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Encyclopedia > Leipzig, Germany
Coat of Arms of Leipzig
Map of Germany showing Leipzig
Map of Germany showing Leipzig

Leipzig [ˈlaiptsɪ] (Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk) is the largest city in the federal state (Bundesland) of Saxony in Germany. The name is derived from the Slavic word (see Sorbian) Lipsk (settlement where the linden trees stand). It is situated at the confluence of the rivers Pleie, White Elster and Parthe. Leipzig's population, which peaked at 750,000 before the second world war, has diminished to just about 500,000 by 2002.

Contents

History

First documented in 1015 (originally a Slavic settlement), and endowed with city and market privileges in 1165, Leipzig has always been known as a place of commerce. The Leipzig Trade Fair became an event of international importance; especially as a point of contact to the East-European economic bloc (Comecon) of which East Germany was a member.

The foundation of the University of Leipzig in 1409 initiated the city's development into a center of the publishing industry, and towards being a location of the German National Library (founded in 1912). Johann Sebastian Bach worked in Leipzig from 1723 to 1750, at the St. Thomas church. In 1813, the Leipzig region was the arena of the Battle of the Nations. In 1913 a monument celebrating this event was finished.

Enlarge
Leipzig around 1900

Having been a terminal of the first German long distance railroad (1838, to Dresden, the capital of Saxony), Leipzig became a hub of Central-European railroad traffic, with a renowned station building, now the largest passenger train station in Europe.


The first German labour party, the General German Workers' Association (in German Allgemeiner Deutscher Arbeiterverein, ADAV) was founded in Leipzig on 23 May 1863 by Ferdinand Lassalle; about 600 workers from across Germany travelled to it using the new railway line.


Nobel prize laureate Werner Heisenberg worked as a physics professor at Leipzig University from 1927 to 1942.

Leipzig central train station (2002)
Enlarge
Leipzig central train station (2002)

In 1989 after prayers for peace at the Nikolai Church (established in 1983 as part of the peace-movement) the Monday demonstrations started as the most prominent mass event that led to democratisation and later on to the German reunification.


Leipzig was also the German candidate for the 2012 Summer Olympics, but didn't make it into the final list of bidders.


Quotations

Mein Leipzig lob' ich mir! Es ist ein klein Paris und bildet seine Leute. (I praise my Leipzig! It is a small Paris and educates its people.) -- Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in Faust


Twinning

Leipzig is twinned with Birmingham, England.


Sights

Among Leipzig's noteworthy institutions are also the Gewandhaus Orchestra, the opera house, Oper Leipzig, and the Leipzig Zoo, which houses the world's largest facilities for primates.


Events

  • Literature expostition & festival (March): http://www.leipziger-buchmesse.de/
  • The Johann Sebastian Bach Festival (May): http://www.bach-leipzig.de/
  • International Dark, Wave, Gothic Festival (Whitsun): Wave_Gotik_Treffen
  • Emancipatoric Punk & Electro Festival (August): http://www.ladyfestleipzig.de/
  • International Documentary and Animated Film Festival (October): http://www.dokfestival-leipzig.de/homepage/en/
  • French Film Festival (October): http://www.franzoesische-filmtage.de/
  • Leipzig Jazz Festival (November): http://www.leipziger-jazztage.de/
  • Contemporary European Theater Festival (November): http://www.leipzig-online.de/euro-scene/
The new sports stadium, view across the Elster channel
The new sports stadium, view across the Elster channel

Culture

  • Sprachenabend: International languages nights: http://www.leipzig.sprachenabend.de/
  • Tangofabrik: Tango, Jazz in Fusion: http://www.tangofabrik-leipzig.de/
  • Moritzbastei: Concerts, Lectures, Theater, Caf, Students: http://www.moritzbastei.de/
  • Conne Island: Emancipatoric Rock, Punk, Ska, Electro: http://www.conne-island.de

External links

  • The city's official website: http://www.leipzig.de
  • Independent news weblog: http://www.leipzig-blog.de
  • Stay for free with friendly Leipzig inhabitants: Hospitality Club Leipzig (http://secure.hospitalityclub.org/hc/membersrcexternal.php?country=73&xregion=Sachsen&city=Leipzig)
  • Images and impressions in different languages: augenblicke :: A photoblog from Leipzig (http://blogs.lib24.de/augenblicke/)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Consulate Leipzig Germany (825 words)
Born as an idea when former Wittenberg-based guest professor Dave Jervis (now at Rockford), repeatedly taught intensive courses in Chemnitz, the conference was the culmination of special projects conducted on both sides of the Atlantic during the spring semester.
May 10, 2007 Leipzig Consulate General staged its all-day media workshop for journalism trainees from Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk (MDR), the public broadcaster and ARD affiliate in the Leipzig district.
Kenneth Dobbertin, Embassy Berlin Assistant Army Attaché, joined Leipzig Consul General Mark Scheland at a wreath laying ceremony for the commemoration of the “link-up” of American and Soviet troops on the Elbe River 62 years ago.
Leipzig - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1708 words)
The Leipzig Trade Fair, which began in the middle ages, became an event of international importance; especially as a point of contact to the East-European economic bloc (Comecon) of which East Germany was a member.
Thomas Lutheran church, and Richard Wagner, the composer, was born in Leipzig in 1813.
Leipzig's international trade fair in the north of the city is home to the world's largest levitated glass hall.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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