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Encyclopedia > Lend Lease

The Lend-Lease program was a program of the United States during World War II that allowed the United States to provide the Allied Powers with war material without becoming directly involved in the war. World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb. ... In general, allies are people or groups that have joined an alliance and are working together to achieve some common purpose. ...


The Lend-Lease program came into existence with the passage of the Lend-Lease Act of March 11, 1941 which permitted the President of the United States to "sell, transfer title to, exchange, lease, lend, or otherwise dispose of, to any such government [whose defense the President deems vital to the defense of the United States] any defense article". It thus extended Cash and Carry and modified the sense of neutrality. The value of the items to be lent were not to exceed $1,300,000,000 in total. US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt approved US$1 billion in Lend-lease aid to Britain on October 30, 1941. Britain was still repaying this into the next century. 11 March is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (71st in Leap year). ... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Originally, cash and carry simply designates a method of making purchases where the customer pays the purchased goods immediately and takes them away himself -- as opposed to having the goods delivered and paying a bill later. ... A neutral country takes no side in a war between other parties, and in return hopes to avoid being attacked by either of them. ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882–April 12, 1945), 32nd President of the United States, the longest-serving holder of the office and the only man to be elected President more than twice, was one of the central figures of 20th century history. ... October 30 is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 62 days remaining. ... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The act is generally known as "lend-lease". In fact the term does not appear in the true title of the act, which is "Further to promote the defense of the United States, and for other purposes.". See [1] for the text of the act. More information, and images of the text, from [2].


Earlier, the 1940 Destroyers for Bases Agreement had seen fifty obsolete destroyers transferred to the Royal Navy and the Royal Canadian Navy in exchange for base rights in the Caribbean. 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Destroyers for Bases Agreement between the United States and the United Kingdom, September 2, 1940, transferred 50 obsolete destroyers from the United States Navy in exchange for land rights on British possessions. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the British armed services, being the oldest of its three branches. ... The Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) was the navy of Canada from 1911 until 1968 when the three branches of the Canadian military were merged into the Canadian Armed Forces. ... ...


Lend-lease was a critical factor in the eventual success of the Allies in World War II, particularly in the early years when the United States was not directly involved and the entire burden of the fighting fell on other nations, notably those of the Commonwealth. Although Pearl Harbor, and a German Declaration of War, brought the US into the war in December 1941, the task of recruiting, training, and equipping US forces, and then transporting them to the war zones could not be completed overnight: through 1942, and to a lesser extent 1943, the other Allies continued to be responsible for most of the fighting, and the supply of military equipment under lend-lease was a significant part of their success. When spelt with a capital A, Allies usually denotes the countries that fought together against the Central Powers in World War I and against the Axis Powers in World War II. // Other uses In general, allies are people or groups that have joined an alliance and are working together to... World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons like the atom bomb. ... Flag of the Commonwealth of Nations The Commonwealth of Nations is an association of independent sovereign states, most of which are former colonies once governed by the United Kingdom as part of the British Empire. ... The Imperial Japanese Navy made its attack on Pearl Harbor on the morning of December 7, 1941. ... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article is about the year. ... 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ...


Even after the United States forces in Europe and the Pacific began to reach full-strength in 1943-1944, lend-lease continued. Most remaining belligerents were largely self-sufficient in front-line equipment (such as tanks, escort aircraft carriers and fighter aircraft) by this stage, but lend-lease provided a useful supplement in this category even so, and lend-lease logistical supplies (including trucks, jeeps, landing craft, and above all the Douglas DC-3 transport aircraft) were of enormous assistance. 1943 is a common year starting on Friday. ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... The escort aircraft carrier or escort carrier, was a small aircraft carrier developed by the U.S. Navy in the early part of World War II to deal with the U-boat crisis of the Battle of the Atlantic. ... A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for attacking other aircraft, as opposed to a bomber, which is designed to attack ground targets, primarily by dropping bombs. ... Douglas DC-3 VH-AES at Avalon in 2003. ...


Quotes

FDR was eager to assure public consent for this controversial plan and so he explained it to the public and the press that his plan was comparable to one neighbor's lending another a garden hose to put out a fire in his home. "What do I do in such a crisis?" the president asked at a press conference. "I don't say..., 'Neighbor, my garden hose cost me $15; you have to pay me $15 for it.' ... I don't want $15 - I want my garden hose back after the fire is over."


With this explanation the public was overwhelmingly in favor of the new bill although the mainstream was at that time (before the attack on Pearl Harbor) mostly against a participation of the US in the war and favored isolationalism. The Imperial Japanese Navy made its attack on Pearl Harbor on the morning of December 7, 1941. ...


 
 

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