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Encyclopedia > Lena River
Lena River
Lena watershed
Origin Baikal Mountains
Mouth Laptev Sea
Basin countries Russia
Length 4,400 km (2,734 mi)
Source elevation 1,640 m (5,381 ft)
Avg. discharge 17,000 m³/s (600,440 ft³/s)
Basin area 2,500,000 km² (965,250 mi²)

The Lena (Russian: Ле́на) in Siberia is the 10th longest river in the world and has the seventh largest watershed. Rising at the height of 1640 m at its source in the Baikal Mountains south of the Central Siberian Plateau, 7 km west of Lake Baikal, the Lena flows northeast, being joined by the Kirenga River and the Vitim River. From Yakutsk it enters the lowlands, joined by the Olyokma River and flows north until joined by its right-hand affluent the Aldan River. The Verkhoyansk Range deflects it to the north-west; then, after receiving its most important left-hand tributary, the Vilyuy River, it makes its way nearly due north to the Laptev Sea, a division of the Arctic Ocean, emptying south-west of the New Siberian Islands by a delta 10,800 km² in area, and traversed by seven principal branches, the most important being Bykov, farthest east. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... River Wey near its source at Farringdon, Hampshire Headstream is the origin of water flow that initiates the subject watercourse. ... Baikal Mountains rise steeply over the northwestern shore of Lake Baikal in southern Siberia, Russia. ... A map showing the location of the Laptev Sea. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (blue outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (green lines) of a contiguous area. ... River Wey near its source at Farringdon, Hampshire Headstream is the origin of water flow that initiates the subject watercourse. ... In hydrology, the discharge of a river is the volume of water transported by it in a certain amount of time. ... This article is about Siberia as a whole. ... For other uses, see River (disambiguation). ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (blue outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (green lines) of a contiguous area. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Baikal Mountains rise steeply over the northwestern shore of Lake Baikal in southern Siberia, Russia. ... The Central Siberian Plateau (ru: Среднесиби́рское плоского́рье) is a part of Siberia. ... “km” redirects here. ... Baikal redirects here. ... Kirenga River (Russian: Киренга) is a river in Irkutsk Oblast in Russia, right tributary of the Lena. ... The Vitim River is a major tributary of the Lena River. ... Yakutsk (Russian: ; Yakut: ) is a city in the Russian Far East, located about 4° (450 kilometres) below the Arctic Circle. ... The Olyokma River or Olekma River is a tributary of the Lena in eastern Siberia. ... The Aldan River is the second-longest tributary of the Lena River in eastern Siberia. ... The Verkhoyansk Range (Russian: ) is a mountain chain of eastern Siberia, spanning ca. ... The Vilyuy River is a tributary of the Lena in eastern Siberia. ... A map showing the location of the Laptev Sea. ... New Siberian Islands (Russian: Новосиби́рские острова), an archipelago, located to the North of the East Siberian coast between the Laptev Sea and the East Siberian Sea north of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. ... Bykov (Russian: ), or Bykova (feminine; Быкова), is a common Russian last name and may refer to: Anatoly Bykov (?-?), a Russian businessman Boris Bykov (1935-?), a Soviet intelligence officer Yelizaveta Bykova (1913-1989), a Soviet chess player and the third and fifth Womens World Chess Champion Konstantin Bykov (1886-1959), a...


At the mouth of the Lena River is a delta that is about 400 km (250 miles) wide. The delta is frozen tundra for about 7 months of the year, but in May transforms the region into a lush wetland for the next few months. Part of the area is protected as part of the Lena Delta Wildlife Reserve. For other uses, see Tundra (disambiguation). ... A subtropical wetland in Florida, USA, with an endangered American Crocodile. ... Lena Delta Wildlife Reserve is located in the delta of Lena River in the far north of eastern Siberia. ...


