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Encyclopedia > Leopold Figl
Figl during his second term as Landeshauptmann of Lower Austria
Figl during his second term as Landeshauptmann of Lower Austria

Leopold Figl (October 2, 1902 in Rust, Lower Austria, - May 9, 1965 in Vienna) was an Austrian politician of the ÖVP (Christian Democrats) and the first Federal Chancellor after the Second World War. He was also the youngest Federal Chancellor of Austria after the Second World War. Landeshauptmann (literally country captain or state captain) is the German title of the governor of a state of Austria or of the Italian province of Bolzano (South Tyrol). ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Map of Lower Austria showing districts and the four quarters (Waldviertel in green, Weinviertel in red, Mostviertel in yellow and Industrieviertel in blue) Lower Austria (de: Niederösterreich) is one of the nine states or Bundesländer in Austria. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... The Austrian Peoples Party or Österreichische Volkspartei is an Austrian political party. ... The Chancellor of Austria (in German: Bundeskanzler) is the head of government in Austria. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This is a list of Austrian Chancellors after the Second World War by longevity. ...


After graduation (Dipl.-Ing. of Agriculture at the University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences Vienna), he became vice chair of the Lower Austrian Bauernbund (Farmer's League) in 1931 and chairman in 1933. The University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, or simply BOKU (derived from its German name Universität für Bodenkultur, literally University for Soil Culture), founded in 1872, is one of Viennas universities. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


After the authoritarian revolution of Engelbert Dollfuss, who had served as his mentor within the Farmer's League, Figl became member of the federal council of economic policy and became leader of the paramilitary organisation of Ostmärkische Sturmscharen for the state of Lower Austria. Austrofascism is a term which is frequently used by historians to describe the authoritarian rule installed in Austria between 1934 and 1938. ... Engelbert Dollfuss. ... Ostmärkische Sturmscharen was a political paramilitary force founded on December 7, 1930 in Innsbruck, Austria, recruited from the Katholische Jugend (Catholic Youth), later from journeymen and teacher organisations, forming an opposition to the Heimwehr. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


After the "Anschluss", the Nazis deported Figl to Dachau concentration camp in 1938, from which he was released in May 1943. He then worked as an oil engineer, but in October 1944 Figl was rearrested and brought to Mauthausen concentration camp. In February 1945, he was sentenced to death for "high treason" in Vienna, but the death penalty was not carried out before the end of the war. German troops march into Austria on 12 March 1938. ... Nazism in history Nazi ideology Nazism and race Outside Germany Related subjects Lists Politics Portal         Nazism or National Socialism (German: Nationalsozialismus), refers primarily to the ideology and practices of the Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers Party, German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) under Adolf Hitler. ... The main entrance just after the liberation Memorial at the camp in 1997 Dachau was a Nazi German concentration camp, and the first one opened in Germany, located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions factory near the medieval town of Dachau, about 16 km (10 miles) northwest of Munich... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mauthausen (from summer 1940, Mauthausen-Gusen) was a group of 49 Nazi concentration camps situated around the small town of Mauthausen in Upper Austria, about 20 kilometers east of the city of Linz. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... Capital punishment, or the death penalty, is the execution of a convicted criminal by the state as punishment for crimes known as capital crimes or capital offences. ...


After the defeat of the Nazis, the Allies occupied Austria at the end of World War II. The Russian Military Commander asked Figl to manage the provision of food for the population of Vienna. On April 14, 1945, he refounded the Bauernbund and integrated it into the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP), which was founded three days later. Figl was elected vice chair. On April 27 he became interim Governor of Lower Austria and vice-minister. Look up ally in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Austrian Peoples Party or Österreichische Volkspartei is an Austrian political party. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... Map of Lower Austria showing districts and the four quarters (Waldviertel in green, Weinviertel in red, Mostviertel in yellow and Industrieviertel in blue) Lower Austria (de: Niederösterreich) is one of the nine states or Bundesländer in Austria. ...


At the first free elections since 1934, held in December 1945, the ÖVP won an absolute majority. Leopold Figl was proposed as Chancellor; the Soviets agreed, because of his opposition to the Nazis and his managerial abilities. He was very popular, to which lots of jokes about home provide evidence, e.g. concerning "wine policy" with the USA and the "Russian bear".[citation needed] From 1945 until 1966 a grand coalition between his own party and the Socialists (SPÖ) was able to solve the serious economic and social problems of the devastated country. The USA's Marshall Plan was also a great help. Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The elections to the Austrian National Council held in fall of 1945 were the first after World War II. Surprisingly, the KPÖ only gained four seats, even though it was strongly supported by the Soviet Union, which had its troups in the east of the country. ... The Chancellor of Austria (in German: Bundeskanzler) is the head of government in Austria. ... CCCP redirects here. ... Nazism in history Nazi ideology Nazism and race Outside Germany Related subjects Lists Politics Portal         Nazism or National Socialism (German: Nationalsozialismus), refers primarily to the ideology and practices of the Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers Party, German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) under Adolf Hitler. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... A coalition is an alliance among entities, during which they cooperate in joint action, each in their own self-interest. ... The Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ) is a political party in Austria. ... Map of Cold-War era Europe and the Near East showing countries that received Marshall Plan aid. ...


