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Encyclopedia > Lemon balm
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Lemon Balm
Lemon Balm
Lemon Balm
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Melissa
Species: M. officinalis
Binomial name
Melissa officinalis
Linnaeus

Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis), not to be confused with bee balm, Monarda species, is a perennial herb in the mint family Lamiaceae, native to southern Europe and the Mediterranean region. Image File history File links Koeh-094. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... Divisions Green algae Chlorophyta Charophyta Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) †Rhyniophyta - rhyniophytes †Zosterophyllophyta - zosterophylls Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses †Trimerophytophyta - trimerophytes Pteridophyta - ferns and horsetails Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering plants... It has been suggested that Angiospermae, and Anthophyta be merged into this article or section. ... Orders See text. ... Families See text The Order Lamiales is a taxon in the asterid group of dicotyledonous flowering plants. ... Genera Many, see text Ref: Delta 2002-07-22 Lamiaceae, or the Mint family, is a family of plants in about 180 genera and some 3,500 species. ... Species See text. ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. ... Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as a top joka  , (May 23, 1707 – January 10, 1778), was a bare gansta and aSwedish botanist, physician and zoologist[1] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... Species About 16 species, including: Monarda citriodora Monarda clinopodia Monarda didyma Monarda fistulosa Monarda menthifolia Monarda pectinata Monarda punctata Monarda (Bee Balm, Horsemint or Bergamot) is a genus of about 16 species of annual or perennial plants in the Lamiaceae, native to North America. ... Species About 16 species, including: Monarda citriodora Monarda clinopodia Monarda didyma Monarda fistulosa Monarda menthifolia Monarda pectinata Monarda punctata Monarda (Bee Balm, Horsemint or Bergamot) is a genus of about 16 species of annual or perennial plants in the Lamiaceae, native to North America. ... Red Valerian, a perennial plant. ... Herbs: basil Herbs (IPA: hÉ™(ɹ)b, or əɹb; see pronunciation differences) are plants grown for any purpose other than food, wood or beauty. ... Genera Many, see text Ref: Delta 2002-07-22 Lamiaceae, or the Mint family, is a family of plants in about 180 genera and some 3,500 species. ... World map showing Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...


It grows to 70-150 cm tall. The leaves have a gentle lemon scent, related to mint. At the end of the summer, little white flowers full of nectar appear. These attract bees, hence the genus name Melissa (Greek for 'honey bee'). Its flavour comes from the terpenes citronellal, citronellol, citral, and geraniol. The leaves of a Beech tree A leaf with laminar structure and pinnate venation In botany, a leaf is an above-ground plant organ specialized for photosynthesis. ... Binomial name Citrus × limon (L.) Burm. ... MiNT (MiNT is Now TOS) is an alternative operating system (OS) kernel for the Atari ST computer and its successors which is free software. ... A Phalaenopsis flower A flower, (<Old French flo(u)r<Latin florem<flos), also known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms). ... Families Andrenidae Apidae Colletidae Halictidae Megachilidae Melittidae Stenotritidae Bee collecting pollen Bees are flying insects, closely related to wasps and ants. ... Melissa is a given name for a female. ... This article is about flavor, the sensory impression. ... Many terpenes are derived from conifer resins, here a pine. ... Citronellal or rhodinal or 3,7-dimethyloct-6-en-1-al (C10H18O) is is the main component in a mixture of terpene chemical compounds that can be derived from citronella oil. ... Citronellol, or dihydrogeraniol, is a natural acyclic monoterpenoid. ... Citral or 3,7-dimethylocta-2,6-dien-1-al or lemonal C10H16O is a chemical compound and part of the terpene family. ... Geraniol (C10H18O 3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadien-l-ol) is an alcohol. ...

