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Encyclopedia > Leo Joseph Suenens
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Leo Jozef Cardinal Suenens †
Church positions
See   Mechelen-Brussel (Emeritus)
Title   Archbishop emeritus of Mechelen-Brussel
Period in office   November 24, 1961October 4, 1979
Created cardinal   March 19, 1962
Predecessor   Jozef-Ernest Cardinal van Roey †
Successor   Godfried Cardinal Danneels
Previous post  Auxiliary Bishop of Mechelen
Personal
Date of birth   July 16, 1904
Place of birth   Ixelles, Belgium
Date of death   May 6, 1996
Place of death   Brussels, Belgium

Leo Jozef Cardinal Suenens (July 16, 1904May 6, 1996) was a Belgian prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Mechelen-Brussel from 1961 to 1979, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1962. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Mechelen-Brussel is the Dutch name of the only archbishopric in Belgium, and its ecclesiastical province that coincides with the country. ... Emeritus (IPA pronunciation: or ) is an adjective that is used in the title of a retired professor, bishop or other professional. ... The arch-bishopry of Brussels-Mechelen is the arch-bishopry of Belgium. ... November 24 is the 328th day (329th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... October 4 is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by the Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ... March 19 is the 78th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (79th in leap years). ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... Cardinal Jozef-Ernest van Roey (Belgium, Vorselaar, 13 January 1874-Mechelen, 6 August 1961), was Archbishop of Mechelen, Belgium. ... Godfried Cardinal Danneels (born June 4, 1933) is the archbishop of Mechelen-Brussels and the chairman of the Belgian episcopal conference. ... Bishop Richard Pates, current auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Saint Paul and Minneapolis and the Titular Bishop of Suacia. ... Mechelen-Brussel is the Dutch name of the only archbishopric in Belgium, and its ecclesiastical province that coincides with the country. ... July 16 is the 197th day (198th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 168 days remaining. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... Ixelles (French) or Elsene (Dutch) is one of the nineteen municipalities located in the Brussels-Capital Region of Belgium. ... May 6 is the 126th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (127th in leap years). ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Nickname: Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 979 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989 Government  - Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area  - Region 162 km²  (62. ... A cardinal is a senior ecclesiastical official, usually a bishop, of the Roman Catholic Church, a member of the College of Cardinals which as a body elects a new pope. ... July 16 is the 197th day (198th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 168 days remaining. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ... May 6 is the 126th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (127th in leap years). ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Look up prelate in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church (see terminology below) is the Christian Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It traces its origins to the original Christian community founded by Jesus Christ and led by the Twelve Apostles, in particular Saint Peter. ... The arch-bishopry of Brussels-Mechelen is the arch-bishopry of Belgium. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... For the song by the Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ... A cardinal is a senior ecclesiastical official, usually a bishop, of the Roman Catholic Church, a member of the College of Cardinals which as a body elects a new pope. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ...


Suenens was a leading liberal voice at the Second Vatican Council, and an advocate of reform in the Church. Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical view, and political tradition which holds that liberty is the primary political value. ... The Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican, or Vatican II, was an Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church opened under Pope John XXIII in 1962 and closed under Pope Paul VI in 1965. ... Aggiornamento is one of the key words used during the Second Vatican Council both by bishops and clergy attending the sessions, and by the media and Vaticanologists covering it. ...

