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Encyclopedia > Leopoldskron Palace
Schloss Leopoldskron with the fortress Hohensalzburg
Schloss Leopoldskron with the fortress Hohensalzburg
Racing pool of the Freibad Leopoldskron with 10m diving tower.
Racing pool of the Freibad Leopoldskron with 10m diving tower.
Schloss Leopoldskron on a panorama painting from 1829 by Johann Michael Sattler (1786-1847) [1].
Schloss Leopoldskron on a panorama painting from 1829 by Johann Michael Sattler (1786-1847) [1].

Schloss Leopoldskron is a rococo palace and a national historic monument in Leopoldskron-Moos, a southern district of the city of Salzburg, Austria. The palace is located on the lake Leopoldskroner Weiher. Leopoldskron-Moos, an affluent residential area, reaches to the foot of the 1853m high Untersberg and features a number of still working farms as well as a peat-bog. Salzburgs largest outdoor pool the Freibad Leopoldskron ("Lepi") is located directly next to the palace on an area of over 53000 square meters and features five pools and a 10m diving tower. Image File history File links Schloss_leopoldskron_gross. ... Image File history File links Schloss_leopoldskron_gross. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Lepi. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Lepi. ... Image File history File links Sattler_leopldskron. ... Image File history File links Sattler_leopldskron. ... In its most general sense, a panorama is any wide view of a physical space. ... North side of the Catherine Palace in Tsarskoye Selo - carriage courtyard: all the stucco details sparkled with gold until 1773, when Catherine II had gilding replaced with olive drab paint. ... Salzburg is a city in western Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg (population 150,000 in 2006). ... Untersberg The Untersberg is a mountain massif in the Alps, between Berchtesgaden, Germany and Salzburg, Austria. ... Peat in Lewis, Scotland Peat is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation matter. ... Lütt-Witt Moor, a bog in Henstedt-Ulzburg in northern Germany. ...


History

Prince Archbishop of Salzburg Count Leopold Anton Eleutherius von Firmian (1679-1744) [2] commissioned the palace in 1736 on the shores of an already existing pond after he had enriched himself in the process of expelling over 22,000 Protestants from Salzburg. He acquired the area between the palace and the Untersberg as a family estate which he passed on in May 1744 to his nephew Count Laktanz Firmian, who used it to house his large collection of paintings, which included works of Titian, Dürer, Poussin, Rubens and Rembrandt. The Archbishopric of Salzburg was an ecclesiastical state of the Holy Roman Empire, consisting of roughly of the present-day state of Salzburg in Austria. ... Events January 24 - King Charles II of England disbands Parliament August 7 - The brigantine Le Griffon, which was commissioned by René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, is towed to the southern end of the Niagara River, to become the first ship to sail the upper Great Lakes. ... // Events The third French and Indian War, known as King Georges War, breaks out at Port Royal, Nova Scotia The First Saudi State founded by Mohammed Ibn Saud Prague occupied by Prussian armies Ongoing events War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748) Births January 10 - Thomas Mifflin, fifth President... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Titians self-portrait, 1566. ... Self-Portrait, 1493, Oil on Canvas Albrecht Dürer (May 21, 1471 - April 6, 1528) was a German painter, wood carver, engraver, and mathematician. ... Les Bergers d’Arcadie, set in Ancient Greece. ... Rubens and Isabella Brant in the Honeysuckle Bower Alte Pinakothek Peter Paul Rubens (June 28, 1577 – May 30, 1640) was the most popular and prolific Flemish and European painter of the 17th century. ... Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (July 15, 1606– October 4, 1669) is generally considered one of the greatest painters and printmakers in European art history and the most important in Dutch history. ...


After the death of the Archbishop in 1744 his heart was buried in the chapel of the palace, while the rest of his body was placed in the cathedral of Salzburg. The palace stayed in the possession of the Firmian family until 1837, even after the death of Count Laktanz in 1786. It was then sold to the owner of a local shooting gallery, George Zierer, who stripped the palace of most of the valuable interior decorations, including paintings, etchings, and sculptures. // Events The third French and Indian War, known as King Georges War, breaks out at Port Royal, Nova Scotia The First Saudi State founded by Mohammed Ibn Saud Prague occupied by Prussian armies Ongoing events War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748) Births January 10 - Thomas Mifflin, fifth President... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1786 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


The palace had several owners during the 19th century (including a banker and two waiters who wanted to use it as a hotel, King Ludwig I. of Bavaria) until it was bought in 1918 by the famous theatre director Max Reinhardt, co-founder of the Salzburg Festival [3]. By this time the palace was in urgent need of repair. With the help of local artisans Reinhardt spent twenty years revitalizing the palace. Besides renovating the staircase, the Great Hall, and the Marble Hall, he created the Library, the Venetian Room, and a garden theatre. He used the whole building for his theatre productions (the audiences had to move from room to room) and as gathering place for writers, actors, composers, and designers from across the globe. Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Max Reinhardt Max Reinhardt (born September 9, 1873 in Baden bei Wien; died October 31, 1943 in New York City) was an influential Austrian director and actor. ... The Salzburg Festival (Salzburger Festspiele) is a prominent festival of music and drama. ...


