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Encyclopedia > Leipzig
Leipzig
St Thomas' Church in the evening.
Coat of arms Location
Coat of arms of Leipzig
Administration
Country Flag of Germany Germany
State Saxony
Admin. region Leipzig
District Leipzig
Mayor Burkhard Jung (SPD)
Basic statistics
Area 297.60 km² (115 sq mi)
Population 506,578  (26/12/2006)
 - Density 1,702 /km² (4,409 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate L
Postal codes 04003-04357
Area code 0341
Website www.leipzig.de

Coordinates: 51°20′″N 12°23′″E / Expression error: Unexpected / operator, Expression error: Unexpected / operator Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (600 × 800 pixel, file size: 56 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Description = Leipzig, St-Thomas-Church in the evening Author = Philipp Hertzog File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Karte_Deutschland. ... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DED Capital Dresden Minister-President Georg Milbradt (CDU) Governing parties CDU / SPD Votes in Bundesrat 4 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  18,416 km² (7,110 sq mi) Population 4,252,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 231 /km... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... Leipzig is one of the three Regierungsbezirke of Saxony, Germany, located in the north-west of the country. ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... Burgomaster (alternatively spelled Burgomeister, literally translated meaning master of the citizens) is the English form, rendering (often the Anglo-Saxon equivalent Mayor is substituted) various terms in or derived from Germanic languages for the chief magistrate and/or chairman of the executive council of a sub-national level of administration... SPD redirects here. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... German car number plates (Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... German Postleitzahl map of the first two digits Postal codes in Germany, Postleitzahl (plural Postleitzahlen, abbreviated to PLZ), consist of five digits, which indicate the wider area (first two digits), and the postal district (last three digits). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Leipzig ([ˈlaɪ̯pʦɪç] ; Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk from the Sorbian word for Tilia) is, with a population of over 506,000, the largest city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany. It is situated at the confluence of the Rivers Pleiße, White Elster and Parthe. Image File history File links Leipzig. ... This article or section should be merged with List of Sorbian languages The Sorbian languages are members of the West Slavic branch of languages spoken in eastern Germany. ... Species About 30; see text A lime-lined avenue in Alexandra Park, London Tilia leaf Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees, native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere, in Asia (where the greatest species diversity is found), Europe and eastern North America; it is absent... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DED Capital Dresden Minister-President Georg Milbradt (CDU) Governing parties CDU / SPD Votes in Bundesrat 4 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  18,416 km² (7,110 sq mi) Population 4,252,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 231 /km... The Pleiße is a tributary of the Weiße Elster in Saxony. ... The Weiße Elster (in Czech: Bílý Halštrov) is a 257 km long river in central Europe. ...


Leipzig is well-known for its university and its trade fair. Germany's first labour party was founded in the city. The University of Leipzig (German Universität Leipzig), located in Leipzig in the Free State of Saxony (former Kingdom of Saxony), Germany, is one of the oldest universities in Europe. ... The Leipzig Trade Fair (German: ) was a major fair for trade across Mitteleuropa for nearly a millenium. ... The General German Workers Association, in German Allgemeiner Deutscher Arbeiterverein, ADAV) was founded on 23 May 1863 by Ferdinand Lassalle and existed under this name until 1875, when it combined with August Bebel and Wilhelm Liebknechts SDAP to form the Socialist Workers Party of Germany, what is now the...


Leipzig's name is derived from the Slavic word Lipsk, which means "settlement where the linden trees (US; lime trees in UK) stand".[1]  Countries where a West Slavic language is the national language  Countries where an East Slavic language is the national language  Countries where a South Slavic language is the national language The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup... Species About 30; see text A lime-lined avenue in Alexandra Park, London Tilia leaf Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees, native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere, in Asia (where the greatest species diversity is found), Europe and eastern North America; it is absent... Species About 30; see text A lime-lined avenue in Alexandra Park, London Tilia leaf Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees, native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere, in Asia (where the greatest species diversity is found), Europe and eastern North America; it is absent...