Contents

Biography

Leo Suenens was born at 6:30 a.m. in a clinic at Ixelles to Jean-Baptiste and Jeanne (née Jannsens) Suenens. He was baptised by his uncle, who was also a priest. Losing his father (who had owned a restaurant[1]) at age four, Leo lived with his mother in the rectory of his priest-uncle from 1911 to 1912. He studied at Saint Mary's Institute in Schaerbeek and then entered the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome in 1920. From the Gregorian he obtained a doctorate in theology and in philosophy (1927), and a master's degree in canon law (1929). Suenens had taken as his mentor Désiré Cardinal Mercier, who had also sent him to Rome. Mercier's liberal views are seen as having greatly impacted Suenens' own theology[2]. A clinic or outpatient clinic is a small medical facility that provides health care for ambulatory patients - as opposed to inpatients treated in a hospital. ... Ixelles (French) or Elsene (Dutch) is one of the nineteen municipalities located in the Brussels-Capital Region of Belgium. ... Baptism in early Christian art. ... Priesthood in the Catholic Church is the second of the three orders of ordained ministry, Bishop, Priest and Deacon. ... Toms Restaurant, a restaurant in New York made familiar by Suzanne Vega and the television sitcom Seinfeld A restaurant is an establishment that serves prepared food and beverages to order, to be consumed on the premises. ... The rectory is the title usually given to the building inhabited, or formerly inhabited, by the rector of a parish. ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Schaerbeek within the Brussels-Capital Region Schaerbeek (French, in fact old Dutch) or Schaarbeek (Dutch) is one of the nineteen municipalities located in the Brussels-Capital Region of Belgium. ... The Pontifical Gregorian University The Pontifical Gregorian University is a Roman Catholic university in Rome. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... A Licentiate in Sacred Theology, commonly known in academia as STL, is an advanced degree offered by colleges and universities specializing in theology. ... The philosopher Socrates about to take poison hemlock as ordered by the court. ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar). ... “M.S.” redirects here. ... Canon Law is the ecclesiastical law of the Roman Catholic Church. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Cardinal Mercier Cardinal Désiré-Félicien-François-Joseph Mercier (Braine-lAlleud, 1851-1926) was a Belgian prelate of the Roman Catholic Church, noted for his staunch resistance to the German occupation of 1914. ... Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical view, and political tradition which holds that liberty is the primary political value. ...


Ordained to the priesthood on September 4, 1927 by Jozef-Ernest Cardinal van Roey, Suenens initially served as a professor at Saint Mary's Institute and then taught moral philosophy and pedagogy at the Minor Seminary of Mechelen from 1930 to 1940. He worked as a chaplain to the 9th artillery regiment of the Belgian Army in Southern France for three months, and in August 1940 he became vice-rector of the famed Catholic University of Louvain. When the Louvain's rector was arrested by Nazi forces in 1943, Suenens took over as acting rector. Raised to the rank of Monsignor in October of 1941, he was included on a list of thirty hostages who were to be executed by the Nazis, but the Allied liberation of Belgium occurred shortly before these orders could be carried out. Catholic deacon candidates prostrate before the altar of the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels in Los Angeles during a 2004 diaconate ordination liturgy Holy Orders in the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, Anglican, Assyrian, Old Catholic, and Independent Catholic churches includes three orders: bishop, priest, and deacon. ... Priesthood in the Catholic Church is the second of the three orders of ordained ministry, Bishop, Priest and Deacon. ... September 4 is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years). ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar). ... Cardinal Jozef-Ernest van Roey (Belgium, Vorselaar, 13 January 1874-Mechelen, 6 August 1961), was Archbishop of Mechelen, Belgium. ... The meaning of the word professor (Latin: one who claims publicly to be an expert) varies. ... Ethics (from the Ancient Greek Ä“thikos, the adjective of Ä“thos custom, habit), a major branch of philosophy, including genetics is the study of values and customs of a person or group. ... Pedagogy, the art or science of being a teacher, generally refers to strategies of instruction, or a style of instruction[1]. The word comes from the Ancient Greek παιδαγωγέω (paidagōgeō; from παῖς (child) and ἄγω (lead)): literally, to lead the child”. In Ancient Greece, παιδαγωγός was (usually) a slave who supervised the education... A Minor Seminary is a secondary boarding school created for the specific purpose of enrolling teenage boys who have expressed interest in becoming priests. ... 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link is to a full 1930 calendar). ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... A chaplain is typically a member of the clergy serving a group of people who are not organized as a mission or church; lay chaplains are also found in some settings such as universities. ... Artillery with Gabion fortification Cannons on display at Fort Point Continental Artillery crew from the American Revolution Firing of an 18-pound gun, Louis-Philippe Crepin, (1772 – 1851) A forge-welded Iron Cannon in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu. ... Flag of Belgium The Belgian Army forms the land component of the Belgian Armed Forces. ... This region consists of the southern part of France. ... For other uses, see August (disambiguation). ... The word rector (ruler, from the Latin regere) has a number of different meanings, but all of them indicate someone who is in charge of something. ... The Catholic University of Leuven, founded in 1425, is now the names of two Belgian universities, after the original university split in 1968: the Dutch-speaking Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium, and the French-speaking Université catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium This is a disambiguation page — a... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... In law, when someone is said to be acting in a position it can mean one of three things. ... Monsignor is an ecclesiastical honorific title for clergy of the Roman Catholic Church. ... Look up October in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... The Allies of World War II were the countries officially opposed to the Axis powers during the Second World War. ... Look up Liberation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


