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Encyclopedia > Leni Riefenstahl
Leni Riefenstahl
Birth name Helene Berta Amalie Riefenstahl
Born August 22, 1902(1902-08-22)
Berlin, Germany Flag of German Empire
Died September 8, 2003 (aged 101)
Pöcking, Germany Flag of Germany
Years active 1925 - 2002
Spouse(s) Peter Jacob (1944-1947)

Helene Bertha Amalie "Leni" Riefenstahl (August 22, 1902September 8, 2003) was a German film director, dancer and actress, and widely noted for her aesthetics and advances in film technique. Her most famous film was Triumph des Willens, a documentary of the 1934 Nuremberg congress of the Nazi Party, which was used by the Third Reich as a powerful propaganda film. Because of Riefenstahl's social prominence in the Third Reich, including a personal acquaintance with Adolf Hitler and Joseph Goebbels, Leni Riefenstahl's film career ended after Germany's defeat in World War II, when she was arrested but not found guilty of war crimes.[1] is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_German_Empire. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Starnberg is a Kreis (district) in the southern part of Bavaria, Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... See also: 1924 in film 1925 1926 in film 1920s in film years in film film Events Top grossing films Ben-Hur His People The Unholy Three The Freshman Movies released Movies released in 1925 include: Ben-Hur, starring Ramon Novarro. ... This is a list of film-related events in 2002. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The film director, on the right, gives last minute direction to the cast and crew, whilst filming a costume drama on location in London. ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ... The Parthenons facade showing an interpretation of golden rectangles in its proportions. ... Triumph of the Will (German: Triumph des Willens) is a propaganda film by the German filmmaker Leni Riefenstahl. ... Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt, in one fashion or another, to document reality. ... Nuremberg (German: ) is a city in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia. ... The National Socialist German Workers Party (German: , or NSDAP, commonly, the Nazi Party), was a political party in Germany between 1920 and 1945 that was known as the German Workers Party before the name was changed in 1920. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... The Why We Fight Series depicts the Nazi propaganda machine. ... Hitler redirects here. ... Paul Joseph Goebbels (German pronunciation: IPA: ) (29 October 1897 – 1 May 1945) was a German politician and Minister for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda during the National Socialist regime from 1933 to 1945. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Riefenstahl is renowned in film history for developing new aesthetics in film, especially in relation to nude bodies. While the propaganda value of her early films repels many, their aesthetics are cited by many filmmakers as outstanding. Origins of motion picture arts and sciences Any overview of the history of cinema would be remiss to fail to at least mention a long history of literature, storytelling, narrative drama, art, mythology, puppetry, shadow play, cave paintings and perhaps even dreams. ...


Rejected by the film industry after World War II, she later published her still photography of Nuba tribes in Africa and continued to make films of marine life. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Photography [fәtɑgrәfi:],[foʊtɑgrәfi:] is the process of recording pictures by means of capturing light on a light-sensitive medium, such as a film or electronic sensor. ... Nuba is a collective term used for the peoples who inhabit the Nuba Mountains, in Kordofan province, Sudan, Africa. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ...

Contents

Biography

Dancer and actress

LENI WAS A WHORE Riefenstahl was born in the working class suburb of Wedding in Berlin. Riefenstahl began her career as a self-styled and well-known interpretive dancer. (In a 2002 interview, she said dancing made her truly happy.) After injuring her knee while performing in Prague, she attended a viewing of a nature film about mountains, and became fascinated with the possibilities of the medium. She went to the Alps to find the film's director, Arnold Fanck, intending to become the leading lady in his next project. Riefenstahl found the star of Fanck's films, who wrote to the director and informed him of Riefenstahl's intentions. Riefenstahl went on to star in a number of Fanck's bergfilme, presenting herself as an athletic and adventurous young woman with suggestive appeal. Riefenstahl's career as an actor in silent films was prolific, and she became highly regarded by directors and publicly popular with German film-goers. Her last acting role before moving to directing was in the 1933 film SOS Eisberg (U.S. title SOS Iceberg). Wedding is a district in the borough of Mitte, Berlin, Germany and was a separate borough in north-western Berlin until it was fused with Tiergarten and Mitte in 2001. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Interpretive dance is a family of dance styles that seeks to interpret the meaning inherent in music rather than by performing specific preformatted moves. ... Nickname: Motto: Praga Caput Rei publicae Location within the Czech Republic Coordinates: , Country Czech Republic Region Capital City of Prague Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Pavel Bém Area  - City 496 km²  (191. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Arnold Fanck (born 6 March 1889 in Frankenthal, Germany; died 28 September 1974 in Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany) was a pioneer of the German mountain film. ... A mountain film is a film genre that focuses on mountaineering and especially the battle of man against nature. ... A silent film is a film which has no accompanying soundtrack. ...


