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Encyclopedia > Lepanto

'Naupactus is also a scientific name, see Naupactus (beetle)


Statistics
Prefecture: Aitolia-Acarnania
Province: Nafpaktia
Location:
Latitude:
Longitude:

38.39/38°23'27' N lat.
21.821/21°49'20' E long.
Population: (1991)
 - Total
 - Density¹
 - Rank

 -10,854

 -/km²
Communes:
Elevation:
 -lowest:
 -centre:

sea level
3 m(centre)
Postal code: 303 00
Area/distance code: 11-30-26340 (030-26340)
-2
Municipal code: 0219
Car designation: ME
Name of inhabitants: Naupactian sing., -s pl.
Address of administration: 37 Tzavella St.
Nafpaktos 303 00
Website: www.nafpaktos.gr
(in Greek)


Nafpaktos, Latin: Naupactus or Naupactos (Italian, Lepanto; modern Greek, Ναύπακτος, rarely Epakto), is a town in the nomarchy of Acarnania and Aetolia, Greece, situated on a bay on the north side of the straits of Lepanto. The harbour, once the best on the northern coast of the Corinthian Gulf, is now almost entirely choked up, and is accessible only to the smallest craft. Nafpaktos is the capital of the province of Nafpaktia. The origin of Nafpaktos comes from the two Greek words: ναύς naus ship, boat and πήγνυμι pêgnumi, pegnymi builder, fixer. Distance from Patras is about 15 km NE and about 215 km NW of Athens with the new bridge, the Rio-Antirio bridge which now has access to the Peloponnese in the south with tolls. Other distances are WSW of Amfissa, W of Itea and Delphi, NE of Antirio and GR-5/E55, E of Messolonghi and SE of Agrinio. The Mornos river is a few kilometres ENE where it also is the prefectural boundary with Phokida. Naupactus is an episcopal see. In Greek legend it appears as the place where the Heraclidae built a fleet to invade the Peloponnesus.


In historical times it belonged to the Ozolian Locrians; but about 455 BC, in spite of a partial resettlement with Locrians of Opus, it fell to the Athenians, who peopled it with Messenian refugees and made it their chief naval station in western Greece during the Peloponnesian war. In 404 it was restored to the Locrians, who subsequently lost it to the Achaeans, but recovered it through Epaminondas.


Philip II of Macedon gave Naupactus to the Aetolians, who held it till 191 BC, when after an obstinate siege it was surrendered to the Romans. It was still flourishing about 170 AD, but in Justinian's reign was destroyed by an earthquake. It was again destroyed by earthquakes in 553 and in the 8th century and so on. In the middle ages it fell into the hands of the Venetians, who fortified it so strongly that in 1477 it successfully resisted a four month's siege by a Turkish army thirty thousand strong; in 1499, however, it was taken by Beyazid II. The mouth of the Gulf of Lepanto was the scene of the great sea fight in which the naval power of Turkey was for the time being destroyed by the united papal, Spanish and Venetian forces (Battle of Lepanto, October 7, 1571). In 1678 it was recaptured by the Venetians, but was again restored in 1699, by the treaty of Karlowitz to the Turks; in the war of independence it finally became Greek once more (March 1829).


Thetown has schools, lyceums, gymnasiums, churches, banks, a post office, a beach, and a square (plateia) located next to the Gulf of Corinth. Residential houses are lined up with the highway.


Today it has about 10,000 people. Residential homes align with the Gulf of Corinth and has a width of about 3 km. It sits on a shoulder of a mountain range of the north while farmlands dominate the western part. The climate is one of the best in Greece. It used to be passed by GR-48/E65 linking Antirrio and Amfissa now it is bypassed to the north at the elevation of 150 to 200 m above sea level. The area isn't forested out of town. The villages are founded around Nafpaktos in the northeast.


The municipality is mainly made up of mountains while much of the fertile land is within the Gulf of Corinth.


In 1990, construction of a bypass of Nafpaktos began but when it was finally paved, the opening was delayed for eithg years until demonstrations in 1998 about favoring the opening of the by-pass of GR-48/E65 and was finally opened in the early 2000s.

Contents

Nearest places

  • Antirrio (west)
  • Skala (northeast)

Historical population

Year Communal population Change Municipal population
1981 9,012 - - -
1991 10,854 1,842/20.44% 15,045

Communities

Communications

Television

  • Nafpaktos TV, formerly Lepanto
  • Lychnos - religious

External links

  • http://www.nafpaktos.com
  • The Battle of Lepanto (http://www.nafpaktos.com/battle_of_lepanto.htm)
  • Nafpaktos Castle (http://www.culture.gr/2/21/212/21208n/e212hn09.html)
  • http://students.ceid.upatras.gr/~politop/nafpak.html
  • http://www.ehistory.com/world/BattleView.cfm?BID=416 - in ehistory.com
  • http://www.videonet.gr/castle-naupactos.htm
  • Photos of the Nafpaktos castle (http://www.infopelago.gr/tourism/sterea/naupactos-photos-castle.htm)
  • http://www.greek-tourism.gr/nafpaktos/history.htm (in Greek)
  • GTP - Nafpaktos (http://www.gtp.gr/LocPage.asp?id=3936)
  • GTP - Municipality of Nafpaktos (http://www.gtp.gr/LocPage.asp?id=3935)




West: Antirio Nafpaktos East:
South: Gulf of Corinth

See also:

  • Communities of Aitolia-Acarnania
Municipalities of Aitolia-Acarnania/Aitoloacarnania
Agrinio | Aitoliko | Alyzia | Amfilochia | Anactorio | Angelokastro | Antirio | Apodotia | Pappadates | Astakos | Chalkia | Fyties | Iera Poli Messolongiou | Inacho | Kekropia | Makrynia | Menidi | Nafpaktos | Neapoli | Panaitoliko | Parakampylia | Paravola | Platanos | Pyllini | Stratos | Thermo | Thespies


This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica.


  Results from FactBites:
 
battle of Lepanto - Encyclopedia.com (1342 words)
Lepanto was the first major Ottoman defeat by the Christian powers, and it ended the myth of Ottoman naval invincibility.
October 7, 2006 was the 435th anniversary of the Battle of Lepanto, which led the Pope to create the liturgical feast of the...
Lepanto 1571; the greatest naval battle of the Renaissance.
The Battle of Lepanto, lepanto, Nafpaktos.com,The Internet Tourist Guide for Nafpaktos and Greece (1128 words)
took place on Oct 7, 1571.The Gulf of Lepanto is a long arm of the Ionian Sea running from east to west and separating the Pelloponnesian peninsula to the south from the Greek mainland to the north.
Still unsure of the enemy's position, Ali Pasha ordered his fleet to drop anchor for the night in a sheltered bay fifteen miles from the entrance to the inlet, where it remained all the next day anxiously awaiting the return of the scouting vessels.
With the first light of dawn the following morning, October 7, 1571, lookouts stationed high on a peak guarding the northern shore of the gulf's entrance signaled to Kara Kosh that the enemy was heading south along the coast and would soon round the headland into the gulf itself.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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