On November 12, 1945, he was appointed Auxiliary Bishop of Mechelen and Titular Bishop of Isinda. Suenens received his episcopal consecration on the following December 16 from Cardinal van Roey, with Bishops Étienne Joseph Carton de Wiart and Jan van Cauwenbergh serving as co-consecrators. He was named Archbishop of Mechelen on November 24, 1961; the primatial Belgian see was renamed Mechelen-Brussel on December 8 of that same year. Suenens was created Cardinal Priest of S. Pietro in Vincoli by Pope John XXIII in the consistory of March 19, 1962. November 12 is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 49 days remaining. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Bishop Richard Pates, current auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Saint Paul and Minneapolis and the Titular Bishop of Suacia. ... Mechelen-Brussel is the Dutch name of the only archbishopric in Belgium, and its ecclesiastical province that coincides with the country. ... Bishop Richard Pates, current auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Saint Paul and Minneapolis and the Titular Bishop of Suacia. ... A bishop in the Catholic Church is a member of the College of Bishops, is an ordained minister, and holds the fullness of the priesthood. ... December 16 is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Principal Consecrator is a term used in the Roman Catholic Church to designate a bishop who ordains a priest to the episocal state. ... The arch-bishopry of Brussels-Mechelen is the arch-bishopry of Belgium. ... November 24 is the 328th day (329th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... Catholic Patriarchal (non cardinal) coat of arms Primate (from the Latin Primus, first) is a title or rank bestowed on some bishops in certain Christian churches. ... Pope Pius XI blesses Bishop Stephen Alencastre as fifth Apostolic Vicar of the Hawaiian Islands in a Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace window. ... December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... A cardinal is a senior ecclesiastical official, usually a bishop, of the Roman Catholic Church, a member of the College of Cardinals which as a body elects a new pope. ... The chains of St. ... Blessed Pope John XXIII (Latin: ), (Italian: Giovanni XXIII), born Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli (November 25, 1881 – June 3, 1963), was elected as the 261st Pope of the Catholic Church and sovereign of Vatican City on October 28, 1958. ... // Antiquity Originally, the Latin word consistorium meant simply sitting together, just as the Greek syn(h)edrion (from which the Biblical sanhedrin was a corruption). ... March 19 is the 78th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (79th in leap years). ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ...


When Pope John called the world's bishops to Rome for the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965), he found in Suenens a man who shared his views on the need for renewal in the Church. When the first session fell into organizational chaos under the weight of its documents, it was Suenens who, at the invitation of the Pope, rescued it from deadlock and essentially set the agenda for the entire Council. Dialogue with other Christian denominations as well as with other religions, the proper role of the laity, modernization of religious life for women[3], collegiality[4] [5], religious liberty, collaboration and corresponsibility in the Church were among the causes he advocated. The College of Bishops is an organization consisting of all the bishops in the Roman Catholic Church. ... The Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican, or Vatican II, was an Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church opened under Pope John XXIII in 1962 and closed under Pope Paul VI in 1965. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... Aggiornamento is one of the key words used during the Second Vatican Council both by bishops and clergy attending the sessions, and by the media and Vaticanologists covering it. ... The Catholic Church has been heavily involved in the ecumenical movement since the Second Vatican Council (1961-1965). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... In religious organizations, the laity comprises all lay persons collectively. ... The Order of Friars Minor is a major mendicant movement founded by Saint Francis of Assisi. ... For other uses, see Nun (disambiguation). ... Collegiality is the relationship between colleagues. ... The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen guarantees freedom of religion, as long as religious activities do not infringe on public order in ways detrimental to society. ...


