson's favourite sport was baseball and the Pearson Cup, named after him, was awarded to the winner of an annual contest between the Toronto Blue Jays and the former Montréal Expos (now the Washington Nationals).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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