Contents

History

First documented in 1015 and endowed with city and market privileges in 1165, Leipzig has fundamentally shaped the history of Saxony and of Germany. Leipzig has always been known as a place of commerce. The Leipzig Trade Fair, which began in the Middle Ages, is the oldest remaining trade fair in the world. It became an event of international importance, especially as a point of contact with the Comecon Eastern Europe economic bloc, of which East Germany was a member. Events August: Canute the Great invades England. ... Events November 23 - Pope Alexander III enters Rome. ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DED Capital Dresden Minister-President Georg Milbradt (CDU) Governing parties CDU / SPD Votes in Bundesrat 4 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  18,416 km² (7,110 sq mi) Population 4,252,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 231 /km... The Leipzig Trade Fair (German: ) was a major fair for trade across Mitteleuropa for nearly a millenium. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... A Soviet poster reading COMECON: Unity of Goals, Unity of Action The Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON / Comecon / CMEA / CEMA), 1949 – 1991, was an economic organization of communist states and a kind of Eastern Bloc equivalent to—but more inclusive than—the European Economic Community. ... Anthem Auferstanden aus Ruinen Capital East Berlin Language(s) German Government Socialist republic Head of State  - 1949 – 1960 Wilhelm Pieck  - 1960 – 1973 Walter Ulbricht  - 1973 – 1976 Willi Stoph  - 1976 – 1989 Erich Honecker  - 1989 Egon Krenz  - 1989 - 1990 Manfred Gerlach Head of Government  - 1949 – 1964 Otto Grotewohl  - 1964 – 1973 Willi Stoph...


The foundation of the University of Leipzig in 1409 initiated the city's development into a centre of German law and the publishing industry, and towards being a location of the Reichsgericht (Supreme Court), and the German National Library (founded in 1912). The philosopher and mathematician Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz was born in Leipzig in 1646, and attended the University of Leipzig from 1661-1666. Johann Sebastian Bach worked in Leipzig from 1723 to 1750, at the St. Thomas Lutheran church, and Richard Wagner the composer was born in Leipzig in 1813. Later in the same year, the Leipzig region was the arena of the Battle of the Nations, which ended Napoleon's run of conquest in Europe, and led to his first exile on Elba. In 1913 the Völkerschlachtdenkmal monument celebrating the centenary of this event was completed. The University of Leipzig (German Universität Leipzig), located in Leipzig in the Free State of Saxony (former Kingdom of Saxony), Germany, is one of the oldest universities in Europe. ... Events January 1 - The Welsh surrender Harlech Castle to the English. ... Entrance to the German Library, Leipzig, 2004 The Deutsche Bücherei Leipzig (in English, German Library of Leipzig) was founded in 1913 to collect all German and foreign language titles published in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Gottfried Leibniz Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz (July 1, 1646 in Leipzig - November 14, 1716 in Hannover) was a German philosopher, scientist, mathematician, diplomat, librarian, and lawyer of Sorb descent. ... 1646 (MDCXLVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... The University of Leipzig (German Universität Leipzig), located in Leipzig in the Free State of Saxony (former Kingdom of Saxony), Germany, is one of the oldest universities in Europe. ... 1661 (MDCLXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1666 is often called Annus Mirabilis. ... “Bach” redirects here. ... Events February 16 - Louis XV of France attains his majority Births February 24 - John Burgoyne, British general (d. ... Events March 2 - Small earthquake in London, England April 4 - Small earthquake in Warrington, England August 23 - Small earthquake in Spalding, England September 30 - Small earthquake in Northampton, England November 16 – Westminster Bridge officially opened Jonas Hanway is the first Englishman to use an umbrella James Gray reveals her sex... The Thomaskirche in Leipzig The Thomaskirche (St. ... Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as they were later called). ... Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... Combatants French Empire Duchy of Warsaw Confederation of the Rhine[1] Austria Prussia Russia Sweden Commanders Napoleon I Jozef Antoni Poniatowski† Frederick Augustus of Saxony Barclay De Tolly Count Benningsen Prince of Schwarzenberg Gebhard von Blücher Prince Charles John of Sweden Strength 191,000 330,000 Casualties 38,000... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... Elba (bottom centre) from space, February 1994. ... Völkerschlachtdenkmal The Völkerschlachtdenkmal (English: Battle Of The Nations Monument) is a large monument in Leipzig, Germany to the defeat of Napoleon in 1813 at the Battle of Leipzig, also known as the Battle of Nations. ...


The importance of the Trade Fair and the University in the creation of a vibrant urban life and city politics from the Reformation through the 19th century cannot be overestimated. Leipzig became a centre of the German and Saxon liberal movements.