After internal criticism, Figl resigned as Chancellor on November 26, 1953. His successor Julius Raab was less flexible towards the SPÖ, but was Chancellor when the Austrian State Treaty, which granted full independence to the country, was signed on May 15, 1955. However, Figl was strongly involved in its achievement, as he remained in the government as foreign minister. is the 330th day of the year (331st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Julius Raab (November 29, 1891 - January 8, 1964) was a Conservative Austrian politician. ... The Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ) is a political party in Austria. ... Occupation zones in Austria, 1945-1955 The Austrian Independence Treaty (complete form: Treaty for the re-establishment of an independent and democratic Austria, signed in Vienna on the 15 May 1955), more commonly referred to as the Austrian State Treaty (German Staatsvertrag), was signed on May 15, 1955 in Vienna... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... A minister for foreign affairs, or foreign minister, is a governmental cabinet minister who helps form the foreign policy of a sovereign nation. ...


At the national elections of 1959 the SPÖ gained ground on the ÖVP, and the ratio of seats between the two parties in parliament was now almost 1:1. This gave the SPÖ the bargaining power to demand that Bruno Kreisky succeed him as foreign minister. Figl then became president of the National Council, but soon returned to Lower Austria, to become governor of his home state. Figl was patron of the Pfadfinder Österreichs between 1960 and 1964 and president of this Scout association from 1964 until his death. His son Johannes was International Commissioner of the Pfadfinder Österreichs and president of the Pfadfinder und Pfadfinderinnen Österreichs from 1994 to 2000. He died 1965 in Vienna. In the elections to the Austrian National Council of 1959, the SPÖ leaped ahead of the ÖVP in votes, but trailed behind it by one seat. ... Bruno Kreisky Bruno Kreisky (January 22, 1911—July 29, 1990) was a jewish -Austrian politician. ... The National Council or Nationalrat is one of the two houses of the Federal Assembly, the bicameral federal parliament of the Federal Republic of Austria. ... Map of Lower Austria showing districts and the four quarters (Waldviertel in green, Weinviertel in red, Mostviertel in yellow and Industrieviertel in blue) Lower Austria (de: Niederösterreich) is one of the nine states or Bundesländer in Austria. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Membership badge of Pfadfinder und Pfadfinderinnen Österreichs Pfadfinder und Pfadfinderinnen Österreichs (PPÖ; Austrian Boy Scouts and Girl Guides) is the largest Scouting and Guiding organization in Austria and the only one approved by World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts (WAGGGS) and the World Organization of the Scout Movement... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ...