Riefenstahl brought a perfectionism to filmmaking that enabled her to produce exceptionally polished movies, culminating in her final works in National Socialist Germany. Her main interest at first was in fictional films. When presented with her first opportunity to write and direct Das Blaue Licht in 1932, she took it. Breaking from her mentor's style of setting realistic stories in "fairytale" mountain settings, Riefenstahl wrote Das Blaue Licht as a romantic, mystical tale which she viewed as more fitting to the terrain.[1] Das Blaue Licht (eng. ...


Propaganda film

Riefenstahl on a camera dolly (during the production of Olympia)

Riefenstahl heard Adolf Hitler wank over kiaras face speak at a rally in 1932 and was mesmerized by his powers as a public speaker. Upon meeting Riefenstahl, Hitler, himself a frustrated artist, saw the chance to hire a visionary who could create the image of a strong, proud Wagnerian Germany radiating beauty, power, strength, and defiance, an image he could sell to the world. During a personal meeting he asked Riefenstahl to make a documentary and, in 1933, she directed the short film Der Sieg des Glaubens (Victory of Faith), an hour-long feature about the NationalSocialist party rally at Nuremberg in 1933 (released on DVD in 2003). Riefenstahl decried the technique in this piece and didn't consider it to be adequately produced to be called a feature. Image File history File links Leni Riefenstahl (centre) using innovative filming techniques during the filming of the Nazi party propaganda film Triumph of the Will, widely condemned by historians for its content while simultaneously praised for its use of cinematic techniques. ... Image File history File links Leni Riefenstahl (centre) using innovative filming techniques during the filming of the Nazi party propaganda film Triumph of the Will, widely condemned by historians for its content while simultaneously praised for its use of cinematic techniques. ... Olympia is a 1938 film by Leni Riefenstahl documenting the 1936 Summer Olympics. ... Hitler redirects here. ... Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as they were later called). ... Short subject is an American film industry term that historically has referred to any film in the format of two reels, or approximately 20 minutes running time, or less. ... Sieg des Glaubens (German for Victory of Faith) is the first documentary directed by Leni Riefenstahl, who was hired despite opposition from Nazi officials that resented employing a woman — and a non-Party member too. ...


Reports vary as to whether Riefenstahl ever had a close relationship with Hitler[2]. Anyway, impressed with her work, he then asked her to film the upcoming 1934 Party rally in Nuremberg.


After initially turning down the project because she did not want to make "a prescribed film", Riefenstahl began making another film titled Tiefland. She hired Walter Ruttmann to direct it in her place. When she fell ill, Tiefland was cancelled. Upon her recovery, she reviewed Ruttmann's initial footage and found it to be terrible. She eventually relented to Hitler's pressure, and resumed her role as director of the film. She was given unlimited resources, camera crews, budget, complete artistic control and final cut of the film. Tiefland, (Lowlands). ... Walter Ruttmann (born December 28, 1887 in Frankfurt am Main; died July 15, 1941 in Berlin) was a German film director and along with Hans Richter the most important practitioner of experimental film. ...