A terminal of the first German long distance railroad to Dresden (the capital of Saxony), in 1839, Leipzig became a hub of Central European railroad traffic, with a renowned station building, the largest terminal station by area in Europe. This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... Dresden (Sorbian: Drježdźany; etymologically from Old Sorbian Drežďany, meaning people of the riverside forest, Czech: ) is the capital city of the German Federal Free State of Saxony. ... Leipzig Hauptbahnhof (usually translated from German as Leipzig Central Station, short form: Leipzig Hbf) is the central railway station in the German city of Leipzig. ... Terminal Station was also the name of a railway station in Chattanooga, Tennessee; see Chattanooga Choo Choo. ...

Leipzig around 1900.

Leipzig expanded rapidly towards one million inhabitants. Huge Gründerzeit areas were built, which mostly survived the war and post-war demolition. Nowadays these areas are unique in modern Germany. [citation needed] Credit/Source: Library of Congress: http://hdl. ... Credit/Source: Library of Congress: http://hdl. ... Äž: For the film, see: 1900 (film). ... The Gründerzeit (German, literally: the Founding Epoch) denotes the first decades after the foundation in 1871 of the Prussia-led German Empire. ...


The first German labour party, the General German Workers' Association (Allgemeiner Deutscher Arbeiterverein, ADAV) was founded in Leipzig on 23 May 1863 by Ferdinand Lassalle; about 600 workers from across Germany travelled to the foundation on the new railway line. The Labour Party has been, since its founding in the early 20th century, the principal political party of the left in the United Kingdom. ... The General German Workers Association, in German Allgemeiner Deutscher Arbeiterverein, ADAV) was founded on 23 May 1863 by Ferdinand Lassalle and existed under this name until 1875, when it combined with August Bebel and Wilhelm Liebknechts SDAP to form the Socialist Workers Party of Germany, what is now the... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Ferdinand Lassalle Ferdinand Lassalle (April 11, 1825 — August 31, 1864) was a German jurist and socialist political activist. ...

Leipzig Old City
Leipzig Old City

On November 9, 1938, Kristallnacht, Nazis destroyed Jewish synagogues and establishments all over Germany. A U.S. official in Leipzig described what he saw of the atrocities. "Having demolished dwellings and hurled most of the moveable effects to the streets," he wrote, "the insatiably sadistic perpetrators threw many of the trembling inmates into a small stream that flows through the zoological park, commanding horrified spectators to spit at them, defile them with mud and jeer at their plight." [citation needed] Many of the Jews were forced to wear cummerbunds inscribed with phrases from Mein Kampf. Download high resolution version (741x739, 133 KB)1888 German map of the at Leipzig on 18 October 1813 File links The following pages link to this file: Leipzig Battle of Leipzig Categories: Meyers Konversations-Lexikon ... Download high resolution version (741x739, 133 KB)1888 German map of the at Leipzig on 18 October 1813 File links The following pages link to this file: Leipzig Battle of Leipzig Categories: Meyers Konversations-Lexikon ... Meyers Konversations-Lexikon was a German encyclopaedia. ... Combatants French Empire Duchy of Warsaw Confederation of the Rhine[1] Austria Prussia Russia Sweden Commanders Napoleon I Jozef Antoni Poniatowski† Frederick Augustus of Saxony Barclay De Tolly Count Benningsen Prince of Schwarzenberg Gebhard von Blücher Prince Charles John of Sweden Strength 191,000 330,000 Casualties 38,000... is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1813 (MDCCCXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1632 × 1224 pixel, file size: 1,004 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Leipzig Old City, November 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1632 × 1224 pixel, file size: 1,004 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Leipzig Old City, November 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Kristallnacht, also known as Reichskristallnacht, Pogromnacht, Crystal Night and the Night of Broken Glass, was a pogrom[1] against Jews throughout Germany and parts of Austria on November 9–November 10, 1938. ... The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... A synagogue (from Greek synagoge place of assembly literally meeting, assembly,) is a Jewish house of prayer and study. ... Mein Kampf (English translation: My Struggle) is a book by the German-Austrian politician and dictator Adolf Hitler which combines elements of autobiography with an exposition of Hitlers Nazi political ideology. ...