Preceded by:
Karl Renner
Chancellor of Austria
1945-1953
Succeeded by:
Julius Raab
Preceded by:
Karl Gruber
Foreign Minister of Austria
1953-1959
Succeeded by:
Bruno Kreisky
Scouting Portal
Karl Renner Monument to Karl Renner next to the Austrian Parliament, Ringstraße, Vienna, Austria Karl Renner (December 14, 1870 - December 31, 1950) was an Austrian politician. ... The Federal Chancellor of Austria (Bundeskanzler) is the Austria. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Julius Raab (November 29, 1891 - January 8, 1964) was a Conservative Austrian politician. ... Karl Gruber (born May 3, 1909 in Innsbruck; died February 1, 1995 in Innsbruck) was an Austrian politician and diplomat. ... For other uses, see Austria (disambiguation). ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Bruno Kreisky Bruno Kreisky (January 22, 1911—July 29, 1990) was a jewish -Austrian politician. ... The Chancellor of Austria (in German: Bundeskanzler) is the head of government in Austria. ... Capital Vienna Language(s) German Religion Roman Catholicism Government Republic President  - 1919–20 Karl Seitz  - 1920–28 Michael Hainisch  - 1928–38 Wilhelm Miklas Chancellor  - 1918–20 Karl Renner (first)  - 1922–29 Ignaz Seipel (brief absence 1924–26)  - 1932–34 Engelbert Dollfuß  - 1934–38 Kurt Schuschnigg  - 1938 Arthur Seyß-Inquart (last... Karl Renner Monument to Karl Renner next to the Austrian Parliament, Ringstraße, Vienna, Austria Karl Renner (December 14, 1870 - December 31, 1950) was an Austrian politician. ... Michael Mayr (April 10, 1864 – May 21, 1922) was Chancellor of Austria in the First Austrian Republic, from November 1920 to June 1921. ... Ignaz Seipel (19 July 1876 - 2 August 1932) was an Austrian politician who served as Chancellor during the 1920s. ... This page may meet Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Ignaz Seipel (19 July 1876 - 2 August 1932) was an Austrian politician who served as Chancellor during the 1920s. ... Ernst Streeruwitz (1874 - 1952) was an Austrian political figure. ... Karl Vaugoin (1873 - 1949) was a Austrian political figure. ... Karl Buresch (born on October 12, 1878 in Groß-Enzersdorf - died on September 16, 1936 in Vienna) was a lawyer, christian-socialist politician and Chancellor of Austria during the First Republic. ... Engelbert Dollfuss. ... Kurt Schuschnigg in a propagando manifesto. ... Arthur Seyss-Inquart Arthur Seyss-Inquart (born Arthur Zajtich, officially (German) Arthur Seyß-Inquart) (July 22, 1892 – October 16, 1946) was a prominent Nazi official in Austria and for wartime Germany in Poland and the Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Austria_Bundesadler. ... The Second Austrian Republic was founded in 1945 with the re-establishment of Austrian independence in the aftermath of World War II. The First Republic is considered to have come to an end either in 1938, with Germanys annexation of the country (the Anschluss), or with the establishment of... Karl Renner Monument to Karl Renner next to the Austrian Parliament, Ringstraße, Vienna, Austria Karl Renner (December 14, 1870 - December 31, 1950) was an Austrian politician. ... Julius Raab (November 29, 1891 - January 8, 1964) was a Conservative Austrian politician. ... Alfons Gorbach (born September 2, 1898, Imst; died July 31, 1972, Graz) was an Austrian politician who served as Chancellor of Austria from 1961-64. ... Josef Klaus (August 15, 1910, Kötschach-Mauthen, Carinthia - July 26, 2001, Vienna) was an Austrian Christian/Conservative politician of the Peoples Party (ÖVP) and the Federal Chancellor (Bundeskanzler) from 1964 to 1970. ... Bruno Kreisky Bruno Kreisky (January 22, 1911—July 29, 1990) was a jewish -Austrian politician. ... Fred Sinowatz (born February 5, 1929 in Neufeld an der Leitha, Burgenland) is a former Austrian politician of the Social Democratic Party of Austria (Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ). He was Chancellor of Austria from 1983 to 1986. ... Franz Vranitzky ~1990, Austrian Chancellor 1986-96. ... Viktor Klima Viktor Klima (born 4 June 1947), a Social Democratic Austrian politician, was Federal Chancellor of Austria (Bundeskanzler) from 1997 till his resignation in 2000. ... Wolfgang Schüssel Wolfgang Schüssel (born on June 7, 1945 in Vienna, Austria) is a Christian Democratic Austrian politician. ... Alfred Gusenbauer (born February 8, 1960) has been the leader of the Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ) since 2000. ... The Foreign Minister of Austria is responsible for handling Austrias foreign policy. ... Capital Vienna Language(s) German Religion Roman Catholicism Government Republic President  - 1919–20 Karl Seitz  - 1920–28 Michael Hainisch  - 1928–38 Wilhelm Miklas Chancellor  - 1918–20 Karl Renner (first)  - 1922–29 Ignaz Seipel (brief absence 1924–26)  - 1932–34 Engelbert Dollfuß  - 1934–38 Kurt Schuschnigg  - 1938 Arthur Seyß-Inquart (last... Memorial to Victor Adler, Vienna Victor Adler (June 24, 1852 Prague – November 11, 1918 Vienna) was an Austrian Social Democratic leader. ... Otto Bauer (1881 - July 4, 1938) was an Austrian Social Democrat who is considered one of the leading thinkers of the Austro-Marxist movement. ... Karl Renner Monument to Karl Renner next to the Austrian