Suenens was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 1963 papal conclave which selected Pope Paul VI, who made the Belgian prelate one of the four moderators of the Council, along with Cardinals Agagianian, Döpfner, and Lercaro. During the Council's debates on marriage, Suenens accused the Church of holding procreation above conjugal love[6]; Pope Paul was greatly distressed by this and the Cardinal later denied "that he had questioned the authentic Church teaching on marriage"[7]. Suenens was also believed to be a decisive force behind the Conciliar documents Lumen Gentium and Gaudium et Spes. The following were the cardinal electors in the 1963 papal conclave. ... The Papal conclave of 1963 was convoked following the death of Pope John XXIII on June 3 of that same year in the Apostolic Palace. ... This article cites very few or no references or sources. ... Krikor Bedros Aghajanian (Armenian: , in Eastern Armenian pronounced as Grigor Petros — Gregory Peter also known under the name French: ) (September 18, 1895 - May 16, 1971) was a leading clergyman of the Armenian Catholic Church. ... His Eminence Julius August Döpfner (born August 26, 1913 in Hausen near Würzburg, died July 24, 1976 in Munich) was a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and Arch Bishop of Munich from 1961 until 1976. ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... Biological reproduction is the biological process by which new individual organisms are produced. ... Lumen Gentium, the Dogmatic Constitution on the Church, is one of the principal documents of the Second Vatican Council. ... Gaudium et Spes, the Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World, was one of the chief accomplishments of the Second Vatican Council. ...

Styles of
Leo Jozef Suenens
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Mechelen-Brussel

His successor, Godfried Danneels, described him as an excellent weather-forecaster who knew from which direction the wind was blowing in the Church, and an experienced strategist who realized that he could not change the wind's direction but could set the sails to suit it. Pope John Paul II himself later confessed that "Cardinal Suenens had played a decisive part in the Council"[8]. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (550x741, 86 KB) Description: Vestments of a cardinal: red cassock, rochet trimmed with lace, red chimere, apostolical cross. ... A style of office, or honorific, is a form of address which by tradition or law precedes a reference to a person who holds a title or post, or to the political office itself. ... Mechelen-Brussel is the Dutch name of the only archbishopric in Belgium, and its ecclesiastical province that coincides with the country. ... Godfried Cardinal Danneels (born June 4, 1933) is the archbishop of Mechelen-Brussels and the chairman of the Belgian episcopal conference. ... // Coat of Arms of Pope John Paul II. The Letter M is for Mary, the mother of Jesus, to whom he held strong devotion Pope John Paul II (Latin: , Italian: Giovanni Paolo II) born   [] (May 18, 1920, Wadowice, Poland – April 2, 2005, Vatican City) reigned as Pope of the Catholic...


After the Council, Suenens committed himself to implementing its reforms, although not without controversy. In May 1969, an interview he gave to the French Catholic magazine Informations Catholiques Internationales in which he offered a passionate critique of the Roman Curia[9]. Eugène Cardinal Tisserant subsequently demanded a retraction, but Suenens refused and declared that Tisserant's reaction as unacceptable and unfounded[10]. Ten years later, he reflected on the event and said, "There are times when loyalty demands more than keeping in step with an old piece of music. As far as I am concerned loyalty is a different kind of love. And this demands that we accept responsibility for the whole and serve the Church with as much courage and candor as possible." Committed to ecumenism, he and Archbishop Michael Ramsey of Canterbury were close friends[11]. He also opposed Humanae Vitae[12], and endorsed the Catholic Charismatic Renewal[13] [14]; his episcopal motto was fittingly In Spiritu Sancto ("In the Holy Spirit"). May is the fifth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ... The Church of France is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope and curia in Rome. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Roman Curia — usually called the Vatican — is the administrative apparatus of the Holy See, coordinating and providing the necessary organisation for the correct functioning of the Catholic Church and the achievement of its goals. ... Eugène-Gabriel-Gervais-Laurent Tisserant (March 24, 1884 - February 21, 1972) was an French Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and a long-time member of the Roman Curia in Vatican City. ... Archbishop Ramsey (left) meets Pope Paul VI. Arthur Michael Ramsey, Baron Ramsey of Canterbury (1904- 23 April 1988) was Archbishop of Canterbury from June 1961 to 1974. ... The Archbishop of Canterbury is the spiritual leader and senior clergyman of the Church of England, recognized by convention as the head of the worldwide Anglican Communion. ... Humanae Vitae (Latin of human life, but typically translated as On the Regulation of Human Birth) is an encyclical written by Pope Paul VI and promulgated on July 25, 1968. ... Charismatic Catholicism, also known as Catholic Charismatic Renewal is a movement within the Catholic Church which adopts certain practices and beliefs more commonly associated with the Pentecostal movement within Protestantism. ... A motto (from Italian) is a phrase or a short list of words meant formally to describe the general motivation or intention of an entity, social group, or organization. ...