The city was heavily damaged by Allied bombing during World War II. In general, allies are people or groups that have joined an alliance and are working together to achieve some common purpose. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


American troops of the 69th Infantry Division captured the city on April 20, 1945, Adolf Hitler's 56th and last birthday. A few months later the U.S. ceded the city to the Red Army as it pulled back from the line of contact with Soviet forces in July 1945 to the pre-designated occupation zone boundaries. Leipzig became one of the major cities of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany). is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Hitler redirects here. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... For other organizations known as the Red Army, see Red Army (disambiguation). ... The Line of Contact marked the furthest advance of American and Soviet Armies into Germany at the end of World War II. This contact began with the first meeting between Soviet and American forces at Torgau, near the Elbe river on April 25, 1945. ... “East Germany” redirects here. ...


In 1989, after prayers for peace at the Nikolai Church, established in 1983 as part of the peace movement, the Monday demonstrations started as the most prominent mass protest against the East German regime. Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Mary Magdalene in prayer. ... A peace dove, widely known as a symbol for peace, featuring an olive branch in the doves beak. ... Nikolai Church, Leipzig The St. ... Monday demonstration in Leipzig The 1989 Monday demonstrations in the East German city of Leipzig were a series of peaceful political protests against the East German government. ...


Leipzig was the German candidate for the 2012 Summer Olympics, but did not make it to the short list. “London 2012” redirects here. ...


Main sights

  • Thomaskirche (St Thomas' Church): Most famous as the place where Johann Sebastian Bach worked as a cantor and home to the renowned Thomaner choir
  • Völkerschlachtdenkmal (Battle of the Nations Monument): the largest war monument in Europe, built to commemorate the successful battle against Napoleonic troops
  • Gewandhaus: home to the famous Gewandhaus Orchestra, it is the third building of that name
  • Altes Rathaus: the old city hall was built in 1556 and houses a museum of the city's history
  • Neues Rathaus: the city hall was built upon the remains of the Pleißenburg, a castle that was the site of the debate between Johann Eck and Martin Luther in 1519
  • City-Hochhaus Leipzig: built in 1972, it was once part of the university and is the city's tallest building
  • Auerbach's Keller: a young Goethe ate and drank here while studying in Leipzig; it is the venue of a scene from his Faust
  • Städtisches Kaufhaus (municipal department store): the world's first sample fair building and today home to offices, retail stores and restaurants (its name is misleading, as it is privately owned)
  • Bundesverwaltungsgericht: Germany's federal administrative court was the site of the Reichsgericht, the highest state court between 1888 and 1945

Among Leipzig's noteworthy institutions are the opera house and the Leipzig Zoo, which houses the world's largest facilities for primates. The Nikolaikirche (Church of St. Nikolai/Nicholas) was the starting point of peaceful Monday demonstrations for the reunification of Germany. Leipzig's international trade fair in the north of the city is home to the world's largest levitated glass hall. Leipzig is also known for its passageways through houses and buildings.. The Thomaskirche in Leipzig The Thomaskirche (St. ... “Bach” redirects here. ... A cantor is a musician working in a church with responsibilities for the singing in the church. ... Völkerschlachtdenkmal The Völkerschlachtdenkmal (English: Battle Of The Nations Monument) is a large monument in Leipzig, Germany to the defeat of Napoleon in 1813 at the Battle of Leipzig, also known as the Battle of Nations. ... Map of battle by 18 October 1813, from Meyers Encyclopaedia The Battle of Leipzig (October 16-19, 1813), also called the Battle of the Nations, was the largest conflict in the Napoleonic Wars and one of the worst defeats suffered by Napoleon Bonaparte. ... The Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra is a German orchestra based in Leipzig. ... Johann Eck (November 13, 1486 – February 13, 1543) was a 16th century theologian and defender of Catholicism during the Protestant Reformation. ... Martin Luther (November 10, 1483 – February 18, 1546) was a German monk,[1] priest, professor, theologian, and church reformer. ... The building was originally part of the University of Leipzig At 142. ... Sculptures depicting the events at Auerbachs Keller at the cellars entrance in Mädlerpassage Auerbachs Keller (Auerbachs Cellar in English) is the best known and second oldest restaurant in Leipzig. ... Johann Wolfgang Goethe  , IPA: , later von Goethe, (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German polymath: he was a poet, novelist, dramatist, humanist, scientist, theorist, painter, and for ten years chief minister of state for the duchy of Weimar. ... Front cover of Faust, Leipzig 1832 Johann Wolfgang von Goethes Faust is a tragic play and the best known version of the Faust story. ... The Städtisches Kaufhaus in Leipzig, designed by Rayher, Korber and Müller, was constructed from 1894 to 1901. ... Seat of the Federal Administrative Court of Germany: the former Reichsgericht building in Leipzig The Federal Administrative Court (Bundesverwaltungsgericht) is one of the five federal supreme courts of Germany. ... The Reichsgerichtsgebäude in Leipzig The Reichsgericht has been the highest court of the Deutsches Reich. ... Oper Leipzig is an opera house and opera company in Leipzig, Germany. ... Families 15, See classification A primate is any member of the biological order Primates, the group that contains all the species commonly related to the lemurs, monkeys, and apes, with the latter category including humans. ... Nikolai Church, Leipzig The St. ... Monday demonstration in Leipzig The 1989 Monday demonstrations in the East German city of Leipzig were a series of peaceful political protests against the East German government. ... The Leipzig Trade Fair (German: ) was a major fair for trade across Mitteleuropa for nearly a millenium. ...