Parliament, Ringstraße, Vienna, Austria Karl Renner (December 14, 1870 - December 31, 1950) was an Austrian politician. ... Michael Mayr (April 10, 1864 – May 21, 1922) was Chancellor of Austria in the First Austrian Republic, from November 1920 to June 1921. ... This page may meet Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Ignaz Seipel (19 July 1876 - 2 August 1932) was an Austrian politician who served as Chancellor during the 1920s. ... Ernst Streeruwitz (1874 - 1952) was an Austrian political figure. ... Ignaz Seipel (19 July 1876 - 2 August 1932) was an Austrian politician who served as Chancellor during the 1920s. ... Karl Buresch (born on October 12, 1878 in Groß-Enzersdorf - died on September 16, 1936 in Vienna) was a lawyer, christian-socialist politician and Chancellor of Austria during the First Republic. ... Engelbert Dollfuss. ... Kurt Schuschnigg in a propagando manifesto. ... Guido Schmidt (* January 15, 1901 in Bludenz, Austria; † December 5, 1957 in Vienna, Austria) was an Austrian diplomat and politician. ... Wilhelm Wolf (October 19, 1898) - (November 9, 1923)-He was a business and a early member of the Nazi Party, who participated in Hitlers failed Beer Hall Putsch and was killed in the courtyard along with fifteen others. ... Image File history File links Austria_Bundesadler. ... The Second Austrian Republic was founded in 1945 with the re-establishment of Austrian independence in the aftermath of World War II. The First Republic is considered to have come to an end either in 1938, with Germanys annexation of the country (the Anschluss), or with the establishment of... Karl Gruber (born May 3, 1909 in Innsbruck; died February 1, 1995 in Innsbruck) was an Austrian politician and diplomat. ... Bruno Kreisky Bruno Kreisky (January 22, 1911—July 29, 1990) was a jewish -Austrian politician. ... Lujo Tončić-Sorinj [loo-yoh tontch-ich sor-iny (ny like the ñ in España)] (Born April 12, 1915 in Vienna, died May 20, 2005 in Salzburg) was an Austrian diplomat and politician of the Austrian Peoples Party (ÖVP). ... Kurt Josef Waldheim (21 December 1918 – 14 June 2007) was an Austrian diplomat and politician. ... Rudolf Kirchschläger Rudolf Kirchschläger (born March 20, 1915, death March 30, 2000) was an Austrian diplomat, politician, judge and from 1974 to 1986 Austrian president. ... Erich Bielka (* 15. ... Willibald Pahr, (born in Vienna on June 5, 1930 is an Austrian politician and diplomat,. 1976-1983 Austrian Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1983-1986 ambassador in Bonn. ... Erwin Lanc, (born in Vienna, May 17, 1930) is a former Austrian bank employee and politician (SPÖ, Austrian Social Democratic Party). ... Leopold Gratz in 1980 Leopold Gratz (November 4, 1929—March 2, 2006) was an Austrian politician. ... Peter Jankowitsch (born in Vienna, July 10, 1933) is a former Austrian diplomat and politician. ... Dr. Alois Mock (born June 10, 1934) is a politician and member of the Christian-conservative Austrian Peoples Party (ÖVP). ... Wolfgang Schüssel Wolfgang Schüssel (born on June 7, 1945 in Vienna, Austria) is a Christian Democratic Austrian politician. ... Benita Ferrero-Waldner (born September 5, 1948) is the European Commissioner for External Relations and European Neighbourhood Policy and an Austrian diplomat and politician. ... Ursula Plassnik Ursula Plassnik (born May 23, 1956 in Klagenfurt) is an Austrian diplomat and politician. ... The Austrian Peoples Party (de:Österreichische Volkspartei, or ÖVP) is an Austrian political party. ... Julius Raab (November 29, 1891 - January 8, 1964) was a Conservative Austrian politician. ... Alfons Gorbach (born September 2, 1898, Imst; died July 31, 1972, Graz) was an Austrian politician who served as Chancellor of Austria from 1961-64. ... Josef Klaus (August 15, 1910, Kötschach-Mauthen, Carinthia - July 26, 2001, Vienna) was an Austrian Christian/Conservative politician of the Peoples Party (ÖVP) and the Federal Chancellor (Bundeskanzler) from 1964 to 1970. ... Dr. Alois Mock (born June 10, 1934) is a politician and member of the Christian-conservative Austrian Peoples Party (ÖVP). ... Erhard Busek (born March 25, 1941 in Vienna, Austria) is a politician from the Christian-conservative Peoples Party (ÖVP). ... Wolfgang Schüssel Wolfgang Schüssel (born on June 7, 1945 in Vienna, Austria) is a Christian Democratic Austrian politician. ... Wilhelm Molterer (born 14 May 1955 in Steyr) is an Austrian politician, (ÖVP) Vice Chancellor of Austria and Minister of Finance and acting head of the conservative Austrian Peoples Party. ... Image File history File links Scout_logo2. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Leopold Figl information - Search.com (511 words)
Leopold Figl (October 2 1902 in Rust, Lower Austria, - May 9 1965 in Vienna) was an Austrian politician of the ÖVP (Christian Democrats)and the first Federal Chancellor after the Second World War.
Leopold Figl was proposed as Chancellor; the Soviets agreed, because of his opposition to the Nazis and his managerial abilities.
However, Figl was strongly involved in its achievement, as he remained in the government as foreign minister.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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