Triumph of the Will was a documentary generally recognized as a masterful, epic, innovative work of documentary filmmaking. However, it was commissioned by the National Socialist party and used as propaganda. Triumph of the Will was a rousing success in Europe, but widely banned in America. The film is widely regarded as one of the most effective pieces of propaganda ever produced. However, in interviews for the 1993 film The Wonderful, Horrible Life of Leni Riefenstahl, Riefenstahl herself adamantly denied a deliberate attempt to create pro-Nazi propaganda and stated that she was disgusted that Triumph of the Will was used in such a way.[3] Triumph of the Will (German: Triumph des Willens) is a propaganda film by the German filmmaker Leni Riefenstahl. ... For other uses, see Propaganda (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


Triumph of the Will won many international awards as a ground-breaking example of filmmaking. Leni Riefenstahl also made a lesser-known film about the German Wehrmacht, released in 1935 as Tag der Freiheit (Day of Freedom). Wehrmacht   (armed forces, literally defence force(s)) was the name of the armed forces of Nazi Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... Tag der Freiheit: Unsere Wehrmacht (German for Day of Freedom: Our Armed Forces) is the third documentary directed by Leni Riefenstahl. ...


In 1936 Riefenstahl qualified as an athlete to represent Germany in cross-country skiing for the Olympics but decided to film the event instead. She also went to Greece (aided by fellow Greek photographer Nelly's) to film on the Games' original location. This material became Olympia, a film widely noted for its technical and aesthetic achievements. She adopted a technique commonly known as a tracking shot and applied it to the documentary form, placing the camera on rails to follow the movement of the athletes. Riefenstahl's achievements in the making of Olympia have proved to be a major influence in modern sports photography. Cross-country skiing (also known as XC skiing) is a winter sport popular in many countries with large snowfields, primarily Northern Europe and Canada. ... The 1936 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XI Olympiad, were held in 1936 in Berlin, Germany. ... Elli Souyioultzoglou-Seraïdari (better known as Nellys) is one the most celebrated Greek photographers of all time, and during the interwar period became one of the worlds most celebrated photographers. ... Olympia is a 1938 film by Leni Riefenstahl documenting the 1936 Summer Olympics. ... In motion picture terminology, a tracking shot is the same as a dolly shot or a trucking shot--the camera is mounted on a wheeled platform that is pushed on rails while the picture is being taken. ...


World War II

During the Invasion of Poland Leni Riefenstahl was photographed wearing a Waffen-SS uniform and a pistol on her belt,[4] while accompanying German soldiers in Poland. On 12 September 1939 she was present in the town of Końskie during an execution of 30 civilians carried out in retaliation of an unspecified attack on German soldiers. According to her memoir she tried to intervene but a furious German soldier held her at gun point and threatened to shoot her on the spot. Closeup photographs from that day survive, showing a distraught Leni. As a result of the events, Riefenstahl immediately went to meet Hitler who at that time was in Zoppot (now Sopot, Poland) on the Baltic watching Battle of Hel. Combatants Poland Germany Soviet Union Slovakia Commanders Edward Rydz-ÅšmigÅ‚y Fedor von Bock (Army Group North), Gerd von Rundstedt (Army Group South), Mikhail Kovalev (Belorussian Front), Semyon Timoshenko (Ukrainian Front), Ferdinand ÄŒatloÅ¡ (Field Army Bernolák) Strength 39 divisions, 16 brigades, 4,300 guns, 880 tanks, 400 aircraft Total... Waffen-SS recruitment poster; Volunteer to the Waffen-SS The Waffen-SS was the armed wing of the Schutzstaffel. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... KoÅ„skie ( listen) is a town in central Poland with 22,300 inhabitants (1995). ... As a literary genre, a memoir (from the Latin memoria, meaning memory) forms a subclass of autobiography, although it is an older form of writing. ... Sopot (pronounce: [sÉ”pÉ”t]; German: ; Kashubian: Sopòt) is a seaside town in Eastern Pomerania on the southern coast of the Baltic Sea in northern Poland, with a population of approximately 40,000. ... The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. ... Hel Peninsula as seen from Landsat satellite in 2000 Battle of Hel was one of the longest battles of the Polish Defence War of 1939 in 1939. ...


In Zoppot, Riefenstahl used her personal influences to demand an audience with Adolf Hitler. However, by 5 October 1939 Leni Riefenstahl was already back in occupied Poland and filming Hitler's victory parade in Warsaw. is the 278th day of the year (279th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The history of Poland from 1939 through 1945 encompasses the German invasion of Poland through to the end of World War II. On September 1, 1939, without a formal declaration of war, Germany invaded Poland. ... Combatants Poland Germany Soviet Union Slovakia Commanders Edward Rydz-Śmigły Fedor von Bock (Army Group North), Gerd von Rundstedt (Army Group South), Mikhail Kovalev (Belorussian Front), Semyon Timoshenko (Ukrainian Front), Ferdinand Čatloš (Field Army Bernolák) Strength 39 divisions, 16 brigades, 4,300 guns, 880 tanks, 400 aircraft Total...