Atrium of the "Academy of Visual Arts".
Atrium of the "Academy of Visual Arts".
"Porsche Diamond" The customer center building of Porsche Leipzig.
"Porsche Diamond" The customer center building of Porsche Leipzig.
MDR, one of Germany's public broadcasters.
MDR, one of Germany's public broadcasters.
City-Hochhaus Leipzig.
City-Hochhaus Leipzig.
Mädler-Passage, one of Leipzig's many passageways.
Mädler-Passage, one of Leipzig's many passageways.
New Trade Fair.
New Trade Fair.
Palais Roßbach, one of the many Gründerzeit-buildings in Leipzig
Palais Roßbach, one of the many Gründerzeit-buildings in Leipzig
Inside Leipzig Hbf (Central Rail Station).
Inside Leipzig Hbf (Central Rail Station).
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Image File history File links Size of this preview: 304 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (600 × 1183 pixel, file size: 220 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Lichthof der Hochschule für Grafik und Buchkunst Leipzig während des Rundganges 2006, Montage und Foto: Leander Seige, 2006, GNU FDL File... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 304 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (600 × 1183 pixel, file size: 220 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Lichthof der Hochschule für Grafik und Buchkunst Leipzig während des Rundganges 2006, Montage und Foto: Leander Seige, 2006, GNU FDL File... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1279x851, 541 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Leipzig Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1279x851, 541 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Leipzig Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (600 × 800 pixel, file size: 101 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Originally uploaded to de. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (600 × 800 pixel, file size: 101 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Originally uploaded to de. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Uniriese. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Uniriese. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1728 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1,018 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Innenansicht der von Jürgen Schneider renauvierten Mädler-Passage. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1728 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1,018 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Innenansicht der von Jürgen Schneider renauvierten Mädler-Passage. ... Image File history File links Leipzig_Neue_Messe. ... Image File history File links Leipzig_Neue_Messe. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1164 × 1552 pixel, file size: 668 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Palais Roßbach in Leipzig, Saxony (Germany) own work; photo taken on 14 June 2006 (user:Jungpionier|Jungpionier) File links The following pages... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1164 × 1552 pixel, file size: 668 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Palais Roßbach in Leipzig, Saxony (Germany) own work; photo taken on 14 June 2006 (user:Jungpionier|Jungpionier) File links The following pages... The Gründerzeit (German, literally: the Founding Epoch) denotes the first decades after the foundation in 1871 of the Prussia-led German Empire. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 587 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Inside Leipzig Hauptbahnhof (Central Station). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 587 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Inside Leipzig Hauptbahnhof (Central Station). ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

