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Encyclopedia > Leominster
Leominster

Leominster shown within Herefordshire
Population 11,000
OS grid reference SO496591
Unitary authority Herefordshire
Ceremonial county Herefordshire
Region West Midlands
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LEOMINSTER
Postcode district HR6
Dialling code 01568
Police West Mercia
Fire Hereford and Worcester
Ambulance West Midlands
UK Parliament Leominster
European Parliament West Midlands
List of places: UKEnglandHerefordshire

Coordinates: 52°13′42″N 2°44′19″W / 52.2282, -2.7385 Image File history File links Size of this preview: 478 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (569 × 714 pixels, file size: 271 KB, MIME type: image/png) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... Herefordshire is a historic and ceremonial county and unitary district (known as County of Herefordshire) in the West Midlands region of England. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... Herefordshire is a historic and ceremonial county and unitary district (known as County of Herefordshire) in the West Midlands region of England. ... The Ceremonial counties of England are areas of England that are appointed a Lord-Lieutenant, and are defined by the government with reference to the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England. ... Herefordshire is a historic and ceremonial county and unitary district (known as County of Herefordshire) in the West Midlands region of England. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... The West Midlands is an official Region of England, covering the western half of the Midlands. ... Constituent countries is a phrase used, often by official institutions, in contexts in which a number of countries make up a larger entity or grouping, concerning these countries; thus the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has used the phrase in reference to the parts of former Yugoslavia... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The HR postcode area, also known as the Hereford postcode area[2], is a group of postal districts around Bromyard, Hereford, Kington, Ledbury, Leominster and Ross-on-Wye in England. ... +44 redirects here. ... West Mercia Constabulary is the Home Office police force responsible for policing the counties of Shropshire (including Telford and Wrekin), Herefordshire and Worcestershire in England. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... The Hereford and Worcester Fire and Rescue Service is the statutory fire and rescue service covering Herefordshire and Worcestershire in the West Midlands region of England. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Map of the West Midlands Ambulance Services coverage The West Midlands Ambulance Service NHS Trust is the authority responsible for providing NHS ambulance services in Herefordshire, Shropshire,Staffordshire, Telford and Wrekin, Warwickshire, West Midlands, and Worcestershire in the West Midlands region. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Leominster is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... West Midlands is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places within counties List of places in Bedfordshire List of places in Berkshire List of places in Buckinghamshire List of places in Cambridgeshire List of places in Cheshire List of places in Cleveland List of places... This is a list of cities, towns and villages in the county of Herefordshire, England. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Leominster (pronounced IPA: /ˈlemstɚ/; Welsh: Llanllieni) is a market town at grid reference SO496590 in Herefordshire, England. It has a population of approximately 11,000 and is on the River Lugg and its tributary the River Kenwater in North Herefordshire. Nickname: Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Worcester County Settled 1653 Incorporated 1740 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Dean J. Mazzarella  - City Council Dennis A. Rosa John Dombrowski James Lanciani, Jr Virginia Tocci David E. Rowlands (Ward 1) Wayne A. Nickel (Ward 2) Claire M... Welsh redirects here, and this article describes the Welsh language. ... The market town is a medieval phenomenon. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... Herefordshire is a historic and ceremonial county and unitary district (known as County of Herefordshire) in the West Midlands region of England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The River Lugg rises near Presteigne, Wales (OS ref: 309649), then flows through Herefordshire, England, including the town of Leominster, to become a tributary of the River Wye, which it joins at Mordiford, 9 miles downstream of Hereford and 45 miles from its source. ... The River Kenwater is a short tributary of the River Lugg. ...


From 1974 to 1996, Leominster served as the administrative centre for the former local government district of Leominster. Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... Categories: Stub ...

Contents

Etymology

The town takes its name from a minster, that is a community of clergy in the district of Lene or Leon, probably in turn from an Old Welsh root lei to flow.[1]. Contrary to certain reports, the name has nothing to do with Leofric, an 11th century Earl of Mercia (most famous for being the miserly husband of Lady Godiva). The Welsh name for Leominster, still used today on the Welsh side of the nearby border, is Llanllieni. In English usage a Minster is a grand type of church; the term may be extended to apply to a cathedral, such as York Minster and Southwell Minster. ... Old Welsh (Hen Gymraeg) is the label attached to the Welsh language from the time it developed from the Brythonic language, generally thought to be in the period between the middle of the 6th century and the middle of the 7th century, until the early 12th century when it developed... Leofric (born 968, died 31 August or 30 September 1057) was the Earl of Mercia and founded monasteries at Coventry and Much Wenlock. ... For other uses of Godiva, see Godiva (disambiguation). ...


History

According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, a raid by Gruffudd ap Llywelyn on Leominster in 1052 resulted in the Battle of Llanllieni, between the Welsh and a combined force of Normans and English Saxons. The initial page of the Peterborough Chronicle. ... See also Gruffydd ap Llywelyn Fawr Gruffydd ap Llywelyn (c. ... This article is about the country. ... Norman conquests in red. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Saxon (disambiguation). ...