[5] Riefenstahl herself, in interviews, claimed she wasn't aware of the nature of the internment camps.[3]


Post-war accusations

After World War II, she spent four years in a French detention camp. She was investigated by postwar authorities several times, but never convicted, either for her alleged role as a propagandist or her use of concentration camp inmates in her films. See Happy Birthday, Leni Riefenstahl. In later interviews Riefenstahl maintained that she was "fascinated" by the National Socialists but politically naïve and ignorant about the war crimes of which they were subsequently found guilty. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The word internment is generally used to refer to the imprisonment or confinement of people, generally in prison camps or prisons, without due process of law and a trial. ... It has been suggested that Internment be merged into this article or section. ... In the context of war, a war crime is a punishable offense under International Law, for violations of the laws of war by any person or persons, military or civilian. ...


Postwar career, legacy and personal life

Riefenstahl attempted to make films after the war but each attempt was met with resistance, protests, sharp criticisms and an inability to secure funding. In 1944, she married Peter Jacob, whom she later divorced, and in the 1960s began a lifelong companionship with Horst Kettner, who was forty years her junior. He remained with her until the end of her life.


She became a photographer and was later the first to photograph rock star Mick Jagger and his wife Bianca as a couple holding hands after they were married, as they were both admirers. Jagger told Riefenstahl he had seen Triumph of the Will at least 15 times [citation needed]. A photographer at the Calgary Folk Music Festival Paparazzi at the Tribeca Film Festival A photographer is a person who takes a photograph using a camera. ... Michael Phillip Mick Jagger CBE (born July 26, 1943) is an English rock musician, actor, songwriter, record and film producer and businessman. ... Bianca Jagger at the Dropping Knowledge projects Table of Free Voices in Berlin, September 2006 Bianca Jagger (born Bianca Pérez Morena de Macías on May 2, 1950, in Managua, Nicaragua) is a social and human rights advocate. ...


Riefenstahl developed an interest in the Nuba tribe in Sudan and lived among the Nuba for various periods. Her books with photographs of the tribe were published in 1974 and 1976. She survived a helicopter crash in the Sudan in 2000. Nuba is a collective term used for the peoples who inhabit the Nuba Mountains, in Kordofan province, Sudan, Africa. ... For other uses, see Helicopter (disambiguation). ...


At age 72, Riefenstahl lied about her age (she claimed she was 52) to get certified for scuba diving and began to pursue underwater photography. She released a new film titled Impressionen unter Wasser (Underwater Impressions), an idealized documentary on life in the oceans, on her 100th birthday - August 22, 2002. Scuba diving is swimming underwater while using self-contained breathing equipment. ... Impressionen unter Wasser (Underwater Impressions aka Impressions of the deep) is a documentary film released in 2002. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


In his book The Story of Film, film scholar Mark Cousins claims that, 'Next to Orson Welles and Alfred Hitchcock, Leni Riefenstahl was the most technically talented Western film maker of her era.' Mark Cousins is a footballer, currently playing for Colchester United. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ...


Death

Leni Riefenstahl died in her sleep in the late evening of September 8, 2003, at her home in Pöcking, Germany a few weeks after her 101st birthday. She had been suffering from cancer. She was buried in the Ostfriedhof (Eastern Cemetery) in Munich. is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Starnberg is a Kreis (district) in the southern part of Bavaria, Germany. ... This is a list of famous cemeteries, mausoleums and other places people are buried, world-wide. ...


Works

Riefenstahl in The Blue Light, 1931

This is a promotional still from the film The Blue Light, wherein Riefenstahl played a character named Junta. ... Leni Riefenstahl as Junta Das Blaue Licht (eng. ...