Education

Leipzig University, founded 1409, is one of Europe's oldest universities. Nobel Prize laureate Werner Heisenberg worked here as a physics professor (from 1927 to 1942), as did Nobel Prize laureates Gustav Ludwig Hertz (physics), Wilhelm Ostwald (chemistry) and Theodor Mommsen (Nobel Prize in literature). Other former staff of faculty include mineralogist Georg Agricola, writer Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, philosopher Ernst Bloch, eccentric founder of psychophysics Gustav Theodor Fechner, and psychologist Wilhelm Wundt. Among the university's many noteworthy students were writers Johann Wolfgang Goethe and Erich Kästner, philosophers Gottfried Leibniz and Friedrich Nietzsche, political activist Karl Liebknecht, and composer Richard Wagner. Germany's chancellor since 2006, Angela Merkel, studied physics at Leipzig University. The university has about 30,000 students. The University of Leipzig is one of the oldest universities in Europe. ... The Nobel Prizes (Swedish: ) are awarded for Physics, Chemistry, Literature, Peace, and Physiology or Medicine. ... Werner Karl Heisenberg (December 5, 1901 – February 1, 1976) was a celebrated German physicist and Nobel laureate, one of the founders of quantum mechanics and acknowledged to be one of the most important physicists of the twentieth century. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Gustav Ludwig Hertz (July 22, 1887, Hamburg – October 30, 1975, Berlin) was a German physicist, and a nephew of Heinrich Rudolf Hertz. ... Friedrich Wilhelm Ostwald (commonly just Wilhelm Ostwald) (September 2, 1853 - April 4, 1932) was a German chemist. ... Christian Matthias Theodor Mommsen (November 30, 1817–November 1, 1903) was a German classical scholar, jurist and historian, generally regarded as the greatest classicist of the 19th century. ... Nobel Prize in Literature medal. ... Georg Agricola Georgius Agricola (March 24, 1494 – November 21, 1555) was a German scholar and man of science. ... Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (22 January 1729 – 15 February 1781), writer, philosopher, publicist, and art critic, was one of the most outstanding German representatives of the Enlightenment era. ... Ernst Simon Bloch (IPA: , July 8, 1885 – August 4, 1977) was a German Marxist philosopher and atheist theologian. ... Psychophysics is the branch of cognitive psychology dealing with the relationship between physical stimuli and their perception. ... Gustav Theodor Fechner (April 19, 1801 - November 28, 1887), was a German experimental psychologist. ... Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt (August 16, 1832-August 31, 1920) was a German psychologist, physiologist, and professor who is, along with William James, regarded as the father of psychology. ... Johann Wolfgang Goethe  , IPA: , later von Goethe, (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German polymath: he was a poet, novelist, dramatist, humanist, scientist, theorist, painter, and for ten years chief minister of state for the duchy of Weimar. ... Erich Kästner (February 23, 1899 - July 29, 1974) is one of the most famous German authors of the 20th century. ... “Leibniz” redirects here. ... Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (October 15, 1844 – August 25, 1900) (IPA: ) was a 19th-century German philosopher. ... â–¶ (help· info) (August 13, 1871 - January 15, 1919) was a German socialist and a co-founder of the Spartacist League and the Communist Party of Germany. ... Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as they were later called). ...   (IPA: ) (b. ...


The University of Music and Theatre was established in 1843 as a music conservatory. One of its founders was renowned composer Felix Mendelssohn. A broad range of subjects can be studied, both artistic and teacher training, in all orchestral instruments, voice, interpretation, coaching, piano chamber music, orchestral conducting, choir conducting and musical composition. Musical styles include jazz, popular music, musicals, early music and church music. The drama departments teach acting and dramaturgy. Advanced students may, after a test, stand in for members of the Gewandhaus Orchestra. In 2006, approximately 900 students are enrolled at the school. The Felix Mendelssohn College of Music and Theatre, located in Leipzig, Germany was founded by Felix Mendelssohn in 1843 as the Leipzig Conservatory (he acted as its first director); it was the first German Conservatory. ... Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy, born and known generally as Felix Mendelssohn (February 3, 1809 – November 4, 1847) was a German composer and conductor of the early Romantic period. ... For the song titled Orchestra, see The Servant (band). ... Chamber music is a form of classical music, written for a small group of instruments which traditionally could be accommodated in a palace chamber. ... Musical composition is: a piece of music the structure of a musical piece the process of creating a new piece of music // A piece of music exists in the form of a written composition in musical notation or as a single acoustic event (a live performance or recorded track). ... Dramaturgy is the art of dramatic composition and the representation of the main elements of drama on the stage. ... The Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra is a German orchestra based in Leipzig. ...


The "Academy of Visual Arts" (Hochschule für Grafik und Buchkunst) was established 1764. Its 530 students (as of 2006) are enrolled in courses in painting and graphics, book design/graphic design, photography and media art. The school also houses an Institute for Theory.


The "Leipzig University of Applied Sciences" (Hochschule für Technik, Wirtschaft und Kultur, HTWK) is with about 6200 students (as of 2007) the second biggest institution of higher education in Leipzig. It was founded in 1992, merging several older schools. As a university of applied sciences (German: Fachhochschule) it is slightly below the status of a university, with more emphasis on the practical part of the education. The HTWK offers many engineering courses, as well as courses of computer sciences, mathematics, business administration, library sciences, museum studies, and social work. It is mainly located in the south of the city.


