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Encyclopedia > Leonard Bloomfield

Leonard Bloomfield (April 1, 1887 - April 18, 1949) was an American linguist, whose influence dominated the development of structural linguistics in America between the 1930s and the 1950s. He is especially known for his book Language (1933), describing the state of the art of linguistics at its time. April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... The following is a list of linguists, those who study linguistics. ... Structuralism is a general approach in various academic disciplines that explores the interrelationships between fundamental elements of some kind, upon which some higher mental, linguistic, social, cultural etc structures are built, through which then meaning is produced within a particular person, system, culture. ...


Bloomfield was the main founder of the Linguistic Society of America. The Linguistic Society of America (LSA) is an organization devoted to the scientific study of human language, and is the major professional society for linguistic researchers in North America and beyond. ...


Bloomfield's thought was mainly characterized by its behavioristic principles for the study of meaning, its insistence on formal procedures for the analysis of language data, as well as a general concern to provide linguistics with rigorous scientific methodology. Its pre-eminence decreased in the late 1950s and 1960s, after the emergence of Generative Grammar. Behaviorism or behaviourism is an approach to psychology based on the proposition that behavior can be researched scientifically without recourse to inner mental states. ... The scientific method refers to a body of techniques for investigating phenomena and acquiring new knowledge of the natural world, as well as the correction and integration of previous knowledge, based on observable, empirical, measurable evidence, and subject to laws of reasoning. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Generative linguistics. ...


Bloomfield also began the genetic examination of the Algonquian language family with his reconstruction of Proto-Algonquian; his seminal paper on the family remains a cornerstone of Algonquian historical linguistics today. The Algonquian languages are a subfamily of Native American languages that includes most of the languages in the Algic language family (others are Wiyot and Yurok of northwestern California). ... Algonquian Indians are one of the most populous and widespread North American Native groups, with tribes originally numbering in the hundreds, and hundreds of thousands who still identify with various Algonquian peoples. ...


Publications

  • 1911: "The Indo-European Palatals in Sanskrit". in: The American Journal of Philology 32/1, pp. 36-57.
  • 1914: Introduction to the Study of Language. New York: Henery Holt and Co. ISBN 90-272-1892-7.
  • 1914: "Sentence and Word". in: Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 45, pp. 65-75.
  • 1916: "Subject and Predicate". in: Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 47, pp. 13-22.
  • 1917: (with Alfredo Viola Santiago) Tagalog texts with grammatical analysis. University of Illinois studies in language and literature, 3.2-4. Urbana, Illinois.
  • 1924: "Notes on the Fox language". in: International Journal of American Linguistics 3, pp. 219-232.
  • 1926: "A set of postulates for the science of language". in: Language 2, pp. 153-164 (reprinted in: Martin Joos (ed.), Readings in Linguistics I, Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press 1957, pp. 26-31).
  • 1927: "Literate and illiterate speech". in: American Speech 2, pp. 432-441.
  • 1927: "On Some Rules of Pāṇini". in: Journal of the American Oriental Society 47, pp. 61-70.
  • 1928: Menomini Texts. American Ethnological Society Publications 12. New York. ISBN 0-404-58162-5.
  • 1930: Sacred stories of the Sweet Grass Cree. National Museum of Canada Bulletin, 60 (Anthropological Series 11). Ottawa. ISBN 0-404-11821-6.
  • 1933: Language. New York: Henry Holt and Co. ISBN 0-226-06067-5, ISBN 90-272-1892-7.
  • 1935: "Linguistic aspects of science". in: Philosophy of Science 2/4, pp. 499-517.
  • 1939: "Menomini morphophonemics". in: Travaux du Cercle Linguistique de Prague 8, pp. 105-115.
  • 1939: Linguistic aspects of science. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • 1942: Outline guide for the practical study of foreign languages. Baltimore.
  • 1962: The Menomini language. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  • 1970: Charles F. Hockett (ed.), A Leonard Bloomfield Anthology. Indiana University Press.ISBN 0-226-06071-3.
  • 2006: "diana y mario"

Indian postage stamp depicting (2004), with the implication that he used (पाणिनि; IPA ) was an ancient Indian grammarian (traditionally 520–460 BC, but estimates range from the 7th to 4th centuries BC) who lived in Gandhara and is most famous for his Sanskrit grammar, particularly for his formulation of the 3... Charles F. Hockett (January 17, 1916 - November 3, 2000) was an important American linguistic theoretician, student of Leonard Bloomfield, who developed many influential ideas of American structuralism. ...

References

  • Hall, Robert A. Jr. Leonard Bloomfield: Essays on his life and work. Amsterdam: Benjamins 1987. ISBN 90-272-4530-4.
  • Hockett, Charles F.. "Leonard Bloomfield : after fifty years". in: Historiographia linguistica (international journal for the history of the language sciences) 26/3 (1999), pp. 295-311. [1]
  • Fought, John G. "Leonard Bloomfield’s linguistic legacy : later uses of some technical features". in: Historiographie linguistica 26/3 (1999), pp. 313-332. [2]
  • Manaster Ramer, Alexis. "Ever since Bloomfield". in: Proceedings of the international congress of linguists 15/1 (1992-3), pp. 308-310. [3]

Charles F. Hockett (January 17, 1916 - November 3, 2000) was an important American linguistic theoretician, student of Leonard Bloomfield, who developed many influential ideas of American structuralism. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Leonard Bloomfield - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (406 words)
Leonard Bloomfield (April 1, 1887 - April 18, 1949) was an American linguist, whose influence dominated the development of structural linguistics in America between the 1930s and the 1950s.
Bloomfield was the main founder of the Linguistic Society of America.
Bloomfield's thought was mainly characterized by its behavioristic principles for the study of meaning, its insistence on formal procedures for the analysis of language data, as well as a general concern to provide linguistics with rigorous scientific methodology.
4 (14256 words)
Bloomfield thus has to infer that ‘there are no actual synonyms’, but does admit ‘homonyms’, adding: ‘our basic assumption is true only within limits, even though its general truth is presupposed not only in linguistic study, but by all our actual use of language’.
Bloomfield starts from the idea of ‘language’ being ‘our way of communicating the kind of things that do not lend themselves to drawing’; if meaning is defined as the speaker's situation (4.14), this idea implies that ‘most situations contain features that do not lend themselves to picturing’ (BL 284f).
But Bloomfield limits his ideas about ‘kernels’ or ‘underlying forms’ to morphology (4.59), where ‘the structural order of constituents’ ‘may differ from their actual sequence’, and ‘the descriptive order of grammatical features is a fiction’ serving ‘our method of describing the forms’ (BL 210, 213).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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