Actor

  • Wege zu Kraft und Schönheit - Ein Film über moderne Körperkultur (Ways to Strength and Beauty, 1926)
  • Der Heilige Berg (The Holy Mountain, 1926)
  • Der Große Sprung (The Great Leap, 1927)
  • Das Schicksal derer von Habsburg (The Destiny of the Habsburgs, 1928)
  • Die weiße Hölle vom Piz Palü (The White Hell of Pitz Palu, 1929)
  • Stürme über dem Mont Blanc (Storm Over Mont Blanc, 1930)
  • Der weiße Rausch – neue Wunder des Schneeschuhs (The White Ecstasy, 1931)
  • Das Blaue Licht (The Blue Light, 1932)
  • S.O.S. Eisberg (S.O.S. Iceberg, 1933)
  • Olympia (Part 1 Festival of the Nations, 1938) (uncredited, as nude model in opening sequence)
  • Tiefland (Lowlands, 1954)

The Holy Mountain is a 1926 Mountain film directed by Arnold Fanck starring future propaganda filmmaker, Leni Riefenstahl. ... The Holy Mountain is a 1926 Mountain film directed by Arnold Fanck. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... The White Hell of Pitz Palu (German: Die weiße Hölle vom Piz Palü) is a 1929 silent mountain film directed by Arnold Fanck and Georg Wilhelm Pabst and starring future filmmaker Leni Riefenstahl and World War I flying ace Ernst Udet. ... The White Hell of Pitz Palu (German: Die weiße Hölle vom Piz Palü) is a 1929 silent mountain film directed by Arnold Fanck and Georg Wilhelm Pabst and starring future filmmaker Leni Riefenstahl and World War I flying ace Ernst Udet. ... Der Weiße Rausch is a 1931 Mountain film directed by Arnold Fanck starring future propaganda filmmaker, Leni Riefenstahl. ... Der weiße Rausch – neue Wunder des Schneeschuhs is a 1931 mountain film directed by Arnold Fanck starring future propaganda filmmaker Leni Riefenstahl. ... Das Blaue Licht (eng. ... Leni Riefenstahl as Junta Das Blaue Licht (eng. ... SOS Eisberg is a 1933 dramatic bergefilm directed by Arnold Fanck. ... SOS Eisberg is a 1933 dramatic bergefilm directed by Arnold Fanck. ... Olympia is a 1938 film by Leni Riefenstahl documenting the 1936 Summer Olympics. ... Tiefland, (Lowlands). ... Disambiguation: For the region of Scotland please see Scottish Lowlands Lowlands, also known as A Campingflight to Lowlands Paradise, is a music festival, held annually in the Netherlands in August. ...

Director

Das Blaue Licht (eng. ... Leni Riefenstahl as Junta Das Blaue Licht (eng. ... Sieg des Glaubens (German for Victory of Faith) is the first documentary directed by Leni Riefenstahl, who was hired despite opposition from Nazi officials that resented employing a woman — and a non-Party member too. ... Sieg des Glaubens (German for Victory of Faith) is the first documentary directed by Leni Riefenstahl, who was hired despite opposition from Nazi officials that resented employing a woman — and a non-Party member too. ... Triumph of the Will (German: Triumph des Willens) is a propaganda film by the German filmmaker Leni Riefenstahl. ... Triumph of the Will (German: Triumph des Willens) is a propaganda film by the German filmmaker Leni Riefenstahl. ... Tag der Freiheit: Unsere Wehrmacht (German for Day of Freedom: Our Armed Forces) is the third documentary directed by Leni Riefenstahl. ... Tag der Freiheit: Unsere Wehrmacht (German for Day of Freedom: Our Armed Forces) is the third documentary directed by Leni Riefenstahl. ... Festliches Nurnberg (translated as Festival Nuremberg) is a short 1937 propaganda film chronicling the Nazi Party rallies in Nuremberg, Germany in 1936 and 1937. ... Olympia is a 1938 film by Leni Riefenstahl documenting the 1936 Summer Olympics. ... Tiefland, (Lowlands). ... Disambiguation: For the region of Scotland please see Scottish Lowlands Lowlands, also known as A Campingflight to Lowlands Paradise, is a music festival, held annually in the Netherlands in August. ... Impressionen unter Wasser (Underwater Impressions aka Impressions of the deep) is a documentary film released in 2002. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Photographer