Contents

Cultivation and use

Cultivation

This herb can be easy to cultivate in United States Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zones 4 to 9. In zone 4, it needs winter mulch and a well-drained sandy soil to survive. In zone 7, it can be harvested at least until the end of November. It is moderately shade-tolerant, much more so than most herbs. In dry climates, it grows best in partial shade. The United States Department of Agriculture (also called the Agriculture Department, or USDA) is a United States Federal Executive Department (or Cabinet Department). ... Temperature scale of hardiness zones, showing the average annual minimum temperature boundaries for the zones A hardiness zone is a geographically-defined zone in which a specific category of plant life is capable of growing, as defined by temperature hardiness, or ability to withstand the minimum temperatures of the zone. ...


Lemon Balm grows in clumps and spreads vegetatively as well as by seed. In mild temperate zones, the stems of the plant die off at the start of the winter, but shoot up again in spring. It can be easily grown from stem cuttings rooted in water, or from seeds. Under ideal conditions, it will seed itself prolifically and can become a nuisance in gardens. In geography, temperate latitudes of the globe lie between the tropics and the polar circles. ... Winter is one of the four seasons of temperate zones. ... Spring is one of the four seasons of temperate zones, the transition from winter into summer. ...


Food and drink

It is used as a flavouring in tisane and ice cream, but its most common use is to make herbal teas. It makes a particularly refreshing iced tea, especially when mixed with other herbs such as spearmint. It is also often paired with fruit dishes or candies. A herbal tea, tisane, or ptisan is a herbal infusion other than that made with real (black, oolong, or green) tea (Camellia sinensis). ... Missing image Ice cream is often served on a stick Boxes of ice cream are often found in stores in a display freezer. ... Wikibooks Cookbook has more about this subject: Iced Tea Iced tea is a form of cold tea, often served in a glass over ice. ... Binomial name Mentha spicata Crantz Spearmint (Mentha spicata, syn ) is a species of mint native to central and southern Europe, where it grows in wet soils. ... A wide range of candies on display on a market in Barcelona, Spain. ...


Lemon balm essential oil is very popular in aromatherapy. The essential oil is commonly co-distilled with lemon oil, citronella oil, or other oils. An essential oil is a concentrated, hydrophobic liquid containing volatile aromatic compounds extracted from plants. ... Aromatherapy, commonly associated with complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), is the use of volatile liquid plant materials, known as essential oils (EOs), and other aromatic compounds from plants for the purpose of affecting a persons mood or health. ... Species Over 50: see text Lemon Grass Lemon grass or lemongrass is a perennial herb used in Asian (particularly Thai, Khmer and Vietnamese) and Caribbean cooking. ...


Medicinal uses

The crushed leaves, when rubbed on the skin, are used as a repellant for mosquitos. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Lemon Balm is also used medicinally as a herbal tea, or in extract form. It is claimed to have antibacterial, antiviral properties, and it is also used as a mild sedative or calming agent. At least one study has found it to be effective at reducing stress, although the study's authors call for further research[1]. Its antibacterial properties have also been demonstrated scientifically, although they are markedly weaker than those from a number of other plants studied[2].


Gallery

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Melissa officinalis

Download high resolution version (1024x768, 91 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

References

  • Mrs M. Grieve, A Modern Herbal: Lemon Balm
  1. ^ Kennedy, D.O.; W. Little, A.B. Scholey. (2004). "Attenuation of laboratory-induced stress in humans after acute administration of Melissa officinalis (Lemon Balm)". Psychosom Med 66 (4): 607-613.
  2. ^ Nascimento, G.G.F.; J. Locatelli, P.C. Freitas, G.L. Silva (2002). "Antibacterial activity of plant extracts and phytochemicals on Antibiotic-resistant bacteria". Brazilian Journal of Microbiology 31 (4).

  Results from FactBites:
 
Lemon Balm (1761 words)
Lemon balm has a particular affinity with the digestive system, where it calms and soothes nausea, vomiting, poor appetite, colic, dysentery, colitis and any stress-related digestive problems.
Lemon balm is also useful when over anxiety is causing digestive problems such as indigestion, acidity, nausea, bloating, and colicky pains.
Lemon balm is a first-aid remedy for cuts and insect stings and is good for fevers.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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