The private Handelshochschule Leipzig (HHL), or Leipzig Graduate School of Management, is the oldest business school in Germany. Handelshochschule Leipzig (HHL) is a private business school in the German state of Saxony. ...


Among the research institutes located in Leipzig three belong to the Max Planck Society (for Mathematics in the Sciences, Human Cognitive and Brain Science and Evolutionary Anthropology) and two are Fraunhofer Society institutes. Others are the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research UFZ, part of the Helmholtz Association, and the Leibniz-Institute for Tropospheric Research. The Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e. ... The Fraunhofer Society (German: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft) is a German research organization with 58 institutes spread throughout Germany, each focusing on different fields of applied science (as opposed to the Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, which works primarily on basic science). ...


Economy

Companies in or around Leipzig include:

DHL is in the process of transferring the bulk of its European air operations to Leipzig/Halle Airport. Amazon. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... For other uses, see BMW (disambiguation). ... This article is about the auto company. ... “Siemens” redirects here. ... A DHL Boeing 757. ... Leipzig/Halle Airport sometimes called Schkeuditz Airport (IATA: LEJ, ICAO: EDDP) serves both Leipzig, Saxony and Halle, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. ...


Media

  • MDR, one of Germany's public broadcasters, has its headquarters and main television studios in the city. It provides programs to various TV and radio networks and has its own symphony orchestra, choir and a ballet.
  • Leipziger Volkszeitung (LVZ) is the city's only daily newspaper. Founded in 1894, it has published under several different forms of government. It was the first newspaper in the world that was published daily. The monthly magazine Kreuzer specializes on culture, festivities and the arts in Leipzig.
  • Once known for its large number of publishing houses, Leipzig had been called "Buch-Stadt" (book city). [citation needed] Few are left after the years of the German Democratic Republic, the most notable of them being branches of Brockhaus and Insel Verlag. Reclam, founded in 1828, was one of the large publishing houses to move away. The German Library (Deutsche Bücherei) in Leipzig is part of Germany's National Library.

Map of the nine regional broadcasting members of Germanys ARD radio/TV network. ... “East Germany” redirects here. ... Brockhaus is a German encyclopedia. ... The German National Library (Deutsche Nationalbibliothek) was established in 1990 during the German reunification by merging the Deutsche Bücherei Leipzig (founded 1912, later the national library of East Germany) and the Deutsche Bibliothek Frankfurt (founded 1947, later the national library of West Germany). ... is the 330th day of the year (331st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the musical genre. ... Look up mayhem in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Live in Leipzig is a live album by the Norwegian black metal band Mayhem. ...

Annual events

  • Bachfest: Johann Sebastian Bach-festival
  • Stadtfest: city festival
  • Christmas market (since 1767)
  • Leipzig Book Fair: the second largest German book fair
  • Dokfestival: international festival for documented and animated film
  • Jazztage: contemporary jazz festival
  • A capella: vocal music festival
  • Wave-Gotik-Treffen at Pentecost: world's largest goth or "dark culture" festival
  • GC - Games Convention: video game & developers convention
  • Ladyfest Leipzig:(August) Emancipatoric, feminist Punk & Electro Festival
  • Leipziger Sommerakademie Dreiskau-Muckern: art workshop

“Bach” redirects here. ... The Leipziger Messe Fairgrounds, home of the Book Fair The Leipzig Book Fair (German: ) is the second largest book fair in Germany after the Frankfurt Book Fair. ... The International Leipzig Festival for Documentary and Animated Film (German: ), also known as the Leipzig DOK Festival, is a film festival that takes place annually in Leipzig, Germany. ... Wave-Gotik-Treffen (German das Treffen means meeting) is an annual festival for music and arts in Leipzig, Germany. ... The Descent of the Holy Spirit in a 15th century illuminated manuscript. ... For other uses, see Games Convention (disambiguation). ...

Sport

The German Football Association (DFB) was founded in Leipzig in 1900.


The city was the venue for the 2006 FIFA World Cup draw, and hosted four first-round matches and one match in the last 16th round in the football club FC Sachsen Leipzig's home stadium Zentralstadion. “2006 World Cup” redirects here. ... The Zentralstadion, located in Leipzig, Saxony, Germany is the home of FC Sachsen Leipzig. ...


Leipzig also hosted the Fencing World Cup in 2005 and hosts a number of international competitions in a variety of sports each year. This article is about the sport, which is distinguished from stage fencing and academic fencing (mensur). ...