  • The Last of the Nuba (Harper, 1974; St. Martin's Press, 1995, ISBN 0-312-13642-0)
  • The People of Kau (Harper, 1976; St. Martin's Press reprint edition, 1997, ISBN 0-312-16963-9)
  • Vanishing Africa (Harmony 1st American edition, 1988, ISBN 0-517-54914-X)
  • Africa (Taschen, 2002, ISBN 3-8228-1616-7)
  • Riefenstahl Olympia (Taschen, 2002, ISBN 3-8228-1945-X)

Headquartered in the legendary Flatiron Building in New York City, St. ... Taschen is an art book publisher founded in 1980 by Benedikt Taschen in Cologne, Germany. ...

Author

  • Leni Riefenstahl by Leni Riefenstahl, autobiography (Picador Reprint edition, 1995, ISBN 0-312-11926-7)
  • Coral Gardens by Leni Riefenstahl (Harpercollins 1st U.S. edition, 1978, ISBN 0-06-013591-3)

First editions (in German): Cover of the first English edition of 1793 of Benjamin Franklins autobiography. ... Picador is an imprint of Macmillan Publishers, a publisher owned by Georg von Holtzbrinck Publishing Group. ... HarperCollins is a publishing company owned by Rupert Murdochs News Corporation. ...

  • Kampf in Schnee und Eis (Leipzig, 1933)
  • Hinter den Kulissen des Reichsparteitags-Films (München, 1935)
  • Schönheit im olympischen Kampf (Berlin, 1937)
  • Die Nuba (München, 1973)
  • Die Nuba von Kau (München, 1976)
  • Korallengärten (München, 1978)
  • Mein Afrika (München, 1982)
  • Memoiren (München, 1987)
  • Wunder unter Wasser (München, 1990)

Leipzig ( ; Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk from the Sorbian word for Tilia) is, with a population of over 506,000, the largest city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany. ... Munich: Frauenkirche and Town Hall steeple Munich (German: München (pronounced listen) is the state capital of the German Bundesland of Bavaria. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ...

Notes

  1. ^ a b Leni Riefenstahl. (1993). Die Macht der Bilder: Leni Riefenstahl [motion picture]. Germany, Africa: Ray Müller.
  2. ^ See Infield, Glenn B. Eva and Adolf New York:1974--Grosset and Dunlap (Interviews with former SS officers who had been close to Hitler and Eva Braun) Page 128--It was reportedly revealed by Ernst Hanfstangl that Riefenstahl got the contract to film Triumph of the Will by dancing in the nude for Hitler in his bedroom (it was well known that Hitler liked to use opera glasses to watch burlesque dancers strip).
  3. ^ a b Interview with Leni Riefenstahl for Macht der Bilder: Leni Riefenstahl, Die/The Wonderful, Horrible Life of Leni Riefenstahl, 1993
  4. ^ Ścinki Taśmy, Polityka, 2003-10-05
  5. ^ See also Gypsies' Fate Haunts Film Muse of Hitler, The Guardian, August 17, 2002.

The Wonderful, Horrible Life of Leni Riefenstahl (Die Macht der Bilder: Leni Riefenstahl) is a 1993 German documentary film about the life of German film director Leni Riefenstahl, who is best known for her Nazi propaganda films. ... SS or ss or Ss may be: The Schutzstaffel, a Nazi paramilitary force Steamship (SS) (ship prefix) The United States Secret Service A submarine not powered by nuclear energy (SS) (United States Navy designator), see SSN A Soviet/Russian surface-to-surface missile, as listed by NATO reporting name Shortstop... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Ernst Franz Sedgwick Hanfstängl (Munich, February 2, 1887 - November 6, 1975) was a friend of Adolf Hitler and Franklin Delano Roosevelt. ... Photograph of Sally Rand, 1934. ... Logo Polityka (Politics) is a leading weekly newsmagazine in Poland. ... The Guardian is a British newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. ...