Henry II bestowed the minster and its estates on Reading Abbey, which founded a priory at Leominster in 1121, although there was one here from Saxon times[2]. Its Priory Church of St Peter and St Paul, which now serves as the parish church, is the remaining part of this 12th century Benedictine monastery. Quatrefoil piers were inserted between 1872-79 by Sir George Gilbert Scott.[3] Henry II of England (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189) ruled as King of England (1154–1189), Count of Anjou, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Duke of Gascony, Count of Nantes, Lord of Ireland and, at various times, controlled parts of Wales, Scotland and western France. ... Reading Abbey Reading Abbey is a large, ruined abbey in Reading, Berkshire, founded by Henry I in 1121 for the salvation of my soul, and the souls of King William, my father, and of King William, my brother, and Queen Maud, my wife, and all my ancestors and successors. // History... A priory is an ecclesiastical circumscription run by a prior. ... Events Concordat of Worms condemns Pierre Abélards writings on the Holy Trinity. ... Look up Saxon in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A parish is a type of administrative subdivision. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... For the college, see Benedictine College. ... Monastery of St. ... The word quatrefoil etymologically means four leaves, and applies to general four-lobed shapes in various contexts. ... The chapel of St Johns College, Cambridge is characteristic of Scotts many church designs Sir George Gilbert Scott (July 13, 1811 – March 27, 1878) was an English architect of the Victorian Age, chiefly associated with the design, building and renovation of churches, cathedrals and workhouses. ...


The priory was ransacked by the Welsh forces of Owain Glyndŵr after their victory at the Battle of Bryn Glas near Pilleth in 1402, along with several local manor houses. Seal of Owain Glyndŵr The Arms of Powys and Deheubarth quartered, adopted by Owain Glyndŵr: Or and Gules, four Lions counterchanged Owain Glyndŵr (Pronounced IPA: ), or Owain Glyn Dŵr, anglicised by Shakespeare into Owen Glendower (c. ... Combatants Welsh English Commanders Owain Glyndwr Sir Edmund Mortimer Strength approx 5000 approx 8000 Casualties unknown army destroyed The Battle of Bryn Glas (sometimes referred to in English accounts as the Battle of Pilleth) was fought on June 22, 1402, near Presteigne in Herefordshire. ... Pilleth is a small village south of Knighton in Powys, Wales. ...


Investigations near the Priory in 2005 were thought to have produced evidence of a rotunda dating from 660 but this was not confirmed by subsequent excavations. The famous Rotunda church in Thessaloniki, Greece. ... Events Childeric II proclaimed king of Austrasia. ...


Leominster is also the historical home of Ryeland sheep, a breed once famed for its 'Lemster' [sic] wool, known as 'Lemster ore'. This wool was prized above all other English wool in trade with the continent of Europe in the Middle Ages. It was the income and prosperity from this wool trade that established the town and the Minster and attracted the envy of the Welsh and other regions. The Ryeland is one of the oldest of British sheep breeds going back seven centuries when the monks of Leominster in Hertfordshire bred sheep and grazed them on the rye pastures, giving them their name. ...


From approximately 1748 to 1754, Leominster was home to one of only four early cotton spinning mills employing the spinning machines of Lewis Paul and John Wyatt. The mill was financed by Lancashire native Daniel Bourn, and was partly owned by other men from Lancashire. Bourn introduced his own version of the carding engine to work at this mill, and of the four Paul-Wyatt mills, it may have been the most successful, for the Manchester Mercury, reported on November 5, 1754, shortly after the fire that destroyed the mill, commented that the cotton works "had been viewed with great pleasure and admiration by travellers and all who had seen them." Lewis Paul (d. ... John Thomas Wyatt (April 19, 1935 – April 6, 1998) was a relief pitcher in Major League Baseball. ... Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea. ... Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county of historic origin in the North West of England, bounded to the west by the Irish Sea. ...


Transport

The four-mile A49 £9m bypass opened in November 1988. The town also has a bus station linking the town to Hereford and a number of nearby towns and villages. The A49 near Warrington The A49 is a major road in England. ... For other uses, see Hereford (disambiguation). ...


There is also Leominster railway station with services for Ludlow and Hereford; links to London are achieved by changing at Newport, South Wales. Leominster is a station on the Welsh Marches Line serving the Herefordshire town of Leominster in England. ... This article is about the town in Shropshire, England. ... For other uses, see Hereford (disambiguation). ... Newport railway station (or Newport High Street station) is situated in the heart of the city of Newport. ...


Schools

The only secondary school in Leominster is the Minster College, a comprehensive with around 750 pupils.[4] It is located fairly centrally, next door to the town's leisure centre and swimming pool. The Minster has received poor results in the past, but county league tables now rank it approximately half way down the list of the county's dozen secondary schools. The Minster is a specialist Sports College. The town's main primary schools are Leominster Infants and Leominster Junior School. There are also a number of local village schools including Ivington C of E primary school, Luston and Stoke Prior.


Twin towns

Leominster is twinned with:

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Saverne (German Zabern), a town of France in the région of Alsace, situated on the Rhine-Marne canal at the foot of a pass over the Vosges Mountains, and 45 km (27 m. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tanzania. ...

See also

Croft Castle is in the village of Croft, Herefordshire, some 7 Km to the north-west of Leominster (grid reference SO449655). ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Leominster is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ...

References

  1. ^ J. & C. Hillaby, Leominster Minster, Priory, and Borough c.660-1539 (Logaston Press, Almeley, Herefs. 2006), 4-5.
  2. ^ Hillaby, 53-7
  3. ^ The Buildings of England: Herefordshire, Nikolaus Pevsner, 1963 p226 ISBN 0-14-071025-6
  4. ^ http://www.minster.hereford.sch.uk/

External links


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Leominster, in north Herefordshire, is now the main settlement in the area once known as Leen, which in the native British language which evolved into Welsh meant ‘area of the streams’.
The church of Leominster was a particular favourite of Leofric, earl of Mercia under King Cnut and husband of the pious Godifu - Lady Godiva.
There is an irony in the properties of the abbey being in the hands of the Queen Edith as a result of misconduct by her brother, but the dissolution of a religious house because of the behaviour of its head seems a somewhat severe reaction.
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