VfB Leipzig, now 1. FC Lokomotive Leipzig, won the first national football championship in 1903. 1. ...


Transportation

Leipzig station is at a junction of important north-to-south and west-to-east railway lines. In the vicinity of the city are two airports: Leipzig/Halle Airport and Altenburg-Nobitz Airport. Leipzig Hauptbahnhof (usually translated from German as Leipzig Central Station, short form: Leipzig Hbf) is the central railway station in the German city of Leipzig. ... Leipzig/Halle Airport sometimes called Schkeuditz Airport (IATA: LEJ, ICAO: EDDP) serves both Leipzig, Saxony and Halle, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. ... Altenburg is a town in the German Bundesland of Thuringia, 4 miles south of Leipsic. ...


Quotations

Mein Leipzig lob' ich mir! Es ist ein klein Paris und bildet seine Leute. (I praise my Leipzig! It is a small Paris and educates its people.) - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in Faust “Goethe” redirects here. ... Faust depicted in an etching by Rembrandt van Rijn (circa 1650) Faust or Faustus (the Latin for auspicious or lucky) is the protagonist of a popular German legend in which a mediæval scholar makes a pact with the Devil. ...


Twin cities

Leipzig is twinned with: This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Ethiopia. ... For the long-distance runner, see Addis Abebe. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Birmingham (pron. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Bologna (IPA , from Latin Bononia, BulÃ¥ggna in Emiliano-Romagnolo dialect) is the capital city of Emilia-Romagna in northern Italy, in the Pianura Padana, between the Po River and the Apennines, exactly between the Reno River and the Sàvena River. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... Coordinates: Country Czech Republic Region South Moravia Founded 1146 Area  - city 230. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Frankfurt am Main [ˈfraŋkfʊrt] is the largest city in the German state of Hessen and the fifth largest city of Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... , Hanover(i) (German: , IPA: ), on the river Leine, is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Houston redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted Coordinates: , Country Ukraine Oblast Kiev City Municipality Raion Municipality Government  - Mayor Leonid Chernovetskyi Elevation 179 m (587 ft) Population (2006)  - City 4,450,968  - Density 3,299/km² (8,544. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... For other uses, see Krakow (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the French city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... “Nanking” redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Thessaloniki or Salonica (Greek: Θεσσαλονίκη) is Greeces second-largest city and the capital of the greek province of Macedonia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina. ... Municipality of Bosnia and Herzegovina General Information Entity {{{entity}}} Land area 35 km² Population 75,000 Population density Coordinates Area code +387 30 Mayor Tahir Lendo (SDA) Website http://www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... Plovdiv (Bulgarian: ) is the second-largest city in Bulgaria after Sofia, with a population of 341,873([1]). It is the administrative centre of Plovdiv Province in southern Bulgaria, as well as the largest and most important city of the historical region of Upper (or Northern) Thrace, famous for its...

Notable residents

George J. Adler (b. ... “Bach” redirects here. ... Heinrich Leberecht Fleischer (February 21, 1801 - February 10, 1888), was a German Orientalist. ... “Goethe” redirects here. ... “Leibniz” redirects here. ... Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy, born and known generally as Felix Mendelssohn (February 3, 1809 – November 4, 1847) was a German composer and conductor of the early Romantic period. ... Johann Jakob Reiske (December 25, 1716- August 14, 1774), German scholar and physician, was born at Zorbig in Electoral Saxony. ... Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as they were later called). ... Gustav Fechner Gustav Theodor Fechner (April 19, 1801 – November 28, 1887), was a German experimentle psychologist. ... Psychophysics is the branch of cognitive psychology dealing with the relationship between physical stimuli and their perception. ... The University of Leipzig is one of the oldest universities in Europe. ... Friedrich Schiller “Schiller” redirects here. ... For others with the same name see Robert Schumann (disambiguation). ... Till Lindemann (b. ... For other uses, see Ramstein. ... Bill Kaulitz (born in Leipzig, Germany, September 1, 1989) is the vocalist of the German band Tokio Hotel. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Tokio Hotel is a rock band who formed under the name Devilish in 2001 in Magdeburg, Germany. ...

See also

This is a list of mayors of Leipzig since 1778. ...

References

  1. ^ Hanswilhelm Haefs. Das 2. Handbuch des nutzlosen Wissens. ISBN 3831137544 (German)
  2. ^ (1963) Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 

External links


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