The total length of the river is estimated at 4,400 km (2,800 m.). The area of the Lena river basin is calculated at 2,490,000 km². Gold is washed out of the sands of the Vitim and the Olyokma, and mammoth tusks have been dug out of the delta. The Lena has the unusual distinction of appearing to be the longest river in the world when viewed on a map using a Mercator projection, the most common method of displaying the spherical earth on a flat surface, due to that projection's tendency to exaggerate the size of areas near the poles (the Amazon and Nile both cross the equator.) “Miles” redirects here. ... This article is about the genus Mammuthus. ... Mercator world map Nova et Aucta Orbis Terrae Descriptio ad Usum Navigatium Emendate (1569) The Mercator projection is a cylindrical map projection presented by the Flemish geographer and cartographer Gerardus Mercator, in 1569. ...


History

The majority of researchers believe that the name of the river Lena has been acquired from the original Even-Evenk name Elyu-Ene, which means "the Large River". The Evenks or Evenki (obsolete: Tungus or Tunguz, autonym: Эвэнки, Evenki) are a nomadic Tungusic people of Northern Asia. ...


Baron Eduard Von Toll, accompanied by Alexander von Bunge, carried out an expedition to the Lena delta area and the islands of New Siberia on behalf of the Russian Imperial Academy of Sciences in 1885. They explored the Lena delta with its multitude of arms that flow towards the Polar sea. Then In spring 1886 they investigated the New Siberian Islands and the Yana River and its tributaries. During one year and two days the expedition covered 25,000 km, of which 4,200 km were up rivers, carrying out geodesic surveys en route. New Siberian Islands (Russian: Новосиби́рские острова), an archipelago, located to the North of the East Siberian coast between the Laptev Sea and the East Siberian Sea north of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. ... The Yana River (Яна in Russian), a river in Sakha in Russia, located between the Lena to the west and the Indigirka to the east. ...


Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov is believed taken his alias, Lenin, from the river Lena. It has been suggested that this was done after the events leading to the Lena Goldfields Massacre of workers by the tsarist Russian Army in April of 1912, although the adoption of his pseudonym predates this event. Another suggestion is that the adoption comes about as a result of a personal feud with Georgi Plekhanov, who called himself Volgin after the Volga river. The Lena is much stronger than and flows in the opposite direction as the Volga, thus it was be an obvious choice; Ulyanov, however, had no disagreement with Plekhanov when he first began to use the name. Lenin redirects here. ... Monument at the site of the massacre The Lena massacre or Lena execution (Ленский расстрел in Russian) refers to the shooting of striking goldfield workers by Russias tsarist army on 17 April [O.S. 4 April] 1912 in northeast Siberia near the Lena River[1]. It has been suggested that Vladimir... Tsar (Bulgarian, Serbian and Macedonian цар, Russian  , in scientific transliteration respectively car and car ), occasionally spelled Czar or Tzar and sometimes Csar or Zar in English, is a Slavonic term designating certain monarchs. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Alias. ... G. V. Plekhanov Georgi Valentinovich Plekhanov (Георгий Валентинович Плеханов) (December 11, 1856 – May 30, 1918; Old Style: November 29, 1856 – May 17, 1918) was a Russian revolutionary and a Marxist theoretician. ... For other meanings of the word Volga see Volga (disambiguation) Волга Length 3,690 km Elevation of the source 225 m Average discharge  ? m³/s Area watershed 1. ...

Lena river Delta by Landsat 2000
Lena river Delta by Landsat 2000

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 600 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3100 × 3100 pixel, file size: 4. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 600 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3100 × 3100 pixel, file size: 4. ...

References

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Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Lena (255 words)
Lena is a river of Siberia, rising at the height of 1640 m in the Baikal Mountains[?], 20 km west side of Lake Baikal.
The total length of the river is estimated at 4310 km (2860 m.), 3380 km (2100 m.) of which is navigable.
The area of the Lena river basin[?] is calculated at 2,500,000 km²; (805,000 sq.
Encyclopedia of the Arctic (834 words)
The Lena is one of the longest rivers in the world, and at 4,400 km, the longest river in the Russian Federation.
The Lena river is an important waterway and navigable for almost all its length beginning with the village of Kachuga 4,125 km from its mouth.
Spring drifting of the ice in the Upper Lena begins in late April and by the end of the first ten days of June the Lena river waters are flowing to the Laptev Sea.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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