The University of Leipzig is one of the oldest universities in Europe. It was founded in the early 15th century and was originally comprised of four faculties. In DDR-times, it was called Karl-Marx-university (KMU). Today it has grown to 14 faculties and with over 29.000 students Leipzig hosts Saxony's second largest university. Since its inception the university enjoyed almost 600 years of uninterrupted teaching and research. There are now more than 150 institutes and the university offers 190 study programs leading to a diplomas, Master's degrees and teaching qualifications. Arguably, the Faculty of Medicine is the university's most renowned faculty. It was founded in 1415.
Leipzig's population's historical peak was around 750,000 before the second world war; the figure for 2002 was around 500,000.
The foundation of the University of Leipzig in 1409 initiated the city's development into a center of the publishing industry, and towards being a location of the German National Library (founded in 1912).
In 1813, the Leipzig region was the arena of the Battle of the Nations.
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