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Encyclopedia > Les Halles
The outside of the Forum des Halles today
The outside of the Forum des Halles today

Les Halles is an area of Paris, France, located in the 1er arrondissement. It is named for the large central wholesale marketplace, which was demolished in 1971, to be replaced with an underground modern shopping precinct, the Forum des Halles. It is notable in that the open air center area is below street level, like a pit and contains sculpture, fountains, and mosaics. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 304 KB) (copied from fr:) photo libre de droits du Forum des halles à Paris Sujet: Partie aérienne du Forum des Halles à Paris Auteur de la prise de vue: Pol Date de la prise de vue: août 2004 Licence... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 304 KB) (copied from fr:) photo libre de droits du Forum des halles à Paris Sujet: Partie aérienne du Forum des Halles à Paris Auteur de la prise de vue: Pol Date de la prise de vue: août 2004 Licence... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... (Redirected from 1er arrondissement, Paris) The 1er arrondissement is one of the 20 arrondissements of Paris, France. ... A marketplace is the space, actual or metaphorical, in which a market operates. ... 1971 is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ... A shop is an enclosed location where a specific activity is carried out. ... Ancient Greeks depiction of ideal form of the body is expressed through sculpture such as this one. ... The Samson fountain at Peterhof near St Petersburg: the lion is the heraldic animal of Peter the Greats enemy, Sweden International Fountain (Seattle) was designed specifically as a bathing fountain (for fun and frolic) and includes a large nonslip play area, with speakers for music to splash to. ... Mosaic is a medium of art that may embody the most meaningful iconography in a cultures most important settings, as in the cathedral of Monreale (below), or it may be a technique of decorative art, an aspect of interior decoration. ...


Beneath this lies the underground station Châtelet-Les-Halles, central hub of Paris's express metro system, the RER. Châtelet - Les Halles is a major subway hub in Paris. ... This page refers to urban rail mass transit systems. ... An RER train at Gare de lEst. ...


History

Les Halles was the central Market in Paris. In 1183, King Philippe II Auguste enlarged the marketplace in Paris and built a shelter for the merchants, who came from all over to sell their wares. Known as Les Halles, in the 1850's they built the massive glass and iron buildings that Les Halles is known for. Les Halles was known as the "stomach of Paris". Events Three-year old Emperor Go-Toba ascends to the throne of Japan after the forced abdication of his brother Antoku during the Genpei War William of Tyre excommunicated by the newly appointed Heraclius of Jerusalem, firmly ending their struggle for power Andronicus I Comnenus becomes the Byzantine emperor Births... Philip II (French: Philippe II), called Philip Augustus (French: Philippe Auguste) (August 21, 1165 – July 14, 1223), was King of France from 1180 to 1223. ...


Émile Zola's 1873 novel Le Ventre de Paris (The Belly of Paris) revolves around Les Halles. Émile Zola (April 2, 1840 – September 29, 1902) was an influential French novelist, the most important example of the literary school of naturalism, and a major figure in the political liberalization of France. ... 1873 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... DeFoes Robinson Crusoe, Newspaper edition published in 1719 A novel (from French nouvelle, new) is an extended fictional narrative in prose. ... Le Ventre de Paris (1873) is the third novel in Emile Zolas twenty-volume series Les Rougon-Macquart. ...


Unable to compete in the new market economy and in need of massive repairs, the colorful ambience once associated with the bustling area of merchant stalls disappeared in 1971, when Les Halles was dismantled; the wholesale market was relocated to the suburb of Rungis. 1971 is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ... Rungis is a commune of the Val-de-Marne département, and a southern suburb of Paris, France, close to Orly Airport. ...



The site was to become the point of convergence of the RER, a network of new express underground lines which had been inaugurated in the 1960s. Three lines leading out of the city to the south, east and west were to be extended and connected in a new underground station. For several years, the site of the markets was an enormous open pit, nicknamed "le trou des Halles" (trou = hole), and a considerable eyesore at the foot of the historic church of Saint-Eustache. An RER train at Gare de lEst. ...


Construction was completed in 1977 on Châtelet-Les-Halles, Paris's new subway hub. The Forum des Halles, a partially underground multiple story commercial and shopping center, opened in 1979. The building was criticized for its design and, as of 2005, the City of Paris has undertaken consultations so as to how the area should be remodeled. This page refers to the year 1979. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


A long-standing problem in the Halles area was drug trafficking. Drug addicts and dealers would meet in the neighbourhood. For this reason, the area was reported unsafe at dark. As of 2005, it seems that the problem has been partially cured. Retail selling Street selling is the bottom of the chain and can be accomplished through purchasing from prostitutes, through cloaked retail stores or refuse houses for users in the act located in red-light districts which often also deal in paraphernalia, dealers marketing merriment at night clubs and other events... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...



Les Halles is also a restaurant in New York City owed and operated by Celebrity Chef and author Anthony Bourdain.


External link

  • Link to a French language website Châtelet-Les Halles on Insecula
  • Link to a French language website Remodeling project official site

  Results from FactBites:
 
Les Halles - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (449 words)
Les Halles is also a restaurant in New York City owned and operated by celebrity chef and author Anthony Bourdain.
Les Halles is an area of Paris, France, located in the 1er arrondissement.
Les Halles was known as the "stomach of Paris".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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