Nevertheless, the Cardinal did not favor extremely liberal positions. He onced said, "If you don't believe in the Holy Spirit or Resurrection or life after death, you should leave the Church"[15]. The death and resurrection of Jesus are two events in the New Testament in which Jesus is crucified on one day (the Day of Preparation, i. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


He voted in the conclaves of August and October 1978, and finally resigned from his post in Mechelen-Brussel on October 4, 1979 after seventeen years of service. Suenens died from thrombosis in Brussels at age 91[16], and was buried at St. Rumbolds Cathedral. The Sistine Chapel is the location of the conclave. ... Following the death of Paul VI on August 6, 1978, the first conclave of the year was held on August 25–26 in Vatican City. ... The arms of the vacancy of the Holy See The October 1978 papal conclave was triggered by the sudden death, after only thirty three days in office, of Pope John Paul I. The Church had thought it had elected a pope in August 1978 who would reign for at least... October 4 is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by the Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ... Thrombosis is the formation of a clot or thrombus inside a blood vessel, obstructing the flow of blood through the circulatory system. ... Nickname: Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 979 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989 Government  - Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area  - Region 162 km²  (62. ... St. ...


Trivia

An only child is a child with no siblings, either biological or adopted. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... The Librarian, a 1556 painting by Giuseppe Arcimboldo A librarian is an information professional trained in library science and information science: the organization and management of information and service to people with information needs. ... For the new religious movement in Africa, see Legio Maria. ... Pax Christi is an international Catholic peace movement, which nowadays regards itself as ecumenical. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... In the Roman Catholic Church, an Episcopal Conference, Conference of Bishops, or National Conference of Bishops is a conference consisting of all the bishops within a given territory. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... The Templeton Prize for Progress Toward Research or Discoveries about Spiritual Realities was until 2001 awarded for Progress in Religion. ... Pope John Paul I (in Latin ), born Albino Luciani (October 17, 1912 – September 28, 1978), reigned as pope and as sovereign of Vatican City from August 26 to September 28, 1978. ...

References

  1. ^ TIME Magazine. The Cardinal as a Critic August 1, 1969
  2. ^ Ibid.
  3. ^ TIME Magazine. A Mind of Its Own November 20, 1964
  4. ^ TIME Magazine. Council on the Move November 8, 1963
  5. ^ TIME Magazine. The Prelates Speak Out October 24, 1969
  6. ^ TIME Magazine. No More Galileos November 6, 1964
  7. ^ EWTN. Marriage at Vatican II
  8. ^ Catholic Hawaii. Cardinal Léon-Joseph Suenens
  9. ^ TIME Magazine. The Cardinal as a Critic August 1, 1969
  10. ^ Ibid.
  11. ^ Compass. Outsiders Feeling the Pain of Separation July-August 1996
  12. ^ TIME Magazine. Birth Control: Pronouncement Withdrawn June 21, 1968
  13. ^ TIME Magazine. The Pentecostal Tide June 18, 1973
  14. ^ Catholic Charismatic Renewal in England. What is the Nature of the Catholic Charismatic Renewal? September 2003
  15. ^ TIME Magazine. The Cardinal as a Critic August 1, 1969
  16. ^ ICCRS Newsletter. Leo Jozef Cardinal Suenens - 1904-1996 May-June 1996
  17. ^ Ibid.
  18. ^ Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. SUENENS, Leo-Jozef
  19. ^ TIME Magazine. How Pope John Paul I Won September 11, 1978

August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ... November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 53 days remaining. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... October 24 is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 68 days remaining. ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ... November 6 is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 55 days remaining. ... 1964 (MCMLXIV) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1964 calendar). ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see August (disambiguation). ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... June 21 is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 193 days remaining. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday. ... June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Look up September in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... For the Stargate SG-1 episode, see 1969 (Stargate SG-1). ... May is the fifth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... June is the sixth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with a length of 30 days. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (255th in leap years). ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ...

See also

  • Archbishopric of Mechelen-Brussel

Mechelen-Brussel is the Dutch name of the only archbishopric in Belgium, and its ecclesiastical province that coincides with the country. ...

External links

Preceded by
Jozef-Ernest van Roey
Archbishop of Mechelen-Brussel
19611979
Succeeded by
Godfried Danneels

 
 

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