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Encyclopedia > Leontios
Leontios, showing the symbols of power: the crown, the globus cruciger, and the akakia. On the reverse, a potent cross on three steps.
Leontios, showing the symbols of power: the crown, the globus cruciger, and the akakia. On the reverse, a potent cross on three steps.

Leontios or Leontius (Greek: Λεόντιος, Latin: LEONTIVS), (d. 705), was Byzantine emperor from 695 to 698. His actual and official name was Leo (Λέων, Leōn), but he is known by the name used for him in Byzantine chronicles. Image File history File links Leontius AV Solidus. ... Image File history File links Leontius AV Solidus. ... Queen Elizabeth II held a globus cruciger, called the Sovereigns Orb, for her coronation portrait in 1953. ... Byzantine Emperor Constantine VIII, holding akakia on the reverso of this coin. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... This is a list of Byzantine Emperors. ...

Leontios was born in Isauria and was originally a successful general in the army of Byzantium; Emperor Constantine IV appointed him strategos of the Anatolic theme, and it was Leontios whom Justinian II sent to turn back the Arabs in Georgia and Armenia in 686. Using ruthless and cruel (even by the day's standards) tactics, Leontios carried the war into Azerbaijan and Albania in the Caucasus. Indeed, it was largely because of Leontios that the Caliph Abd al-Malik renewed the treaty with Byzantium, giving some favorable concessions to boot. Leontios was imprisoned by Justinian after losing to the Arabs at the Battle of Sebastopolis in 693 when a large Slavic contingent deserted, turning the tide of the battle. During Leontios' imprisonment, the war against the Arabs flared up again, and Justinian was getting the worst of it. So he freed Leontios in 695 and appointed him stategos of the Helladic theme, but Leontios immediately organized a revolt against the emperor. With the help of the Blue faction, Patriarch Kallinikos, and his own military prowess and fame, Leontios soon deposed Justinian, exiling him to Cherson in the Crimea (after having his nose and tongue slit). Isauria, in ancient geography, is a rugged isolated district in the interior of South Asia Minor, of very different extent at different periods, but generally covering much of what is now Antalya province of Turkey, or the core of the Taurus Mountains. ... Constantine IV on a contemporary coin Constantine IV (649-685); sometimes incorrectly called Pogonatus, meaning the Bearded, like his father; was Byzantine emperor from 668-685. ... The term strategos (plural strategoi; Greek στρατηγός) is used in Greek to mean general. In the hellenistic and Byzantine Empires the term was also used to describe a military governor. ... The themata in 950. ... Justinian II, known as Rhinotmetus (the Split-nosed) (669-711) was a Byzantine emperor of the Heraclian Dynasty, reigned from 685 to 695 and again from 704 to 711. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Caucasus Mountains. ... Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan (646-705) (Arabic: عبد المالك بن مروان ) was an Umayyad caliph. ... Languages Arabic other languages (Arab minorities) Religions Predominantly Muslim Some adherents of Druze, Judaism, Samaritan, Christianity Related ethnic groups Mizrachi Jews, Sephardi Jews[], Ashkenazi Jews, Canaanites, other Semitic-speaking groups An Arab (Arabic: ‎; transliteration: ) is a member of a Semitic-speaking people originally from the Arabian peninsula and surrounding territories... Distribution of Slavic people by language The Slavic peoples (Greek: , Latin: , Arabic: ‎ á¹¢aqālibä, Old Church Slavonic: , Russian: , Polish: , Serbo-Croatian: ) are a linguistic and ethnic branch of Indo-European peoples, living mainly in Europe, where they constitute roughly a third of the population. ... Tauric Chersonesos, Greek Χερσονασος (Chersones, Khersones, Korsun, Russian: Херсонес) was the Greek settlement founded approximately 2500 years ago in the southwestern part of Crimean (Taurian) Peninsula. ... Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Capital Simferopol Largest cities Simferopol, Eupatoria, Kerch, Theodosia, Yalta Official language Ukrainian. ...

During his unpopular reign, Leontios (formally "Leo"), refrained from most military operations, attempting to consolidate the empire; this inactivity and defensive posture led to Abd al-Malik dispatching an expedition to take Carthage, which fell in 697. Now Leontios sent the admiral John the Patrician to retake Carthage; while he initially succeeded in capturing the harbor and most of the city, Arab reinforcements pushed his forces back to Crete. Fearful of Leontios' punishment, the soldiers mutinied against John, raising up Apsimaros, the drungary of the Cibyrrhaeots, and launched a rebellion against Leontios in 698; it succeeded in its siege of Constantinople, as the plague-wracked capital opened its gates to the rebels. The emperor was deposed and mutilated by Tiberios III (Apsimaros' regnal name) and imprisoned in monastery of Psamathion in Constantinople. Leontios was later paraded through the streets and executed when Justinian II returned to power in 705. Carthage (Greek: , Arabic: ‎, Latin: ) refers both to an ancient city in North Africa located in modern day Tunis and to the civilization that developed within the citys sphere of influence. ... For the famous World War II battle, see: Battle of Crete For other uses, see Crete (disambiguation). ... Bubonic plague is the best-known variant of the deadly infectious disease plague, which is caused by the enterobacteria Yersinia pestis. ...

A description of the rise and fall of Leontios, and specifically the desertion of the Slavic troops at Sebastopolis, can be found in the novel Justinian by H. N. Turteltaub. Justinian (ISBN 0-8125-4527-3), was published in 1998 by Tor Books. ...


  • The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, Oxford University Press, 1991.

External links

  •  Media on Leontius in the Wikicommons.
  • "Leontius (695-98 A.D.)" -(from De Imperatoribus Romanis, "An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors")
Preceded by
Justinian II
Byzantine Emperor
Succeeded by
Tiberios III

  Results from FactBites:
Leontios married Mary TREMETOUSIOTOU -[226] [MRIN:106], daughter of ANTREAS(APOSTRATOS)TREMETOUSIOTIS -[662] and Eleni APOSTRATOU -[654].
Mary married Leontios LEONTIOU -[165] [MRIN:106], son of Theoris Leonti HADJIXRISTOUDIA -[164] and Margarita HADJIGIANNI -[140].
AllRefer.com - Cyprus - British Annexation | Cypriot Information Resource (1176 words)
When Archbishop Cyril III died in 1933 leaving Bishop Leontios of Paphos as locum tenens, church officials wanted the exiled bishops returned for the election of a new archbishop.
The colonial administration refused, stating that the votes could be sent from abroad; the church authorities objected, and the resulting stalemate kept the office vacant from 1933 until 1947.
In June 1947, Leontios was elected archbishop, ending the fourteen-year British embarrassment at being blamed for the vacant archbishopric.
  More results at FactBites »



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