Bibliographies

References

  • Loiperdinger, Martin/David Culbert: "Leni Riefenstahl, the SA and the Nazi Party Rally Films, Nuremberg 1933-1934: 'Sieg des Glaubens' and 'Triumph des Willens' ", in: Historical Journal of Film and Television, 8/1/1988, S.3-38.
  • Loiperdinger, Martin: "Sieg des Glaubens. Ein gelungenes Experiment nationalsozialistischer Filmpropaganda", in: Zeitschrift für Pädagogik, 31/1993, S.35-48.
  • Fabe, Marilyn: Triumph of the Will. The Arrival of Hitler. Notes and Analysis. Mount Vernon/N.Y. 1975.
  • Heinzelmann, Herbert: "Die Heilige Messe des Reichsparteitags. Zur Zeichensprache von Leni Riefenstahls 'Triumph des Willens' ", in: Bernd Organ/Wolfgang W. Weiß: Faszination und Gewalt. Zur politischen Ästhetik des Nationalsozialismus, Nürnberg 1992, o.S.
  • Loiperdinger, Martin/David Culbert: "Leni Riefenstahl, the SA and the Nazi Party Rally Films, Nuremberg 1933-1934: 'Sieg des Glaubens' and 'Triumph des Willens' ", in: Historical Journal of Film and Television, 8/1/1988, S.3-38.
  • Schwartzman, R.J.: "Racial Theory and Propaganda in 'Triumph of the Will' ", in: Florida State University on Literatur and Film, 18/1993, S.136-153.
  • Leni Riefenstahl - A Memoir, St. Martin's Press, 1993, ISBN 0-312-09843-X
  • A Portrait of Leni Riefenstahl by Audrey Salkeld, 1996, ISBN 0-7126-7338-5
  • The Wonderful, Horrible Life of Leni Riefenstahl, documentary film directed by Ray Müller (1994)
  • Leni Riefenstahl: The fallen film goddess by Glenn B. Infield (Crowell, 1976, ISBN 0-690-01167-9)
  • Leni Riefenstahl: The Seduction of Genius by Rainer Rother, translated by Martin H. Bott (Continuum International Publishing Group reprint edition, 2003, ISBN 0-8264-7023-8)
  • The Films of Leni Riefenstahl by David B. Hinton, Scarecrow Press 3rd edition, 2000, ISBN 1-57886-009-1)
  • Leni Riefenstahl: Five Lives by Angelika Taschen, 2000, ISBN 3-8228-6216-9)
  • Bach, Steven (2007). Leni - The Life and Work of Leni Riefenstahl. Knopf. 

Steven Bach (born April 29, 1940 in Pocatello, Idaho, USA), is the former senior vice-president and head of worldwide productions for United Artists studios. ...

See also

Walter Frentz, (b. ...

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Leni Riefenstahl
Persondata
NAME Riefenstahl, Leni
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Riefenstahl, Helene Berta Amalie
SHORT DESCRIPTION German film director, dancer and actress
DATE OF BIRTH August 22, 1902(1902-08-22)
PLACE OF BIRTH Berlin, Germany
DATE OF DEATH September 8, 2003
PLACE OF DEATH Berlin, Germany

  Results from FactBites:
 
Leni Riefenstahl (623 words)
Riefenstahl attempted to make other films after the war, but each attempt was met with resistance, protests, and sharp criticisms; and so she has been unable to secure funding for her films.
Apart from her controversial role in the Third Reich, Riefenstahl is renowned in film history for developing new aesthetics in her films, especially in relation to nude bodies, and while the propaganda in her films repels many people, their aesthetics are nonetheless outstanding and cited by many other filmmakers.
Riefenstahl had long insisted that the gypsies she used for the film survived the war, but a gypsy group claimed that she used them for the film and sent them back when she no longer needed them.
About Leni Riefenstahl (1644 words)
Leni Riefenstahl's career included work as a dancer, actress, film producer, director, and also a photographer, but the rest of Leni Riefenstahl's career was shadowed by her history as a documentary maker for Germany's Third Reich in the 1930s.
Leni Riefenstahl was born in Berlin in 1902.
Leni Riefenstahl first claimed that she had seen "all" of the extras alive after the war ("Nothing happened to any of them."), but then withdrew that claim and issued another statement deploring the treatment of the "gypsies" by the Nazis, but disclaiming personal knowledge of or responsibility for what happened to the extras.
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