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Encyclopedia > Leonard Woolley

Sir Charles Leonard Woolley (17 April 188020 February 1960) was a British archaeologist, best known for his excavations at Ur in Sumerancient Mesopotamia. He was knighted in 1935 for his services to archaeology. April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... 1880 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... February 20 is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... For excavation in civil engineering see earthworks (engineering). ... UR, Ur, or ur can refer to several things: The City of Ur Ur can be used as shorthand in online communication - referring to the word words You are. EG. ur crazy Ur, the first known continent Royal Game of Ur Unreal the computer game Ur is the name of... Sumer (or Shumer, Sumeria, Egyptian Sangar, Bib. ... This is an article about the ancient middle eastern region. ... 1935(MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Importance and applicability Most of human history is not described by any written records. ...

Woolley was born in London, and educated at New College, Oxford. In 1905, he became assistant keeper of the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. Then, on the recommendation of Sir Arthur Evans, he became the first supervisor of the Corstopitum excavations at Corbridge in Northumberland, in 1906 and 1907, under the direction of Francis Haverfield. He carried out major excavations at Carchemish just before the First World War. His work at Ur began in 1922, and he made important discoveries in the course of excavating the royal cemeteries there. Woolley was one of the first "modern" archaeologists. London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and of England. ... College name New College Named after Blessed Virgin Mary Established 1379 Sister College Kings College Warden Prof. ... 1905 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Ashmolean Museum (in full the Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology) in Oxford, England is the worlds first university museum. ... Oxford is a city and local government district in Oxfordshire, England, with a population of 134,248 (2001 census). ... For Arthur Evans, the recipient of the Victoria Cross, see Arthur Evans (VC) Sir Arthur John Evans (July 8, 1851 - July 11, 1941), brought into the light of day the civilization he dubbed Minoan, which had been a dim mythic memory. ... Corbridge is a town in Northumberland, England, situated 25 km (16 miles) west of Newcastle and 6 km (4 miles) east of Hexham. ... For other places with this name, see Northumberland (disambiguation) Northumberland is a traditional, ceremonial and administrative county in northern England. ... Carchemish (pr. ... World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machine guns, and poison gas World War I, also known as the First World War, the Great War, the War of the Nations and... 1922 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...

Woolley first started working as Assistant Keeper of the Ashmolean Museum at Oxford from 1905 until 1907. He worked with T.E. Lawrence from 1912 to 1914 and later in 1919 clearing Carchemish, the Hittite city, and in Sinai. Woolley also worked in Tell el Amarna with the Egypt Exploration Society. From 1922 through 1934 he was in charge of the joint venture between the British Museum and the University of Pennsylvania excavating at Ur of the Chaldees where he made his greatest discovery.

The Ur of Chaldees, found in present-day Iraq, was the royal burial site of many Mesopotamian royalties. Woolley discovered tombs of great material wealth. Inside these tombs were large paintings of ancient Mesopotamian culture at its zenith, along with amazing pieces of gold and silver jewelry, cups and other furnishings. The most extravagant tomb was that of “Queen” Pu-Abi. Amazingly enough, Queen Pu-Abi’s tomb was untouched by the hands of looters through the millennia. Inside the tomb, many well-preserved items were found including a cylindrical seal bearing her name in Sumerian. Her body was found buried along with her attendants who had poisoned themselves in order to join her and continue to serve her. Woolley reconstructed her funeral ceremony from the findings in her tomb. Today her headdress, cylinder seal and her body are on display at the University of Pennsylvania.

In 1936, after his discoveries at Ur, Woolley was interested in finding ties between the ancient Aegean and Mesopotamian civilizations. This led him to the Syrian city of al-Mina. From 1937 to 1939 and from 1946 to 1949 he was in Tell Atchana/Alalakh. Leonard Woolley was knighted in 1935. Agatha Christie wrote Murder in Mesopotamia because she was inspired by the discovery of the royal tombs. She later married his younger assistant, Max Mallowan. Alalakh is the name of an ancient city and its associated city-state of the Amuq River valley, located in the Hatay region of southern Turkey near the city of Antakya (ancient Antioch), and now represented by an extensive city-mound known as Tell Atchana. ... Max Mallowan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


Woolley wrote over 25 books. Two of his more famous books are Spadework: Adventures in Archaeology, published in 1953 and Excavations at Ur: A Record of 12 Years’ Work, published in 1954.


  • Horne, Lee. “Ur and its Treasures: The Royal Tombs.” Expedition Magazine. Vol. 40, No. 2 1998. http://mcclungmuseum.utk.edu/specex/ur/ur-hist.htm. 27 Sept. 1999.
  • Klein, Richard G. “Sir Leonard Woolley.” World Book Encyclopedia. Ed. A. Richard Harmet. Chicago: World Book, Inc., 1990.
  • Nelson Group. “Bowers Museum Hosts the Royal Tombs of Ur.” NCG Gazette. http://www.nelsongroup.com/sub-bowers.html. 26 Sept. 1999.
  • University of Pennsylvania. “The Royal Tombs of Ur History of Art 101 Recitation Two: Week of September 16.” http://www.arth.upenn.edu/101/recitation/recitation02text.html. 26 Sept. 1999.
  • University of Pennsylvania. “Tomb Chamber of RT 800.” http://www.arthistory.upenn.edu/522/puabi/chamber.html. 26 Sept. 1999.
  • Woolley, Sir Leonard. Ur of the Chaldees: A Record of Seven Years of Excavation. Norton and Company, Inc., New York. 1965.http://www.cc.ukans.edu/~hoopes/standard.htm. 27 Sept. 1999.

  Results from FactBites:
Leonard Woolley - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (520 words)
Sir Charles Leonard Woolley (17 April 1880–20 February 1960) was a British archaeologist, best known for his excavations at Ur in Mesopotamia.
Woolley was born in London, and educated at New College, Oxford.
Woolley was one of the first "modern" archaeologists.
  More results at FactBites »



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