While Reinhardt was in Hollywood during World War II the palace was confiscated as a national treasure and "Jewish property". Reinhardt himself, however, never returned and died in 1938 in New York. During the same year, the estate was turned over by Hermann Göring to Stephanie von Hohenlohe who was given the assignment of transforming it into a guest house for prominent artists of the Reich and to serve as a reception facility to Hitler's Berghof home. The property was later returned to the Reinhardt estate. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... NY redirects here. ...   (also Goering in English) (January 12, 1893 – October 15, 1946) was a German politician and military leader, a leading member of the Nazi Party, second in command of the Third Reich, and commander of the Luftwaffe. ... Princess Stephanie Julianne von Hohenlohe (September 16, 1891 – June 13, 1972) was a Jewish member of a German princely family by marriage and a close friend of Adolf Hitler who spied for Nazi Germany. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... The Berghof was Adolf Hitlers home in the Obersalzberg of the Bavarian Alps near Berchtesgaden, Germany. ...


After the war the palace was used by the Salzburg Seminar after it was offered in 1946 by Helene Thimig, the widow of Max Reinhardt, to Clemens Heller who founded the "Marshall Plan of the Mind" together with Scott Elledge and Richard Campbell, all Harvard graduate students [4]. The Salzburg Seminar originally offered education on American history, art, literature, and culture and was later transformed into a "global forum". The first session took place in 1947, and has been followed since then by over 400 sessions on a wide variety of issues. Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Map of Cold-War era Europe and the Near East showing countries that received Marshall Plan aid. ... Harvard University is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, and a member of the Ivy League. ...


In 1959 the Salzburg Seminar purchased the palace and in 1973 the adjacent Meierhof, a part of the original Firmian estate. Extensive renovations and restorations allowed the palace to be used as a conference center and venue for events beyond the sessions of the Salzburg Seminar.

Spiegelsaal
Spiegelsaal
Library
Library
Stucco ceiling
Stucco ceiling
Count Laktanz receives palace
Count Laktanz receives palace

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3456x2304, 2348 KB) Summary Schloß Leopoldskron Spiegelsaal Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Leopoldskron Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3456x2304, 2348 KB) Summary Schloß Leopoldskron Spiegelsaal Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Leopoldskron Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3270x2180, 1247 KB) Summary Schloss Leopoldskron library. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3270x2180, 1247 KB) Summary Schloss Leopoldskron library. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3456x2304, 1543 KB) Summary Stuck im Schloss Leopoldskron Salzburg Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Leopoldskron Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3456x2304, 1543 KB) Summary Stuck im Schloss Leopoldskron Salzburg Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Leopoldskron Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2206x3270, 1344 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Leopoldskron Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2206x3270, 1344 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Leopoldskron Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ...

The Sound of Music

In 1965 the film The Sound of Music, directed by Robert Wise and starring Julie Andrews, was produced in Salzburg with the grounds adjacent to those of Schloss Leopoldskron as one of the main locations. The palace was never used as the back of the Von Trapp villa, although even some tours of Salzburg claim that it is. Scenes filmed on the adjacent property (known as Bertelsmann, at the time), include the family drinking pink lemonade ("not too sweet, not too sour, just too... pink!") on the terrace, Maria and the Captain arguing on the terrace, and the children falling off the boat in the lake. Only shots showing the lake, were filmed there, using a replica of Leopoldskron's terrace, and horse-gates, leading to the lake. Any shots showing the building itself, were filmed at Schloss Frohnburg. The ballroom for the interior shootings, which were done in a studio, is a copy of the Venetian room from the palace. Rodgers and Hammersteins The Sound of Music is a 1965 film directed by Robert Wise and starred Julie Andrews in the lead role. ... // Headline text Director Robert Wise Robert Wise (September 10, 1914 – September 14, 2005) was an Academy Award-winning American film producer and director. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... ... Maria Augusta von Trapp (née Kutschera; January 26, 1905–March 28, 1987) was the matriarch of the Trapp Family Singers. ... Linienschiffsleutnant Georg Ritter von Trapp[1] (April 4, 1880 – May 30, 1947) headed the singing family portrayed in the musical The Sound of Music. ...


The setting for the two main love scenes, one between Liesl and Rolf (featuring the song Sixteen Going on Seventeen) and the other between Maria and the Captain (Something Good) was the glass gazebo originally situated in the garden of the palace. The gazebo was later moved to the other side of the lake to allow tourists to visit it, but after their numbers became to big it was again relocated to the Hellbrunn Palace outside of the city. A large ass gazebo on the grounds of Iolani Palace, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA This gazebo inside the spacious Singapore Botanic Gardens also serves as a bandstand. ...

External links

  • Home page
  • Historical and modern images of the palace and its garden
  • Salzburg Seminar
  • Sound of Music at the Internet Movie Database
  • For a history of Leopoldskron, see History of the Salzburg Seminar.

 
 

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